INDEX

Achelis, George, var. introd. by, 350

Adair, D. L., var. introd. by, 218; var. orig. by, 209

Adams, George W., var. orig. by, 455

Adams, J. W., et Co., var. found by, 176; var. orig.

with, 454

Adams, Solomon, var. orig. with, 385 Akalaberry, com. name of R. macraei, 35 Albaugh, B. F., et Son, var. orig. by, 543 Albertson et Hobbs, var. introd. by, 178, 179, 292 Albro, Lewis, var. orig. by, 204 Alexander, G. W., var. orig. by, 169 Alius, A., var. found by, 117 Allan, J. L., var. orig. by, 86, 420 Alleghenienses, 72 Allen, A. J., var. orig. with, 554 Allen, Lewis F., var. introd. by, 86 Allen, W. F., var. introd. by, 223, 414, 448, 450, 502,

515, 553

Allen, W. F., Co., var. introd. by, 399 Allen, W. F., Jr., var. introd. by, 387 Alley, H. H., var. orig. by, 397, 438, 459, 489 Allsmeyer, E. C, var. introd. by, 87 Alpine Strawberry, com. name of F. vesca var. semperflorenSj 375

Alt, J. W., var. orig. with, 410, 496 American Wild Black Currant, com. name of R.

americanum, 268

Anderson, H. S., var. introd. by, 285, 330 Andes Berry, com. name of R. glaucus, 46 Andrews, George H., var. introd. by, 335 Anoplobatus, key to the species of, described, 30;

subgenus of Rubus, 29 Apgar, Oakley, var. introd. by, 441, 550; var. orig. by, 507

Arctic Nursery et Fruit Farm, var. introd. by, 518 Arctic Raspberry, com. name of R. arcticusj 27 Arguti, 76

Armstong, var. introd. by, 490 Armstrong Nurseries, var. orig. with, 454 Arndt, J. H., var. introd. by, 509 Arnold, Charles, var. orig. by, 87, 95, 99, 152, 388,

391, 407, 485

Arnout, J. L., var. orig. with, 391 Atkinson, William, var. orig. by, 453 Atwater, C. W., et Son, var. introd. by, 505 Aubry et Souchet, var. introd. by, 113, 129, 132, 143 Aughinbaugh, var. found by, 233 Augur, P. M., var. orig. by, 449 Augur, P. M,, et Sons, var. orig. by, 400, 411, 427,

468, 493

Augustine et Co,, var. introd. by, 497 Aurea (syn. of Symphocalyx), 269

Austin, C. F., statement of, relative to hybridity of

Rubus neglectus, 16 Austin, J. W., var. introd. by, 238 Austin Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 143, 235, 238 Avery, E. C, var. orig. with, 394 Babbit, var. orig. by, 154 Babcock, B. W., var. introd. by, 88 Babcock, J. L., var. orig. with, 432 Babcock, W. C, var. orig. with, 474 Bagg, Richard, var. orig. by, 419 Bagnard, L., var. found by, 206 Bailey, J. V., var. introd. by, 118 Bailey, Joseph, var. orig. with, 447 Bailey, L. H., account of species Rubus Millspaughii

by, 188; distinction between purple-canes and red and black raspberries by, 16; history of the 1 Bartel dewberry by, 196; history of the Lucretia

dewberry by, 197; opinion of, regarding the

evolution of the cultivated strawberry, 363 Bakeapple berry, com. name of R. chamaemorus, 25 Bakeberry, com. name of R. chamaemorus, 25 Baldwin, E. J., var. introd. by, 393 Baldwin, 0. A. D., var. introd. by, 149, 394 Ball, var. orig. with, 406

Barkley, S., var. found by, 395; var. orig. by, 500 Barnard, var. orig. by, 206 Barnes, D. H., var. orig. by, 395, 430 Barnes, W. D., et Son, var. import, by, 103, 136 Bartel, Dr., var. introd. by, 233 Barter, William, var. introd. by, 88 Barton, Nathan, var. orig. with, 414 Barton, T. B., var. orig. by, 395 Batidaea acalyphacea (syn. of R. idaeus var. acalyphaceus), 53 Batidaea peramoena (syn. of R. idaeus var. peramoenus), 51 Batidaea viburnifolia (syn. of R. idaeus var. viburni-

folius), 51

Battey, Jesse, var. orig. with, 486 Bauer, C. P., var. introd. by, 234 Bauer, J. A., var. orig. by, 388, 395, 409, 458, 475,

532 Bauer, J. C, var. introd. by, 440; var. orig. by, 403,

47O, 548, 554

Baumforth, John, var. orig. by, 89 Bayne, Dr. J. H., var. found by, 396; var. orig.

with, 396

Beatie, W. D., var. orig. by, 215 Beaver, John F., var. found by, 397; var. orig. by,

39O, 473, 487, 503 Beckner, J., var. found by, 89 Beckwith, M. H., var. introd. by, 89

569

Beebe, E. P., var. orig. by, 397

Beebe, James, var. introd. by, 154

Beede, G. F., var. orig. with, 398

Bell, var. orig. with, 489

Belt, William, var. orig. with, 399

Bennett, L. W., var. orig. by, 399

Bennison, William, var. orig. by, 507

Benoy, Ran, var. orig. by, 399, 460, 467

Berckmans, Louis, comments on the origin of the

Downing gooseberry by, 321 Berry, Peter A., var. found by, 504 Bertin, var. orig. by, 288, 297, 301 Bever, J. E., var. orig. with, 548 Beyer, Hugo, var. orig. by, 154 Biddle, William, var. found by, 230 Bidwell, H. E., var. introd. by, 401 Biggar, C. N., var. orig. by, 90, 502 Billiard, Charles, var. orig. by, 131 Bird, W. F., var. orig. by, 402 Bisel, D. L., var. orig. with, 402 Bishop, L., var. orig. by, 154 Bishop, Thomas, var. orig. by, 402, 492, 498 Bittner, George, var. orig. with, 403, 476 Bixler, C. G., var. orig. with, 403 Black, J. H., Son et Co., var. introd. by, 206; var. orig. with, 388, 412, 416, 436, 442, 454, 456, 461, 468, 479, 498, 501, 503, 526, 528, 540, 549 Black Currant, com. name of R. nigrunt, 266 Black Raspberry, com. name of R. occidentalism 43 Blackberries, commonly cultivated only in North America, 180 cultivated, specific characters of, as opposed to dewberries, 180; varieties of, rapidly appearing, 186 cultivated varieties of:

Acme, 204

Agawam, 74, 204

Albion, 204

Albro, 74, 204

Alfred, 204

Alger, 205

Allen, 205

Ambrosia, 74, 205

Americus, 205

Ancient Briton, 74, 205

Autumn King, 206

Badger, 206

Bagnard, 206

Bangor, 206

Barnard, 206

Best of All, 206

Big Early, 206

Black Chief, 75, 206

Black Diamond, 206

Blowers, 75, 207

Bonanza, 207

Bochen Early, 207

Bow Cane, 207

Braden,207

Brewer, 75, 207

Brill, 208

Blackberries Continued cultivated varieties of; British, 208 Brunton Early, 208 Buckeye, 208 Bundy, 77, 208 Burbank Thornless, 208 Bushel, 208

California Evergreen, 208 Cape May, 208 Cardinal Balloonberry, 208 Carlo, 209 Cazadero, 58, 209 Chautauqua, 209 Chestnut, 209 Claret, 209 Clark, 209 Clifton, 209 Colonel Wilder, 209 Colossal, 209 Coral-Berry, 210 Cory Thornless, 60, 85, 210 Cox, 210

Crystal White, 78, 210 Cumberland, 210 Cutter Mulberry, 210 Dehring, 210 Delicious, 210 Dodge Thornless, 210 Dorchester, 74, 211 Dr. Warder, 211 Dublin Best, 211 Duncan Falls, 211 Early Cluster, 211 Early Harvest, 77, 211 Early King, 75, 212 Early Mammoth, 74, 212 Early Wonder, 64, 212 Eldorado, 74, 212 English, 213 Erie, 75, 213 Erskine Park, 74, 213 Eureka, 213 Eureka (of Texas), 213 Excelsior, 214 Farley, 214 Favorite Trailing, 214 Felton, 214 Florence, 214 Florida Marvel, 214 Ford No. 1, 75, 214 Freed, 214 French Lawton, 214 Fruitland, 75, 214 Gainor, 215

Georgia Mammoth, 215 German, 215 Golden Mayberry, 215 Governor, 215 Grape, 215 Green Hardy, 75, 215

Blackberries Continued cultivated varieties of: Haley, 215 Hesse, 215 Himalaya, 216 Hoag, 216 Holcomb, 216 Holt, 216

Honey Coreless, 64, 216 Hoosac Thornless, 217 Hoosier, 217 Howard, 217 Iceberg, 78, 217 Ida, 217 Illinois, 217 Johnson, 217 Jordan, 217 Joy, 217

Kenoyer, 77, 218 Kentucky White, 218 King Philip, 218 Kittatinny, 75, 77, 218 Knox, 219 La Grange, 75, 219 Laporte, 219 Lawton, 219 Leader, 219 Lincoln, 219 Lovett, 75, 220 Luther, 220 Lux, 220 McCracken, 220 McDonald, 64, 220 Mammoth, 60, 221 Mark Twain, 221 Mason Mountain, 221 May Hardiest, 222 Maynard, 222 Maxwell, 222 Mersereau, 75, 222 Miller, 75, 222 Minnewaska, 75, 223 Missouri Mammoth, 223 Montmorency, 223 Nanticoke, 69, 223 Needham, 223 Nevada, 223 Neverfail, 62, 223 Newman Thornless, 223 Ohmer, 75, 223 Pan American, 224 Paradox, 224 Parish Pink, 224 Parnell, 224 Perfection, 69, 224 Peruvian, 224 Piasa, 224 Purple Fruited, 224 Queen, 224 Rathbun, 224 Red Cluster, 225 Reid, 225

Reyner, 225

Robison, 69, 225

Sable Queen, 225

Sadie, 225

St. Jo, 226

Sanford, 75, 226

Santa Rosa, 85, 226

Scruggs, 226

Sebastopol, 85, 226

See Early, 226

Sensation, 226

Snowbank, 226

Snyder, 74, 226

Soft Core, 76, 227

Sonderegger Earliest, 64, 227

Spaulding, 64, 227

Stayman Early, 227

Sterling Thornless, 227

Stone Hardy, 74, 228

Strawberry Flavored, 84, 228

Success, 75, 228

Sugar Plum, 228

Superb, 228

Tartarian, 228

Taylor, 74, 228

Tecumseh, 229

Texas Early, 64, 229

Texas Evergreen, 229

Texas Red, 229

Topsy, 69, 230

Trinity Early, 230

Triumph, 75, 230

Truman Thornless, 230

Tyler, 230

Veitchberry, 230

Wachusett, 230

Wallace, 231

Wapsie, 231

Ward, 75, 231

Warren, 231

Washington, 231

Watt, 75, 231

Weston, 231

White Cluster, 231

Wilson, 232

Wilson, Jr., 232

Woodford, 232

Woodland, 75, 232 Blackberries, domestication of, 180-187; beginning

of the, in the U. S., 181 great abundance of wild, in America and Europe,

181; how considered by early settlers, 181;

hybrid, 192; key to the subgenus of, 55; magnitude of the culture of, 201; quotation from the

New York Gardener as to cultivation of, 182;

sand, description of the, 189; start of cultivation of, early in the nineteenth century,

182

Blackberries Continued

synonyms of cultivated varieties of: Adair Claret (syn. of Claret), 209 Atlantic (syn. of Black Diamond), 206 Black Loganberry (syn. of Mammoth), 221 California Mammoth (syn. of Mammoth), 221 Childs' Everbearing Tree (syn. of Topsy), 230 Childs' Tree (syn. of Topsy), 230 Crandall (syn. of Texas Early), 229 Ewing Wonder (syn. of Black Diamond), 206 Giant Himalaya (syn. of Himalaya), 216 Gray's Perfection (syn. of Perfection), 224 Hoco (syn. of Honey Coreless), 216 Improved High Bush (syn. of Dorchester), 211 Jewett (syn. of Lovett), 220 King (syn. of Early King), 212 Lovett's Best (syn. of Lovett), 220 Lowberry (syn. of Mammoth), 60, 221 Macatawa (syn. of Texas Early), 229 Maxwell Early (syn. of Maxwell), 222 New Rochelle (syn. of Lawton), 219 Orange's Crystal (syn. of Crystal White), 210 Piasasaw (syn. of Piasa), 224 Star (syn. of Black Diamond), 206 Taylor's Prolific (syn. of Taylor), 228 Texas Hybrid (syn. of Texas Red), 229 Theodor Reimers (syn. of Himalaya), 84, 216 Thompson's Early Mammoth (syn. of Early

Mammoth), 212 Thornless Mammoth (syn. of Cory Thornless),

60, 210

Uncle Tom (syn. of Erie), 213 Wachusett Thornless (syn. of Wachusett), 230 Western Triumph (syn. of Triumph), 230 Wilson Early (syn. of Wilson), 232

table showing acreage, yield, and value of, in the U. S., 202

thornless, 187; correlation between, and two serious faults, 187

varieties of, recorded as hybrids, 193; viciousness of plants of, 181; where indigenous, 180

white, how differing from normal blackberries, 187; usually occur in species Rubus alleghen-iensis, 187

Blackberry, "Cardinal Balloon Berry," introd. by Burbank, 37

Cutleaved or Evergreen, 83

Dorchester, history of, 185; how the name came to be adopted, 186; said to be first cultivated blackberry, 184

Himalaya, origin of, by Luther Burbank, 191

Lawton, account of origin of, 184; dispute as to choice of name for, 185

Kittatinny, discovery of, 186

" Mayberry," parentage of, 33

Needham, variety of white blackberry, 187

Oregon Evergreen, distribution and description of, 189; letters showing introduction of, in Oregon, 190; origin of, 190

Running Swamp, 67

Sand, 69

Blackberry Continued

Swampberry, 78

Thornless or Mountain, 70

Wilson, discovery of, 186 Blackcap, com. name of R. occidentalis, 43 Blaine, J. W., var. found by, 404 Blanchard, Lester, var. orig. with, 384 Blasdale, W. C, species collect, by, 44 Blowers, H. W., var. orig. by, 207 Blue, George W., var. found by, 292 Boomhower, D. B., var. found by, 400 Boschen, var. orig. by, 207 Boudinot, Dr. H., var. orig. by, 406 Bourn, J. H., var. found by, 167 Boyden, Seth, var. orig. by, 386, 453, 536 Brackett, G. C, var. orig. by, 168 Bradley, C. P., var. found by, 91 Bradley, J. H., var. orig. by, 406 Bradley Bros., var. introd. by, 167, 205, 217 Brady, Jesse, var. orig. by, 496 Brandt, D., var. orig. with, 430 Brandvig, George, var. orig. by, 468 Bratherton, Joseph, var. orig. by, 347, 348, 350 Breese, H. G., var. introd. by, 145 Brewer, C. H., var. found by, 207 Bridgeman, Andrew, var. introd. by, 88 Briggs, var. import, by, 112 Brinckle, Dr. William Draper, life of, 9; var. orig.

by, 96, 97, 98, 102, 106, 107, 119, 123, 128,

150, 152, 424; work of, with the red raspberry,

10

Briton, A. H., var. found by, 205 Brookshaw, George, varieties of raspberries named

and described by, 5 Brown, Henry W., var. found by, 206 Brown, J. E., var. orig. with, 446 Brown, J. P. H., var. orig. by, 443 Brown, Leroy M., et Son, var. orig. by, 407, 464 Brown, W. B., var. orig. with, 432 Brown Bros., var. introd. by, 153, 344 Brownell, E. J., var. found by, 121 Browning, C. A., var. orig. with, 457 Brundage, L. J., var. orig. by, 536 Brunton, var. orig. by, 208 Bryant, L. J., var. found by, 158; var. orig. with,

408

Bubach, J. G., var. orig. by, 408 Buckbee, H. W., var. introd. by, 301, 502 Buechly, E. M., var. orig. with, 409, 415, 453 Buffalo Currant, com. name of R. odoratum, 270 Buist, Robert, var. imported by, 100; var. orig. by,

282, 394, 408

Bulson, E. H., var. orig. by, 544 Bundy, T. B., var. orig. by, 208 Bunting, G. E., et Sons, var. orig. with, 426 Bunyard, E. A., early records of the strawberry in

Europe, 358; opinion of, regarding the evolution

of the cultivated strawberry, 363; review of

currant literature by, 248 Bunyard, Geo., et Co., var. introd. by, 105, 108,

109, 133, 3O3

Burbank, Luther, var. introd. by, 85, 240; var. orig, by, 33, 100, 104, 127, 144, 206, 208, 210, 215, 217, 224, 226, 228, 235, 241, 440, 513, 516, 529

Burdette, John, var. orig. with, 481

Burgess, W. A., var. orig. by, 446, 447, 480

Burkhart, M. E., var. introd. by, 155

Burns, A. M., var. introd. by, 92, 214; var. orig. by,155

Burpee, W. Atlee, var. introd. by, 482

Burr, John, var. orig. by, 409, 419, 477, 506, 524, 528, 534

Burson, E. H., var. found by, 215

Bushnell, C. G., var. orig. by, 518

Butler, W. S., var. introd. by, 465; var. orig. by, 420,

421, 553

Button, Dr. L. L., var. found by, 151 Caesii, 56

Cameron, J. W., var. orig. with, 410, 440 Cameron, J. Y., var. orig. with, 505 Campbell, J. B., var. orig. with, 410, 478 Canadensis, 69 Canadian Central Experimental Farm, var. orig. by,

412, 421, 427, 458, 470, 483, 487, 495, 508, 520,

538, 55O

Canfield, Elias, var. orig. by, 417 Cannon, J. F., var. orig. with, 412 Capital City Nurseries, var. introd. by, 522 Card, Fred W., discussion of purple-cane group of

raspberries by, 16; survey of currant varieties by,

250 Carlisle, T. B., var. found by, 459, 464; var. orig.

with, 411, 433, 472 Carlton, J. A., var. found by, 175 Carpenter, Charles, var. introd. by, 124; var. orig.

by, 103, 421

Carpenter, S. P., var. orig. by, 93, 125 Carpenter, W. S., var. import, by, 285 Carr, B. L., var. introd. by, 458; var. orig. with, 556 Carroll, William, var. orig. with, 525 Cassel, M., var. orig. by, 460 Cathcoit, A. Y., var. orig. by, 521 Caywood, A. J., et Son, var. introd. by, 282; var.

orig. by, 98, 120, 223, 412, 486 Chairs, Franklin, var. orig. with, 412 Chamaebatus, subgenus of Rubus, 26 Chamaemorus, subgenus of Rubus, 25 Chapman, var. orig. by, 156 Charlton, John, var. found by, 331 Charlton, Robert, var. found by, 297 Cheney, Col. J. B., var. orig. by, 418 Chesnut, J. T., var. found by, 209 Childs, John Lewis, species introd. by, 40, 118; var. introd. by, 86, 109, 112, 124, 206, 215, 228, 230,

293, 415

Chilean Strawberry, com. name of F. chiloensis, 378 Chippindale, David, var. orig. by, 347 Chipman, var. found by, 415 Chorlton, William, var. orig. by, 415 Christian, S. B., var. introd. by, 387 Chrysobotrya intermedia (syn. of R. odoratum var. intermedium), 271

Chrysobotrya Lindleyana (syn. of R. aureum), 271 Chrysobotrya revoluta (syn. of R. odoratum), 270 Church, Royal, var. found by, 138 Churchman, John, var. orig. by, 144

Clarendon Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 129

Clark, A. H., var. orig. with, 400

Clark, Fred E., var. orig. with, 416

Clark, G. B., var. orig. by, 209

Clarke, E. E., var. orig. by, 95, 170

Clements, Mrs., var. orig. by, 422

Cleveland Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 115, 147, 153, 176, 212, 389

Cliff, James, var. orig. with 471

Clifton, L. J., var. introd. by, 209

Cline, G. W., var. introd. by, 95, 526

Cline, H., var. found by, 209

Cloud, R. L., var. orig. by, 417, 474. 5*7

Cloudberry, com. name of R. chamaemorus, 25

Cocklin, E. H., var. orig. with, 464

Cole, George M., var. orig. with, 418

Cole, R. D., var. found by, 95

Cole, R. S., var. orig. with, 386

Coleman, M. H., var. introd. by, 96

Coif ax, Schuyler, var. orig. by, 418

Collins, C. H., var. found by, 527; var. orig. by, 418

Collison, John, var. found by, 92

Columbian Berry, com. name of R. macrocarpus, 29

Columbian Grape Co., var. introd. by, 172

Comaropsis, subgenus of Rubus, 26

Common Dewberry, com. name of R. flagellaris, 61

Common High-bush Blackberry, com. name of R. allegheniensis, 72

Cone, E. W., var. orig. by, 392, 460, 473, 474, 5I3; 534, 537, 538

Congy, var. orig. by, 87

Cook, William, var. orig. with, 455

Coolidge, D. W., var. found by, 145

Coombe, var. orig. with, 436

Cooper, B. F., var. orig. by, 420

Cooper, Samuel, var. introd. by, 464; var. orig. by, 385, 393, 420, 444, 482, 508, 5-i 1. 514, 523, 537, 543

Copland, Peter, var. orig. by, 327

Coreosma florida (syn. of R. americanum), 268

Corchorifolii, series of Idaeobatus, 33

Corneille, Mrs. T. C, var. orig. with, 475 Cornell University, var. introd. by, 548 Cornwall, var. orig. by, 88

Cowing, Granville, var. orig. with, 404, 408, 421 Craig, J., var. introd. by, 93 Craighead, William H., var. orig. by, 343 Cramer, W. F., var. orig. by, 470 Crandall, Dr. J. R., var. introd. by, 229 Crandall, R. W., var. orig. by, 305 Crane, H. L., var. orig. by, 395 Crawford, Matthew, var. introd. by 209, 218, 287, 473, 48o, 496; var. orig. by, 421, 431, 487, 498, 504, 517, 541, 542 Crines, var. orig. with, 429 Cronin, Dr. F. M., var. found by, 104 Cronk, R. C, var. orig. by, 549

Crosby, L., var. introd. by, 327 Crosby, Phineas, var. orig. with, 423 Crozier, Randolph, var. orig. with, 423 Cruse, E. W., var. orig. with, 391, 424 Cuneifolii, 68

Culp, J. P., var. introd. by, 423 Culverwell, species raised by, 268 Currant, American Wild Black, 268 Buffalo, 270 Golden, 270 Missouri, 270 Northern Red, 260 Red, specific description of, 258 Red Dutch, first mention of, 245 Rock, 263

White Dutch, first mention of, 245 Currants, black, 252

black, cultivated varieties of:

African Queen, 302

American Black, 302

Baldwin, 302

Bang Up, 302

Beauty, 302

Bella, 302

Black Grape, 302

Black Victoria, 302

Blacksmith, 302

Boskoop Giant, 303

Brown Fruited, 303

Buddenborg, 303

Champion, 303

Charmer, 304

Climax, 304

Clipper, 304

Collins Prolific, 304

Common Black, 304

Crandall, 270, 304

Daniels September, 305

Deseret, 305

Dominion, 305

Eagle, 305

Ethel, 305

Goliath, 306

Grape, 306

Henry, 306

Ismay Prolific, 306

James Prolific, 306

Jelly, 306

Kentish Hero, 306

Kentville, 306

Kerry, 306

Lanark, 306

Lee, 306

Lennox, 307

Lewis, 307

London, 307

Louise, 307

Magnus, 307

Merveille de la Gironde, 307

Middlesex, 307

Missouri Black, 307

Currants Continued

black, cultivated varieties of:

Monarch, 307

Naples, 307

North Holland Black, 308

Norton, 308

Ontario, 308

Orton, 308

Oxford, 308

Parker, 309

Pearce, 309

Prince, 309

Prince of Wales, 309

Resister, 309

Ruler, 309

Saunders, 309

Seabrook Black, 309

Siberian, 309

Standard, 309

Star, 309

Stewart, 310

Stirling, 310

Success, 310

Sweet Fruited Missouri, 310

Thoburn, 310

Topsy, 310

Utah Black, 310

Winona, 310

Wood, 310 Currants, black:

distinct species from red and white currants, 243;

evolution of, 252; geographical range of, 253;

key to cultivated species of, 266; little grown in

America, 253; specific description of, 266 synonyms of cultivated varieties of:

Baldwin's Black (syn. of Baldwin), 302

Black Bang-up (syn. of Bang Up), 302

Black Champion (syn. of Champion), 303

Black English (syn. of Common Black), 304

Black Naples (syn. of Naples), 307

Carter's Champion (syn. of Baldwin), 302

Carter's Champion (syn. of Champion), 303

Cassis Commun (syn. of Common Black), 304

Cassis Royal de Naples (syn. of Naples), 307

English (syn. of Common Black), 304

Lee's Black (syn. of Lee), 306

Lee's Prolific (syn. of Lee), 306

Neapolitanische Schwarze (syn. of Naples), 307

Ogden (syn. of Black Grape), 302

Russian Green (syn. of Brown Fruited), 303

Victoria (syn. of Black Victoria), 302

Wales (syn. of Prince of Wales), 309 Currants, early cultivation of, described by Sturte-

vant, 247; first mention of Red Dutch, 245; first

mention of White Dutch, 245; golden, key to

cultivated species of, 27c; specific description

of, 269 groups of, designated by pomologists, 243; name

of, where derived, 243; not grown in gardens

of the ancients, 243; purposes for which grown

one hundred years ago, given by Phillips, 246

Currants Continued

red, first mention of, in English agricultural literature, 244; key to cultivated species and hybrids, 257; specific description of, 256 red and white, cultivated varieties of:

Admirable, 281

Angers, 281

Attractor, 281

Barle Due, 281

Belle de Pontenay, 281

Benwell, 281

Blanche de Verne*res, 281

Boston Lady, 281

Brayley, 281

Buist Long-bunched, 282

Cancasische, 282

Cay wood Seedling, 282

Champagne, 282

Champagne White, 282

Champion, 282

Chautauqua, 282

Chenonceau, 283

Cherry, 283

Chiswick Red, 284

Climax White, 284

Comet, 284

Connecticut Sweet, 284

Cumberland Red, 284

Cut-leaved, 284

Dana White, 284

De la Rochepoze, 284

Diploma, 284

Dr. Brete, 285

Early Scarlet, 285

Eclipse, 285

Empire, 285

Everybody, 286

Eyatt Nova, 286

Fay, 286

Filler, 286

Franco-German, 287

Giant Red, 287

Gloire de Sablons, 287

Gloucester Red, 287

Goegginger Pear-shaped Red, 287

Gondouin Red, 288

Gondouin White, 288

Greenfield, 288

Hative de Bertin, 288

Holland, 288

Houghton Castle, 259

Indiana, 288

Knight Early Red, 289

Knight Improved, 289

Knight Large Red, 289

Knight Sweet Red, 289

La Caucasse, 289

La Conde, 289

La Constante, 289

Lace-leaved, 289

Lakewood, 289

Currants Continued red and white, cultivated varieties of:

Lancaster, 289

Large White, 290

Large White Brandenburg, 290

Late Victoria, 290

London Market, 290

Marvin Crystal, 290

Moore Early, 291

New Victoria, 291

Newark, 291

North Star, 291

October Red, 291

Pack, 291

Palmer Large Red, 291

Panshanger Late, 291

Perfection, 260, 291

Pitmaston Sweet Red, 292

Pomona, 292

Prince Albert, 292

Prince Coral, 293

Purity, 293

Rankins Red, 293

Red Cross, 293

Red Dutch, 260, 294

Red Grape, 295

Redpath Ruby, 295

Ringens, 295

Rivers, 295

Rouge de Boulogne, 295

Ruby, 295

St. Gilles, 295

Scarlet Gem, 295

Seedless Red, 295

Select, 296

Silver Mine, 296

Simcoe King, 296

Skinner Early, 296

Southwell Red, 296

Stevens Superb, 296

Stewart, 296

Utrecht, 296

Versailles, 296

Victoria, 297

Warner Red Grape, 298

Wentworth Leviathan, 298

Went worth Seedling, 298

Werder White, 298

White Cherry, 298

White Dutch, 260, 298

White Grape, 299

White Imperial, 300

White Pearl, 300

White Provence, 300

White Transparent, 300

White Versailles, 301

White Wine, 301

Wilder, 301

Wilmot Large White, 301 Currants, red and white:

differ only in color of fruit, 243 history of development of, 244-251

synonyms of cultivated varieties of:

Belle de St. Gilles (syn. of St. Gilles), 295 Blanche de Hollande (syn. of White Dutch), 298 Brayley's Seedling (syn. of Brayley), 281 Cerise (syn. of Cherry), 283 Chautauqua Climbing (syn. of Chautauqua), 282 Coleur de Chair (syn. of Champagne), 282 Fay's Prolific (syn. of Fay), 286 Fertile d* Angers (syn. of Angers), 281 Fertile de Palnau (syn. of Red Dutch), 294 Goeggingers Pyriform (syn. of Goegginger Pear-shaped Red), 287

Groseille Cerise (syn. of Cherry), 283 Groseille de Hollande (syn. of Holland), 288 Groseillier a Gros Fruit (syn. of Champagne), 282 Groseillier a Gros Fruit Blanc (syn. of White Dutch), 298 Groseillier d, Gros Fruit Rouge (syn. of Red Dutch), 294 Holldndische Korallenbeere (syn. of Prince

Albert), 292

Holldndische Rote (syn. of Red Dutch), 294 Houghton Castle (syn, of Victoria), 297 Imperial Yellow (syn. of White Grape), 299 La Hative (syn. of Hative de Bertin), 288 La Versaillaise (syn. of Versailles), 296 London Red (syn. of London Market), 290 Long Bunch Holland (syn. of Holland), 288 Macrocarpa (syn. of Cherry), 283 Magnum Bonum (syn. of Versailles), 296 Marvin's Seedling (syn. of Marvin Crystal), 290 May's Victoria (syn. of Victoria), 297 Moore Ruby (syn. of Ruby), 295 Moore Seedling (syn. of Moore Early), 291 New Red Dutch (syn. of Victoria), 297 Pearl White (syn. of White Dutch), 298 President Wilder (syn. of Wilder), 301 Queen Victoria (syn. of Victoria), 297 Raby Castle (syn. of Victoria), 297 Red Grape (syn. of Victoria), 297 Red Pear-shaped (syn. of Goegginger Pear-shaped Red), 287

Red Provence (syn. of Gondouin Red), 288 Rivers1 Late Red (syn. of Prince Albert), 292 Rivers' Late Red (syn. of Rivers), 295 Rothe von Verriere (syn. of Prince Albert), 292 Rouge de Hollande (syn. of Prince Albert), 292 Scarlet (syn. of Scarlet Gem), 295 Scotch (syn. of London Market), 290 Short-bunched Red (syn. of London Market), 290 Versaillaise (syn. of Versailles), 296 Verrieres White (syn. of Blanche de Verrieres),

281

White Antwerp (syn. of White Dutch), 298 White Chrystal (syn. of White Dutch), 298 White Clinton (syn. of White Dutch), 298 White Gondouin (syn. of Gondouin White), 288 Wilmot's New White (syn. of Wilmot Large White), 301 Wilmot's Red Grape (syn. of Victoria), 297

Currants, species and varieties listed in the London Hort. Soc. Cat., 246; studies of, by the N.Y. Agri. Exp. Sta., 250; table showing acreage, yield, and value of, in the U. S., 251; ten kinds mentioned by Ma we, 245; varieties offered for sale by the Prince Nurseries in 1770, 249; where first cultivated as garden plants, 244 Curtice Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 282 Curtis, B. 0., var. orig. with, 435, 437, 511, 512 Custis, Thomas J., var. orig. by, 478, 550 Cutbush et Son, var. orig. by, 133 Cuthbert, Thomas, var. found by, 99 Cuthill, var. orig. by, 404 Cutleaved or Evergreen Blackberry, com. name of

R. laciniatus, 83

Cutter, B. F., var. found by, 424 Cutter, G. B., var. introd. by, 210 Cylactis, key to the species of, described, 26; sub-genus of Rubus, 26 Dalibarda, key to the American species of, 26;

subgenus of Rubus, 26 Daniels Bros., var. found by, 305 Dann, var. orig. by, 109 Darwin, Charles, study of increase in the size of

gooseberries by, 317 Davis, George W., var. found by, 402, 457; var. introd. by, 427

Davis, J. J., var. orig. with, 425 Davis, William, var. orig. by, 486 Davison, Mrs. Mercy, var. orig. by, 158 De Jonghe, var. orig. by, 475, 546 De Lamey, species found by? 375 De Lue, Dr. F. S., var. orig. by, 470, 549 De Vos, C, species orig. by, 31 Dell, var. orig. by, 175 Dew, H. F., var. orig. by, 427 Dewberries, breeding of, by Dr. Miner, recounted

by Joseph Harris, 194

commonly cultivated only in North America, 180 cultivated varieties of:

Aughinbaugh, 233

Aus-Lu, 233

Austin Thornless, 233

Bartel, 62, 233

Bauer, 234

Belle of Washington, 58, 234

Bonnett, 234

Champion, 234

Coleman, 234

Dallas, 64, 234

Delicious, 234

Fairfax, 234

Gardena, 61, 234

Geer, 235

General Grant, 62, 235

Golden Queen, 235

Guadeloupe, 235

Haupt, 235

Humboldt, 58, 235

Humbolt, 235

Laxtonberry, 235

cultivated varieties of: Loganberry, 59, 236 Lucretia, 62, 236 Lucretia Sister, 61, 237 Mahdi, 84, 237 Manatee, 238 Mayes, 62, 238 Miner, 238 Monroe, 238 Mortgage Lifter, 239 Myer, 239 Ness, 239 Newberry, 239 Northey, 239 Noten, 239

Oregon Evergreen, 239 Phenomenal, 240 Premo, 62, 240 Primus, 241 Rogers, 241 San Jacinto, 65, 241 Skagit Chief, 58, 241 Sorsby, 64, 241 Tribble, 242

Washington Climbing, 58, 242 Wilson White, 242 Windom, 61, 242 Young, 242

Dewberries, domestication of, commenced by Dr. Miner, 194; fruits of, compared with blackberries, 193; key to the subgenus of, 55; southern, 198; specific characters of, as opposed to blackberries, 180 synonyms of cultivated varieties of: A. et M. Berry (syn. of Ness), 239 Austin (syn. of Mayes), 238 Austin Improved (syn. of Mayes), 238 Barters Mammoth (syn. of Bartel), 233 Cook's Hardy (syn. of Windom), 242 Cut-Leaved (syn. of Oregon Evergreen), 239 Evergreen (syn. of Oregon Evergreen), 239 Laxton (syn. of Laxtonberry), 235 Logan Blackberry (syn. of Loganberry), 236 Miner's Seedling (syn. of Miner), 238 Oregon Everbearing (syn. of Oregon Evergreen),

239

Parsley-Leaved (syn. of Oregon Evergreen), 239

Sorsby May (syn. of Sorsby), 241 table showing acreage, yield and value of, in the

U. S., 202; types of, from the Pacific slope, 199;

varieties of, given by L. H. Bailey as coming

from southern species, 198; western, 199 Dewberry, Bartel, first dewberry to become known,

196; history of, by L. H. Bailey, 196 Common, 61 Loganberry, account of origin of, by Judge J. H.

Logan, 200; what it is, and where originated, 199 Lucretia, history of origin of, 197; a standard

commercial favorite, 197 White, 65

37

Diamond, A., var. introd. by, 518

Dickinson, O. D., var. orig. by, 325

Dixon, F. W., var. introd. by, 140

Dobbins, J. A., var. introd. by, 424

Dodge, N. E., var. orig. by, 210

Dole, J. G., var. orig. by, 428

Doolittle, H. H., propagation of black raspberries by, 14, 15; var. introd. by, 15, 158; var. orig. by, 161

Doolittle et Wright, var. introd. by, 175

Dornan, J. F., var. found by, 547

Dorsey, M. J., species collect, by, 52

Dow, George F., var. orig. with, 438

Downer, J. S., var. orig. by, 413, 429, 472

Downing, A. J., mention of currants by, 249

Downing, Charles, var. orig. by, 100, 328

Dreer, Henry A., var. introd. by, 100

Dual, Frank, var. orig. with, 430

Dubois, M. D., var. orig. with, 430

Duchesne, Antoine Nicolas, discoverer of differences in sex in strawberries, 372

Duhring, Henry, var. orig. by, 100

Dunlop, W. W., var. import, by, 120

Dunnett, W. H., var. orig. by, 303

Durand, E. W., var. orig. by, 394, 396, 403, 412, 422, 431, 449, 452, 467,477/483, 502, 518,523

Durkes, Adain, var. orig. by, 231

Durm, John W., var. orig. by, 165

Dutter, Jerry, var. orig. by, 431

Dwarf Raspberry, com. name of R. pubescens, 28

Dwyer, T. J., var. introd. by, 500

Earhart, W. H., var. found by, 159; var. orig. with,

480, 522

Eaton, A. V., var. found by, 434 Eaton, Ulysses, var. found by, 101 Eberlein, var. orig. with, 434 Edmondson, Thomas, var. orig. by, 454, 489 Edwards, B. M., var. orig. with, 435 Edwards, R. W., var. found by, 435; var. introd. by,

132

Ekey, E. H., var. orig. with, 435, 448, 452, 475 Ekstein Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 210 Elletson, J., var. introd. by, 323 Elliot, Wyman, var. orig. by, 324 Elliot et Redpath, var. introd. by, 324 Elliott, George W., var. orig. by, 116 Elliptici, series of Idaeobatus, 42 Ellwanger et Barry, var. introd. by, 95, 145, 326, 334, 484, 546; var. orig. by, 447, 497, 502, 508, 534 Elwes, H. J., var. introd. by, 309 Empenger, F. J., var. orig. by, 122 Endicott, G. W., var. orig. by, 437 Engle, C, var. orig. by, 438, 493 Engle, H. M., var. introd. by, 341 Eppert, A. A., var. orig. by, 505 Ercanbrach, E. C, var. found by, 409 Etter, Albert F., seedlings sent out by, 438; var. described by, 350; var. introd. by, 504; var. orig. by, 396, 422, 426, 439, 441, 471, 472, 481, 510, 526, 527, 529, 546, 554 Eubatus, subgenus of Rubus, 54

Eucoreosma, subgenus of Ribes, 266

European Gooseberry, com. name of G. reclinata, 279

EvanSj G. R., var. orig. with, 439

Ewart, Mortimer, var. found by, 208

Ewell, Marshall F., var. orig. with, 439, 488

Fairman, J. L., var. orig. with, 531

FallstafI, var. orig. by, 132

Farmer, L. J., var. found by, 173; var. introd. by,

400, 510

Farmer Seed et Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 228 Farnsworth, W. W., var. introd. by, 160; var. orig.

by, 159, 441

Faulkner, A., var. found by, 119 Faulkner, J. W., var. orig. with; 528 Fay, Isaac, var. orig. by, 467 Fay, Lincoln, var. orig. by, 286, 287 Feast, Samuel, et Sons, var. orig. with, 442 Feicht, David, var. found by, 425 Fell, William, var. introd. by, 392 Felton, A. L., var. orig. by, 115 Felton, Oscar F., var. introd. by, 214, 416; var.

orig. by, 420, 429, 441, 479, 534 Felton, O. L., var. orig. by, 100, 137 Fendall, Charles E., var. orig. by, 441 Fetters, J. A., var. orig. with, 443 Filler, George, var. orig. by, 287 Finch, Lewis, var. orig. by, 442 Finney Bros., var. orig. with, 523 Fitzgerald Nurseries, var. found by, 212 Flagellares, 60

Fleming, F. A., var. orig. with, 442 Fletcher, S. W., opinion of, regarding the evolution

of the cultivated strawberry, 363 Floridi, 81

Flowering Raspberry, com. name of R. odoratus, 30 Foote, J. A., var. orig. by, 551 Ford, Frank, et Son, var. found by, 217; var. introd.

by, 152, 305

Forsyth, William, var. mentioned by, 353 Foss, E. R., var. found by, 555 Foster, Prof. Watson, var. introd. by, 147 Fragaria, key to the species described, 372; specific

description of, 372 Fragaria abnormis (syn. of F. vesca var. monophylla),

374 Fragaria alpina (syn. of F. vesca var. semperflorens),

375 Fragaria americana (syn. of F. vesca var. americana),

375

Fragaria breslingea (syn. of F. viridis), 377

Fragaria californica, 380

Fragaria campestris (syn. of F. viridis), 2,77

Fragaria canadensis (syn. of F. virginiana var. canadensis), 382

Fragaria cerinoalba (syn. of F. viridis), 377

Fragaria chiloensis, 361, 378

Fragaria chiloensis (syn. of F. calif ornica), 380

Fragaria collina (syn. of F. viridis), 377

Fragaria cuneifolia, 381

Fragaria efflagellis (syn. of F. vesca efflagellis), 374

Fragaria elatior (syn. of F. moschata), 376

Fragaria glabrafructo coccineo (syn. of F. virginiana), Fragaria glauca (syn. of F. virginiana var. glauca),

382.

Fragaria Gray ana (syn. of F. virginiana var. gray ana),

382

Fragaria illinoensis (syn. of F. virginiana var.

gray ana), 382

Fragaria lucida (syn. of F. calif ornica), 380 Fragaria magna (syn. of F. moschata), 376 Fragaria monophylla (syn. of F. z;#5cet var. monophylla), 374 Fragaria moschata, 376; how distinguished from F.

zteyoz, 359; the Hautbois strawberry, 359 Fragaria platypetala, 381 Fragaria pratensis (syn. of F. moschata), 376 Fragaria reversa (syn. of F. moschata), 2]7et Fragaria semperflorens (syn. of F. ^esca var. semperflorens), 375

Fragaria sericea (syn. of F. calif ornica), 380 Fragaria suecica (syn. of F. viridis), 377 Fragaria sylvestris (syn. of F. vesca), 373 Fragaria vesca, 373; common European strawberry,

356

Fragaria vesca var. americana, 375

Fragaria vesca var. efflagellis, 374

Fragaria vesca var. monophylla, 374

Fragaria vesca var. semperflorens, 375

Fragaria vesca pratensis (syn. of F. moschata), 376

Fragaria vesca saliva (syn. of F. moschata), 1,76

Fragaria vesca semperflorens efflagellis, the Alpine or everbearing strawberry of Europe, 359

Fragaria vesca silvestris (syn. of F. vesca), 373

Fragaria virginiana, 381; common strawberry in North America, 360

Fragaria virginiana var. canadensis, 382

Fragaria virginiana var. glauca, 382

Fragaria virginiana var. gray ana, 382

Fragaria virginiana illinoensis (syn. of F. virginiana var. grayana), 382

Fragaria viridis, 377; cultivation in Europe as a curiosity, 360

Fragaria vulgaris (syn. of F. vesca), 373

Fraisier des bois, com. name of F. t/esca, 373

Freed, George, var. orig. by, 214

Freeman, W. C, var. orig. by, 155

Freeman, W. M., var. orig. with, 483

Freeny, A. F., var. orig. with, 446

French, Lewis, var. orig. by, 445

Freseman, A. A., var. orig. by, 161

Frondosi, 78

Fruticosi, 82

Fuller, Andrew S., descriptions of currants grown in America by, 250; discussion of hybrid raspberries by, 15; impetus given the raspberry industry, shown by, ic; life of, 10; var. import, by, 148, 150; var. orig. by, 407, 418, 423, 496

Fuller, George P., var. orig. by, 462

Fuller, J. B., var. orig. with, 445

Fulton, W. B., var. introd. by, 349

Furnas, R. W., var. found by, 153, 170

Gainor, Jacob, var. found by, 215

Galceron, Mrs., var. orig. with, 445

Galloway Bros., var. introduced by, 161

Gandy, W. S., var. orig. by, 445, 522

Gardner, C. A., var. orig. with, 556

Gardner, C. F., var. orig. by, 404, 446, 447, 503, 516

Gardner Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 296

Garretson, Amos, var. introd. by, 101; var. orig.

with, 446

Garrison, J. T., et Son, var. introd. by, 480 Garrison, S. K., var. orig. with, 519 Gartier, var. orig. by, 89 Gaston, A. H., var. introd. by, 341 Gault, W. C, var. found by, 161 Gauthier, Louis, var. orig. by, 482 Geisler, Henry, var. introd. by, 176 Gerarde, John, first mention of currants by, 244 Gerbig, A. B., var. orig. by, 470 Gersandi, Henry, var. found by, 469 Gersonde, Henry, var. orig. with, 447 Gibson, J. H., var. orig. with, 447 Gill, John W., var. introd. by, 331 Gill Bros. Seed Co., var. introd.. by, 290 Gillespie, Samuel, var. orig. with, 393, 448 Girton, L. H., var. found by, 514; var. orig. by,

138, 428, 507

Glauer, var. orig. with, 448 Gloede, Ferdinande, var. orig. by, 500 Goegginger, Heinrich, var. orig. by, 287 Gohn, Nathaniel, var. orig. with, 495 Golden Currant, com. name of R. odoratum, 270 Golden Currants, com. name of Symphocalyx, 269 Golden Evergreen Raspberry, com. name of R.

ellipticus, 42 Goldsborough, Arthur T., var. orig. by, 329, 395,

450, 480, 510, 516, 523, 532, 544, 547 Goldsmith, G. E., var. found by, 214 Gondouin, var. orig. by, 288 Goodell, George, var. orig. by, 425 Goodell, Samuel, var. orig. by, 451 Goodwin, F. C, var. found by, 108 Gookin, Edmund, var. orig. with, 541

Gooseberries, account of, by John Parkinson, 313;

American, 318; changes in characters of, due to hybridizing, 316; characters of, set forth by Robert Hogg, 316; cultivated, the evolution of, 311-322 cultivated varieties of:

Alderman, 323

Alice, 323

Alma, 323

Antagonist, 323

Apex, 323

Apology, 323

Auburn, 323

Beauty, 323

Bendelon, 323

Bennet Eureka, 323

Berkeley, 323

Blucher, 324

British Queen, 324

Briton, 324 Broom Girl, 324 Bull Dog, 324 Bury Lane, 324 Candidate, 324 Careless, 324 Carman, 324 Carrie, 277, 324 Catherine, 325 Cedar Hill, 325 Champion, 325 Charles, 325 Chautauqua, 325 Cheerful, 326 Cheshire Lass, 326 Clayton, 326 Columbus, 326 Como, 326 Companion, 326 Copland, 327 Countess of Amsdale, 327 Cremore, 327 Criterion, 327 Crosby Seedling, 327 Crown Bob, 327 Crystal, 327 Cyprus, 327 Dan Mistake, 327 Deacon, 327 Diadem, 327 Dominion, 328 Downing, 277, 328 Drill, 328 Duck Wing, 328 Duke of Sutherland, 328 Duncan, 329 Duplication, 329 Duster, 329

Early Green Hairy, 329 Excellent, 329 Excelsior, 329 Faithful, 329 Falstaff, 329 Fascination, 329 Favonius, 329 Flixtonia, 330 Flora, 330 Forester, 330 Foxhunter, 330 Freedom, 330 Frontenac, 330 Galopin, 330 Garibaldi, 330 General, 330 George Ridley, 330 Gibb, 330 Gill, 331

Gipsy Queen, 331 Golborne, 331

Golden Beauty, 331 Golden Drop, 331 Golden Prolific, 331 Governor, 331 Gracilla, 331 Great Rack, 331 Green Walnut, 331 Green Willow, 332 Greenock, 332 Gretna Green, 332 Harriet, 332 Hedgehog, 332 Helpmate, 332 Hero of the Nile, 332 High Sheriff, 332 Highlander, 332 Hit or Miss, 332 Hobbs Seedling, 332 Hoenings Earliest, 333 Houghton, 278, 333 Hudson, 334 Hue-and-Cry, 334 Huntsman, 334 Industry, 334 Ironmonger, 335 Italy, 335 Jem Mace, 335 Jerry, 335 Jessie, 335 Jewett, 335 John Anderson, 335 John Hall, 335 Jolly Angler, 335 Jolly Sailor, 335 Josselyn, 276, 277, 335 Keen Seedling, 336 Keepsake, 336 King of Trumps, 337 Lady Houghton, 337 Lady Popham, 337 Lady Stanley, 337 Lancashire Lad, 337 Largo, 338 Late Emerald, 338 Lavinia, 338 Leader, 338 Leveller, 338 Leviathan, 338 Lion Provider, 338 Lizzard, 338 London,338 Long Barney, 338 Lord Beaconsfield, 339 Lord Leigh, 339 Lord Rancliffe, 339 Lord Scarborough, 339 Lowton, 339 Mabel, 339 Major Hibbert, 339

Marlboro, 339

Mary Ann, 339

Matchless, 339

May Duke, 339

Miss Chester, 340

Mitchell, 340

Mitre, 340

Monarch, 340

Monument, 340

Mount Pleasant, 340

Mountain, 274, 340

Mrs. Bowcock, 341

Mrs. Whittaker, 341

Nailor, 341

Nancy, 341

Napoleon le Grand, 341

Nebraska Prolific, 341

Nebraska Seedling, 341

Newell, 341

Nottingham, 341

Orange, 341

Oregon, 277, 341

Oregon Jumbo, 342

Over All, 342

Overseer, 342

Pale Red, 277, 278, 342

Pearl, 277, 342

Peru, 342

Peto, 342

Pilot, 343

Plowboy, 343

Poorman, 277, 343

Poorman Delight, 344

Portage, 344

Postman, 344

Premier, 344

President, 344 Pretender, 344 Pride of Michigan, 344 Priscilla, 345 Puyallup, 345 Queen Anne, 345 Queen of Trumps, 345 Queen of Whites, 345 Queen Victoria, 345 Ralph, 345 Red Champagne, 345 Red Jacket, 345 Red Robin, 345 Red Warrington, 346 Ricardo, 346 Richland, 346 Rideau, 346 Ringer, 347 Roaring Lion, 347 Roe, 347 Roesch, 347 Rough Red, 347 Rover, 347

Rumbullion, 347

Runge, 347

Ruth, 347

Saunders, 347

Shiner, 348

Silvia, 348

Sir George Brown, 348

Slaughterman, 348

Smiling Beauty, 348

Smith, 277, 348

Smithers, 348

Snowball, 348

Snowdrop, 348

Speedwell, 348

Sportsman, 349

Stein, 349

Stella, 349

Stock well, 349

Strubler, 349

Succeed, 349

Sulphur, 349

Sunset, 349

Sutherland, 349

Tally Ho, 349

Telegraph, 349

Thatcher, 350

Thomas Williams, 350

Thumper, 350

Tichborne, 350

Transparent, 350

Trebla, 350

Tree, 350

Triumph, 350

Trumpeter, 350

Try Me Oh, 350

Unity, 351

Utah, 351

Van Fleet, 277, 351

Veteran, 351

Victoria, 351

Village Green, 351

Viper, 351

Visit, 351

Wakeful, 351

Watson, 351

Weathercock, 351

Wellington Glory, 352

Westerman Favorite, 352

White Eagle, 352

White Hare, 353

Whitesmith, 353

William Watson, 353

Wonderful, 354

Yaxley Hero, 354 Gooseberries, domestication of an American native,

311; early trial of English varieties in America,

318; European, 312; future of, in America, 322;

improvement of natives urged by Hovey, 320;

increase of size of, studied by Darwin, 317;

interest taken in the domestication of, 320; kinds listed by Thomas Ma we, 315; modern garden plants, 311; not attaining great popularity in America, 322; not mentioned by the Greeks and Romans, 311; not popular fruits in America, 318; progress of domestication of, in America, 319 synonyms of cultivated varieties of:

American Seedling (syn. of Pale Red), 342 Aston*s Red (syn. of Red Warrington), 346 Aston's Seedling (syn. of Red Warrington), 346 Belmont Green (syn. of Green Walnut), 331 Cayuga (syn. of Frontenac), 330 Champagne (syn. of Red Champagne), 345 Cluster (syn. of Pale Red), 342 Cook's White Eagle (syn. of White Eagle), 352 Dr. Van Fleet (syn. of Van Fleet), 351 Downing's Seedling (syn. of Downing), 328 Eagle (syn. of White Eagle), 352 Early Orange (syn. of Orange), 341 Engle's Yellow (syn. of Orange)* 341 Golden (syn. of Golden Prolific), 331 Green Gage (syn. of Early Green Hairy), 329 Green Gascoigne (syn. of Early Green Hairy),

329

Hartshorn's Lancashire Lad (syn. of Lancashire

Lad), 337

Houghton's Seedling (syn. of Houghton), 333 Improved Early Hedgehog (syn. of Hedgehog),

332 Johnson's Green Willow (syn. of Green Willow),

332

Lancashire Lass (syn. of Whitesmith), 353 Lewis Roesch (syn. of Roesch), 347 Nonpareil (syn. of Green Walnut), 331 Ohio Seedling (syn. of Pale Red), 342 Oregon Champion (syn. of Oregon), 341 Plough Boy (syn. of Plowboy), 343 Puyallup Mammoth (syn. of Puyallup), 345 Red Jacket (syn. of Josselyn), 334 Smith's Improved (syn. of Smith), 348 Smooth Green (syn. of Green Walnut), 331 Warrington (syn. of Red Warrington), 346 Watson Seedling Tree (syn. of Watson), 351 Wellington (syn. of Wellington Glory), 352 Whinham's Industry (syn. of Industry), 334 Woodward's Whitesmith (syn. of Whitesmith),

353 Gooseberries, use of, by John Parkinson, 313;

varieties described by John Rea, 315 Gooseberry, Downing, comments on origin of, by Louis Berckmans, 321; origin of, 320; second noteworthy American variety to be originated, 320

European, 279 Hawthorn-leaved, 278 Houghton, described by Hovey, 319 Missouri, 274 Northern, 276 Smooth, 276 Wild, 273

Gordon, Sylvanus, var. introd. by, 108; var. orig.

by, 552

Goree, J. W., var. found by, 451 Gottwold, O. R., var. found by, 535 Gowing, J. D., var. orig, with, 427, 442, 533, 540 Grafe, Emil, var. orig. by, 428 Graham, C. W., var. introd. by, 226; var. orig. with,

386, 414, 451

Graham, H. W., var. orig. by, 417 Granby, Charles L., var. orig. by, 517 Granville, var. found by, 443 Graton, Louis, var. found by, 172; var. introd. by,

506; var. orig. by, 482, 532 Graves, Daniel, var. found by, 225 Gray, A. G., var. introd. by, 165; var. orig. by, 136, 224, 452

Gray, W. M., var. orig. with, 507 Green, Charles A., var. introd. by, 119, 138, 146,

170, 215, 235, 285 Green, J. M., var. orig, by, 408 Green's Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 518, 529 Greenfield, Samuel, var. orig. by, 288 Grefe, A. H., var. found by, 131 Gregg, R. et P., var. found by, 163 Griesa, A. C, et Bro., var. introd. by, 102 Griesa, A. H., var. orig. by, 93, 166, 167, 492 ' Griggs, var. orig. by, 157 Grossman, J. C, var/orig. with, 487 Grossularia, key to the species of, 272; specific

description of, 271 Grossularia cynosbati, 273 Grossularia cynosbati var. glabrata, 273 Grossularia cynosbati var. inermis, 273 Grossularia cynosbati var. villosa, 273 Grossularia divaricata, 275 Grossularia downingiana, 277 Grossularia hirtella, 276 Grossularia hirtella var. calcicola, 277 Grossularia missouriensis, 274 Grossularia oxyacanthoides, 278 Grossularia reclinata, 278 Grossularia reclinata var. uva-crispa, 279 Grossularia rustica1 277 Grossularia utilis, 274 Grossularia uva-crispa (syn. of G. reclinata var.

uva-crispa), 279 Grossularia van-fleetiana, 274 Grossularia vulgaris (syn. of G. reclinata), 279 Haight, J. H., var. orig. with, 454 Hale, J. H., var. introd. by, 152, 494; var. orig. by,

448 Hale Bros., var. introd. by, no, 140, 147, 155, 157,

159, 163, 175, 406, 544 Haley, E., var. found by, 215 Hall, J. W., var. orig. by, 454, 5[]7 Hall, M. C, var. orig. with, 520 Hall, S. E., var. orig. by, 442 Hallock, Nicholas, var. orig. by, 482, 494 Hamblin, E. H., var. orig. with, 519 Hamilton, var. found by, 163 Hammer, August, var. orig. with, 454

Hanbach, T. M., var. introd. by, 489; var. orig. by,

454, 457

Hancock, F. B., var. introd. by, 387 Hann, George, var. found by, 413 Hannah, A. J., var. orig. by, 542 Hansell Bros., var. found by, 109 Hansen, Prof. N. E., var. found by, 87, 94, 98, 107,

178; var. orig. by, 105, 123, 127, 142, 143, 144, 149 Hardy, L. W., var. orig. with, 484 Harris, H. S., var. found by, 163 Harris, Joseph, dewberry breeding by Dr. Miner,

recounted by, 194

Harris, Z. H., var, introd. by, 107, 109 Harrison, J. G., et Sons, var. orig. with, 440 Hart, John, var. orig. with, 455 Hart, Reuben, var. orig. by, 388 Hartnell, var. orig. by, 455 Hartung, A. J., var. orig. by, 149 Hartweg, species collect, by, 46 Hatch Expt. Sta. (Mass.), var. orig. by, 455 Hathaway, Benjamin, var. orig. by, 401, 493, 519 Hathaway, D., var. orig. by, 455 Hathaway, Wick, var. orig. by, 463 Haupt, Col. W. W., var. found by, 235 Hausmann Bros., var. orig. by, 484 Haviland, B. H., var. orig. with, 456 Hawaian Giant Raspberry, com. name of R. mac-

raei, 35

Hawbaker, Levi, var. introd. by, 225 Hawkins, J. R., var. orig. by, 395 Hawthorn-leaved Gooseberry, com. name of G. oxyacanthoides, 278 Haymaker, A. O., var. found by, no Haynes, J. H., var. orig. by, 329, 397, 471, 479, 481,

545

Haynes, J. W., var. orig. with, 464, 466 Henderson, Peter, var. introd. by, 531 Henry, Augustine, species introd. by, 41 Herbst, J. L., var. orig. by, 458, 539, 544 Heritage, J. E., var. orig. with, 458 Herron, Oral, var. orig. by, 520 Hersey, Samuel, var. orig. with, 458 Herstine, D. W., var. orig. by, 101, in, 139. 140 Hewitt, Clark, var. orig. with, 472 Higgs, Samuel, var. found by, 163 Hilborn, W. W., var. introd. by, no, 164 Hildreth, Isaac, var. introd. by, in Hildreth, Mrs. Isaac, var. orig. by, 508 Hill, O, A., var. found by, 101 Hill, S., var. orig. with, 453 Hinman, var. orig. with, 459 Hispidi, 66 Hitt, Thomas, four groups of raspberries named

by, 5

Hoag, Charles R., var. orig. by, 164, 216 Hobbs, C. M., et Sons, var. introd. by, 174 Hobbs, 0. J., var. orig. by, 332 Hodges, J. C, var. orig. by, 544 Hoenings, Julius, var. orig. by, 333 Hoffman, H., var. orig. by, 459 Hofstadtler, A. F., var. orig. with, 508

Hogg, Robert, characters of gooseberries set forth by, 316; varieties of red currants described by, 247

Holland, C. A., var. orig. with, 460

Holland, William, var. introd. by, 109

Holsinger, Frank, var. introd. by, 165

Holsinger Bros., var. introd. by, 155

Holt, Samuel, var. orig. by, 216

Hoogendyk, var. orig. by, 303

Hooker, C. G., var. orig. by, 292

Hooker, H. E., var. orig. by, 460

Horsey, J. C, var. orig. by, 460

Houghton, Abel, var. orig. by, 278, 333

House, A. H., var. orig. by, 344

Hovey, Charles M., description of the Houghton gooseberry by, 319; improvement of the native gooseberry urged by, 320; life of, 367; var. orig. by, 405, 461

Hovey et Co., var. introd. by, 126

Howard, A. B., var. orig. by, 427, 461

Howard, A. J., var. orig. with, 433 Howard, G. W., var. orig. by, 462, 503, 534 Howard, Thomas B., var. orig. with, 527 Ho well, S. S., var. orig. with, 462 Hoysradt, L. H., var. introd. by, 331 Hubach, Louis, var. orig. by, 387, 388, 390, 391, 399, 413, 433, 439, 44O, 444, 462, 468, 482, 492, 495, 499, 509, 515, 542, 554 Hubbell, M. S., var. orig. by, 496 Huddleston, D., var. orig. by, 462 Huestis, Warren, var. orig. with, 398 Hughson, Edward, var. found by, 462 Hunn, C. E., var. orig. by, 463 Hunt, C. P., var. orig. by, 526 Hunt, M. R., var. orig. by, 521 Hunt, Thomas R., var. found by, 177; var. introd.

by, 389; var. orig. by, 463 Hunt, Thomas R., Jr., var. introd. by, 177 Hunt, William, var. orig. by, 547 Hunt, William H., Co., var. introd. by, 115 Hunt, William N., et Co., var. introd. by, 151, 410 Hunt et Foot, var. orig. by, 536 Huntley, H. D., var. orig. by, 463 Huntsman, G. W., var. orig. by, 389, 437, 473 Huntsman, Prof. T. W., var. orig. by, 113 Huntsman, W. A., var. orig. with, 463 Hurlburt et Cross, var. introd. by, 344 Husmann, George, var. found by, 176 Hyde, James A., var. orig. by, 114 Idaei, series of Idaeobatus, 47 Idaeobatus, key to the series of, 33; subgenus of

Rubus, 32

Ind. Agri. Exp. Sta., var. orig. by, 525 Ingram, E. C, var. orig. with, 406 Ingram, J. A., var. orig. by, 448 Jackson et Perkins, var. introd. by, 217, 531 Jamin, J., var. orig. by, 549 Japanese Wineberry, com. name of R. phoenico-

lasius, 39

Jenny, var. orig. by, 467 Jerolaman, Henry, var. orig. by, 494

Jewell Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 291

Johnson, A. S., var. orig. with, 558

Johnson, E. W., et Co., var. introd. by, 436

Johnson, J. E., var. found by, 102

Johnson, Martin, var. found by, 440

Johnson, O. A., var. orig. by, 469, 486

Johnson, Robert, var. introd. by, 177; var. orig.

with, 469 Johnson, W. B. K., var. found by, 161; var. orig.

with, 479

Johnson, William H., var. orig. by, 513 Jolls, John F., var. orig. by, 124 Jones, A. N., var. orig. with, 478, 555 Jones, Adam, var. orig. with, 455, 469 Jopp, W. H., var. orig. with, 469 Joslyn, Leander, var. found by, 158 Josselyn, George S., var. introd. by, 286, 336 Joyce, Irwin, var. orig. with, 466 Kaiser, Mrs. Mabel, var. orig. with, 385 Katkamier, A. B., var. found by, 164, 449; var.

introd. by, 409; var. orig. by, 551 Katkamier, S. B., var. found by, 107 Kearns, Grant, var. orig. with, 499 Keech, J., var. orig. with, 389, 446, 517 Keens, Michael, var. orig. by, 471 Kellogg, George J., var. orig. by, 167 Kellogg, R. M., Co., var. introd. by, 461, 472, 481,

489, 514, 529, 531

Kelly, Mrs. E. M., var. orig. with, 434 Kemp, John A., var. orig. by, 387 Kennedy, W. W., var. orig. with, 538 Kenoyer, F. L., var. found by, 218 Kenrick, William, description of the blackberry by,

181; first American pomological writer to recomment blackberry culture in a fruit book, 181; uses

of the blackberry by, 182 Kenyon, T. A., var. introd. by, 115 Kerr, J. W., var. orig. by, 464, 509 Kershaw, var. orig. with, 550 Kester, J. C, var. found by, 160 Kettle, J. J., var. introd. by, 118 Kevitt, T. C, var. introd. by, 441; var. orig. by,

386, 396, 409, 410, 425, 443, 444, 472, 491 Kilbourne, F. M., var. orig. by, 507, 509 Kille, W. B., var. introd. by, 410 King, H. J., var. orig. with, 473 King, Henry, var. import, by, 132 King Bros. Nursery, var. introd. by, 436 Kirtland, Prof. J. T., var. orig. by, 554 Kleim, William, var. orig. by, 298 Kleinsteiber, G. F., var. found by, 178 Knight, Thomas Andrew, var. orig. by, 289, 429, 436 Koch, C. H., var. orig. by, 117, 150 Kohl, G. M., var. orig. by, 384 Kolyvard, John, var. orig. by, 463 Kramer, F. W., var. orig. by, 474 Kriebel, Daniel S., var. orig. by, 219 Krumei, Herman, var. found by, 155 Kruschke, J. D., var. orig. with, 493 Kuhns, J. E., var. found by, 486; var. orig. by, 406,

416

Lamb, Mrs. D. H., var. orig. by, 416

Langley, Batty, mention of currants by, 245; three

kinds of raspberries named by, 4; Purple Raspberry described by, 133 Lartey, var. orig. by, 398 Lawson, George, var. orig. with, 523 Lawton, William, letter by, giving account of the

introduction of the Lawton blackberry, 184 Laxton, Thomas, var. orig. by, 419, 530 Laxton Bros., var. introd. by, 230, 302; var. orig.

by, 90, 236, 504

Learned, Charles, var. orig. with, 530 Leavell, B. S., var. orig. with, 478 Lee, George, var. orig. by, 306 Lee, W. M., var. found by, 345 Leffel, A. D., var. orig. by, 173, 389 Lehman, S. J., var. orig. by, 478 Lennig, var. orig. by, 479 Lennox Nursery, var. introd. by, 215 Leonard, var. introd. by, 479 Lewis, Robert N., var. orig. with, 421, 457 Leyerle, Jake, var. orig. by, 118 Libis, L. J., var. introd. by, 426 Liepe, George H., var. orig. by, 207 Lightfoot, W. H., var. introd. by, 219 Lincoln, B. F., var. orig. with, 406 Lindley, Joseph B., var. orig. by, 118 Linnaeus, species of Rubus named by, 1 Lippincott, James, Jr., var. introd. by, 490; var.

orig. with, 466 Little, James, seedlings raised by, 480; var. grown

by, 514

Little, John, var. orig. by, 167, 437, 534, 558 Little, Joseph, var. introd. by, 118 Locke, Otto, var. found by, 235 Logan, Judge J, H., account of origin of loganberry

by, 200; var. orig. by, 59, 60, 221 Lohr, D. S., var. introd. by, 343 London Horticultural Society, list of raspberries

published by, 6; status of raspberry culture in

1826 given by, 6 London Horticultural Society Catalog, species and

varieties of currants named in, 246 Longenecker, T. F., var. introd. by, 153 Longworth, Nicholas, history of Ohio Everbearing

raspberry by, 14; var. introd. by, 14; var. named

by, 12

Lonnen, R. F., var. found by, 282 Loomis, J. W., var. orig. by, 514 Lord, var. orig. with, 550 Lord, E. W., var. found by, 172 Losee, J. K., var. found by, 417 Loudon, Frank W., var. orig. by, 119, 131, 451, 468 Lovett, Captain Josiah, letter by, on the cultivation

of the blackberry, 183 Lovett, J. T., var. introd. by, 109, 114, 132, 134,

151, 168, 173, 176, 213, 217, 219, 220, 229, 286,

342, 344, 351, 397; var. orig. by, 390 Lovett, R. P., var. found by, 464; var. orig. with,

418 Lower, Byron, var. orig. with, 482

Lubke, Edward L., var. orig. by, 413

Lucas, Col., var. found by, 105

Lucas, J. L., var. orig. by, 430

Lum, H. F., var. introd. by, 116; var. orig. by, 168

Lunt, Charles, var. orig. with, 492

Lupton, M. D., var. orig. by, 483

Luther, August, var. orig. by, 483

Luther, R. D., var. found by, 220

Lyons, William, var. orig. by, 488

McAvoy, D., var. orig. with, 484

McCaffrey, John, var. orig. with, 417, 418

McConnell, H. L., et Son, var. orig. with, 452

McCracken, var. found by, 220

McCrimmon, J. D., var. orig. with, 535

McDowell, R. H., var. orig. with, 388

Mack, J. M., var. found by, 492; var. orig. by, 227, 228

McKinney, E. R., var. orig. by, 475

McMahon, Bernard, currants mentioned by, 249; cultural directions for the cultivation of currants given by, 249; discussion of varieties of red raspberries by, 7; mention of Yellow Antwerp raspberry by, 152

McMath Bros., var. orig. by, 385

McMillan, T. et S. B., var. orig. with, 417

Macomber, L. M., var. introd. by, 142; var. orig. by, 86, 149

Madison, James, var. introd. by, 124

Magoon, W. J., var. orig. with, 485

Mallory, N. E., var. orig. by, 162

Mallory et Downs, var. introd. by, 126

Mandlin, Dr. S., var. orig. with, 438

Manwell, A. D., var. orig. with, 486

Marshall, Sylvester, var. orig. with, 453

Martin, H. M., var. orig. with, 548

Marvin, D. S., var. found by, 290

Marvin, Harry, var. orig. by, 489

Maryland Agri. Exp. Sta., var. orig. by, 446, 474, 559

Mason, var. orig. by, 109

Matthews, F. E,, var. orig. with, 490

Mawe, Thomas, list of kinds of gooseberries, given by, 315; ten currants mentioned by, 245

Mawe, Thomas, and Abercrombie, John, varieties of raspberries described by, 5

Maxson, Dr. E. R., var. found by, 113

Maxwell, A. C, var. found by, 222

May, var. found by, 297

Mayes, John, var. found by, 238

Maynard, C. C, var. found by, 222

Mead, O. E., var. orig. with, 491

Mead, Peter B., var. orig. by, 491

Meek, James, var. orig. with, 492

Merceron, F. F., var. orig. with, 448

Merrells, Henry, var. found by, 226

Merryfield, var. orig. by, 109, 144

Mersereau, J. M., var. orig. by, 222

Metcalf, A. B., var. found by, 507

Meuli, Martin, var. found by, 210

Michel, George, var. orig. with, 493

Michel, T. G., var. orig. with, 391

Middleton, C. M., var. orig. by, 480

Middleton, C. W., var. found by, 167

Miehl, Jacob, var. found by, 217

Miller, var. orig. by, 91, 122

Miller, Amos, var. orig. by, 423, 434, 450, 539

Miller, D. J., var. orig. by, 157, 170, 222, 444, 473,

494, 498, 501, 533, 549 Miller, George L., var. orig. with, 505 Miller, Isaac, var. found by, 169 Miller, J. B., var. orig. by, 524, 542 Miller, Samuel, var. found by, 411; var. introd. by,

156, 160, 161, 386, 489; var. orig. by, 102, 159,

424, 466, 500, 516 Millet, John W., var. orig. by, 130 Mills, Charles, var. orig. by, 169, 171 Mills, Z., var. orig. with, 450 Miner, var. orig. by, 238 Miner, Dr., domestication of dewberries started by,

194

Miner, T. B., var. orig. by, 494 Minn. Hort. Soc, var. introd. by, 242 Minn. State Fruit Breeding Farm, var. orig. by,

118, 122, 326, 414, 426, 430, 434, 494, 504 Missouri Currant, com. name of R. odoratum, 270 Missouri Gooseberry, com. name of G. missouriensis,

274

Mitchell, A. A., var. orig. by, 445 Mitchell, Rachel D., var. orig. by, 174 Mitting, E. De Roo, var. orig. by, 121 Mohler, D. M., var. introd. by, 160; var. orig. by,

169

Molka, com. name of R. chamaemorus, 25

Momm, Charles W., var. orig. by, 441, 526

Monroe, William H., var. orig. by, 420, 505

Moon, William H., var. introd. by, 134

Moore, J. B., var. orig. by, 398, 412, 459, 551

Moore, Jacob, var. orig. by, 285, 291, 294, 295

Moore, S. R., var. introd. by, 499

Moore, S. W., var. orig. with, 384

Moore Seed Co., var. introd. by, 415, 517

More, C. J., var. orig. by, 497

Morgan, J. A., var. found by, 426, 509, 531; var.

orig. by, 496, 497

Morley, Mrs. E., var. found by, no Morris, J. H., var. orig. by, 482 Morris et Snow Seed Co., var. introd. by, 128 Morrison, J. P., var. orig. by, 123 Mote, L. S., var. orig. by, 123 Mount, Samuel, var. found by, 497 Mowry, T. B., var. found by, 123 Moyle, W. J., var. orig. with, 476, 484 Muhl, Jacob, var. orig. by, 173 Mullen, Matthew, var. orig. with, 479 Mumma, Z. T., var. orig. by, 388 Munger, Timothy, var. orig. by, 170 Munson, T. V., var. described by, 230; var. found

by, 174; var. introd. by, 213, 241, 512 Murrell, S. S., var. orig. by, 499 Myatt, var. orig. by, 407, 436 Myer et Son, var. found by, 499; var. introd. by,

92; var. orig. with, 404 Myers, T. J., var. orig. with, 429

Nation, C, var. introd. by, 416

Needham, J. S., var. introd. by, 223

Neff, J. C, var. introd. by, 211; var. orig. with, 413

Neff, William D., var. orig. with, 520

Negley, Gen., var. orig. by, 107, 162

Nehring, W. F., var. orig. by, 501

Nellis, J. H., var. found by, 501

Ness, H., seedlings sent out by, 239

Neuman, var. orig. by, 501

New Ulm Nurseries, var. introd. by, 86

New York Agri. Exp. Sta., hybrid raspberries raised by, 17; opinion by workers at the, regarding origin of cultivated strawberries, 364; studies of the currant by, 250; var. orig. by, 94, 100, 114, 119, 120, 121, 127, 129, 141, 385, 387, 389, 390, 392, 393, 396, 404, 405, 485, 524, 525; work by, in breeding strawberries, 364

New York State Fruit Testing Assn., var. introd. by, 91, 125, 127, 129, 141, 396, 404

Newland, var. orig. with, 525

Newman, C. P., var. orig. by, 125

Newman, Jonas, var. found by, 223

Nicaise, Dr., var. orig. by, 428

Nichols, A. M., var. orig. with, 452

Nichols, G. W., var. orig. by, 503

Nickerson, John F., var. found by, 445; var. orig. by, 472

Nigh, J. W., var. orig. by, 401, 503

Nimon, James, var. orig. by, 217, 427, 512

Noble Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 310

Noland, J. P., var. orig. by, 504

Norman, E. J., var. found by, 104; var. orig. by, 213

Normand, var. orig. by, 224

North Jersey Nurseries, var. introd. by, 504

Northern Gooseberry, com. name of G. hirtella, 276

Northern Red Currant, com. name of R. rubrum, 260

Norton, Robert, var. found by, 113

Noten, Pierson, var. found by, 239

Occidentales, series of Idaeobatus, 43

Ogle, J. M., var. introd. by, 345

Ohio Agri. Exp. Sta., var. orig. by, 454

Ohmer, N., var. introd. by, 223

Older, var. found by, 171

Ontario Hort. Exp. Sta., var. orig. by, 150

Orange, John B., var. found by, 204; var. orig. by, 209, 210, 211

Oregon Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 209

Oreobatus (syn. of Anoplobatus), 29

Oreobatus deliciosus (syn. of JR. deliciosus), 32

Orewiler, Henry, var. orig. with, 509

Orientales, series of Idaeobatus, 39

Orobatus, subgenus of Rubus, 29

Ossman, F. L., var. orig. by, 458

Otis, L. S., var. orig. by, 499

Overman, E., var. found by, 402

Paddock, Louis, var. found by, 151

Page, Prof. C. G., var. orig. by, 231

Pain, J. A., var. orig. by, 389

Palmatier, Nathaniel, var. found by, 111

Palmer, F. R., var. introd. by, 165; var. orig.

by, 172

Palmer, I. S., var. orig. by, 508, 511 Palmer, William, var. orig. by, 534 Parcell, G. A., var. orig. by, 436, 511 Parker, J., var. orig. by, 233 Parker, Lucius, var. orig. by, 512 Parkinson, John, account of gooseberries by, 313;

pomological orchard and garden of, 2-4 Parks, J. W., var. orig. by, 414 Parmalee, William, var. 6rig. with, 422 Parnell, var. introd. by, 88; var. orig. by, 130 Parry, William, var. introd. by, 122, 132, 486;

var. orig. by, 130, 213, 232, 404, 480, 512 Parsons, James H., var. orig. by, 481 Parsons, R. G., var. orig. with, 513, 558 Peabody, Chas. A., var. orig. by, 447, 514 Peak, Ell wood, var. orig. with, 514 Pease, J. H.7 et Son, var. introd. by, 531 Peck, Charles H., species named by, 16 Peck, H. J., var. orig. with, 511 Peck, J. R., var. orig. by, 413, 457, 490 Peckham, W. XL, var. found by, 514 Pedrick, Elwood, var. orig. with, 450 Peffer, George P., var. introd. by, 230 Pennelh John W., var. orig. by, 515 Pennock, Charles E., var. orig. by, 172 Penwill, var. found by, 130 Perkins, John, var. found by, 204 Perkins, S. G., var. introd. by, 106 Perry, George, et Sons, var. orig. by, 516 Perry, John W., var. orig. by, 174 Perry, William, var. orig. by, 488 Petzold, var. found by, 295 Pfaender, William, var. orig. by, 482 Phillips, Henry, purposes for which currants were

grown one hundred years ago, given by, 246 Phillips, W. H., var. orig. by, 517 Pierce, Joshua, var. introd. by, 94 Pierce, L. B., var. orig. by, 213 Piers, F. L., var. found by, 159; var. orig. with, 458 Pierson, A. W.t var. orig. with, 517 Pioneer Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 482 Piper, D. J., var. orig. by, 452, 518 Pliny, early writer to record wild raspberries, 2 Popenoe, Wilson, species introd. by, 46 Porter, var. orig. with, 520 Poscharsky, F. W., et Son, var. orig. with, 523 Potter, D. L., var. found by, 392 Powell, E. P., var. orig. by, 218, 287, 291 Pratt, Charles S., var. introd. by, 425, 427, 442, 453,

488? 533; var. orig. with, 542 Prettyman, Dr. P., var. orig. by, 342 Price, Caleb, var. orig. with, 521 Prince, William, account by, of red raspberries in

America, 8; list of red raspberries for sale by, in

1771, 7; list of strawberries offered for sale by,

in 1771, 366; mention of currants by, 249; var.

import, by, 98, 100, 105, 130; var. orig. by, 133,

389, 390, 407, 421, 423, 427, 435, 497

Prince, William Robert, detailed account by, of raspberries grown in the U. S., 8; eight Old World varieties of red raspberries mentioned by, 9; purple-cane raspberries mentioned by, 15; var. described by, 9; var. import, by, 87; var. introd. by, 293, 470; var. orig. by, 385, 475, 476, 478, 480, 483, 500, 513, 516, 522, 523, 524, 525, 548, 552, 553 Prince Nurseries, varieties of currants offered for

sale by, in 1770, 249 Pringle, C. G., species collect, by, 63 Printz, Arthur B., var. introd. by, 385 Prosser, Benjamin, var. orig. by, 92, 475 Prouty, K., var. orig. by, 525 Pungentes, series of Idaeobatus, 38 Purdy, A. M., var. found by, 119; var. introd. by,

98, 219, 471

Purdy et Johnson, var. introd. by, 174 Purple Raspberries, 54

Pyne, George, var. orig. by, 97, 99, 129, 136, 138 Quillen, Charles, var. orig. by, 174 Quimby, S. L., var. introd. by, 97 Racster, John, var. introd. by, 397 Ramsey, F. T., var. found by, 241; var. introd. by,

210

Ramsey, F. T., et Son, var. introd. by, 241 Rankin, Dr. W. H., fungous wilt of raspberries described by, 22; leaf-curl and streak diseases of raspberries described by, 21; methods of combating mosaic disease given by, 21; mosaic disease of raspberries described by, 20 Rapp, W., var. orig. with, 528 Raspberries, black, 1

commercial regions where grown, 20 common name of Rubus occidentalis, 43 cultivated varieties of: Ada, 153

Adams Black Perfection, 153 Ak-Sar-Ben, 153 Alaska, 153 American Black, 153 American Everbearing, 153 American White, 153 Arctic, 154 Babbit, 154 Beebe, 154 Belle, 154 Belmont, 154 Beyer, 154 Bishop, 154 Black Pearl, 154 Bonanza, 155 Bronze Queen, 155 Burkhart, 155 Burns, 155 Calyx, 155 Canada, 155 Carman, 155 Centennial, 156 Champion, 156 Chapman, 156

Chesterfield, 156 Clark, 156 Coloma, 156 Conrath, 156 Corinth, 156 Cottier Everbearing, 156 Crawford, 156 Cream, 157 Cromwell, 157 Cumberland, 157 Daily Bearing, 157 Davis, 157 Davison, 157 Diamond, 158 Doolittle, 158 Doomore, 159 Duncan, 159 Earhart, 159 Early Prolific, 159 Ebon Beauty, 159 Edmunds, 159 Elsie, 159 Emperor, 160 Eureka, 160 Everbearing (I), 160 Everbearing (II), 160 Everlasting, 160 Everyday, 160 Fadely, 160 Fairmount, 160 Fancy, 160 Farnsworth, 160 Fay, 161 Ferndale, 161 Florence, 161 Freseman, 161 Galloway, 161 Garden, 161 Gardiner, 161 Gault, 161 General Negley, 162 Giant, 162 Gibraltar, 162 Gold Dollar, 162 Golden Cap, 162 Golden Thornless, 162 Green, 162 Gregg, 162 Hale, Early, 163 Hamilton, 163 Hannibal, 163 Hanover Pink, 163 Harrison, 163 Haskell Yellow, 164 Hawkey e, 164 Hawkins Orange, 164 Hilborn, 164 Hixon, 164 Hoag, 164

Honey sweet, 164

Hoosier, 165

Hoosier Mammoth, 165

Hopkins, 165

Idaho, 165

Ideal, 165

Indiana, 165

Ironclad, 166

Johnson Sweet, 166

Kansas, 166

Kellogg, 167

Kerr White, 167

Kimball, 167

King of the Cliffs, 167

Kumri, 167

Lawrence, 167

Leffel, 167

Lindsey, 167

Little, 167

Livingston, 167

Lotta, 168

Lovett, 168

Lum Everbearing, 168

McCormick, 168

Mammoth, 168

Manwaring, 168

May King, 168

Miami, 169

Midwest, 169

Miller Daily, 169

Mills, 169

Mills No. 1, 169

Minnesota, 169

Missouri, .169

Mohler, 169

Moody, 169

Mulatto, 170

Munger, 170

Munson Everbearing, 170

Mystery, 170

Nemaha, 170

New American, 170

New Haven, 170

Norfolk, 170

Northfield, 170

Ohio, 171

Ohio Everbearing, 171

Older, 171

Onondaga, 171

Ontario, 172

Oregon, 172

Othello, 172

Ozark, 172

Palmer, 172

Pennock, 172 1 Perpetual King, 172

Phoenix, 172

Pioneer, 172

Plum Farmer, 173

Prairie Queen, 173 Pride of Ohio, 173 Pride of the West, 173 Queen of the West, 173 Quillen, 174 Rachel, 174

Ransom Everbearing, 174 Rex, 174 Rowena, 174 Rundell, 174 Sam Stewart, 174 Saunders No. 60, 174 Savanna, 174 Scarff, 174 Seneca, 175 Smith, 175 Smith Giant, 175 Smith (I), 175 Smith (II), 175 Smith Prolific, 175 Souhegan, 175 Spanish, 176

Springfield, 176

Spry Early, 176

Stone Fort, 176

Success, 176

Summit, 176

Surprise, 176

Surrey, 176

Sweet Golden, 177

Sweet Home, 177

Thompson Sweet, 177

Townsend No. 2, 177

Tye, 177

Tyler, 177

Uncle Tom, 177

Virginia, 177

Wade, 178

Wallace, 178

Watson Prolific, 178

Wellesley, 178

Westchester, 178

Wilmot, 178

Windom, 178

Winfield, 178

Winona, 179

Wonder, 179

Woodside, 179

Yellow Pearl, 179

Yosemite, 179 Raspberries, black:

domesticiation of, but commenced, 11; domestication of, enhanced by improved methods of

propagation, 14; start made in domestication

of, 14 synonyms of cultivated varieties of:

Acme (syn. of Palmer), 172

American Black (syn. of Doolittle), 158

American Improved (syn. of Doolittle), 158

Raspberries, black Continued

synonyms of cultivated varieties of: Beebe Golden (syn. of Beebe), 154 Beinor (syn. of Pioneer), 172 Black Diamond (syn. of Diamond), 158 Brackett No. 101 (syn. of Lotta), 168 Butler (syn. of Cromwell), 157 Davison Thornless (syn. of Davison), 157 Earhart Everbearing (syn. of Earhart), 159 Extra Late (syn. of Hannibal), 163 Fay Thornless (syn. of Fay), 161 Griggs Daily Bearing (syn. of Daily Bearing),

157

Harkness (syn. of Hoag), 164 Jackson's May King (syn. of May King), 168 Joslyn (syn. of Doolittle), 158 Kentucky (syn. of Duncan), 159 Key's Prolific (syn. of Johnson Sweet), 166 Lovett's Early (syn. of Lovett), 168 Mammoth Cluster (syn. of McCormick), 168 Manwaring No. 1 (syn. of Man waring), 168 Mills No. 7 (syn. of Onondaga), 171 Mills No. is (syn. of Mills), 169 Progress (syn. of Pioneer), 172 Sinton (syn. of Davison), 157 Smith Ironclad (syn. of Smith), 175 Stahelin (syn. of Rowena), 174 Waters1 Success (syn. of Success), 176 White Cap (syn. of American White), 153 black, where found wild, 11 cultivated:

date of first record of, 2; first record of, by Turner, 2; four groups of, 1; four groups of, named by Thomas Hitt, 5; running-out of, 2022; table showing acreage, yield, and value of, in the U. S., 18 group name of Idaeobatus, 32 hybrid, 15-18; commercial region where grown, 20 magnitude of the culture of, 18 purple, 54 purple-cane, 1, 15 red, 1

account of, in America by William Prince, 8; commercial regions where grown, 20; common name of Rubus idaeus, 47; derivation of, 1; discussion of varieties of, by Bernard McMahon, 7; eight Old World kinds mentioned by W. R. Prince, 9; first native raspberry to attain prominence, Common Red, 9; first pure-bred native red Rubus to be domesticated, Canada Red, 9; history of, in America, 7-11; history of, in Europe, 1-6; list of kinds for sale by William Prince in 1771, 7; parentage of Van Fleet, 40, 41 red and hybrid: cultivated varieties of: Abundance, 86 Addison, 86 Alexandra, 86 All Seasons, 86 All Summer, 86

Allen, 86

Allen Red Prolific, 87 Allsmeyer, 87 Alpine, 87

Amelioree Congy, 87 American Red, 87 Arcola, 87 Arnold Orange, 87 Arnold Red, 87 August Black, 88 Autumn Black, 88 Babcock, 88 Bagley Perpetual, 88 Baker, 88 Barnet, 88 Barter, 88

Bateman Early Red, 88 Bath Perfection, 89 Baumforth I, 89 Baumforth II, 89 Baumforth III, 89 Beckner, 89 Beckwith, 89 Beehive, 89 Beehive Improved, 89 Belle de Fontenay, 89 Belle de Palluau, 90 Berkeley, 90 Biggar, 90 Black Antwerp, 90 Black Hills, 90 Blair, 90 Brady, 90 Bountiful, 90 Boyle, 91 Bradley, 91 Brandy wine, 91 Brant, 91

Brentford Cane, 91 Brentford Red, 91 Brighton, 91 Brilliant, 92 Bristol, 92 Buckeye, 92 Burlington, 92 Burns, 92 Canada Red, 92 Canadian Red, 92 Cardinal, 93 Carleton, 93 Caroline, 93 Carter Prolific, 93 Cassel, 94 Catawissa, 94 Cavalier, 94 Cayuga, 94 Champion, 95 Champlain, 95

Raspberries Continued red and hybrid: cultivated varieties of: Charles the Bold, 95 Chilische, 95 Christine, 95 Citizen, 95 Clarke, 95 Cline, 95 Cluster, 95 Cole Prolific, 95 Coleman, 96 Colonel Wilder, 96 Colossal, 96 Columbian, 96 Common Red, 97 Condor, 97 Cook, 97 Cope, 97 Count, 97 Coutant, 97 Craig, 97 Cretan Red, 98 Crimson Beauty, 98 Crimson Cluster, 98 Crookston, 98 Cushing, 98 Cuthbert, 98 Deacon, 99 Delaware, 99 Devon, 99 Diadem, 99 Dictator, 100 Donboro, 100 Dora, 100

Double Bearing, 100 Downing, 100 Duhring, 100 Duncan, 100 Dyack Seedling, 100 Early Prolific, 100 Eastern King, 101 Eaton, 101 Elizabeth, 101 Ellisdale, 102, Elm City, 102 Elsie, 102 Emily, 102 Emmett, 102 Empire, 102 English Black, 103 English Giant, 103 English Globe, 103 English Red Cane, 103 Erie, 103

Erskine Park, 103 Eureka, 104 Everbearing, 104 Everbearing Feldbrunnen, 104 Excelsior, 104 Fastolff, 104

Fastolff Improved, 105 Fewthorn, 105 Fillbasket, 105 Flesh Colored, 105 Four Seasons Red, 105 Four Seasons Yellow, 106 Framboise Americaine, 106 Franconia, 106 French, 106

French Everbearing, 106 Fullerton, 107 Fullmer Colorado, 107 Fulton, 107 Ganargua, 107 Garnet, 107 General Negley, 107 General Patterson, 107 Genesee, 107 Gold, 107

Golden Alaska, 107 Golden Cluster, 107 Golden Drop, 108 Golden Queen, 108 Goliath, 108 Goodwin, 108 Gordon, 108 Grant, 109 Grape, 109 Grapevine, 109 Great American, 109 Guinea, 109 Hailsham, 109 Hampton, 109 Hansell, 109 Harris, 109 Haymaker, no Heebner, no Helston, no Henrietta, no Henry, no Herbert, no Herstine, in Highland Hardy, in Hildreth, 111 Hillside Favorite, 112 Hiram, 112 Hornet (I), 112 Hornet (II), 112 Hudson River Antwerp, 112 Hudson River Red, 113 Huntsman Giant, 113 Hybrid Crimson Mammoth, 113 Hyde, 113 I. X. L., 113 Idaho, 113 Imperial, 113 Imperial Red, 113 Imperial White, 114

Iowa, 114

Jewell, 114

Johnson, 114

Jouet, 114

Jumbo, 114

Jumbo (of Canada), 114

June, 114

Kathrine, 115

Keighley Queen, 115

Kenyon, 115

Kevitt Hybrid, 115 + Keystone, 115

King, 115

King of the Market, 116

Kirriemuir Fillbasket, 116

Kirtland, 116

Knevett Giant, 116

Koch, 117

Kreigh, 117

La France, 117

Lady Anne, 117

Large Fruited Monthly, 117

Large White, 117

Latham, 117

Leyerle, 118

Lindley, 118

Little Prolific, 118

Lloyd George, 118

Longworth, 119

Lord Beaeonsneld, 119

Lome, 119

Lost Rubies, 119

Louboro, 119

Loudon, 119

Louis Bonne, 120

Magnum Bonum, 120

Manitou, 120

Marlative, 120

Marlboro, 120

Marldon, 121

Mary, 121

Mary Lewis, 121

Mendocino, 121

Meredith, 121

Merkel, 122

Michigan, 122

Mildred, 122

Miller, 122

Minnesota No. 1, 122

Minnetonka, 122

Mitchell, 122

Montclair, 123

Moonbeam, 123

Morrison, 123

Mote Everbearing, 123

Mowry, 123

Mrs. Ingersoll, 123

Mrs. Wilder, 123

Mrs. Wood, 123 Muriel, 124 Muskberry, 124 Muskingum, 124 Naomi, 124 Narragansett, 124 Nature, 124 Nelson, 124 N,ew Rochelle, 125 Newman, 125 Newman No. 20, 125 Niagara, 126 North Ward, 126 Nor walk, 126 Norwich Wonder, 126 Norwood, 126 Nottingham Scarlet, 126 November Abundance, 126 October Giant, 127 Ohta, 127 Olathe, 127 Ontario, 127 Orange, 128 Orange d'Automne, 128 Oronoco, 128 Osceola, 128 Owasco, 128 Panhandle, 129 Papier, 129 Paradise Berry, 129 Park Lane, 129 Parnell, 130 Parry No. 1, 130 ' Parry No. 2, 130 Pearl, 130 Peerless, 130 Pennsylvanian, 130 Penwill Champion, 130 Percy, 131 Perfection, 131

Perfection (of New York), 131 Perpetuelle de Billiard, 131 Perry Golden, 131 Philadelphia, 131 Phoenix, 132 Pilate, 132 Pomona, 132 Pride of Geneva, 132 Pride of Kent, 132 Pride of the Hudson, 132 Prince Globose, 133 Price of Wales, 133 Princess Alice, 133 Prior Prolific, 133 Profusion, 133 Purple Cane, 133 Purple Raspberry, 133 Queen, 133

Raspberries Continued red and hybrid: cultivated varieties of: Ralph, 134 Rancocas, 134 Ranere, 134 Rapid City, 134 Reader Perfection, 134 Red Alpine, 135 Red Antwerp, 135 Red Cane, 135 Red Cluster, 136 Red Cross, 136 Red Diamond, 136 Red Jacket, 136 Red Magnum Bonum, 136 Red Pearl, 136 Red Queen, 136 Red Rose, 136 Red Sweet, 136 Redfield, 137 Reeder, 137 Reliance, 137 Rex, 137 Ridgeway, 137 Riehl Perpetual, 137 Riley Early, 137 Rivers Orange, 137 Rochester, 138 Round Antwerp, 138 Royal, 138 Royal Church, 138 Royal Purple, 138 Ruby, 139

Ruby (of New York), 139 Russell, 139 Salzer Everbearing, 139 Saint Louis, 139 Sarah, 139 Saskatoon, 140 Saunders, 140 Saunders (of Ontario), 140 Scarlet Gem, 140 Segrist, 140 Semper Fidelis, 140 Seneca, 140 Serridge House, 141 Shaffer, 141 Sharpe, 142 Shinn, 142 Shipper Pride, 142 Short-jointed Cane, 142 Silver Queen, 142 Sioux, 142 Sir John, 142 Smith Purple, 142 Smooth Cane, 142 Souchetti, 142 Southern, 143

Souvenir de Desire Bruneau, 143 Spineless, 143

Starlight, 143 Stayman No. 1, 143 Steel Victoria, 143 Stoever, 143

Storrie Excelsior Perpetual, 144 Sucre* e de Metz, 144 * Sugar Hybrid, 144 Sunbeam, 144 Superb, 144 Superlative, 144 Superlative Improved, 145 Surpasse Fastolfl:, 145 Surpasse Merveille, 145 Surprise, 145 Surprise (of Breese), 145 Surprise (of California), 145 Surprise d'Automne, 146 Sweet Yellow Antwerp, 146 Syracuse, 146 Talbot, 146 Talcott, 147 Tall Red Cane, 147 Teletaugh, 147 Thompson, 147 Thompson Early Pride, 147 Thornber, 147 Thunderer, 147 Thwack, 147 Todd Perfection, 147 Trusty, 148

Turcks Neue Rothe, 148 Turner, 148

Twentieth Century, 148 Twice Bearing, 149 Twilight, 149 Van Fleet, 149 Vermont, 149 Victoria, 149 Victory, 149 Viking, 150

Viking (of Ontario), 150 Virginia Red, 150 Vorster, 150 Wagner, 150 Walker, 150 Wallace, 150 Walton, 150 Wauregan, 151 Welsh, 151 Wetherbee, 151 White Magnum Bonum, 151 White Mountain, 151 White Queen, 151 Williams, 151 Wilmot, 151 Winant, 152 Woodward, 152 Worthy, 152

Yellow Antwerp, 152

Yellow Canada, 152

Yellow Chili, 152

Zetler, 152 Raspberries, red and hybrid:synonyms of cultivated varieties of: Abundance (syn. of Bath Perfection), 89

Allen Antwerp (syn. of Allen), 86

Alton (syn. of Eaton), 101

Amazon (syn. of Belle de Fontenay), 89

Antwerp (syn. of Hudson River Antwerp),

112

Arnold's No. 2 (syn. of Arnold Red), 87 Arnold's No. 3 (syn. of Arnold Orange), 87 Arnold's Yellow (syn. of Yellow Canada), 152 Bagleyys Everbearing (syn. of Bagley Perpetual),

88

Baumforth's Seedling (syn. of Baumforth I), 89 Blanche Souchet (syn. of Souchetti), 142 Brinkle's Orange (syn. of Orange), 128 Churchman Superb (syn. of Superb), 144 Cincinnati Red (syn. of Kirtland) 116 Crystal White (syn. of Crystal), 98 Cutbush's Prince of Wales (syn. of Prince of

Wales), 133

Early King (syn. of King), 115 Early Pride (syn. of Thompson Early Pride),

147

English Red Cane (syn. of Allen), 86 False Red Antwerp (syn. of Allen), 86 Filby (syn. of Fastolfl), 104 Flaming Giant (syn. of Ohta), 127 Fontenay (syn. of Belle de Fontenay), 89 Gladstone (syn. of Erie), 103 Goliath (syn. of Hyde), 113 Griesa (syn. of Cardinal), 93 Grosse Blanche (syn. of Large White), 117 Iowa (syn. of Eaton), 101 Jumbo (syn. of Hyde), 113 Large Red (syn. of Barnet), 88 Late Bearing Antwerp (syn. of Red Antwerp),

135 Marvel of the Four Seasons (syn. of Four

Seasons Red), 105

Meredith Queen (syn. of Meredith), 121 Merveille des Quatre Saisons (syn. of Four

Seasons Red), 105 Merveille des Quatre Saisons (syn. of Four

Seasons Yellow), 106

Merveille Rouge (syn. of Four Seasons Red), 105 Michigan Early (syn. of Michigan), 122 Miller Early (syn. of Miller), 122 Miller Red (syn. of Miller), 122 Miller's Woodland (syn. of Miller), 122 Minnesota No. 4 (syn. of Latham), 117 New Fastolff (syn. of Surpasse Fastolff), 145 New Red Antwerp (syn. of Hudson River

Antwerp), 112

Raspberries, red and hybrid Continued synonyms of cultivated varieties of:

North River Antwerp (syn. of Hudson River

Antwerp), 112 Northumberland Fillbasket (syn. of Fillbasket),

105

Norwood Prolific (syn. of Norwood), 126 October Red (syn. of Four Seasons Red), 105 October Yellow (syn. of Four Seasons Yellow),

106

Palluau (syn. of Belle de Palluau), 90 Perfection (syn. of Marlboro), 120 President Cope (syn. of Cope), 97 President Walker (syn. of Walker), 150 Prosser (syn. of Burlington), 92 Pyne's Royal (syn. of Royal), 138 Queen of the Market (syn. of Cuthbert), 98 Quimby Favorite (syn. of Cuthbert), 98 Red Thornless (syn. of Turner), 148 Redpath (syn. of Latham), 117 Riversf New Monthly (syn. of Large Fruited

Monthly), 117

Rivers Yellow (syn. of Rivers Orange), 137 St. Regis (syn. of Ranere), 134 Scarlet (syn. of Allen), 86 Shaffer Colossal (syn. of Shaffer), 141 Southern Red Thornless (syn. of Turner), 148 Southern Seedling (syn. of Turner), 148 Stayman No. 5 (syn. of Olathe), 127 Susqueco (syn. of Brandy wine), 91 Thompson Early (syn. of Thompson), 147 Thompson Early Prolific (syn. of Thompson),

147 9

Thompson King (syn. of King), 115 Van Turocks New (syn. of Ttircks Neue Rothe),

148

Vice-President French (syn. of French), 106 White Antwerp (syn. of Yellow Antwerp), 152 White Canada (syn. of Yellow Canada), 152 White Transparent (syn. of Souchetti), 142 Wilmington (syn. of Brandy wine), 91 Yellow Magnum Bonum (syn. of White Magnum

Bonum), 151

Yellow Superlative (syn. of Guinea), 109 Raspberry, American black, history of, 11-15 Arctic, 27 Dwarf, 28 Flowering, 30 Golden Evergreen, 42 Hawaian Giant, 35

Ohio Everbearing, first named black raspberry, 12 Rocky Mountain Flowering, 32 Strawberry, 36

Rathbun, L. G., et Son, var. introd. by, 226 Ray, F. L., var. introd. by, 556 Rea, John, currants mentioned by, 245; discussion of small fruits by, 4; gooseberries described by,

315

Read, W. H., var. orig. with, 450 Reasoner, J. R., var. orig. by, 428, 431 Reasoner Bros., var. introd. by, 238 38

Red Currant, com. name of R. sativum, 258

Red Raspberry, com. name of R. idaeus, 47

Reeder, var. found by, 137

Reimers, var. orig. by, 84

Ribes, key to the subgenera of, 255; specific

description of, 255

Ribes acerifolium (syn. of R. houghtonianum), 259 Ribes acerifolium (syn. of R. sativum var. macro-car pum), 258 Ribes altissimum (syn. of R. petraeum var. altissi-

mum), 264

Ribes americanum, 268 Ribes americanum var. intermedium, 269 Ribes americanum nigrum (syn. of R. americanum),

268 Ribes atropurpureum (syn. of R. petraeum var. atro-

purpureum). 264 Ribes atropurpureum (syn. of R. petraeum var.

litwinowii), 264

Ribes auct (syn. of Grossularia), 271 Ribes aureum, 271

Ribes aureum (syn. of R. odoratum), 270 Ribes aureum var. chrysococcum, 271 Ribes aureum fructu rubro (syn. of R. odoratum var.

intermedium), 271

Ribes aureum ginkoefolium (syn. of R. odoratum), 270 Ribes aureum grandifolium f. revolutum (syn. of R.

odoratum), 270 Ribes aureum intermedium (syn. of R. odoratum var.

intermedium), 271

Ribes aureum tenuiflorum (syn. of R. aureum), 271 Ribes Biebersteinii (syn. of R. petraeum var. cau-

casicum), 264

Ribes bullatum (syn. of R. petraeum), 263 Ribes campanulatum (syn. of R. americanum), 268 Ribes carpathicum (syn. of R. petraeum forma

carpathica), 263 Ribes caucasicum (syn. of R. petraeum var. cau-

casicum), 264

Ribes caucasicum (syn. of G. redinata), 279 Ribes cynosbati (syn. of G. cynosbati), 273 Ribes divaricatum (syn. of G. divaricata), 275 Ribes domesticum (syn. of R. sativum), 258 Ribes flavum (syn. of R. aureum), 271 Ribes floridum (syn. of R. americanum), 268 Ribes fioridum grandifiorum (syn. of R. americanum),

268 Ribes floridum parviflorum (syn. of R. americanum),

268

Ribes fragrans (syn. of R. odoratum), 270 Ribes futurum, 260

Ribes gracile (syn. of G. cynosbati), 273 Ribes gracile (syn. of G. hirtella), 276 Ribes gracile (syn. of G. missouriensis), 274 Ribes grossularia (syn. of G. redinata), 279 Ribes grossularia var. atlantica (syn. of G. redinata),

279 Ribes grossularia var. pubescens (syn. of G. redinata

var. uva-crispa), 279

Ribes grossularia var. uva-crispa (syn. of G. redinata var. uva-crispa), 279

Ribes grossularia vulgare (syn. of G. reclinata), 279 Ribes hirtellum (syn. of G. hirtella), 276 Ribes hortense (syn. of R, sativum), 258 Ribes houghtonianum, 259 Ribes huronense (syn. of G. hirtella), 276 Ribes inodorum (syn. of R. aureum), 271 Ribes intermedium (syn. of R. americanum var. intermedium), 269 Ribes intermedium (syn. of R. odoratum var. -mter-

medium), 271

Ribes jasminiflorum (syn. of #. aureum), 271 lithuanicum (syn. of i?. rubrum), 260 longiflorum (syn. of i#. odoratum), 270 Ribes macrobotrys (syn. of J?. petraeum var. caw-casicum), 264

missouriense (syn. of -R. americanum), 268 missouriensis (syn. of G. missouriensis), 274 Ribes nigrum, 266 -Rietes nigrum var. aconitifolium (syn. of i?. nigrum

var. heterophyllum), 267 Ribes nigrum var. apiifolium, 267 ietfos nigrum var. chlorocarpum, 267 Ribes nigrum var. dissectum (syn. of i?. nigrum var.

apiifolium), 267 i?iet#s nigrum var. fructu viridi (syn. of i?. nigrum var.

chlorocarpum), 267 .ftjfos nigrum var. heterophyllum, 267 Ribes nigrum var. laciniatum (syn. of jR. nigrum var. heterophyllum), 267

nigrum var. panciflorum, 267 nigrum var. xanthocarpum, 267 Ribes nigrum pennsylvanicum (syn. of i#. americanum), 268

odoratum, 270

odoratum var. intermedium, 271 Ribes Oregoni (syn. of 7?. odoratum), 270

oxyacanthoides (syn. of G. hirtella), 276 oxyacanthoides (syn. of G. oxyacanthoides), 278 Ribes oxyacanthoides calcicola (syn. of G. hirtella),

276

ietfos oxyacanthoides saxosum (syn. of G. hirtella),

Ribes panciflorum (syn. of i?. nigrum var. panciflorum), 267

pennsylvanicum (syn. of i?. americanum), 268

petraeum, 263 Ribes petraeum forma alpina, 263

petraeum forma carpathica, 263

petraeum forma pyrenaica, 263

petraeum var. altissimum, 264 Ribes petraeum var. atropurpureum, 264 i?ietes petraeum var. Biebersteinii (syn. of jR. petraeum

var. caucasicum), 264 ietfos petraeum var. bullatum (syn. of .R. petraeum),

263

ietfes petraeum var. caucasicum, 264 Ribes petraeum var. litwinowii, 264

petraeum var. tomentosum, 265

pubescens (syn. of i#. rubrum), 260

reclinatum (syn. of G. reclinata), 278 Ribes recurvatum (syn. of .R. americanum), 268

revolutum (syn. of i?. odoratum), 270 Ribes rotundifolium (syn. of G. missouriensis), 274 i^'fos rubrum, 260 Ribes rubrum (syn. of i?. sativum), 258

rubrum var. glabellum, 261

rubrum var. hispidulum, 261

rubrum var. palzewskii, 261 Ribes rubrum var. pubescens, 261

rubrum var. sativum (syn. of i?. sativum), 257

rubrum var. scandicum, 261

rubrum pseudopetraeum (syn. of i?. rubrum var. scandicum), 261

Ribes rubrum sylvestre (syn. of i?. rubrum), 260 Ribes rusticum (syn. of G. rustica), 277

sativum, 257

sativum var. macricarpum, 258 Ribes saxosum (syn. of G. hirtella), 276

scandicum (syn. of i?. rubrum), 260

Schlechtendahlii (syn. of #. rubrum), 260 Ribes Schlectendalii (syn. of .R. rubrum), 260 2et5es silvestre (syn. of .R. sativum), 258 Ribes Suksdorfii (syn. of G. divaricata), 275 jRifos sylvestre (syn. of i?. rubrum), 260

tenuiflorum (syn. of i#. aureum), 271

tomentosum (syn. of G. divaricata), 275

MtfiZe (syn. of G. utilis), 274 ietfos uva-crispa (syn. of G. reclinata var. uva-crispa),

279

i^'fos villosum (syn. of G. divaricata), 275 ietfos vulgare (syn. of i?. rubrum), 260 Ribes vulgare (syn. of JR. sativum), 258 i?iete5 vulgare var. macrocarpum (syn. of i?. sativum

var. macricarpum), 258

i?i6g5 vulgare sylvestre (syn. of i?. rubrum), 260 Ribes warscewiczii, 262 Ribesia, subgenus of Ribes, 256 Ribesium (syn. of Ribes), 255 Rich, O. W.; var. introd. by, 150 Richardson, J., var. orig. by, 527 Ricketts, J. H., var. orig. by, 334 Ridgeway, M. H., var. introd. by, 107; var. orig. by,

504, 528

Reid, E. W., var. orig. with, 411, 540 Riehl, E. A., var. found by, 217, 224; var. introd.

by, 120; var. orig. by, 530 Riehl, E. W., seedlings sent out by, 528; var. orig.

with, 388, 432, 466, 484, 515

Ritz, Louis, var. import, by, 144; var. orig. by, 428 Rivers, Thomas, black raspberry seedlings raised by, 12; var. import, by, 117; var. orig. by, 88, 137 Robbins, George M., var. orig. with, 390, 434 Robbins, J. H., var. orig. by, 179 Roberts, var. orig. by, 324 Robertson, Allen, var. found by, 419 Robinson, J. G., var. orig. by, 529 Robinson, J. M., var. orig. by, 510 Robinson, Willard, var. orig. by, 225 Robsonia (syn. of Grossularia), 271 Rock Currant, com. name of i?. petraeum, 263 Rockhill, Harlow, var. orig. by, 389, 444, 465, 524, 529, 540

Rocky Mountain Flowering Raspberry, com. name of R. deliciosus, 32 Rocky Mountain Thimbleberry, com. name of R.

parviflorus, 31

Rodgers, R. E., var. orig. with, 438 Roe, E. P., var. introd. by, 95, 132, 347; var. orig.

by, 338 Roesch, Lewis, var. found by, 326; var. introd. by,

287

Rogers, var. found by, 241 Romeyn, M., var. orig. by, 529 Rosaefolii, series of Idaeobatus, 36 Rosebud Nursery, var. introd. by, 142, 214 Roser, E. L., var. orig. by, 530 Ross, Alexander, var. orig. by, 530 Rothe, Emil, var. orig. by, 557 Ruark, E. M., var. orig. by, 442 Rubacer (syn. of Anoplobatus), 29 Rubacer columbianus (syn. of R. odoratus var.

columbianus), 30

Rubacer odoratum (syn. of R. odoratus), 30 Rubacer parviflorum (syn. of R. parviflorus), 31 Rubacer tomentosum (syn. of R. parviflorus var.

velutinus), 31 Rubus, genus, discussion of, 23; key to the subgenera

of, 24; specific description of, 23 Rubus aboriginum (syn. of R. flagellaris), 61 Rubus acalyphaceus (syn. of R. idaeus var.

acalyphaceus), 53 Rubus acaulis, 27 Rubus adenophorus, 40 Rubus allegheniensis, 72 Rubus alumnus, 74

Rubus amabilis (syn. of R. amicalis), 71 Rubus Americanus, mentioned by Prince, 15 Rubus americanus (syn. of R. pubescens), 28 Rubus amicalis, 71 Rubus amnicola, 81 Rubus andrewsianus, 76 Rubus arcticus, 27

Rubus arcticus (syn. of R. acaulis), 27 Rubus arenicola, 63 Rubus argutus, 76

Rubus argutus var. floridus (syn. of R. floridus), 81 Rubus argutus Randii (syn. of R. randii), 71 Rubus arizonensis, 63

Rubus arizonicus (syn. of R. idaeus var. arizonicus), 50 Rubus arundelanus, 80

Rubus Bailey anus (syn. of R. flagellaris), 61 Rubus bernardinus, 45 Rubus betulifolius, 82 Rubus biflorus, 38 Rubus caesii, 56 Rubus canadensis, 70

Rubus canadensis (syn. of R. flagellaris), 61 Rubus canadensis var. invisus (syn. of R. flagellaris

var. invisus), 62 Rubus canadensis var. roribaccus (syn. of R.

flagellaris var. roribaccus), 61 Rubus carolinianus (syn. of 2?. idaeus var.

densis), 52

Rubus carpinifolius (syn. of i?. continentalis), 66 Rubus chamaemorus, 25

Rubus columbianus (syn. of 2?. odoratus var. columbianus), 30

Rubus continentalis, 66 Rubus corchorifolius, 34 Rubus coreanus, 42 Rubus crataegifolius, 34 Rubus cubiians, 67 Rubus cuneifolius, 68 Rubus deliciosus, 31

Rubus dumetorum (syn. of 2?. caesii), 56 Rubus egglestonii (syn. of R. idaeus var. egglestonii),

Rubus elegantulus, 71

Rubus ellipticus, 42

Rubus enslenii, 63

Rubus eriocarpus, 45

Rubus flagellaris, 60

Rubus flagellaris var. geophilus, 62

Rubus flagellaris var. invisus, 62

Rubus flagellaris var. michiganensis, 62

Rubus flagellaris var. roribaccus, 61

Rubus flavinanus, 73

Rubus floricomus, 77

Rubus floridus, 81

Rubus franciscanus, 35

Rubus frondisentis, 75

Rubus frondosus, 79

Rubus geophilus (syn. of 2?. flagellaris var. geophilus)

62

Rubus giraldianus, 41 Rubus glaucifolius, 45 Rubus glaucus, 46

Rubus hedycarpus (syn. of 2?. procerus), 84 Rubus helleri, 58 Rubus hispidus, 66 Rubus hispidus subsp. (?) continentalis (syn. of

2#. continentalis), 66 Rubus idaeus, 1, 47; named by Linnaeus, 1; varieties

of, referred to by McMahon, 7

Rubus idaeus (syn. of 2?. idaeus var. vulgatus), 48 Rubus idaeus subsp. melanolasius (syn. of 2?. idaeus

var. aculeatissimus), 50 Rubus idaeus var. acalyphaceus, 53 Rubus idaeus var. aculeatissimus, 50 Rubus idaeus var. aculeatissimus (syn. of 2?. idaeus

var. strigosus), 51 Rubus idaeus var. arizonicus, 50 Rubus idaeus var. canadensis, 52 Rubus idaeus var. egglestonii, 52 Rubus idaeus var. heterolasius, 52 Rubus idaeus var. maritimus, 50 Rubus idaeus var. melanotrachys, 50 Rubus idaeus var. nipponicus, 49 Rubus idaeus var. peramoenus, 51 Rubus idaeus var. strigosus, 50 Rubus idaeus var. viburnifolius, 51 Rubus idaeus var. vulgatus, 48 Rubus idaeus anomalus, 49 Rubus idaeus strigosus, 1

Rubus idaeus vulgatus forma angustifolius, 49

Rubus idaeus vulgatus forma denudatus, 49

Rubus idaeus vulgatus forma obtusifolius, 49

Rubus illecebrosus, 36

Rubus inermis (syn. of R. ulmifolius), 85

Rubus innominatus, 40

Rubus innominatus (syn. of R. Kuntzeanus), 41

Rubus invisus (syn. of R. fiagellaris var. invisus), 62

Rubus jacens, 67

Rubus Kuntzeanus, 41

Rubus laciniatus, $2

Rubus lasiostylus, 38

Rubus laudatus, 77

Rubus leucodermis, 44

Rubus leucodermis (syn. of i[. biflorus), 38

Rubus leucodermis var. trinitatis, 44

Rubus Linkianus (syn. of i?. rusticanus), 83

Rubus loganobaccus, 59

Rubus louisianus, 78

Rubus lucidus, 66

Rubus macraei, 35

Rubus macrocarpus, 29

Rubus macropetalus, 57

Rubus melanolasius (syn. of i?. idaeus var. aculea-

tissimus), 50 Rubus mesogaeus, 47

i?w6^5 microphyllus (syn. of #. palmatus), 33 Rubus Millspaughii (syn. of -R. canadensis), 70 Rubus mississippianus, 65 i^etws neglectus, 54; name of species given by

Peck, 16

Rubus nigerrimus, 46

Rubus nigrobaccus (syn. of i?. allegheniensis), 72 Rubus nigrobaccus var. sativus (syn. of i?.

allegheniensis), 72 Rubus niveus, 41 i?wZms nobilis, hybrid between i#. odoratus and #.

idaeus, 31

Rubus nutkanus (syn. of i#. parviflorus), 31 Rubus obovalis (syn. of 2#. hispidus), 66 i^Zm.? occidentalis, 1, 43; varieties of, referred to by

McMahon, 7 Rubus occidentalis var. leucodermis (syn. of i#.

leucodermis), 44 i?w6^5 occidentalis var. vel subsp. mexicanus (syn.

of i?. pringlei), 45 Rubus odoratus, 30 Rubus odoratus var. albidus, 30 Rubus odoratus var. columbianus, 30 Rubus oligospermus (syn, of i?. arizonensis), 63 Rubus orarius (syn. of JR. pergratus), 75 Rubus palmatus, 33 Rubus parviflorus, 31 Rubus parviflorus var. fraseriana, 31 Rubus parviflorus var. velutinus, 31 Rubus paxii, 40

i?w6w5 Pennsylvanicus, mentioned by Prince, 15 i#wetws peramoenus (syn. of i?. idaews var.

moenus), 51 Rubus pergratus, 75 Rubus persistens, 82

Rubus phoenicolasius, 39

Rubus plicatifolius, 63

Rubus pringlei, 45

Rubus probabilis, 69

Rubus probus, 37

Rubus procerus, 84

Rubus procumbens (syn. of i?. flagellaris), 61

Rubus procumbens roribaccus (syn. of i?. flagellaris

var. roribaccus), 61 Rubus pubescens, 28 Rubus randii, 71 Rubus recurvans, 79 Rubus recurvicaulis, 81 Rubus recurvicaulis var. inarmatus, 81 Rubus rhodophyllus, 82 Rubus Roezli (syn. of i#. deliciosus), 31 Rubus roribaccus (syn. of i?. flagellaris var.

roribaccus), 61 Rubus rosaefolius, 37

Rubus rosaefolius (syn. of i#. illecebrosus), 36 Rubus rosaefolius var. coronarius, 37 Rubus rossbergianus, 81 Rubus rusticanus, 83

Rubus sagatus (syn. of i?. adenophorus), 40 Rubus sativus (syn. of i?. allegheniensis), 72 Rubus saxitilis var. americanus (syn. of i?.

pubescens), 28

Rubus semierectus (syn. of R. jacens), 67 Rubus sempervirens (syn. of i#. hispidus), 66 Rubus sorbifolius (syn. of i?. illecebrosus), 36 Rubus spectabilis, 35 Rubus spectabilis var. Menziesii (syn. of i?.

franciscanus), 35 Rubus stellatus, 27

Rubus strigosus (syn. of i?. idaeus var. strigosus), 51 Rubus subarcticus (syn. of i?. idaeus var. canadensis),

52

Rubus subuniflorus (syn. of i#. flagellaris), 61 Rubus titanus, 59 Rubus titanus var. espinatus, 60 Rubus trifrons, 67 Rubus triviales, 65 Rubus ulmifolius, 85 Rubus urbanianus, 68 Rubus ursinus, 59

Rubus ursinus var. vitifolius (syn. of i?. vitifolius), 58 Rubus velox, 64 Rubus viburnifolius (syn. of i#. idaeus var. viburni-

folius), 51

Rubus villosus (syn. of i?. allegheniensis), 72 Rubus villosus (syn. of i?. flagellaris), 61 Rubus villosus (syn. of i?. plicatifolius), 63 Rubus villosus var. frondosus (syn. of i?. frondosus),

Rubus villosus var. michiganensis (syn. of i#.

flagellaris var. michiganensis), 62 Rubus villosus var. Randii (syn. of i?. randii), 71 Rubus villosus var. roribaccus (syn. of i#. flagellaris

var. roribaccus), 61 Rubus villosus var. sativus (syn. of i?. allegheniensis),

72

Rubus vitifolius, 58

Rubus vitifolius (syn. of R. macropetalus), 57

Rubus xanthocarpus, 28

Rundell, Charles, var. found by, 174

Running Swamp Blackberry, com. name of R.

hispidus, 67

Russell, Harvey, var. orig. by, 531 Russell, Dr. G. W., var. orig. by, 139 Russell, Z. T., var. orig. by, 496 Ryckman, George F., var. found by, 532 Salmonberry, com. name of R. chamaemorus, 25; R.

parviflorus, 31; R. spectabilis, 35 Salter, John, var. orig. with, 470 Salzer, John A., var. introd. by, 398, 432, 439, 515,

520, 549, 557 Salzer, John A., Seed Co., var. introd. by, 107, 139,

209, 215

Sampsel, S. A., var. orig. with, 557 Sand Blackberry, com. name of R. cuneifolius, 69 Saunders, A., var. orig. with, 534 Saunders, Dr. William, life of, 336; var. orig. by, 91, 95, 97, 99, 100, 107, no, 117, 119, 121, 124, 131, 139, 140, 142, 148, 174, 284, 285, 302, 304, 305, 306, 307, 308, 309, 3io, 323, 325, 327, 329, 330, 336, 339, 342, 344, 345, 346, 347, 348, 354, 411 Saunders, William, var. orig. by, 513 Scantling, C. W., var. orig. with, 537 Scarlet Strawberry, com. name of F. virginiana, 382 Scarff, B. B., var. introd. by, 179 Scarff, W. N., var. introd. by, 92, 170, 175, 214;

var. orig. by, 487 Schauber, George R., seedlings sent out by, 535;

var. introd. by, 419 Scheepers, John, var. introd. by, 117 Schild, H. J., seedlings sent out by, 535; var. introd. by, 415; var. orig. by, 86, 384, 386, 389, 400, 402, 403, 419, 424, 425, 431, 451, 452, 460, 464, 465, 470, 475, 5i6, 518, 519, 520, 526, 551 Schlessler, Charles, var. found by, 113 Schmitz, Gerhard, var. orig. by, 498, 515 Schnadelbach, Julius, var. introd. by, 414; var.

orig. by, 386, 400, 526, 541 Schneike, var. orig. by, 481 Schnell, Henry, var. found by, 466 Schroeder, H., var. orig. by, 506 Schuckhardt, Percy, var. orig. by, 489 Schwichtenberg, Charles, var. found by, 543 Scobs, John, var. orig. by, 154 Scott, John C, var. orig. by, 407, 452, 476, 535 Seabrook, W., et Son, var. introd. by, 309 Seacor, Lewis A., discoverer of the Lawtoji blackberry, 184

Sears, R. M., var. found by, 472; var. orig. with, 538 See, H. S. et A. J., seedlings sent out by, 535 Segrist, Samuel, var. found by, 140 Semple, John, var. orig. with, 420 S6ne*clause, Adrien, species introd. by, 259 . Setosi, 68 Sewall, W. W., var. orig. with, 455, 519, 528, 533,

555, 557 Seymour, George, var. orig. by, 457

Shady Lawn Nurseries, var. introd. by, 208

Shaffer, George, var. orig. by, 141

Shank, John, var. found by, 557

Sharpless, J. K., var. orig. with, 536

Shaw, James, var. orig. with, 440

Shaw, R. M., var. orig. by, 401

Sheppard, E. S., var. orig. by, 537

Sherrington, A. E., var. orig. by, 170

Sherwood, A. H., var. found by, 155

Shideler, J. E., var. orig. by, 288

Shirtz, E. J., var. orig. with, 537

Shockley, H. W., var. orig. with, 400

Shoemaker, W. E., var. orig. with, 556

Shook, W. A., var. orig. with, 537

Shull, Charles, var. orig. by 510

Shuster, S. S., var. orig. by, 537

Sibert, A. B., var. orig. by, 415

Sickler, first mention of Yellow Antwerp by, 152

Simon-Louis Freres, var. found by, 105, 106; var. orig. by, 144, 145, 146

Sitton, S. P., et Son, var. introd. by, 211

Slaymaker et Son, var. introd. by, 208, 455

Smalley, B., var. orig. by, 544

Smeltzer, F. H., var. orig. with, 538

Smith, var. orig. by, 521

Smith, A. M., var. orig. by, 126, 175, 432, 499

Smith, B. F., var. found by, 142

Smith, Benjamin M., var. orig. by, 401, 451, 533

Smith, Daniel, var. orig. by, 522

Smith, Dr., var. orig. by, 348

Smith, Ezra G., var. found by, 175, 558

Smith, Fred E., var. orig. with, 515

Smith, K., var. orig. by, 487

Smith, L., var. orig. with, 538

Smooth Gooseberry, com. name of G. hirtella, 276

Snider, var. orig. with, 424

Snow, F. E., var. orig. by, 548

Snyder, Henry, var. found by, 226

Sochet, var. orig. by, 112, 143

Sonderegger Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 227

Sons, James, Jr., var. orig. with, ,399, 439, 496,

5i6, 538

Southard, M., var. orig. with, 539 Spaulding, var. orig. by, 227 Speakman, var. orig. with, 419 Spectabiles, series of Idaeobatus, 34 Speece, B. W., var. orig. by, 515 Spry, John, var. fqund by, 176 Stahelin, F. C, var. found by, 174; var. orig. with,

47i, 539

Stahl, William, var. orig. with, 476 Stam, Charles W., var. found by, 211 Stanley, Luther L., var. orig. by, 540 Staples, Isaac, var. orig. by, 540 Stark Bros., var. introd. by, 170, 174, 217 State Nursery et Seed Co., var. mentioned by, 348 Staward, Richard, var. orig. by, 291 Stayman, Dr. James, var. found by, 98; var. introd.

by, 227, 522; var. orig. by, 127, 140, 143, 387, 390,

415, 417, 449, 456; 459, 467, 47i, 474, 481, 485, 492, 500, 513, 536, 539, 540, 546, 559

Steele Bros., var. introd. by, 132

Sterling, John F., var. found by, 227

Stevens, Abel F., var. mentioned by, 331; var. orig.

by, 296

Stevens, Arthur, var. orig. by, 477 Stevens, C. L., var. orig. by, 284 Stevens, M., var. orig. by, 510 Stevens, S. D., et Sons, var. orig. with, 541 Stevenson, var. orig. by, 506 Stevenson, E. B., var. orig. by, 426, 487 Stevenson, E. V., var. orig. with, 549 Stevenson, Edward, var. orig. with, 541 Stinger, W. H., var. orig. by, 541 Stoever, Jefferson E., var. found by, 143 Stokes, Ezra, var. orig. by, 108 Stone, C. C, var. orig. by, 410, 429, 441, 447, 518,

541

Storer, W. B., var. found by, 449

Storrs et Harrison, var. introd. by, 161, 324

Strawberries, adaptability of, to varying climates

and soils, 355; common, of Europe, 356; common wild, taken to Europe in the seventeenth

century, 360; cultivated, the evolution of,

355-369; cultivated, the evolution of, according to Bailey, 363 cultivated varieties of:

A-i, 384

Abington, 380, 384

Abington Blush, 384

Abundance, 384

Abundance (of Stevenson), 384

Abundant, 384

Accident, 384

Accomac, 385

Acme, 385

Ada, 385

Adams Favorite, 385

Addison, 385

Adonis, 385

Advance, 385

Advance (of Printz), 385

Advancer, 386

Advocate, 386

Afrique, 386

Afton, 386

Agnes, 386

Agriculturist, 386

Aishkum, 386

Akasa, 386

Alabama, 386

Alaska, 386

Alaska (of Stayman), 387

Alden, 379, 387

Alfonso XVIII, 387

Alice, 387

Alice (of Hancock), 387

Alice Hathaway, 387

Alice Maud, 387

All Season, 387 Allen, 387 Allie, 388

Strawberries Continued cultivated varieties of: Almo, 388 Almond, 388 Alpha, 388 Alpha (of Riehl), 388 Alton, 388 Alvin, 388 Amanda, 388 * Amateur, 388 Amateur (of Pain), 389 America, 389

America (of Virginia), 389 American, 389 American Queen, 389 Americus, 389 Amwell, 389 Angelique, 389 Angola, 389 Anlo, 389 Anna Forest, 389 Anna Kennedy, 390 Annie Hubach, 390 Annie Laurie, 390 Apache, 390 Arabine, 390 Arcade, 379, 390 Arena, 390 Argyle, 390 Ariadne, 390 Arizona, 391 Arkansas, 391 Arkansas Traveler, 391 Arlington, 391 Arnold Pride, 391 Arnout, 391 Aroma, 391 Arrow, 392 Ashland, 392 Ashton, 392 Athens, 392 Atkins Continuity, 392 Atlantic, 392 Auburn, 393 Augwick, 393 Aurora, 379, 393 Austin, 393 Australian, 393 Auto, 393 Autumn, 393 Autumn Belle, 393 Autumn King, 394 Avery, 394 Bachelor, 394 Backett Prolific, 394 Bailey, 394 Baldwin Pride, 394 Baltimore, 394 Baltimore Scarlet, 394 Banana, 394 Bancroft, 394; Banner, 395 Banquet, 395 Barkley, 395 Barnes Mammoth, 395 Barrymore, 395 Barton, 395 Battenburg, 395 Bauer, 395

Bayne Extra Early, 396 Bayne Incomparable, 396 Bayside, 396 Beacon, 396 Beaderarena, 396 Beal, 396 Beauty, 396

Beauty (of Haynes), 396 Beaver, 397 Beavers, 397 Beder Wood, 380, 397 Beebe, 397 Beecher, 397 Beede, 398 Beidler, 398 Belle, 398

Belle (of Moore), 398 Belle de Bordelaise, 398 Belle of La Crosse, 398 Belmont, 398 Belt, 398 Ben Davis, 399 Benancie, 399 Benjamin, 399 Bennett, 399 Benoy, 399 Benson, 399 Berlin, 400

Berlin (of Schild), 400 Bertrand, 400 Beseck, 400 Bessie, 400

Bessie (of Schnadlebach), 400 Best, 400 Bethel, 400

Bethel (of Thomas), 401 Better Belt, 401 Beverly, 401 Bickle, 401 Bidwell, 401 Big Ben, 401 Big Bob, 401 Big Bob Baby, 401 Big Bobs, 401 Big Early, 402 Big Late, 402 Big Rock, 402 Big Wonder, 402 Billy Sunday, 402 Bird, 402 Bisel, 402

Strawberries Continued cultivated varieties of: Bishop Orange, 402 Bismarck, 403 Bittner Early, 403 Bixler, 403 Black Beauty, 403 Black Defiance, 403 Black Giant, 403 Black Prince, 403 Black Prince (of Cuthill), 404 Blaine, 404 Bliss, 379, 404 Blizzard, 404 Blonde, 404 Bobolink, 404 Bomba, 404 Bonanza, 405 Boquet, 405 Boston Pine, 405 Boston Prize, 405 Bostonian, 406 Boudinot, 406 Bouncer, 406 Bountiful, 406 Bowman, 406 Bradley, 406 Brandy wine, 406 Bright Ida, 407 Brighton Pine, 407 Brilliant, 407 British Queen, 407 Brooklyn Scarlet, 407 Brownie, 407 Brunette, 408 Bryan, 408 Bryant, 408 Bubach, 408 Buist Prize, 408 Bull Mooce, 409 Bun Special, 409 Burnett, 409 Burr, 409

Burr New Pine, 409 Bush Cluster, 409 Bushel Basket, 409 Buster, 410 Buster Brown, 410 California, 410

California (of New Jersey), 410 Cameron, 410 Cameronian, 410 Campbell, 410 Canfield, 411 Captain Jack, 411 Cardinal, 411

Cardinal (of Streator), 411 Carleton, 411 Carmi, 411 Carmichael, 411 Caroline, 412

Carrie, 412 Carrie Dumas, 412 Carrie Silvers, 412 Cassandra, 412 Catherine, 412 Centennial Favorite, 412 Cetywayo, 412 Chairs Favorite, 412 Challenge, 413 Champion, 380, 413 Champion (of Lubke), 413 Champion Klondike, 413 Charles I., 413 Charles Downing, 413 Charles Newman, 413 Charlie, 414 Chaska, 414 Chellie, 414 Chenango, 414 Cherokee, 414 Chesapeake, 380, 414 Chesapeake Wonder, 415 Chester, 415 Cheyenne, 415 Childs, 415 Chipman, 415 Chippewa, 415 Chippewa (of Sibert), 415 Chorlton, 415 Cinderella, 416 Clara, 416 Clarence, 416 Clarence (of Black), 416 Clark, 416 Class A, 416 Class B, 416 Cleveland, 416 Clifton, 417 Climax, 417 Clingto, 417 Clinton, 417 Clinton (of Iowa), 417 Cloud, 417 Clyde, 417 Cobden King, 417 Cobden Queen, 418 Cohansey, 418 Colfax, 418 Collingwood, 418 Collingwood (of Lovett), 418 Collins, 418 Colonel Cheney, 418 Colonel Ellsworth, 418 Colossus, 419 Columbia, 419 Columbia (of Wild), 419 Columbian, 419 Columbus, 419 Comet, 419

Strawberries Continued cultivated varieties of: Commander, 419 Commission, 419 Commonwealth, 420 Compton, 420 Connecticut Queen, 420 Consensus, 420 Consort, 420 Continental, 420 Cooney, 420 Cooper, 420

Cooper (of Michigan), 420 Copernicus, 421 Cordelia, 421 Corinne, 421 Cornelia, 421 Cornucopia, 421 Country Gentleman, 421 Covell, 421 Cowing, 421 Crawford, 421 Cream, 422 Crescent, 422 Crimson Cluster, 422 Crimson Cluster (of Maryland), 422 Crimson Cone, 422 Crimson Favorite, 423 Crimson Pine, 423 Crockett, 423 Crosby, 423 Crozier, 423 Crystal City, 423 Culp, 423 Cumberland, 423 Cushing, 424 Cutter, 424 Cyclone, 424 D et D, 424 Daisy, 424 Daisy (of Zane), 424 Dakota, 424 Damask Beauty, 424 Danby, 424 Daniel Boone, 425 Darling, 425 Darlington, 425 Davis, 425 Dawn, 425 Dayton, 425 De Wet, 425 Deacon, 425 Deephaven, 425 DeLancey, 426 Delaware, 426 Delaware Pride, 426 Delecto, 426 Delicious, 380, 426 Delicious (of Michigan), 426 Delia K, 426 Delmar, 427

Desdemona, 427 Dew, 427 Dewdrop. 427 Dewey, 427

Dewey (of Nimon), 427 Diadem, 427 Dicky; 427 Dighton, 427 Discovery, 428 Dixie, 428 Dixon, 428 Dr. Burrill, 428 Doctor Nicaise, 428 Doctor Warder, 428 Dole, 428 Dollar, 429 Dollar Junior, 429 Dora, 429 Dorchester, 429 Double Cropper, 429 Douglas, 429 Downer Prolific, 429 Downton, 429 Drought King, 430 Dual, 430 Dubois, 430 Duchess, 430 Duff, 430 Duluth, 430 Duncan, 430

Duncan (of New Jersey), 430 Dundee, 431 Dunlap, 380, 431 Dunmore, 431 Durand, 431 Durand Favorite, 431 Dutter, 431 E. P. Roe, 432 Eagle, 432 Earliana, 432 Earliest,. 432 Earliest (of Salzer), 432 Earliest of All, 432 Early Beauty, 432 Early Bird, 432 Early Bird (of Warren), 432 Early Canada, 432 Early Golden, 433 Early Harvest, 433 Early Hathaway, 433 * Early Howard, 433 Early Hudson, 433 Early Jack, 433 Early Jersey Giant, 433 Early Market, 433 Early Miller, 434 Early Queen, 434 Early Queen (of Townsend), 434 Early Robbins, 434

Strawberries Continued cultivated varieties of: Easypicker, 380, 434 Eaton, 380, 434 Eberlein, 434 Echo, 434 Eclipse, 435 Edgar Queen, 435 Edith, 435

Edmund Wilson, 435 Edwards, 435 Edwards Favorite, 435 Effie, 435 Ekey, 435 Elate, 436 Eldorado, 436 Eleanor, 436

Eleanor (of Coombe), 436 Eliza, 436 Elma, 436 Elmira, 436 Elton, 436 Emerald, 437 Emily, 437

Emily (of Thomas), 437 Emma, 437 Emperor, 437 Empress, 437 Endicott, 437 Enhance, 437 Enormous, 437 Epping, 438 Equinox, 438 Ernest, 438

Ernest (of Townsend), 438 Ernie, 438 Essex County, 438 Estelle, 438

Ettersburg Seedlings, 438 Eureka, 439

Eureka (of Hubach),439 Eurisko, 439 Evans, 439 Evening Star, 439 Everbearer, 439 Evergreen, 439 Ewell, 439 Excelsior, 440 Excelsior (of Shaw), 440 Exquisite, 440 Fae, 440 ' Fairdale, 440 Fairfield, 440 Fairmount, 441 Family Favorite, 441 Fantastic, 441 Farnsworth, 441 Felton, 441 Fendalcino, 441 Fendalemo, 441 Fendall, 441

Ferndale Giant, 441 Fifer, 441 Fillbasket 442 Fillmore, 442 Finch, 442 First Prize, 442 First Quality, 442 Fisher, 442 Fleming, 442 Flora Bell, 443 Florella, 443 Florence, 443 Flush, 443 Ford, 443 Forest Rose, 443 Fort, 443 Forward, 444 Fountain, 444 Four Seasons, 444 Frances Cleveland, 444 Frances Willard, 444 Francis, 444 Free Silver, 444 Fremont Williams, 444 French, 445 Friendship, 445 Fuller, 445 Galceron, 445 Ganaugua, 445 Gandy, 445 Ganto, 446 Garden, 446 Gardner, 446 Garibaldi, 446 Garretson, 446 Garrison, 446 Geisler, 446 Gem, 446

General Meade, 446 General Putnam, 446 General Scott, 447 Genesee, 447 George Washington, 447 Georgia Mammoth, 447 Germantown, 447 Gersonde, 447 Gertrude, 447 Giant, 447

Giant (of Gardner), 447 Gibson, 447 Gill, 448 Gillespie, 448 Gladstone, 448 Glastonbury, 448 Glauer, 448 Glen Mary, 448 Glen Saint Mary, 449 Glendale, 449 Glenneld, 449

Strawberries Continued cultivated varieties of: Glenwood, 449 Globe, 449 Glossy Cone, 449 Gold, 449 Gold Coin, 449 Gold Dollar, 450 Golden Defiance, 450 Golden Gate, 450 Golden Seeded, 450 Goldsborough, 450 Goliath, 450 Good Luck, 450 Goodell, 451 Goodwin, 451 Goree, 451

Governor Hoard, 451 Governor Rollins, 451 Graham, 451 Grand Marie, 452 Grand Prize, 452 Granger, 452 Granville, 452 Gray, 452

Great American, 452 Great Pacific, 452 Great Scott, 452 Greek, 453 Green Prolific, 453 Greensboro, 453 Greenville, 453 Greenwood, 453 Grove End Scarlet, 453 Gypsy, 454 Haight, 454 Hall Beauty, 454 Hall Favorite, 454 Halley, 454 Ham, 454 Hammer, 454 Hampden, 454 Hanbach, 454 Hanks, 454 Harlem Orange, 455 Harmon, 455 Harrison, 455 Hart Minnesota, 455 Hartnell, 455

Hatch Experiment Station, 455 Hatfield, 455 Hathaway, 455 Hattie Jones, 455 Hattie Warfield, 455 Haverland, 380, 456 Hawaii, 456 Hayden, 456 Hayes, 456 Hazel, 456 Henin, 456 Heflin and Hanbach, 457

Helen, 457 Helen Browning, 457 Helen Chapman, 457 Helen Davis, 457 Helen Gould, 457 Henderson, 457 Henry, 457 Herald, 457 Herbert, 458 Herbst, 458 Hercules, 458 Heritage, 458 Hermia, 458 Hermit, 458 Hero, 458

Hero (of Bauer), 458 Hersey, 458 Hervey Davis, 459 Hiawatha, 459 Hiawatha (of Warren), 459 Highland, 459 Highland King, 459 Hilton, 459 Hinman, 459 Hoffman, 459 Holland, 460 Homestead, 460 Honey, 460 Honeymoon, 460 Honor, 460 Hooker, 460 Hoosier, 460 Horsey, 460 Hovey, 460 Howard, 379, 461 Howard (of Black), 461 Howard (of Michigan), 462 Ho well, 462 Hub, 462 Hubach, 462

Hubach and Hathaway, 462 Huddleston, 462 t,

Hudson Bay, 462 Hughson, 462 Hummer, 463 Hundred Dollar, 463 Hunn, 463 Hunterdon, 463 Huntley, 463 Huntsman, 463 Hurlbert, 463 Hustler, 463 Ida, 464 Ideal, 464

Ideal (of Cooper), 464 Ideal (of Haynes), 464 Idora, 464 Ima, 464 Indiana, 464

Strawberries Continued cultivated varieties of: Indiana (of Teas), 465 Ionia, 465 Iowa, 465

Iowa (of Rockhill), 465 Iowa Beauty, 465 Irena, 465 Irene, 465

Irene (of Illinois), 466 Isabella, 466 Island, 466 Itasca, 466 Ivanhoe, 466 James, 466 James Todd, 466 James Vick, 466 Jarbalo, 467 Jay Gould, 467 Jenny, 467 Jenny Lind, 467 Jerry Rusk, 467 Jersey Market, 467 Jersey Queen, 467 Jessie, 467 Jewel, 468 Jewell, 468 Jewell Improved, 468 Jim, 468 Jim Dumas, 468 Joe, 468

Joe Crampton, 469 Joe Wheeler, 469 John H. Cook, 469 Johnson, 469 Johnson Late, 469 Jones Seedling, 469 Jopp, 469 Jucunda, 470 Jucunda Improved, 470 Judith, 470 Judsonia, 470 Julia, 470 Julien, 470 July, 470 Jumbo, 471

Jumbo (of Farmer), 471 Kalicene, 471 Kansas, 471 Kansas Prolific, 471 Karl, 471 Katie, 471 Keens Seedling, 471 Kellko, 472 Kellogg, 472 Kentucky, 472 Kevitt, 472 Kevitt Best, 472 Keystone, 472 Killarney, 472 Kincks, 473

King Edward, 473 King Philip, 473 King Solomon, 473 King Wealthy, 473 King Worthy, 473 Kissena, 473 Kittie Rice, 473 Klickita, 474 Klondike, 380, 474 Knight, 474 Kossuth, 474 Kramer, 474 Kuropatkin, 474 Kyle, 474 La Baron, 475 La Belle, 475 La Bon, 475 La Constante, 475 Lacon, 475 Lady Corneille, 475 Lady Finger, 475 Lady Franklin, 475 Lady Jane, 475 Lady of the Lake, 476 Lady Rusk, 476 LaFollette, 476 Lanah, 476 Large Climax, 476 Large Early Scarlet, 476 Late Bittner, 476 Late Champion, 476 Late Globe, 476 Late Jersey, 477 Late Prolific, 477 Late Prolific (of Durand), 477 Late Prolific (of Rapp), 477 Late Stevens, 477 Late Thompson, 477 Latest, 478 Latest of All, 478 Laurel Leaf, 478 Laurella, 478 Lawrencia, 478 Laxton's Latest, 478 Lea, 478 Leader, 478 Leavell Beauty, 478 Lea veil Favorite, 478 Legal Tender, 479 Lehigh, 479 Lehman, 479 Lennig, 479 Leon, 479 Leonard, 479 Leroy, 479 Lester Lovett, 479 Leviathan, 480 Lexington, 480 Liberty Bell, 480

Strawberries Continued cultivated varieties of: Lida, 480 Lillie Monroe, 480 Lincoln, 480 Linnet, 480 Little Jap, 480 Little Monitor, 480 Little Seedlings, 480 Livingston, 480 Lizzie Randolph, 480 Lnge, 481 Logan, 481 Long John, 481 Long John (of Wilde), 481 Longfellow, 481 Longfellow (of Webb), 481 Longfield, 481 Longworth, 481 Lord Salisbury, 481 Louella, 481 Louis Ella, 482 Louis Gauthier, 482 Louis Hubach, 482 Louise. 482 Lovett, 482 Lower, 482 Loyal, 482 Lucas, 482 Luckhurst, 483 Lucky Boy, 483 Lucky Cross, 483 Lucky Strike, 483 Lucretta, 483 Lupton, 483 Luscious Scarlet, 483 Luther, 483 Luxuriant, 483 Luxury, 484 Lyons, 484 McAlpin, 484 McAvoy Extra Red, 484 McAvoy Superior, 484 McKinley, 484 McNeil, 484 Maggie, 485 Magic Gem, 485 Magnate, 485 Magnus, 485 Magoon, 485 Maida, 485 Malinda, 485 Mammoth, 486 Mammoth Beauty, 486 Mammoth Bush, 486 Manchester, 486 Manhattan, 486 Manokin, 486 Manwell, 486 Maple Bank, 487 Marconi, 487

Margaret, 487 Margaret (of Beavers), 487 Marguerite, 487 Mariana, 487 Marie, 487 Mark, 487 Mark Hanna, 487 Marsden Perry, 488 Marshall, 488 Marshall Improved, 488 Marston, 488 Martha, 488 Marvel, 489

Marvel (of Kellogg), 489 Marvin, 489 Mary, 489 Mary Stewart, 489 Maryland, 489 Maryland Prize, 489 Marylandica, 489 Mascot, 489 Mastodon, 490 Matilda, 490 Matthew Crawford, 490 Matthews, 490 Maud Muller, 490 Maximus, 490 Maxwell, 491 May King, 491 Mayflower, 491 Maytrott, 491 May wood, 491 Mead, 491

Mead (of New Jersey), 491 Meek, 492 Mele, 492

Mellie Hubach, 492 Meridian, 492 Metcalf, 492 Meteor, 492 Methven Scarlet, 492 Mexican Everbearing, 492 Miami, 493 Michel, 493 Michigan, 493 Michigan (of Engle), 493 Middlefield, 493 Midnight, 494 Miller, 494 Millionaire, 494 Mineola, 494 Miner, 494 Minnehaha, 494 Minnesota, 494 Minnetonka, 495 Minnie, 495 Minute Man, 495 Miranda, 495 Miss Boston, 495

Strawberries Continued cultivated varieties of: Missionary, 495 , Missouri, 496 Model, 496 Mollie, 496 Monarch, 496 Monitor, 496 Monitor (of Russell), 496 Monmouth, 496 Monroe, 496 Monroe Scarlet, 497 Montevideo Pine, 497 Montmorency, 497 Moore Prolific, 497 More Favorite, 497 Morgan, 497 Morning Star, 497 Mount, 497 Mount Holyoke, 498 Mount Vernon, 498 Moyamensing, 498 Mrs. Fisher, 498 Mrs. Garfield, 498 Mrs. McDowell, 498 Mrs. Mark Hanna, 498 Mrs. Miller, 498 Mulberry, 499 Multnomah, 499 Murray, 499 Murray (of Smith), 499 Muskingum, 499 Myer, 499 Myriad. 499 Myrtle Murrell, 499 Mystic, 500 Nan, 500 Nanticoke, 500 Naomi, 500

Naomi (of Stayman), 500 Napoleon III, 500 Nash, 500 Nathalie, 500 Necked Pine, 500 Nehring, 501 Nellie Gray, 501 Nellis Triumph, 501 Neptune, 501 Nettie, 501 Neunan, 501 Neverfail, 501 New Dominion, 502 New Early, 502 New Home, 502 New Jersey Scarlet, 502 New Shuckless Wonder, 502 New York, 502 Nicanor, 502 Nicaragua, 502 Nich Ohmer, 503 Nichols, 503

Nigger, 503 Nigh, 503 Nim, 503 Nimrod, 503 Nina, 503 Ninety-Six, 503 No. 999 Giant, 503 Noble, 504 Nokomis, 504 Noland, 504 Nonesuch, 504 Nor-J, 504 Norma, 504 Norman, 504 North Jersey, 504 North Shore, 505 Northfield, 505 Norwood, 505 Notre Dame, 505 Oak, 505 Ocean City, 505 Odessa, 505 Ohio, 505 Ohio Boy, 505 Ohio Centennial, 506 Ohio Mammoth, 506 Old John Brown, 506 Old Pine, 506 Old Scarlet, 506 Olga Petrovka, 506 Olive, 507 Oliver, 507

Oliver Goldsmith, 507 Olympia, 507 Omega, 507

Omega (of Indiana), 507 Omega (of Maine), 507 Ona, 507 Oneida, 508 Onward, 508 Oom Paul, 508 Ophelia, 508 Orange County, 508 Orange Prolific, 508 Oregon, 508

Oregon Everbearing, 508 Oregon Ironclad, 509 Orem, 509 Orewiler, 509 Oriole, 509 Orphan, 509 Oscar, 509

Oscar (of Hubach), 509 Ossie, 510 Oswego, 510 Oswego Queen, 510 Otsego, 510 Outlander, 510 Ozark, 510

Strawberries Continued cultivated varieties of: Pacific, 511 Page Seedling, 511 Palmer, 511 Pan American, 511 Panic, 511 Parcell, 511 Parcell Late, 511 Paris King, 511 Paris Queen, 512 Parker, 379, 512 Parker Earle, 512 Parker Earle, Jr., 512 Parry, 512 Parsons, 512 Patagonia, 513 Patrick, 513 Patuxent, 513 Paul Jones, 513 Pauline, 513 Paulinus, 513 Pawnee, 513 Peabody, 514 Peabody Seedling, 514 Peach, 514 Peak Emperor, 514 Pearl, 514

Pearl (of New Jersey), 514 Peckham, 514 Peerless, 514

Peerless (of Hubach), 515 Pennell, 515 Pennsylvania, 515 Pennsylvania Dutchman, 515 Perfection, 515 Perfection (of Kellogg), 515 Perfection (of Salzer), 515 Perfection (of Smith), 515 Perfection (of Sons), 516 Perfumed Pine, 516 Perfumed Scarlet, 516 Perpetual, 516 Perpetual (of Burbank), 516 Perry Seedling, 516 Pet, 516 Pewamo, 516 Phelps, 516 Phenomenal, 516 Phil Krates, 516 Phil Sheridan, 517 Philadelphia Beauty, 517 Phillips, 517 Phipen, 517 Phoenix, 517

Phoenix (of Arizona), 517 Photo, 517 Pickerproof, 517 Pierson Seedling, 517 Pilgrim, 518 Pine Hill, 518

Pineapple, 518 Pioneer, 518 Piper, 518

Pitchers Overland, 518 Pittsville, 518 Plow City, 518 Plumb Bob, 518 Plymouth Rock, 519 Pocahontas, 519 Pocomoke, 519 Pokagon, 519 Polly Warfield, 519 Pomona, 519 Ponderosa, 520 Pontiac, 520 Portage, 520 Porter, 520 Portia, 520 Porto Rico, 520 Posey, 520 Prairie Farmer, 520 Prairie Queen, 520 Premium, 521 President, 521 President Harding, 521 President Harrison, 521 President Lincoln, 521 President Roosevelt, 521 President Wilder, 521 Price, 521 Pride, 522

Pride of Albany, 522 Pride of Cumberland, 522 Pride of Michigan, 522 Pride of Ohio, 522 Primate (I), 522 Primate (II), 522 Primo, 522 Primordian, 522 Prince, 523 Prince Albert, 523 Prince of Berries, 523 Princeps, 523 Princess Ena, 523 Princeton Chief, 523 Productive, 523 Professor, 523 Profit, 523 Profuse Scarlet, 524 Profusion, 524 Progressive, 524 Prolific, 524 Prolific (of Miller), 524 Prolific Hudson, 525 Prosperity, 525 Prosser, 525 Prouty, 525 Providence, 525 Purdue, 525

Strawberries Continued cultivated varieties of'. Puritan, 525 Pyramidal Chilian, 525 Quality, 525 Quality (of Ohio), 525 Random, 526 Rear Guard, 526 Reba, 526 Red Bird, 526 Red Cross, 526 Red Jacket, 526 Red Prolific, 526 Regina, 526 Reliance, 526 Remington, 527 Rena, 527 Repeater, 527 . Rewastico, 527 Richardson Early, 527 Richardson Late, 527 Richmond, 527

Richmond (of Thompson), 527 Ridgeway, 528 Riehl Seedlings, 528 Rio, 528 Rip Snorter, 528 Rippowam, 528 Rival Hudson, 528 Roadside, 528 Rob Rusk, 528 Robbie, 528 Robinson, 529 Robusta, 529 Rochester, 529 Rockhill, 529 Rockhill Seedlings, 529 Romeyn, 529 Roosevelt, 529 Rose Ettersburg, 529 Roseberry, 530 Roser, 530 Ross Phoenix, 530 Rough Rider, 530 Royal Sovereign, 530 Ruby, 530

Ruby (of Henderson), 531 Rumark, 531 Rural Gem, 531 Rush, 531 Russell, 531 Russell Advance, 531 Ruth, 531 Ryckman, 532 Sadie, 532 Saint Joseph, 532 St. Louis, 532 St. Louis (of Bauer), 532 St. Mertin, 532 Salem, 533 Salisbury, 533

Salter, 533 Sam Sperry, 533 Sam Wherry, 533 Sample, 533 Sampson, 533 Sandoval, 534 Saratoga, 534 Satin Gloss, 534 Satisfaction, 534 Saunders, 534 Saunders Success, 534 Scarlet Ball, 534 Scarlet Cone, 534 Scarlet Melting, 534 Schauber Seedlings, 535 Schild Seedlings, 535 Scott, 535 Scriver, 535 Seaford, 535 See Seedlings, 535 Seek-No-Further, 535 Senator Wilson, 535 Seneca, 536 Seneca Chief, 536 Seneca Queen, 536 Seth Boyden, 536 Sharpless, 536 Shawnee, 536 Shenandoah, 537 Sheppard, 537 Sherman, 537 Sherman (of Cooper), 537 Shipping King, 537 Shirtz, 537 Shropshire, 537 Shuster, 537 Shyster, 538 Silver Coin, 538 Silvia, 538 Sionilli, 538 Smeltzer, 538 Smith, 538 Snowball, 538 Somerset Maid, 538 Sons Prolific, 538 Southard, 539 Southern Beauty, 539 Sparta, 539 Splendid, 539 Springdale, 539 Springdale (of Stayman), 539 Staderman, 539 Stahelin, 539 Standard, 540 Standpat, 540 Stanley, 540 Staples, 540 Star, 540 Stayman, 540

Strawberries Continued cultivated varieties of: Stella, 540 Sterling, 541 Stevens, 541

Stevens (of New York), 541 Stevenson, 541 Stewart, 541 Stinger, 541 Stone, 541 Stouffer, 541 Strickland, 541 Strouse Champion, 542 -Success, 542 Sucker State, 542 Summit, 542 Sunapee, 542 Sunny South, 542 Sunnyside, 542 Sunshine, 542 Superb, 542

Superb (of Albaugh), 543 Superior, 543 Surprise, 543 Sutherland, 543 Swedenberg, 543 Sweetheart, 544 Swindle, 544

Taft, 544

Tama Jim, 544

Tardy, 544

Teddy Roosevelt, 544

Tennessee Prolific, 544

Tennyson, 545

Third Class, 545

Thompson, 545

Tilghman, 545

Timbrell, 545

Tippecanoe, 545

Todd, 546

Tom Walker, 546

Tonga, 546

Topeka, 546

Townsend, 546

Townsend Seedlings, 546

Trebla, 546

Triomphe, 546

Triple Crown, 547

Tubbs, 547

Twentieth Century, 547

Twilight, 547

Twilley, 547

Uitlander, 547

Uncle Jim, 547

Uncle Joe, 548

Uncle Sam, 548

Uncle Sam (of Townsend), 548

Unique Scarlet, 548

Up-to-Date, 548

Valley Pride, 548

Van Deman? 548

Van Fleet, 549 Van Sant, 549 Vanguard, 549 Velvet, 549 Venia, 549 Vera, 549

Vicomtesse Hericart de Thury, 549 Victor, 549 Victor Hugo, 550 Victoria, 550 Vineland, 550 Viola, 550

Viola (of Canada), 550 Virgilia, 550 Virginia, 550 Vories, 551 Wabash, 551 Wabesis, 551 Wabi, 551

Waits Perfection, 551 Walden, 551 Waldorf, 551 Waldron, 551 Walker, 551 Wallace, 551 Walnut Stump, 552 Walton, 552 War-Dyke, 552 Ward Favorite, 552 Wardlow, 552 Warfield, 552 Warren, 552

Warren (of Thompson), 553 Warren (of Warren), 553 Wathena, 553 Waverly, 553 Waymego, 553 Wehrley Seedling, 553 Welcome, 553 Wellington Marvel, 553 Welton, 553 Wentzell, 553 Westbrook, 553 Western Queen, 554 Westlawn, 554 Weston, 554 White Alpine, 554 White Novelty, 554 White Sugar, 554 Whitney, 554 Wicomico, 554 Wide-Awake, 554 Wieland, 555 Wilding, 555 Wildwood, 555 Wilkins, 555 Will Warfield, 555 Willey, 555 Williams, 555

39

Strawberries Continued cultivated varieties of: Williams (of Virginia), 555 Wilson, 555 Wilson, Jr., 556 Wilton, 556 Winchell, 556 Windsor, 556 Wine, 556 Winner, 556 Winnie Warfield, 557 Wisconsin, 557 Wisconsin Seedling, 557 Wonder, 557 Wonder (of Shank), 557 Wonderful, 557 Woodhouse, 557 Woodrow, 557 Woodruff, 557 Woolverton, 558 Wooster, 558 World Champion, 558 World Wonder, 558 Wyatt, 558 Wyoga, 558 Wyona, 379, 558 Yale, 558 Yalu, 559 Yant, 559 Yates, 559 Zula, 559

Strawberries, cultivated varieties of, slow to improve in Europe, 358; derivation of generic name of, 355; derivation of modern, through hybridization according to Sturtevant, 362; discussion of cultivated, in Europe by Sturtevant, 357; five species of, 356; how propagated, 355, indigenous to North America, 365; magnitude of the culture of, in the U. S., 369; not cultivated in America until the nineteenth century, 355 synonyms of cultivated varieties of:

Abraham Lincoln (syn. of Jucunda), 470 Acme (syn. of Crystal City), 423 Albion White (syn. of Lennig), 479 Alley's No. g (syn. of Hilton), 459 Anna (syn. of Annie Hubach), 390 Arizona Everbearing (syn. of Arizona), 391 Arkansas Black (syn. of Arkansas), 391 Armstrong (syn. of Maximus), 490 Augur No. jo (syn. of Middlefield), 493 August Luther (syn. of Luther), 483 Austin's Seedling (syn. of Austin), 393 Austin Shaker (syn. of Austin), 393 Australian Crimson (syn. of Australian), 393 Australian Everbearing (syn. of Australian),

393

Badger (syn. of Tippecanoe), 545 Bartlett (syn. of Boston Pine), 405 Barton1 s Eclipse (syn. of Barton), 395 Bauer No. p (syn. of Bauer), 395

Strawberries Continued synonyms of cultivated varieties of:

Bayne's Early Scarlet (syn. of Bayne Extra

Early), 396

Becker?s Prolific (syn. of Backett Prolific), 394 Big Berry (syn. of Maximtis), 490 Bishop's Seedling (syn. of Bishop Orange), 402 Boyden No. 30 (syn. of Seth Boy den), 536 Boyden's Mammoth (syn. of Victoria), 550 Boynton (syn. of Crescent), 422 Bubach No. 5 (syn. of Bubach), 408 Buechly's Seedling (syn. of Greenville), 453 Buffalo (syn. of McAvoy Superior), 484 Burpee's Louise (syn. of Louise), 482 Burr's Seedling (syn. of Burr), 409 Burt (syn. of Captain Jack), 411 Cameron Early (syn. of Cameron), 410 Campbell's Early (syn. of Campbell), 410 Carmi Beauty (syn. of Carmi), 411 Carolina (syn. of Old Pine), 506 Chairs Early (syn. of Chairs Favorite), 412 Chambers (syn. of Cumberland), 423 Charleston (syn. of Neunan), 501 Chorlton Prolific (syn. of Chorlton), 415 Clara (syn. of Florence), 443 Clark's Early (syn. of Clark), 416 Clark's Seedling (syn. of Clark), 416 Cohanzick (syn. of Cohansey), 418 Corsican (syn. of Maximtis), 490 CovilVs Early (syn. of Covell), 421 Crescent Seedling (syn. of Crescent), 422 Crystal Palace (syn. of Eleanor), 436 Cumberland Triumph (syn. of Cumberland), 423 Daisy Miller (syn. of Daisy), 424 Dan Bisel (syn. of Bisel), 402 Dawley (syn. of Sharpless), 536 Dayton's Early (syn. of Dayton), 425 Dighton Rock (syn. of Dighton), 427 Dixie Belle (syn. of Dixie), 428 Dr. Van Fleet (syn. of Van Fleet), 549 Dollar Mark (syn. of Gray), 452 Dornan (syn. of Uncle Jim), 547 Dow*s Seedling (syn. of Epping), 438 Downing (syn. of Charles Downing), 413 Downing's Bride (syn. of Kittie Rice), 473 Duchesse de Trevise (syn. of Vicomtesse Heri-

cart de Thury), 549

Durand's Seedling (syn. of Durand), 431 Early Dutchess (syn. of Duchess), 430 Early Idaho (syn. of Clark), 416 Early Ozark (syn. of Ozark), 510 Early Scarlet (syn. of Old Scarlet), 506 Early Virginia (syn. of Old Scarlet), 506 Early Washington (syn. of Iowa), 465 Early Woodrow (syn. of Woodrow), 557 Eclipse (syn. of Barton), 395 Ella (syn. of Michel), 493 Elton Pine (syn. of Elton), 436 Essex (syn. of Beauty), 396 Everbearing (syn. of Oregon Everbearing), 508 Feast's Fillmore (syn. of Fillmore), 442

Strawberries Continued synonyms of cultivated varieties of: Finch's Prolific (syn. of Finch), 442 First Season (syn. of Gandy), 445 Flash (syn. of Flush), 443 Flosch (syn. of Flush), 443 French's Seedling (syn. of French), 445 G. W. Howard (syn. of Howard [of Michigan]),

462

Galerson (syn. of Galceron), 445 Gandy Belle (syn. of Isabella), 466 Gandy's Prize (syn. of Gandy), 445 General De Wet (syn. of De Wet), 425 Gen. Fifer (syn. of Fifer), 441 Gen. Joe Wheeler (syn. of Joe Wheeler), 469 General Sheridan (syn. of Phil Sheridan), 517 General Van Sant (syn. of Van Sant), 549 German Seedling (syn. of Maximus), 490 Gibson (syn. of Pocomoke), 519 Golden Queen (syn. of Victoria), 550 Gould (syn. of Jay Gould), 467 Gov. Fort (syn. of Fort), 443 Governor Van Sant (syn. of Van Sant), 549 Gray Dollar (syn. of Gray), 452 Great Ruby (syn. of Ruby [of Henderson]), 531 Greensboro Favorite (syn. of Greensboro), 453 Hole's ii.'SQ P. M. (syn. of Midnight), 494 Hall's Seedling (syn. of Flora Bell), 443 Hattie (syn. of Hattie Jones), 455 Hausmann (syn. of McAlpin), 484 Hayes' Prolific (syn. of Hayes), 456 Heflin Early (syn. of Heflin), 456 Henry (syn. of Marshall), 488 Henry Ward Beecher (syn. of Beecher), 397 Herbst No. 2 (syn. of Herbst), 458 Highland Seedling (syn. of Highland), 459 Hilton Gem (syn. of Hilton), 459 Hinsmore (syn. of Hinman), 459 Holyoke (syn. of Mount Holyoke), 498 Hood River (syn. of Clark), 416 Hooker's Seedling (syn. of Hooker), 460 Hovey's Seedling (syn. of Hovey), 460 Howard No. 2 (syn. of Howard [of Michigan]),

462

Howard No. 17 (syn. of Howard), 461 HowelVs Prolific (syn. of Howell), 462 Huddleston's Favorite (syn. of Huddleston), 462 Hudson (of Cincinnati) (syn. of Early Hudson),

433

Hudson's Bay Scarlet (syn. of Hudson Bay), 462 Hugo (syn. of Victor Hugo), 550 Ionia Market (syn. of Ionia), 465 Iowa Male (syn. of Iowa), 465 Ironclad (syn. of Phelps), 516 Island King (syn. of Island), 466 Itaska (syn. of Itasca), 466 James E. (syn. of James), 466 Jenny's Seedling (syn. of Jenny), 467 Joe Johnson (syn. of Joe), 468 Johnson's Early (syn. of Johnson), 469 Jopp's Favorite (syn. of Jopp), 469

Kearns (syn. of Muskingum), 499 Kellogg's Hercules (syn. of Hercules), 458 Kellogg1 s Premier (syn. of Howard), 461 Kellogg's Prize (syn. of Kellogg), 472 Kevitt Wonder (syn. of Kevitt), 472 King Cluster (syn. of Crimson Cluster), 422 King of the North (syn. of Pioneer). 518 King Sol (syn. of King Solomon), 473 Kirkwood (syn. of Mount Vernon), 498 Kissany (syn. of Kissena), 473 Kyle No. 1 (syn. of Kyle), 474 Labell (syn. of La Belle), 475 Lady Garrison (syn. of Garrison), 446 Lady Thompson (syn. of Thompson), 545 Lady Townsend (syn. of Townsend), 546 Lanahan (syn. of Lanah), 476 Late Globose (syn. of Late Globe), 476 Late Jersey Giant (syn. of Late Jersey), 477 Laxtoris Noble (syn. of Noble), 504 Lennig's White Pine (syn. of Lennig), 479 Lincoln (syn. of Jucunda), 470 Linda (syn. of Malinda), 485 Lloyd (syn. of Seaford), 535 Longworth's Prolific (syn. of Longworth), 481 Loudon's No. 15 (syn. of Governor Hoard), 451 Lovett's Early (syn. of Lovett), 482 Luella (syn. of Louella), 481 Marquise de Latour Moubourg (syn. of Vicom-

tesse Hericart de Thury), 549 Meek Early (syn. of Meek), 492 Metcalfs Early (syn. of Metcalf), 492 Mexican (syn. of Arizona), 391 Michel's Early (syn. of Michel), 493 Miner's Great Prolific (syn. of Miner), 494 Miner's Prolific (syn. of Miner), 494 Minnesota No. 3 (syn. of Minnesota), 494 Minnesota No. 489 (syn. of Nokomis), 504 Minnesota loiy (syn. of Duluth), 430 Minnie's Early (syn. of Minnie), 495 Monarch of the West (syn. of Monarch), 496 Moonstone (syn. of James Vick), 466 Morgan Favorite (syn. of Morgan), 497 Morgan No. 1 (syn. of Morgan), 497 Morgan No. 21 (syn. of Ruth), 531 Mrs. Cleveland (syn. of Frances Cleveland), 444 Myatt's British Queen (syn. of British Queen),

407

Myatt's Eleanor (syn. of Eleanor), 436 Myatt's Eliza (syn. of Eliza), 436 Nehring's Gem (syn. of Nehring), 501 Neunan's Prolific (syn. of Neunan), 501 New Discovery (syn. of Discovery), 428 Newark Prolific (syn. of Green Prolific), 453 Nigh's Superb (syn. of Nigh), 503 No Name (syn. of Isabella), 466 Oaks Early (syn. of Oak), 505 Old Iron Clad (syn. of Phelps), 516 Olive's Pride (syn. of Olive), 507 Ontario (syn. of Sharpless), 536

Strawberries Continued synonyms of cultivated varieties of: Osceola (syn. of Michel), 493 Palmer's Earliest (syn. of Palmer), 511 Par cell's Early (syn. of Parcell), 511 Park Beauty (syn. of Crescent), 422 Parker Earle Improved (syn. of Parker Earle),

512

Parsons' Beauty (syn. of Parsons), 512 Peabody's New Hautbois (syn. of Peabody Seedling), 514

Peckham Wonder (syn. of Peckham), 514 Perkins No. 2 (syn. of Bryant), 408 Phillips' Seedling (syn. of Phillips), 517 Pinchot (syn. of Hustler), 463 Pineapple (syn. of Bonanza), 405; (syn. of Old Pine), 506

Pineapple Flavored (syn. of Pineapple), 518 Piper's Seedling (syn. of Piper), 518 Porter's Seedling (syn. of Porter), 520 Premier (syn. of Howard), 461 President Lincoln (syn. of Jucunda), 470 Price's Seedling (syn. of Price), 521 Pride of New York (syn. of Chesapeake Wonder), 415

Pride of the Valley (syn. of Valley Pride), 548 Prince (syn. of Prince of Berries), 523 Princess Alice Maud (syn. of Alice Maud), 387 Prof. Fisher (syn. of Fisher), 442 Prouty's Seedling (syn. of Prouty), 525 Racster (syn. of Beder Wood), 397 Ran Benoy (syn. of Benoy), 399 Reynolds (syn. of Parsons), 512 Riehl No. 6 (syn. of Ruby), 530 Rockhill No. 6 (syn. of Standpat), 540 Rockhill No. 16 (syn. of Progressive), 524 Romeyn Seedling (syn. of Romeyn), 529 Roosevelt (syn. of President Roosevelt), 521 Russell Prolific (syn. of Russell), 531 Salzer's Earliest (syn. of Earliest [of Salzerl),

432

Sampsel (syn. of Wonder), 557 Schneike's Pistillate (syn. of Longworth), 481 Scotch Pineapple (syn. of Crimson Cone), 422 Scotch Runner (syn. of Crimson Cone), 422 Senator Dunlap (syn. of Dunlap), 431 Shaw (syn. of Sharpless), 536 Shuckless (syn. of Mount Vernon), 498 Shuster's Gem (syn. of Shuster), 537 Sixteen to One (syn. of Ashland), 392 Smeltzer Early (syn. of Smeltzer), 538 Smith Seedling (syn. of Smith), 538 Speece's Perfection (syn. of Perfection), 515 Springdale Beauty (syn. of Springdale [of

Staymanl), 539

Stakeley (syn. of Stahelin), 539 Stayman No. 1 (syn. of Stayman), 540 Stevens (syn. of Late Stevens), 477 Stevens Early (syn. of Stevens), 541 Stevens Great American (syn. of Stevens [of New York]), 541

Stevens' Late Champion (syn. of Late Stevens),

477

Stone's Early (syn. of Stone), 541 Sunrise (syn. of Michel), 493 Tennessee (syn. of Tennessee Prolific), 544 Texas (syn. of Early Hathaway), 433 Thompson No. 9 (syn. of Rio), 528 Thompson No. 101 (syn. of Clarence), 416 Thompson No. 602 (syn. of Beidler), 398 Thompson's Earliest (syn. of Earliest), 432 Thompson's Late (syn. of Late Thompson), 477 Three W's (syn. of Wallace), 551 Tilghman Favorite (syn. of Tilghman), 545 Todd's Late Champion (syn. of Todd), 546 Townsend's Late Champion (syn. of Late

Champion), 476

Triomphe de Gand (syn. of Triomphe), 546 Truitt (syn. of Surprise), 543 Truitt's Surprise (syn. of Surprise), 543 Trollope's Victoria (syn. of Victoria), 550 Unique Prairie (syn. of Necked Pine), 500 Vick (syn. of James Vick), 466 W. J. Bryan (syn. of Bryan), 408 Walker's Seedling (syn. of Walker), 551 Warfield No. 2 (syn. of Warfield), 552 Western Union (syn. of Bubach), 408 White Albany (syn. of Lennig), 479 White Pineapple (syn. of Lennig), 479 Wild Wonder (syn. of Wonder [of Shank]), 557 William Belt (syn. of Belt), 398 Wilson's Albany (syn. of Wilson), 555 Winchell Beauty (syn. of Winchell), 556 Windsor Chief (syn. of Windsor), 556 Yankee Doodle (syn. of Epping), 438 Young's Early Sunrise (syn. of Michel), 493 Strawberries, table showing acreage, yield, and value of, in the U. S., 369; typically adapted to cold climates, 355; varieties offered for sale by William Prince in 1771, 366; what started the improvement in, 362; what they are and how classified,

356

Strawberry, Alpine, 375; from whence a native, 359; the everbearing strawberry of Europe, 359

American wild, scarlet, or Virginia, 360

Chilean, 361, 378; introduction of the, a landmark in strawberry domestication, 361

European or Wood, 356

Fraisier des bois, 373

Hautbois, 359

Hovey, first variety of any fruit to originate from an artificial cross in this country, 367; origin of, 367; sensation of its time, 368; weaknesses of, 368

Scarlet, 382

Virginia, 382

Virginian, cultivation failed to increase size of, 361

Walderdbeere, 373

Wood, 373

Strawberry Raspberry, com. name of R. illecebrosus, 36

Streator, George J., var. found by, 411

Street, J. F., var. introd. by, 96; var. orig. by, 147

Strouse, David, var. orig. with, 542

Strubler, Phil, var. grown by, 349; var. orig. with, 507

Stuart, C. W., var. introd. by, 158, 291

Sturtevant, E. L., account by, of the early cultivation of currants, 247; discussion of cultivated strawberries in Europe by, 357; discussion by, of the derivation of the modern strawberry through hybridization, 362

Sumner, C. H., var. orig. with, 539

Super, Daniel, var. found by, 176

Sutherland, Eugene, var. orig. by, 449, 543

Sutherland, George, var. orig. by, 349

Swabley, Gustus, var. found by, 159

Swampberry, com. name of R. louisianus, 78

Symphocalyx, subgenus of Ribes, 269

Taekett, var. found by, 211

Taggart, Washington, var. found by, 174

Talbot, J. W., var. found by, 146

Talmage, var. orig. by, 518

Tanner, Martha Y., var. orig. by, 502

Taylor, var. introd. by, 229

Taylor, D. W. H., var. orig. by, 522

Taylor, Eliphalet, introducer of the Dorchester blackberry, 184; introducer of Dorchester, under name of Improved High-bush Blackberry, 186

Teas, E. Y., first to offer Lucretia dewberry for sale, 198; var. introd. by, 165; var. orig. by, 301,

465

Tennyson, T. R., var. orig. with, 544 Terry, H. A., var. introd. by, 102 Texas Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 224 Thayer, Paul, study of cultivated currants by, 250 Thimbleberry, com. name of R. occidentalism 43 Thivolet, Abbe, var. orig. by, 532 Thoburn, J. B., var. found by, 310 Thomas, J. H., var. introd. by, 393 Thomas, John J., mention of early trial of English

gooseberries in America by, 318 Thomas, R. F., var. found by, 401 Thomas, R. G., var. orig. with, 453 Thomas, W. H., var. orig. by, 437 Thompson, D. A., var. orig. with, 545 Thompson, J. T., var. orig. by, 96 Thompson, Mark T., var. introd. by, 170; var. orig.

by, 156, 398, 406, 409, 412, 414, 416, 425, 432,

435, 438, 443, 477, 4^7, 497, 498, 527, 528, 532,

538, 553 Thompson, R. O., var. introd. by, 221; var. orig.

by, 341

Thompson, T., var. orig. by, 115 Thornber, W. S., var. orig. by, 147 Thorne, Jonathan, var. orig. by, 151 Thornless or Mountain Blackberry, com. name of

R. canadensis, 70 Thornton, Dr. A. W., var. introd. by, 323; var. orig.

by, 325

Tibbs, D. C, var. orig. by, 502

Tilghman, W. B., var. orig. with, 545

Tillson, A. J., var. orig. with, 490

Timbrell, H. S., var. found by, 545; var. orig. by, 508

Tingle, L. G., var. orig. by, 518

Tingle's Small Fruit Co., var. introd. by, 518

Todd, W. S., var. found by, 546; var. introd. by,

396; var. orig. with, 482 Townsend, E. W., var. found by, 483; var. introd.

by, 162, 224, 226, 233, 234, 556; var. orig. by,

115, 394, 438, 476, 546, 552 Townsend, E. W., Jr., var. orig. with, 434 Townsend, E. W., et Sons, var. introd. by, 394, 442,

488, 490, 533, 544, 548 Townsend, George, seedlings sent out by, 546; var.

orig. by, 439, 444, 506 Travis Bros., var. orig. by, 426 Tribble, Claude, var. introd. by, 242 Triviales, 64

Trollop, James, var. orig. by, 387 Trollope, L., var. orig. by, 550 Trowbridge, George W., var. orig. by, 466 Truitt, James, var. orig. by, 543 Tubbs, John, var. orig. by, 547 Tuckerman, John, var. found by, 207 Tull, William, var. found by, 505 Tiirck, V., var. orig. by, 148 Turner, first record of cultivated raspberries by, 2;

mention of the gooseberry by, 321 Turner, Prof. J. B., var. orig. by, 148 Tusser, Thomas, mention of gooseberries by, 321 Tuttle, C. S., var. grown by, 502 Tweed way, J. V., var. introd. by, 237 Twilley, W. J., var. orig. with, 547 Tye, Otis A., var. found by, 177 Tyler, Nathan, var. found by, 177 U. S. Dept. of Agri., species introd. by, 29, 36, 52,

275; var. import, by, 131; var. introd. by, 77,

485, 532

Uber, C. A., var. introd. by, 234 Underwood Farm, seedling raised on the, 468 Ursini, 56

Utah Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 291 Valk, Dr. William W., var. import, by, 283 Van Dusen, Hiram, var. orig. by, 171 Van Fleet, Dr. Walter, species orig. by, 275; var.

orig. by, 149, 351, 433, 435, 4^9, 477, 55i Vance, Edward, var. orig. by, 485 Vaughan, J. C, et Co., var. introd. by, 291 Veitch, James, et Sons, var. introd. by, 126; var.

orig. by, 84

Ventling, W. M., var. orig. by, 449 Vick's, James, Sons, var. introd. by, 225 Vilmorin-Andrieux Nursery Co., var. introd. by,

442, 444, 478

Vineland Hort. Exp. Sta., var. orig. by, 549 Virginia Strawberry, com. name of F. virginiana,

382

Vitifolii (syn. of Ursini), 56 Von Chamisso, Adalbert, species collect, by, 59 Vories, T. H., var. orig. with, 551

Wade, John, var. found by, 178

Wadsworth, J. 0., var. orig. by, 457

Wagner, J. B., var. introd. by, 145

Walden, Rev. F., var. found by, 155

Walderdbeere, com. name of F. vesca, 373

Waldron, Charles, var. orig. with, 491, 551

Walker, Samuel, var. orig. by, 551

Walker, Thomas C, var. orig. by, 546

Wallace, var. introd. by, 231

Wallace, T. G., var. found by, 150; var. orig. by, 178

Wallace, W. W., var. orig. by, 551

Wallis, Henry, var. found by, 169

Walton, Silas, var. orig. with, 552

Walworth, C. E., var. orig. with, 465

Ward, I. M., var. orig. with, 552

Ward, Thomas H., var. found by, 231

Wardell, L. E., var. orig. by, 102, 139

Warder, Dr. J. A., var. found by, 116

Warneld, C. B., var. orig. by, 534, 552

Warner, var. orig. with, 523

Warner, C. A., var. orig. by, 525

Warren, S. H., var. found by, 553; var. orig. by, 390, 432, 450, 459, 478

Washington Nursery Co., var. orig. with, 454

Waters, J. M., var. introd. by, 176

Waters, James, var. orig. with, 485

Watkins, S. L., var. introd. by, 239; var. orig. with, 235, 460

Watkins et Simpson, var. introd. by, 143

Watson, Ira P., var. found by, 178 -

Webb, A. D., var. orig. by, 425, 481, 552

Weinheimer, Peter, var. orig. with, 522

Welsh, Isaac, var. orig. by, 151

Wenslick, John, var. introd. by, 156

Wentzell, F. R., var. orig. with, 553

West, T. B., var. orig. with, 529

Westbrook, J. S., var. orig. with, 499

Westbrook, Z. W., var. orig. with, 553

Weston, E. A., var. orig. with, 554

Weston, Joseph, var. orig. by, 329

Wheeler, George F., var. orig. with, 495

Wherry, Sam E., var. orig. by, 533

Wherry, Samuel, et Son, var. orig. by, 526

Whinham, Robert, var. orig. by, 334

White, N. B., var. orig. by, 505

Whitelegg et Page, var. introd. by, 239

Whittman, J. J., var. orig. with, 471

Whyte, R. B., var. found by, in

Wickizer, J. M., var. orig. with, 535

Wightman, C. E., var. orig. with, 397

Wild, J. B., et Bros., var. introd. by, 419

Wild, Henry W., var. orig. by, 419

Wild Gooseberry, com. name of G. cynosbati, 273

Wilde, Thomas, var. orig. by, 443, 481

Wilder, Marshall P., var. import, by, 116; var.

introd. by, 126; var. orig. by, 384, 429, 458, 521 Wiley, Miss Effie, var. orig. with, 435 Wilkins et Co., var. introd. by, 557 Will, Oscar H., et Co., var. introd. by, 130 Willard, J. D., var. orig. by, 394

Willard, S. B., var. recommended by, 300

Williams, var. orig. by, 555

Williams, E., var. introd. by, 218; var. orig. with,

423

Williams, E. et J. C, var. orig. by, 123 Williams, George, var. orig. with, 521 Williams, John, var. orig. by, 292 Wilmot, John, var. orig. by, 349, 403 Wilson, var. orig. by, 166 Wilson, E. H., species introd. by, 34, 40, 41 Wilson, James, var. orig. with, 556 Wilson, John, var. found by, 232 Wilson, Samuel, var. introd. by, 242; var. orig. by,

351

Wilquet, Remi, var. orig. by, 300 Winfield Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 178 Winquist, Seth, var. orig. with, 509 Winter et Co., var. introd. by, 89 Wisconsin Nurseries, var. introd. by, 113, 153 Wolfgang, H. G., var. orig. with, 475, 480

Wood, Beder, var. orig. with, 397

Wood, Ezra, var. orig. by, 168

Wood, Mrs. Reuben, var. orig. by, 123, 124

Wood Strawberry, com. name of F. vesca, 373

Woodlawn Nurseries, var. introd. by, 434

Woodruff, Charles H., var. found by, 156; var.

orig. by, 557

Wooster, E. W., var. orig. with, 456, 520, 558 Worsley, Benjamin, var. orig. by, 393 Wragg Nursery Co., var. introd. by, 114 Wright, Charles, var. orig. with, 535 Wright, F. L., var. found by, 235 Yant, John, var. orig. with, 559 Yellow berry, com. name of R. chamaemorus, 25 Yost, D. P., var. found by, 402 Young, B. M., var. orig. by, 242 Young, G., var. orig. with, 447 Young, Henry, var. orig. with, 153, 405, 420, 421,

437, 457 Zane, Thomas G., var. orig. by, 424, 491