INDEX TO ILLUSTRATIONS

Portrait of Marshall P. Wilder.........................Frontispiece

Description of a Pear........................................ 68

VARIETIES

André Desportes............................................. 122

Ansault...................................................... 122

Bartlett..................................................... 124

Belle Lucrative............................................. 126

Beurré D'Anjou.............................................. 128

Beurré Bosc................................................. 130

Beurré Clairgeau............................................ 132

Beurré Diel................................................. 134

Beurré Giffard.............................................. 134

Beurré Hardy............................................... 136

Beurré Superfin............................................. 138

Bloodgood................................................... 138

Brandywine.................................................. 140

Buffum....................................................;. 142

Clapp Favorite............................................... 142

Colonel Wilder.............................................. 144

Columbia...................................................... 144

Dana Hovey.................................................. 146

Dearborn.................................................... 148

Dorset....................................................... 150

Doyenne D'Alen^on.......................................... 152

Doyenné Boussock........................................... 152

Doyenné DU COMICE.......................................... 154

Duchesse D'Angoulême....................................... 156

Duchesse D'Orl#ans......................................... 156

Duhamel du Monceau........................................ 158

Early Harvest............................................... 158

Easter Beurré............................................... 160

Elizabeth.................................................... 162

ix

Flemish Beauty.............................................. 164

Fontenay.................................................... 166

Frederick Clapp . ............................................ 170

Gansel Seckel............................................... 170

Glou Morceau............................................... 172

Guyot....................................................... 174

HOWELL...................................................... 174

Idaho........................................................ 176

Jargonelle................................................... 178

Josephine DE MALINES........................................ l80

KIEFFER...................................................... 182

KOONCE...................................................... 184

Lamy........................................................ 184

Lawrence....................................................186

Le Conte....................................................188

Léon Leclerc (Van Mons).................................... 190

Lincoln...................................................... 190

Lincoln Coreless............................................192

Louise Bonne de Jersey......................................194

Madeleine..................................................196

Margaret....................................................196

Marie Louise................................................198

Mount Vernon............................................... 200

Onondaga...................................................202

Ontario......................................................202

P. Barry.....................................................204

Passe Colmar.............................................206

Pitmaston..................................................208

Pound.......................................................208

President Drouard....................................210

Pyrus betulaefolia.......................................... 80

Pyrus serotina..............................................74

Reeder......................................................212

Riehl Best...................................................212

Roosevelt...................................................214

Rutter...................................................... 214

Seckel....................................................... 216

Sheldon..................................................... 218

Souvenir du Congres......................................... 218

Souvenir D'Espjeren.......................................... 220

Sudduth..................................................... 220

Summer Doyenne............................................. 222

Tyson........................................................ 222

Urbaniste.................................................... 224

Vermont Beauty............................................. 226

Vicar of Winkfield.......................................... 228

White Doyenn#.............................................. 230

Wilder Early................................................. 230

Winter Bartlett............................................. 232

Winter Nelis................................................ 234

WORDEN SECKEL.............................................. 234





INDEX

A Gobert (syn. of Angobert), 248
A. J. Cook, 236
Aarer Pfundbirne, 236
Abbé Fétel, 236

Abbé Perez, 236

Abbott, 236

Abbott, Mrs. T., orig. of Abbott, 236

Abdon Birne, 236

Abele de St. Denis, 236

Abercromby, 236

Achalzig, 237

Achan, 237

Acidaline, 237

Acme, 237

Adams, 237

Adams, Dr. H., orig. of Adams, 237

Adanson Apothekerbirne (syn. of Aglae Adanson),239
Adelaide de Reves, 237 Adele (syn. of Adele de Saint-Denis), 237 Adele Lancelot, 237 Adele de Saint-Denis, 237 Admirable, 238

Admiral Cecile (syn. of Amiral Cécile), 245
Admiral Farragut, 238 Admiral Foote, 238 Adolphe Cachet, 238 Adolphe Fouquet, 238 Adolphine Richard, 238 Aehrenthal, 238

Agathe de Lescours (syn. of Agathe de Lescottrt), Agathe de Lescourt, 238
Aglae Adanson, 239 Aglae Gre"goire, 239 Agnes, 239 Agricola, 239 Agua de Valence, 250 Ah-Mon-Dieu, 239 Aigue, 239 Aiken, 239
Aime Ogereau, 240 Aime'e Adam, 240 Akatsupo, 240 Alamo, 240 Albertine, 240

Alcinous, pear in garden of, 4
Alexander, 240
Alexander Lucas, 240
Alexandre Bivort, 240
Alexandre Chomer, 241
Alexandre de la Herche, 241
Alexandre Lambré, 241
Alexandre de Russie, 241

Alexandrina, 241

Alexandrine Douillard, 241

Alexandrine Helie (syn. of Belle Julie), 265

Alexandrine Mas, 241

Alexiens Bros., orig. of Pius X, 500

Alfred de Madre, 242

Alice Payne, 242

Allerton, 242

Alliance franco-russe, 242

Alouette, 242

Alpha, 242

Alphonse Allegatiere, 242

Alphonse Karr, 242

Amadotte, 243

Amande Double, 243

Amandine, 243

Ambrette, 243

Ambrette dfi6t6, 243

Ambrette d'Hiver (syn. of Ambrette), 243

Ambrosia, 244

Ame"dée Leclerc, 244

Amelanchier, relationship of, to pear, 57

Amelie Leclerc, 244

America, 244

America, arrival of pear in, 40; climate of, uncongenial to pears, 38; importation of European pear varieties into, 52; pear in, 37

American pear culture, influence of Oriental pears on, 55

American pear districts, 38

Amie Verdier, 244

Amiral, 244

Amiral Cecile, 245

Amire"Joannet, 245

Amlisberger Mostbirne, 245

Amoselle panachie (syn. of Bergamote de Hollande Panachee), 269

Amour, 245

Amstettner Mostbirne, 245

Ananas, 245

Ananas de Courtrai, 245

Ananas de Courtray (syn. of Ananas de Courtrai), 245

Ananas d'fité, 246

Andenken an den Congress (syn. of Souvenir du Congres), 218

Andouille, 246

André Desportes, 122

Andrew Murray, 246

Andrews, 246

Ange, 246

Angel, 246

Angeline, 246

Angelique de Bordeaux, 247

Angelique Cuvier, 247

Angelique Leclerc, 247

Angelique de Rome, 247

Angers, Horticultural Society of, orig. of Cassante du Cornice, 329; Colmar d'Automne Nouveau, 342; Dhomme"e, 359; Gros Lucas, 404; Sucree du Cornice, 555

Angleterre (syn. of Beurré d'Angleterre), 284 Angleterre d'Hiver, 247 Angleterre Nain, 247 Angobert, 248 Angoisse, 248 Angora, 248 Angoucha, 248

Angouleme (syn. of Duchesse d'Angouleme), 154
Anjou (syn. of Beurré d'Anjou), 127
Anna Audisson (syn. Anna Audusson), Anna Audusson, 249
Anna Nelis, 249 Anne de Bretagne, 249

Anne of Brittany (syn. of Anne de Bretagne), 249
Ansault, 123
Anthoine, Dieudonné, orig. of Dieudonné Anthoine, 359

Anthony Thacher, 249

Antoine, 249

Antoine Delfosse, 249

Antoinette, 249

Anversoise, 250

Apfelblattrige Azerolbirne, 250

Apotherkerbirne, 250

Apple, 250

Apple Pear, 250

Apples, relationship to pears, 58

Appoline, 250

Aqueuse d'Esclavonie, 250

Aqueuse de Meiningen, 251

Arabella, 251

Arbre Courbe", 251

Arcedeckene, Andrew, orig. of Suffolk Thorn, 556

Archduke of Austria, 251

Archiduc Charles, 251

Archiduc d'fite", 251

Archiduc Jean d'Autriche, 251

Archiduchesse d'Autriche, 251

Arendt Dechantsbirne, 252

Argent, 252

Argusbirne, 252

Arkansas, 252

Arkansas Mammoth (syn. of Arkansas), 252

Arlequin Musqué, 252

Arlingham Squash, 252

Armand Prevost, 253

Armenie, 253

Arnold, 253

Arnold et Frazier, orig. of Arnold, 253

Arthur Bivort, 253

Arthur Chevreau, 253

Arundell, 253

Aspasie Aucourt, 253

Aspidiotus perniciosus on pear, 117

Aston Town, 254

Audibert, 254

Audusson, Alexis, orig. of Lucie Audusson, 453

Audusson, Anne-Pierre, orig. of Beurré Audusson, 284

Augier, 254 Augustbirne, 254 Auguste de Boulogne, 254 Auguste Droche, 254 Auguste Jurie, 254 Auguste von Krause, 254 Auguste Miguard, 255 Auguste Royer, 255
Augustine, 255 Augustine Lelieur, 255 Augustus Dana, 255 Aurate, 255 Auray, 255 Autocrat, 256

Autumn Bergamot, parent of Gansel Bergamot, 391 Autumn Bergamot (English), 256 Autumn Colmar, 256 Autumn Josephine, 256 Autumn Nelis, 256 Avocat Allard, 257 Avocat N61is, 257 Avocat Tonnelier, 257 Ayer, 257

Ayer, O. H., orig. of Ayer, 257; Douglas, 150 Aylton Red, 257
[Ayres, modern pear, not in The Pears of New York- ASC] Azerole, 257


B

B. S. Fox (syn. of Fox), 168 Bachelier, Louis-Frangois, orig. of Beurré Bachelier, 285

Bacillus amylovorous, cause of pear blight, 112
Backhouse, James, orig. of Beurré Backhouse, 285
Bacterium tumefaciens, cause of crown-gall on pears, 116

Baguet, 257

Bailly, orig. of Beurré Bailly, 285 Bakholda, 258 Baking, 258 Baldschmiedler, 258 Balduinsteiner Kinderbirne, 258 Ballet, orig. of Madame Ballet, 456 Balosse, 258 Balsambirne, 258
Baltet, Charles, introd. of Roosevelt, 213; orig. of Virginie Baltet, 573
Baltet, Ernest, orig. of Beurré"d'Avril, 285; Comte Lelieur, 346; Madame Ly#-Baltet, 458
Baltet Bros., orig. of Beurré"Baltet Pere, 286; Charles Ernest, 334; Docteur Joubert, 361; Guyot, 174; Ministre Viger, 473; Professeur Opoix, 514

Baltet Senior (syn. of Beurré Baltet Pere), 286 Bankerbine, 258

Bankhead, Capt., orig. of Jewel, 430 Banks, 258 Baptiste Valette, 258
Bar Seckel (syn. of Barseck) 260

Barbancinet, 258

Barbe Nelis, 259

Barker, 259

Barland, 259

Barnadiston, 259

Baron Deman de Lennick, 259

Baron d'hiver (syn. of Baronsbirne), 260

Baron Leroy, 259

Baron Trauttenberg, 259

Baron Treyve, 259

Baronne de Mello, 260

Baronsbirne, 260

Barry, 260

Barry, Patrick, biography of, 203

Barry, William Crawford, biography of, 204

Barseck, 260

Barthelemy du Mortier, 260

Barthere, discov. of Duchesse d'Hiver, 372

Bartlett, 124; [in the Southeastern U.S. -ASC]

Bartlett, Enoch, dissem. of Bartlett, 125

Bartlett, parent of: Barseck, 260; Big Productive, 309; Dempsey, 357; Eva Baltet, 379; Favoriet Morel, 381; Felix Sahut, 381; Le Lecher, 444; Lucy Duke, 194; Lyerle, 454; Professeur Barral, 514; S. T. Wright, 533; Ulatis, 567; Winter Williams, 584

Bartlett and Kieffer leading commercial pears, 84

Bartram, 260

Bartram, Ann, orig. of Bartram, 260

Bartram, John, orig. of Petre, 497

Bartranne, 260

Baseler Sommer-Muskatellerbirne, 261

Basiner, 261

Bassin (syn. of Jargonelle (French) ), 178

Baudry, 261

Baumann Brothers, orig. of Beurré* Bollwiller, 288

Beacon, 261

Beadnell, 261

Beadnell, John, orig. of Beadnell, 261

Beau de la Cour, 261

Beau Present d'Artois, 261

Beauchamp, orig. of Beurré* de l'Assomption, 284; Beurré"Beauchamp, 286; Souvenir de Gaete, 550

Beaufort, 262

Beauvalot, 262

Beernaert, Reynaert, discov. of Fondante de Cuerne, 384

Beier Meissner Eierbirne, 262 Belgische Bluibirne (syn. of Sanguinole de Belgique), 540
Belgische Pomeranzenbirne (syn. of Fondante des Pres), 385

Belgische Zapfenbirne (syn. of Long Green), 449
Belgium, pear in, 16
Belle Angevine, 262; parent of Bon-Chre"tien Vermont, 315; Belle Angevine (syn. of Pound), 208
[in the Southeastern U.S. -ASC] Belle apres Noel (syn. of Fondante de Noel), 164 Belle des Arbr#s, 262 Belle Audibert (syn. of Audibert), 254 Belle de Beaufort, 262

Belle Bessa, 262

Belle de Bolbec, 263

Belle et Bonne de Hée, 263

Belle et Bonne de la Pierre, 263

Belle de Brissac, 263

Belle de Bruxelles sans Pepins, 263

Belle de Craonnais, 263

Belle de la Croix Morel, 263

Belle de Decembre, 264

Belle Epine Dumas (syn. of fipine du Mas), 377

Belle de Esquermes (syn. of Fontenay), 165

Belle de Féron, 264

Belle du Figuier, 264

Belle de Flanders (syn. of Flemish Beauty), 163

Belle-Fleurusienne, 264

Belle de Flushing (syn. of Harvard), 412

Belle Fondante, 264

Belle de Forets, 264

Belle de Guasco, 264

Belle Guerandaise, 264

Belle Hugevine, 265

Belle Isle d'Angers, 265

Belle d'lxelles, 265

Belle de Jarnac (syn. of Nouvelle Fulvie), 483

Belle de Juillet, 265

Belle Julie, 265

Belle de Kain, 265

Belle de Lorient, 265

Belle Lucrative, 125; parent of P. Barry, 203;

President Clark, 509 Belle de Malines, 265 Belle de Martigny, 265 Belle-Moulinoise, 265

Belle de Noel (syn. of Fondante de Noel), 164 Belle de Noisette, 266

Belle de VOrient (syn. of Belle de Lorient), 265 Belle Picarde, 266 Belle Rouennaise, 266 Belle de Septembre (syn. of Grosse September Birne), 406

Belle de Stresa, 266 Belle Sucrée, 266 Belle de Thouars, 266 Belle Williams, 267

Belle de Zoar (syn. of Zoar Beauty), 588 Bellissime d'Automne, 267

Bellissime dJ#te (syn. of Jargonelle (French)), 178 Bellissime d'Hiver, 267 Belmont, 267 Beman, 267 Benadine, 267 Benoist, Auguste, orig. of Duchesse de Brissac, 372;

Marie Benoist, 463; prop, of Beurré Benoist, 287

Benoist, Jean-Henri, orig. of Belle de Brissac, 263 Benoist Nouveau, 267 Benoit Caroli, 268 Bensell, 268

Bensell, orig. of Bensell, 268 Benvie, 268 Bequesne, 268

Berckmans, Louis, orig. of varieties, 240, 308, 373,

389, 54O; 549, 563 Bergamot de Chantilly, 268 Bergamot Louvain, 268 Bergamot Seckel, 268 Bergamot Winter, 268 Bergamote Arsene Sannier, 268 Bergamote d'Automne Panachée, 269 Bergamote Balicq, 269 Bergamote Boussiere, 269

Bergamote du Bugey (syn. of Bergamotte Bugi), 270 Bergamote Espéren, parent of Directeur Varenne, 360

Bergamote Gansel (syn. of Gansel Bergamot), 391 Bergamote Hamdens, 269 Bergamote d'Hildesheim (syn. of Hildesheimer Bergamotte), 418

Bergamote de Hollande Panache'e, 269 Bergamote Lucrative (syn. of Belle Lucrative), 126
Bergamote de Pdues (syn. of Easter Bergamot), 374 Bergamote de la Pentecote (syn. of Easter Beurré), 159

Bergamote Philippot, 269

Bergamote Rose, 269

Bergamotte d'Anvers, 269

Bergamotte d'Automne, 270

BergamoUe Ballicq (syn. of Bergamote Balicq), 269

Bergamotte Bouvant, 270

Bergamotte Bufo, 270

Bergamotte Bugi, 270

Bergamotte de Coloma, 270

Bergamotte de la Cour, 271

Bergamotte Crassane (syn. of Crassane), 350

Bergamotte Crassane d'Hiver (syn. of Beurré Bruneau), 289

Bergamotte de Darmstadt, 271 Bergamotte de Donauer, 271 Bergamotte Double, 271 Bergamotte Dussart, 271 Bergamotte ILliza Mathews (syn. of Groom Prince Royal), 403 Bergamotte Espe"ren, 271; parent of Beurré* Henri Courcelle, 297; Bergamotte la Gantoise, 272;

President Barabé, 508 Bergamotte d'Esperen, parent of Frau Louise Goethe, 389 Bergamotte d'Esperen (syn. of Bergamotte Esp#ren), 271

Bergamotte EspeYen Souvenir de Plantieres, 271 Bergamotte d'fité, 271 Bergamotte d'ete de Kraft (syn. of Kraft Sommer Bergamotte), 438 Bergamotte d'été de Lubeck, 2J2 Bergamotte Fertile, 272

Bergamotte Fortune'e, parent of Le Lecher, 444 Bergamotte Fortunee (syn. of Fortune'e), 387 Bergamotte la Gantoise, 272 Bergamotte Heimbourg, 272 Bergamotte Herault, 272 Bergamotte Hertrich, 272 Bergamotte-d'Hiver de Furstenzell, 273

Bergamotte d'Hollande, 273

Bergamotte Jars, 273

Bergamotte de Jodoigne, 273

Bergamotte Klinkhardt, 273

Bergamotte Laffay, 273

Bergamotte Leseble, 273

Bergamotte Liabaud, 274

Bergamotte Mico, 274

Bergamotte de Millepieds, 274

Bergamotte Nicolle, 274

Bergamotte CEuf de Cygne, 274

Bergamotte d'Oisan, 274

Bergamotte de Parthenay, 274

Bergamotte Picquot, 275

Bergamotte Ploskui, 275

Bergamotte Poiteau, 275

Bergamotte Pomme, 275

Bergamotte du Quercy, 275

Bergamotte Reinette, 275

Bergamotte de Roe (syn. of Roe Bergamot), 522

Bergamotte de Rouen, 276

Bergamotte Rouge, 275

Bergamotte Rouge de Mayer, 276

Bergamotte Sageret, 276

Bergamotte Sanguine, 276

Bergamotte Sannier, 276

Bergamotte Sapieganka (syn. of Sapieganka), 541

Bergamotte Silvange, 276

Bergamotte de Souchait, 276

Bergamotte de Soulers, 277

Bergamotte de Stryker, 277

Bergamotte Suisse (syn. of Bergamote d'Automne Panaché e), 269 Bergamotte Suisse Rond, 277 Bergamotte Tardive Collette, 277 Bergamotte Tardive de Gansel (syn. of Gansel Late Bergamot), 391 Bergamotte Thuerlinckx, 277 Bergamotte de Tournai, 277 Bergamotte de Tournay, 278

Bergamotte von Vezouziere (syn. of Vezouziere), 571 Bergamotte Volltragende, 278 BergamoUe Welbeck (syn. of Welbeck Bergamot), 577 Bergbirne, 278 Bergen, 278

Bergen, Cornelius, orig. of Island, 425 Berlaimont, 278 Bernard, 278 Berriays, 278

Bertrand Guinoisseau, 278 Berzelius, 279 Besi de Caen, 279 Besi de Caffoy, 279 Besi-Care~me, 279

Besi de Chaumontel (syn. of Chaumontel), 335 Besi Dubost, 279

Besi de VEchasserie (syn. of Echasserie), 374 Besi Espéren, 279 Besi Gamier (syn. of Gamier), 392 Besi Goubault, 279 Besi de Grieser de Bohmerkirsch, 279



Besi d'Hery, 280

Besi Incomparable (syn. of Besi* Sans Pareil), 281

Besi Liboutton, 280

Besi de Mai, 280

Besi de Moncondroiceu, 280

Besi de Montigny, 280

Besi de la Motte, 280

Besi de Naghin, 281

Besi de la Pierre, 281

Besi de Quessoy, 281

Besi de Saint-Waast, 281

Besi Sans Pareil, 281

Besi Sanspareil (syn. of Besi Sans Pareil), 281

Besi Tardif, 281

Besi de Van Mons, 282

Besi des Veterans, 282

Besi de VindreV 282

Besi de Wutzum, 282 .

Bessard-Duparc, orig. of Madame Duparc, 457

Bessemianka, 282

Best Favorite, 282

Bettina, 282

Betzelsbirne, 283

Betzy, 283

Bem-re"Ad. Papeleu, 283

Beurré* Adam, 283

Beurré* d'Adenaw, 283

Beurré Alexandre Lucas, 283

BeurrS Alexandre Lucas (syn. of Alexander Lucas), 240

Beurré* Allard, 283 Beurré* Amandé, 283 Beurré* d'Amanlis, 283 Beurré* Ananas, 284 Beurré1 d'Angleterre, 284 Beurré1 d'Anjou, 127; parent of Huggard, 421; place in commercial pear culture, 84 Beurré"Antoine, 284 Beurré"Antoinette, 284

Beurré d'Apremont (syn. of Beurré Bosc), 130 Beurré Aqualine, 284 Beurré d'Arenberg, 129; confusion of, with Glou Morceau, 129

BeurrS d'Arenberg (syn. of Glou Morceau), 172 Beurré* de l'Assomption, 284; parent of Souvenir de Gaete, 550

Beurré"Andusson, 284 Beurré"des Augustins, 285 Beurré* Aunéniere, 285 Beurré1 d'Automne de Donauer, 28^ Beurré"d'Avoine, 285 Beurré' d'Avril, 285

Beurré Bachelier, 285; parent of S. T. Wright, 533 Beurré* Backhouse, 285 Beurré"Bailly, 285 Beurré* Baltet Pere, 286 Beurré"Baud, 286 Beurré* Beauchamp, 286 Beurré* Beaulieu, 286 Beurré Beaumont (syn. of Beurré* de Mortefontaine), 301

Beurré Beek, 286

Beurré des Beguines, 286

Beurré Bennert, 286

Beurré Benoist, 287

Beurré Berckmans, 287

Beurré de Biseau, 287

Beurr[' Blanc Dore, 287

Beurré Blanc de Nantes, 287

Beurré Boisbunel, 287

Beurré"Bollwiller, 288

Beurré de Bordeaux, 288

Beurré Bosc, 130; parent of Harris, 412; place of, in commercial pear culture, 84
Beurré Bourbon, 288 Beurré de Bretne, 288 Beurré Bretonneau, 288 Beurré de Brigne", 288 Beurré"Bronzé, 288 Beurré de Brou, 288 Beurré"Brougham, 289 Beurré Bruneau, 289 Beurré de Bruxelles, 289 Beurré1 Burnicq, 289 Beurré1 du Bus, 289 . Beurré"Bymont, 289 Beurré de Caen, 289 Beurré Capiaumont, 289 Beurré"Caty, 290 Beurré Caune, 290

Beurré* du Cercle Pratique de Rouen, 290 Beurré* du Champ Corbin, 290 Beurré Charron, 290 Beurré Chatenay, 290 Beurré"Chaudy, 290 Beurré Christ, 290
Beurré Citron, 290
Beurré Clairgeau, 132; parent of Cardinal Georges d'Ambroise, 328; Huggard, 421; Louis Vilmorm, 451; Therese Appert, 562 j place of, in commercial pear culture, 84 Beurré Clotaire, 290 Beurré de Coit, 291 Beurré Colmar, 291 Beurré Coloma, 291 Beurré du Comte Marcolini, 291 Beurré de Conitz, 291 Beurré Copretz, 291 Beurré Curiet (syn. of Lamy), 184 Beurré* Dalbret, 291 Beurré"Daras, 291 Beurré"Daviss, 291 Beurré1 Defays, 292 Beurré"Degalait, 292 Beurré Delannoy, 292 Beurré Delbecq,292 Beurré Delicat, 292 Beurré Derouineau, 292 Beurré Diel, 133; parent of Jeanne d'Arc, 429;

Pierre Corneille, 499 Beurré"Dilly, 292 Beurré* Docteur Pariset, 292

Beurré Dore de Bilboa (syn. of Golden Beurré of Bilboa), 398 Beurré Doux, 292 Beurré van Driessche, 293 Beurré Driessen, 293 Beurré Dubuisson, 293 Beurré Duhaume, 293 Beurré Dumont, 293 Beurré Dumortier, 293 Beurré Dupont, 293 Beurré Duquesne, 293 Beurré* Durand, 293 Beurré* Duval, 294

Beurré Duvivier (syn. of General Duvivier), 395 Beurré d'Ellezelles, 294

Beurré d'Enghien (syn. of Beurré Colmar), 291 Beurré fipine, 294

Beurré 6pine (syn. of Colmar fipine), 343
Beurré* d'Esperen, 294 Beurré d'Esquelmes, 294 Beurré Eugene Furst, 294 Beurré Fauve de Printemps, 294 Beurré* Favre, 294 Beurré Fenzl, 294 Beurré de FeVrier, 294
Beurré Fideline, 295 Beurré Flon, 295 Beurré Fouqueray, 295 Beurré* Gambier, 295 Beurré"Gaujard, 295 Beurré* van Geert, 295 Beurré"Gendron, 295 Beurré"de Germiny, 295 Beurré de Ghelin, 296 Beurré Giffard, 134; parent of August Jurie, 254; Fin Juillet, 382 Beurré"Gilles, 296

Beurré* Goubault, 296; parent of Fertility, 381 Beurré* Graue Herbst, 296 Beurré* Grétry, 296

Beurré* Gris, 296; parent of Cabot, 323 Beurré"-Gris d'Enghien, 296 Beurré Gris d'#te (syn. of Yat), 586 Beurré Gris d'ete de Hollande (syn. of Yat), 586 Beurré Gris d'Hiver Nouveau (syn. of Beurré* de Lucon), 300

Beurré* de Grumkon, 296 Beurré Grumkower, 296

Beurré Haffner (syn. of Haffner Butterbirne), 410 Beurré* Hamecher, 297 Beurré* d'Hardenpont, parent of Directeur Tisserand, 360

Beurré d'Hardenpont (syn. of Glou Morceau), 172 Beurré* d'Hardenpont d'Automne, 297 Beurré"Hardy, 135 Beurré"Hennau, 297 Beurré Henri Courcelle, 297; parent of Cardinal Georges d'Ambroise, 328; Pierre Curie, 499 Beurré"Hillereau, 297 Beurré d'Hiver, 297 Beurré"d'hiver de Dittrich, 297

Beurré d'Hiver de Kestner, 297

Beurré de Hochheim, 297

Beurré* Hudellet, 297

Beurré Jalais, 298

Beurré Jean Van Geert, 298

Beurré de Jonghe, 136

Beurré Keele Hall (syn. of Styrian), 554

Beurré Kennes, 298

Beurré Kenrick, 298

Beurré Knight, 298

Beurré* Knox, 298

Beurré de Konick, 298

Beurré Kossuth, 299

Beurré de Lade", 299

Beurré Lagasse, 299

Beurré Lamoyeau, 299

Beurré Langelier, 299

Beurré de Lederbogen, 299

Beurré Lefevre, 299

Beurré de Lenzen, 299

Beurré* Liebart, 299

Beurré de Lindauer, 300

Beurré Loisel, 300

Beurré de Longr6e, 300

Beurré* de Lucon, 300; parent of Casimir, 329

Bem-ré Luizet, 300

Beurré de Mans, 300

Beurré"Mauxion, 300

Beurré Menand, 300

Beurré de Merode (syn. of Doyenne Boussock), 152

Beurré Millet, 300

Beurré* Moiré, 300

Beurré Mondelle, 301

Beurré* Monfontaine, 301

Beurré"de Mons, 301

Beurré* de Montgeron, 301

Beurré"Morisot, 301

Beurré de Mortefontaine, 301

Beurré de Mortillet, 301

Beurré* Motte, 302

Beurré"des Mouehouses, 302

Beurré* de Naghin, 302

Beurré* de Nantes, 302

Beurré de Nesselrode, 302

Beurré Obozinski, 302

Beurré* Oudinot, 302

Beurré* de Paimpol, 302

Beurré1 de Palandt, 303

Beurré Pauline, 303

Beurré Pauline Delzent, 303

Beurré Payen, 303

Beurré"Perran, 303

Beurré PerrauU (syn. of Duchesse de Bordeaux), 371

Beurré Philippe Delfosse, 303

Beurré* Pointille de Roux, 303

Beurré de Popuelles, 303

Beurré Preble, 303

Beurré"Precoce, 304

Beurré Pringalle, 304

Beurré de Quenast, 304

Beurré de Ramegnies, 304

Beurré"de Ranee, 304

Beurré* Reine, 304

Beurré Richelieu, 304

Beurri Robert (syn. of Doyenné du Comice), 153

Beurré"Roland, 304

Beurré Romain, 304

Beurré' Rome Gaujard, 305

Beurri Rose, 305

Beurré"Rouge d'Automne, 305

Beurré Rouppe (syn. of Easter Beurré), 159

Beurré* Royal de Turin, 305

Beurri de Saint-Amand, 305

Beurré"de Saint Arnaud, 305

Beurré* Saint-Aubert, 305

Beurri Saint-Francois, 305

Beurri Saint-Marc, 305

Beurréde Saint- Nicolas (syn. of Duchesse d'Orléans), 156

Beurri Samoyeau, 305 Beurré* Scheidweiller, 306 Beurri Seutin, 306 Beurri de Silly, 306 Beurré"Six, 306 Beurré1 Soulange, 306 Beurré* Spence, 306 Beurré"Stappaerts, 306 Beurri Steins, 306 Beurré"Sterckmans, 306 Bern-re"de Stuttgardt, 307 Beurré"Sucre", 307 Beurré"Superfin, 137; parent of Comte de Lambertye, 346 Beurré1 Thoury, 307

BeurrS Thuerlinckx (syn. of Thuerlinckx), 563 Beurré* Triguer, 307 Beurré"de Ulm, 307 Beurré* Vanille, 307 Beurré* Varenne de Fenille, 307
Beurré"Vauban, 307 Beurri Vert d'fité, 307 Beurré* Vert Tardif, 308 Beurré Vert de Tournai (syn. of Bergamotte de Tournai), 277

Beurré Vital (syn. of Vital), 574 Beurré* Wamberchies, 308 Beurré* de Wetteren, 308 Beurré"Winter, 308 Beurré"Witzhumb, 308 Beurré* Woronson, 308 Beurré"Zotman, 308 Beyer Martinsbirne, 308 Beymont, 308 Bezi Blanc, 309 Bezi de Naples, 309

Bezi Vaet (syn. of Besi de Saint-Waast), 281 Bezy de Caissoy (syn. of Besi de Quessoy), 281 Bidwell, General, orig. of Kennedy, 434 Bied-Charreton, 309 Bierbaumer Mostbirne, 309 Big Productive, 309 Bijou, 309

Bill Campbell, 309

Binsce, 309

Birn von Fontenay (syn. of Fontenay), 166

Birne von Turschud, 309

Biseau d'Hauteville, A. de, orig. of Beurré de Biseau, 287 Biseau d'Hauteville, Chevalier de, orig. of President Watier, 511
Bishop Thumb, 309
Bivort, Alexandre, orig. of varieties, 237, 241, 264, 269, 284, 287, 303, 326, 340, 355, 431, 464, 465, 475, 490, 5". 520, 523, 528, 530, 531, 544, 58r; work as pear breeder, 19
Bivort Zuckerbirne, 309 Black Hawk, 310 Black Huff cap, 310 Black mold of pear, 117 Black Pear of Worcester (syn. of Black Worcester), 310

Black Sorrel, 310 Black Worcester, 310 Blackeney Red, 310 Blanchet, Claude, orig. of Claude Blanchet, 340; La France, 440 Blanquet Anastere, 310 Blanquet Long, 311
Blanquet a Longue Queue, 311 Blanquet Precoce, 311 Blanquet de Saitonge, 311 Blanquette de Toulouse, 311 Bleeker Meadow, 311 Blessed, 311 Blickling, 311

Blight, pear, control of, 113; notes on, in Blight resistance of Pyrus ovoidea, 81; Pyrus ussuriensis, 78

Blight resistant pear varieties, 112
Block, 311

Block, A., orig. of Acme, 237; Block, 311 Blodget, 312

Blodget, David, orig. of Blodget, 312 Bloodgood, 138

Bloodgood, James, introd. of Bloodgood, 139 Bloodgood's Sommerbirne (syn. of Bloodgood), 138 Blooming season of pear varieties, 88 Blooming time of pears, notes on, 87 Blumenbirne, 312 Blutbirne, 312 Bocksbirne, 312 Bodiker Dechantsbirne, 312 Bogenakerin, 312 Bohmische fruhe Jakobsbirne, 312 Boieldien, 312 Boisbunel, orig. of varieties, 200, 243, 245, 266, 275, 278, 287, 290, 295, 324, 344, 347, 349, 361, 366, 370, 395; 427, 440, 451, 452, 462, 469, 470, 471, 472, 491, 493, 505, 509, 510, 512, 544, 555, 570 Boisselot, orig. of Fortunee Boisselot, 387; President de la Bastie, 509; Professeur Barral, 514 Bolarmud, 312 BoUweiler, orig. of Bollweiler Butterbime, 312

<

Bollweiler Butterbirne, 312

Bologna, 312

Bonamy. orig. of Paul Bonamy, 492

'Bon-Chretien d'Auch (syn. of Bon-Chretien d'Hiver), 3H

Bon-Chretien d'Auch (Calvel), 312

Bon-Chretien d'Automne, 313

Bon-Chretien Bonnamour, 313

Bon-Chretien de Bruxelles (syn. of Bon-Chre'tien Fondant), 313

Bon-Chretien d'Espagne, 313 Bon-Chre"tien d'e"te, 313 Bon-Chretien Fondant, 313 Bon-Chretien Fred Baudry (syn. of Baudry), 261 Bon-Chretien Frederic Baudry, 313 Bon-Chre'tien d'Hiver, 314 Bon-Chretien d'Hiver Panaché, 314 Bon-Chre'tien Mathieu Joseph Lamarche, 314 Bon-Chretien de Nikita (syn, of Nikitaer Gnine Herbst-Apothekerbirne), 482 Bon-Chre'tien Prevost, 314 Bon-Chretien de Ranee (syn. of Beurré de Ranee), 304

Bon-Chre'tien du Rhin d'Automne, 314

Bon-Chre'tien Ricchiero, 314

Bon-Chretien Vermont, 315

Bon-Chre'tien de Vernois, 315

Bon-Chretien de Vernois (syn. of Flemish Bon-Chre'tien), 382

Bon-Chretien Williams1 (syn. of Bartlett), 124

Bon Gustave, 315

Bon Parent, 315

Bon-Roi-René, 315

Bon Vicaire, 315

Bonne d'Anjou, 315

Bonne-Antonine, 315

Bonne de Beugny, 316

Bonne Carmelite, 316

Bonne de la Chapelle, 316

Bonne Charlotte, 316

Bonne-Ente (syn. of White Doyenné), 228

Bonne d'Ezée, 316

Bonne de Jalais, 316

Bonne-Jeanne, 316

Bonne Louise d'Avranches (syn. of Louise Bonne de Jersey), 193

Bonne de Malines, parent of Leger, 444

Bonne de Malines (syn. of Winter Nelis), 232

Bonne Sophia, 316

Bonne de Soulers (syn. of Bergamotte de Soulers), 277

Bonne Therese, 317

Bonne des Zoes, 317

Bonnefond, orig. of Madame Bonnefond, 456

Bonnefoy, orig. of Doyenné Nérard, 368; Madame filisa Dumas, 457

Bonners, 317

Bonneserre de Saint-Denis, 317

Bonnet, orig. of Beurré Hardy, 136; Lesbre, 447

Bonnet Zuckerbirne, 317

Bordeaux (syn. of Duchesse de Bordeaux), 371

Bordine Musk, 317

Borers on pear, 120

Bosc, introd. of Styrian, 554

Bosc (syn. of Beurré Bosc), 130

Bosc's Butterbirne (syn. of Beurré Bosc), 130

Bosc's Flaschenbirne (syn. of Beurré Bosc), 130

Boston (syn. of Pinneo), 499

Botany, structural, of pear, 58

Bouchamp, 317

Boucqueau, Albert, orig. of Fondante Albert, 383

Boucquia, 317

Bouet, Henri, orig. of Henri Bouet, 415

Bourdon de Roi, 317

Boussock (syn. of Doyenne Boussock), 152

Boutoc, 317

Bouvert Musque (syn. of Parfum d'Hiver), 490

Bouvier, Simon, orig. of varieties, 184, 240, 241, 315, 318, 328, 343, 355, 356, 378, 416, 426, 446, 545, 546, 565, 568; work as pear breeder, 19

Bouvier d'Automne, 318

Bouvier Bourgmestre, 318

Bouviers Herbstbirne, 318

Bouzin, Norbert, orig. of Doyenné de Ramegnies, 369

Bowdoin, 318

Bowne Winter Russet, 318

Boyken June, 318

Braconot, 318

Brandes, 318

Brandy wine, 140

Braunrote Speckbirne, 318

Braunrothe Fruhlingsbirne, 319

Braunrothe Sommerrusselet, 319

Brederode, 319

Breeding pears, Van Mons' theory of, 18

Bremer Butterbirne, 319

Brewer, 319

Brewster, 319

Brialmont, 319

Brielsche Pomeranzenbirne, 319

Briffaut, 319

Briffaut, orig. of President Pay en, 510

Brinckle, Dr. W. D,, orig. of Catherine Gardette, 330; Edward Seedling St. Germain, 375; President Felton, 509; Wilmington, 582

Brindamour, 320

Bringewood, 320

British Queen, 320

Brockworth Park (syn. of Bonne d'Ezee), 316

Broncirte Winterbirne, 320

Bronx, 320

Bronzee Boisselot, 320

Bronze'e d'Enghien, 320

Brookline, 320

Broom Park, 320

Brough Bergamot, 320

Brown, Samuel, orig. of Sam Brown, 539

Brown Beurré (syn. of Beurré Gris), 296

Brown-Blotch of pear, 116

Bruant, introd. of Figueira, 382; orig. of Commandant Belaieff, 345

<

Bruce, A. L., orig. of Alamo, 240

Bruderbirne (syn. of Pound), 208

Brugmans, 321

Brumbirne, 321

Brune Min#me, 321

Brunet, 321

Brüsseler Herbstbergamotte, 321

Brüssler Zuckerbirne (syn. of Sucrée Van Mons), 555

Brute Bonne, 321

Bryan, Edwards, 321

Bryant, mention of fruits in California by, 54; orig. of Cedarmere, 331

Brymer, Col., introd. of Santa Claus, 540 Buchanan, 321

Buchanan, Isaac, orig. of Buchanan, 321 Buckman, Benjamin, orig. of Timpling, 563 Bud-moth on pear, 120 Budd, J. L., introd. of Russian pears, 56; orig. of Gibb, 396 Buffalo, 321

Buffam (syn. of Buffum), 141 Buffum, 141 Bugiarda (syn. of Bon-Chrétien Fondant), 313; (fipine d'Bt6), 377

Buneau, Jules, orig. of Marie Jallais, 464 Bunte Mannabirne, 321 Buntebirne, 321

Burbank, Luther, orig. of Test, 560 Burchardt, Judge, orig. of Malvoisie de Landsberg, 461

Burchardt Butterbirne, 322 Buree Winter, 322 Burgoyne, 322 Burkett, 322 Burlingame, 322

Burlingame, Mrs., orig. of Burlingame, 322 Burnett, 322

Burnett, Joel, orig. of Burnett, 322 Burton, R. E., orig. of Ulatis, 567 Butt Pear, 322 Butterartige Bergamotte, 322 Butterbirne von Saint-Nicolas (syn. of Duchesse d'Orléans), 156

Büttner Sachsische Ritterbirne, 322


C

Cabot, 323

Cabot, J. S., orig. of Cabot, 323 Cadeau, 323 Cadet de Vaux, 323 Caen de France, 323 Caesar, 323

Caillot (syn. of Naquette), 480 Caillot Rosat (English), 323 Caillot Rosat (French), 323 Calbasbirn, 324 Calebasse, 324

Calebasse AbUFetel (syn. of Abbé F6tel), 236 Calebasse d'Anvers, 324 Calebasse de Bavay, 324 Calebasse Boisbunel, 324 Calebasse Bosc, 324 Calebasse Delvigne, 325

Calebasse d'fite, 325

Calebasse Fondante, 325

Calebasse Grosse (syn. of Van Marum), 569

Calebasse d'Hiver, 325

Calebasse Kickx, 325

Calebasse Leroy, 325

Calebasse Oberdieck, 325

Calebasse d'Octobre, 326

Calebasse princesse Marianne (syn. of Princesse Marianne), 513 Calebasse Rose, 326 Calebasse Tougard, 326 Calebasse Verte, 326 Calhoun, 326

California, first commercial pear orchard in, 54 Caliorosa, 326 Caliroa cerasi on pear, 119 Calixte Mignot, 326

Calliot (syn. of Caillot Rosat (French)), 324 Calvillebirne, 326 Calvin, 326 Camak, 326

Camak, J., orig. of Camak, 326 Cambace"res, 327 Camerling, 327 Camille de Rohan, 327 Camperveen (syn. of Kamper-Venus), 433 Canandaigua, 327; parent of Ontario, 202 Canners Japan (syn. of Japan Golden Russet), 428 Canning, 327 Canning pears, 109 Canourgues, 327 Cantelope, 327 Canton, 327

Capeinick, orig. of Duchesse de Brabant, 372 Capiaumont, orig. of Beurré Capiaumont, 289 Capsheaf, 328 Capucine Van Mons, 328 Carasi, 328

Carcas, orig. of Roux Carcas, 532 Cardinal Georges d'Ambroise, 328 Cardinale (syn. of Amiral), 244 Carleton, 328 Carmel, 328 Carminbirne, 328 Caroline Hogg, 328
Carpocapsa pomonella on pear, 118
Carriere, 329
[Carrick, modern pear introduced after The Pears of New York was published -ASC]
Cartheurserbirne, 329 Case, William, orig. of Mary (Case), 467 Casimir, 329

Cassante du Cornice, 329 Cassante de Mars, 329 Cassel, 329

Cassel Nurs. Co., introd. of Cassel, 329 Casser, orig. of Columbia, 344 Casserule (syn. of Poire de Casserole), 502 Cassolette, 329 Cassolette (Knoop), 329 Castelain, Florimond, orig. of Castelline, 330 Castelline, 330

Catch crops for pear orchards, 102

Caterpillars on pear, 120

Catherine Gardette, 330

Catherine Lambre, 330

Catherine Royal, 330

Catillac, 330

Catinka, 330

Cato, mention of pear by, 7

Cauwenberghe, Lievin Van, orig. of Henriette Van

Cauwenberghe, 416 Cavaignac, 330 Cavelier de la Salle, 331 Cecil, Mrs. Evelyn, mention of pears by, 31 Cedarmere, 331 Cels Butterbirne, 331 Century, 331

Cephalothecium roseum, cause of pink-rot of pear, 117 Cerise Brune, 331 Cerise Double, 331 Cerruttis Durstlosche, 331 Certeau, 331 Certeau d'Automne, 331 Certeau d'fité, 331 Certeau d'Hiver, 332 Cesile, 332

Chaenomeles, relationship of, to pear, 57 Chaigneau, 332 Chair-a-Dame, 332 Chalk (syn. of Crawford), 350 Chambers (syn. of Early Harvest), 158 Chambrette, Marquis, introd. of Virgouleuse, 573 Chamness, 332

Chamness, orig. of Chamness, 332 Champ Riche d'ltalie, 332 Champagner Bratbirne, 333 Chancelier de Hollande, 333 Chancellor, 333

Chancellor, orig. of Chancellor, 333 Chantry, 333 Chaploux, 333 Chapman, 333 Chaptal, 333

Charlemagne, promotion of pear culture by, 12 Charles Bivort, 333 Charles Cognee, 334 Charles Ernest, 334 Charles Frederickx, 334 Charles de Guelin, 334 Charles Smet, 334 Charles van Hooghten, 334 Charles Van Mons, 334 Charli Basiner, 334 Charlotte de Brouwer, 334 Charlotte de Roucourt, 335 Charnock, 335

Charon, orig. of Beurré Charon, 290 Chat Brule, 335

Chatenay, Pierre, orig. of Beurré Chatenay, 290 Chattanooga, 335 Chaudfontaine, 335 Chaudy, orig. of Madame Chaudy, 456

Chaumontel, 335; parent of Chaumontel Gras, 335

Chaumontel Gras, 335

Chaumontel Swan Egg, 336

Chaumontelle d'ete", 336

Chelmsford, 336

Cher a Dames (Knoop), 336

Cherroise, 336

Chesill, 336

Chesneau, discov. of Fondante de la Roche, 385

Chevreau, Arthur, orig. of Arthur Chevreau, 253

Chilton, 336

China, 336

Chinese Pear. (See Pyrus serotina)

Chinese Sand (syn. of Sha Lea), 545

Chio, 337

Choak-pear, 337

Choisnard, 337

Cholwell, 337

Christmas, 337

Christmas Beurré, 337

Church, 337

Churchill, Mrs., orig. of Alexander, 240

Chypre, 337

Cincincis, 338

Cincincis Seedling, 338

Cinquantieme anniversaire, 338

Cire, 338

Cit6 Gomand, 338

Citrina, 338

Citron, 338

Citron des Carmes (syn. of Madeleine), 195

Citron d'Hyver, 339

Citron de Saint Paul, 339

Citron de Sierentz, 339

Citronnée, 339

Clairgeau, Pierre, orig. of Beurré Clairgeau, 132

Clairgeau (syn. of Beurr^ Clairgeau), 132

Clairgeau1 s Butterbirne (syn. of Beurré"Clairgeau), 132

Clap, 339

Clap, William, orig. of Clap, 339 Clapp, F. et L., orig. of Newhall, 481; Nicholas, 481 Clapp, Lemuel, orig. of Dorset, 149; Frederick Clapp, 169; Harris (Massachusetts), 412
Clapp, Thaddeus, orig. of Clapp Favorite, 143; Sarah, 541
Clapp Favorite, 142; parent of Tolstoy, 564; place of, in commercial pear culture, 84
Clapp No. 22 (syn. of Frederick Clapp), 169 Clapp's Favourite (syn. of Clapp Favorite), 142 Clapp's Liebling (syn. of Clapp Favorite), 142 Clara, 339 Clara Durieux, 339 Claretenbirne, 339 Clark, 339 Clarksville, 340 Claude Blanchet, 340 Claude Mollet, 340 Clay, 340

Clean culture versus sod for pear orchards, 102 Clemence de Lavours, 340

Cletnence van Rumbeck, 340

Clement Bivort, 340

Clementine, 340

Climate adapted to pear culture, 85

Climate of America uncongenial to pears, 38

Clinton, 340

Clion (syn. of Vicar of Winkfield), 227

Cloche de Wittenberg, 340

Clot, orig. of Beurré* Clotaire, 290

Cludius, orig. of Hildesheimer Spate Sommerbirne, 418

Codling moth on pear, 118 Cceur-de-Boeuf (syn. of Ochsenherz), 484 Coit, Colonel, orig. of Beurré* de Coit, 291; Coit Beurré*, 340 Coit Beurré*, 340 Cold resistant pears, 86 Cold storage of pears, 109 Cole, 341 Cole Winter, 341

Colland, Jean, orig. of Triomphe de Vienne, 566 Collins, 341 Colmar, 341 Colmar d'Alost, 341 Colmar d'Arenberg, 341 Colmar Artoisenet, 341 Colmar d'Automne Nouveau, 342 Colmar Bretagne, 342 Colmar Charni, 342 Colmar Daras, 342 Colmar Delahaut, 342 Colmar Demeester, 342 Colmar Dewez, 342 Colmar ftpine, 342 Colmar d'fSté, 343 Colmar Flotow, 343 Colmar-Hirondelles, 343

Colmar des Invalides (syn. of Colmar Van Mons), 344 Colmar de Jonghe, 343 Colmar de Mars, 343 Colmar du Mortier, 343 Colmar Navez, 343 Colmar Neill, 344 Colmar Sirand, 344 Colmar Van Mons, 344 Colmart, 344 Coloma, Count de, orig. of Beurré Coloma, 291;

Coloma Carmeliterbirne, 344; Reine des Poires, 519; Supreme Coloma, 557 Coloma Carmeliterbirne, 344

Coloma1 s Herbst Butterbirne (syn. of Urbaniste), 224 Colonel Wilder, 143 Colorado Seedless, 344 Colored de Juillet, 344 Columbia, 144

Columbia (syn. of Barseck), 260 Comet (syn. of Lawson), 186 Cometbirne (syn. of Lawson), 186 Comice (syn. of Doyenné du Comice), 153 Comice Horticole, originator of Doyenné du Comice, 154

39

Commandant Belaieff, 345

Commercial varieties of pears, 84; in New York, 101

Commissaire Delmotte, 345

Commodore, 345

Compotbirne, 345

Compote d'jfité, 345

Comprette, 345

Comstock, 345

Comte Canal de Malabaila, 345

Comte de Chambord, 345

Comte d'Egmont, 346

Comte de Flandres, 346

Comte de Lambertye, 346

Comte de Lamy (syn. of Lamy), 184

Comte Lelieur, 346

Comte de Meladore, 346

Comte de Morny, 346

Comte de Paris, 346

Comtesse d'Alost, 346

Comtesse de Chambord, 346

Comtesse Clara Frijs, 347

Comtesse de Grailly, 347

Comtesse de Paris, 347

Condorcet, 347

Conference, 347

Congres de Gand, 347

Congres Pomologique, 347

Conkleton, 348

Conklin, 348

Connecticut, 348

Conseiller de Hollande, 348

Conseiller Ranwez, 348

Constant, Thomas, orig. of Sudduth, 220

Constant Claes, 348

Constitutional characters of pear-trees, 59

Cooke, 348

Cooke, Elijah, orig. of Beurré* Preble, 303

Coolidge, D. W., introd. of Winter Bartlett, 231

Copia, 348

Coppiers, orig. of Vice-President Coppiers, 572

Cordus, discussion of pears by, 20

Cornelie Daras, 348

Cornemuse, 348

Cornewell, 349

Cost of growing pears, no

Coter, 349

Coule-Soif de Cerutti, 349

Courte-queue d'Automne, 349

Courte-queue d'Hiver, 349

Cousin Blanc, 349

Couteau, 349

Coxe, experimental orchards of, 52; first American pomology by, 52 Craig, 349

Craig Favourite, 350
Crassane, 350; parent of Boieldien, 312; Lydie Thie'rard, 454 Crassane Libotton, 350 Crassane du Mortier, 350
Crawford, 350 Crawford, N. W., orig. of Carmel, 328

Crede kegelfdrmige Zuckerbirne, 350

Crede Sommerrusselet, 350

Crescenzi, discussion of pear by, 11

Crisco, 351

Crisco, Robert, orig. of Crisco, 351
[Crisp 'n Sweet, modern pear not in The Pears of New York- ASC]
Crnivka, 351

Crocker, 351

Croft Castle, 351

Crosby, J. W., orig. of Redfield, 518

Cross, 351

Cross, orig. of Cross, 351

Crouch, 351

Crow, 351

Crown-gall on pear, 116

Cuissard and Barret, orig. of Madame Cuissard, 456

Cuisse Madame, parent of Windsor, 583

Cuisse Madame (syn. of Jargonelle (French)), 178

Cullem, 351

Culture, pear, notes on, 83

Cumberland, 351

Cure (syn. of Vicar of Winkfield), 227

Cure d'Oleghem, 352

Curtet's Butterbirne (syn. of Lamy), 184

Cushing, 352

Cushing, Col. Washington, orig. of Cushing, 352

Cydonia, relationship of, to pear, 57

Czernowes, 352


D

D'Amboise, 352

D'Ane (syn. of Langbirne), 441

D'Aout Allemande (syn. of Deutsche Augustbirne), 358

D'Arad, 352 D'Auch, 352 D'CEuf, 352 Daimyo, 353 Dallas, 353 Dame, 353 Dame-verte, 353 Dana, Francis, orig. of varieties, 146, 238, 244, 255, 380, 388, 396, 455, 466, 509, 545 Dana Hovey, 146; parent of Luola, 454 Dana's Hovey (syn, of Dana Hovey), 146 Dana's No. 16 (syn. of Dana Hovey), 146 Danas Hovey (syn. of Dana Hovey), 146 Daras de Naghin, orig. of varieties, 242, 250, 260, 268, 269, 296, 324, 335, 342, 347] 348, 392, 396, 418, 424, 429, 444, 446, 458, 459, 463, 464, 492, 493. 517, 527; 550. 559. 565
Darimont, 353 Darlington, 353 Dathis, 353

Dauvesse, orig. of Esther Comte, 378 David, 353 David d'Angers, 353 Davis, 354

Davis, orig. of Davis, 354; Gold Nugget, 399 De Bavay (syn. of Autumn Colmar), 256 De Cerciaux, 354 De Chasseur, 354 De Croixmare, 354 De Duvergnies, 354

De la Farge, A., orig. of Belle et Bonne de la Pierre, 263; Besi de la Pierre, 281; Citron de Saint Paul, 339

De Fer, 354 De Fosse, 354 De Jonghe, J., introd. of varieties, 450; orig. of varieties, 261, 280, 292, 334, 343, 348, 370, 447, 522; work of, as pear breeder, 19 De Jonghe's Butterbirne (syn. of Beurré de Jonghe) 136

De Lamartine, 355

De Longueval, orig. of Louise Bonne de Jersey, 193

De Louvain, 355

De Nelis, work of, as pear breeder, 19

De Pretre, 355

De Quentin (syn. of Rousselet Saint-Quentin), 530

De Rachmquin, 355

De Serres, discussion of the pear by, 14

De Tongres (syn. of Durandeau), 373

Dearborn, 147

Dearborn, Gen. H. A. S., biography of, 147; orig. of Dearborn, 147

Dearborn's Seedling (syn. of Dearborn), 147 Dechantsbirne von Alençon (syn. of Doyenne d'Alençon), 150 Defays, Francois, orig. of Beurré Defays, 292;

Doyenné Defays, 366

Degaud, Isidore, orig. of Delices de Froyennes, 356 Dehove, Frangois, orig. of Rondelet, 523 Delannoy, Alexandre, orig. of Beurré' Delannoy, 292 Delcange, 355

Delices d'Angers (syn. of Fondante du Panisel), 385 Delices de la Cacaudiere, 355 Delices de Charles, 355 Delices de Chaumont, 356 Delices Everard, 356 Delices de Froyennes, 356 Delices d'Hardenpont, 356 Delices d'Hardenpont $'Angers (syn. of Fondante du Panisel), 385 Delices d'Hiver, 356 Delices de Huy, 356 Delices de Jodoigne, 356 Delices de Ligaudieres, 356 D61ices de Lovenjoul, 356 Delices de la Meuse, 357 D61ices de Naghin, 357 Delices de Saint-Medard, 357 Delices de Tirlemont, 357 . Delicieuse de Grammont, 357 Delicieuse de Swijan, 357 Delisse, 357 Delpierre, 357 Delporte Bourgmestre, 357 Democrat, 357

Demoiselle (syn. of Vigne), 572 Demorest, 357 Dempsey, 357 Denis Dauvesse, 358

Derouineau, orig. of Beurré Derouineau, 292 Dervaes Bros., orig. of BeYgamotte la Gantoise, 272

Des Chartreux, 358

Des Chasseurs (syn. of Poire des Chasseurs), 502

Des Chevriers de Stuttgardt (syn. of Rousselet de Stuttgardt), 531 Des Deux Soeurs, 358 Deschamps, Monseigneur, orig. of Beurré* d'Arenberg, 129

Description blank for pear, opposite 68 Desiré Cornelis, 358 Desportes, Francois, orig. of Doyenne"Downing, 366

Dessauer Weissbirne, 358

Deutsche Augustbirne, 358

Deutsche Glasbirne, 358

Deutsche Kummelbirne, 358

Deutsche Muskateller, 358

Deux Fois VAn (syn. of Honey), 420

Deux Tetes, 359

Devergnies, 359

Devergnies, orig. of Devergnies, 359

Dewey, 359

Dhomm6e, 359

Diamant-peer (syn. of Gansel Bergamot), 391

Dickerman, 359

Dickinson, orig. of Eureka, 379

Diego, 359

Diet (syn. of Beurré* Diel), 133

Diet's Butterbirne (syn. of Beurré* Diel), 133

Dienstbotenbirne, 359

Dieudonn6 Anthoine, 359

Dikeman (syn. of Dickerman), 359

Diller, 360

Dilly, V., orig. of Bern-re"Dilly, 292

Diman, 360

Dion, orig. of Belle GueYandaise, 264

Directeur Alphand, 360

Directeur Hardy, 360

Directeur Tisserand, 360

Directeur Varenne, 360

Dirkjes Peer, 360

Diseases of the pear, no

Dix, 360

Dix, Madame, orig. of Dix, 360

Dixie, 360

Doat, 361

Doat, orig. of Doat, 361

Docteur Andry, 361

Docteur B6nit, 361

Docteur Bourgeois, 361

Docteur Bouvier, 361

Docteur Capron, 361

Docteur Chaineau, 361

Docteur Delatosse, 361

Docteur Gromier, 361

Docteur Joubert, 361

Docteur Jules Guyot (syn. of Guyot), 173

Docteur Koch, 361

Docteur Lentier, 362

Docteur Lindley, 362

Docteur Meniere, 362

Docteur Nelis, 362

Docteur P. Bruzon, 362

Docteur Pariset, 362

Docteur Pigeaux, 362

Docteur Rheder (syn. of Reeder), 211

Docteur Trousseau, 362

Doctor Bachmann, 362

Doctor Engelbrecht, 363

Doctor Hogg Bergamot, 363

Doctor Hoskins, 363

Doctor Howe, 363

Dr. Jules Guyot, 173

Doctor Reeder (syn. of Reeder), 211

Doctor Turner, 363

Dodge, 363

Dodoens, mention of pear varieties by, 16

Doktorsbirne, 363

Donatienne Bureau, 363

Dones, 363

Donville, 363

Doppelte Philippsbirne (syn. of Doyenne Boussock), 152

Doppelttragende gelbe Muskatellerbime, 364 Dorell Herbst Muskateller, 364 Dorlain, orig. of Saint Ghislain, 536 Dorothea Nouvelle, 364 Dorothee Royale Nouvelle, 364 Dorr, 364 Dorschbirne, 364 Dorset, 149 Dosoris, 364 Double d'Automne, 364 Double Blossom (syn. of Double-Fleur), 364 Double-Fleur, 364 Double de Guerre, 365 Double-Plouvier, 365 Double Rousselet, 365 Douglas, 150

Douillard, orig. of Alexandrine Douillard, 241 Dow, 365

Downer, Samuel, introd. of Andrews, 246 Dowler, 365 Downton, 365 Doyen Dillen, 365

Doyenne (syn. of White Doyenne), 228 Doyenne"d'Alencon, 150; parent of Bergamotte Tardive Collette, 277; Pierre Curie, 499 Doyenne"Bizet, 365

Doyenne Blanc (syn. of White Doyenne), 228 Doyenne Blanc Long, 366 Doyenne Boisnard, 366 Doyenne Boisselot, 366 Doyenné de Bordeaux, 366.
Doyenne Boussoch (syn. of Doyenne Boussock), Doyenné Boussock, 152; parent of Fondante des Emmure'es, 384

Doyenne Boussock Nouvelle (syn. of Doyenne Boussock), 152

Doyenné Bouyron, 366 Doyenné du Cercle, 366 Doyenné a Cinq Pans, 366

Doyenne du Comice, 153; parent of Directeur Tisserand, 360; Doyenné Georges Boucher, 367; Jeanne d'Arc, 429; Pierre Corneille, 499

Doyenne"Defays, 366

Doyenne Downing, 366

Doyenne d'Effay (syn. of Doyenné Defays), 366

Doyenné d'Été, parent of Eliot Early, 375; Doyenné d'Été (syn. of Summer Doyenné), 221

Doyenne Flon Ainé, 367

Doyenné Fradin, 367

Doyenne Georges Boucher, 367

Doyenne Goubault, 367

Doyenne Gray (syn. of Doyenné Gris), 367

Doyenne de la Grifferaye, 367

Doyenne Gris, 367

Doyenne Gris, parent of Avocat Allard, 257

Doynné Guillard, 367

Doyenne des Haies, 367

Doyenne d'Hiver (syn. of Easter Beurré), 159

Doyenne Hudellet, 368

Doyenne Jamin, 368

Doyenne de Juillet (syn. of Summer Doyenné), 221

Doyenne de Lorraine, 368

Doyenné Louis, 368

Doyenne de Merode (syn. of Doyenne Boussock), 152

Doyenné de Mont jean, 368

Doyenne Nerard, 368

Doyenne Nouveau, 368

Doyenne Perrault, 368

Doyenne Picard, 368

Doyenne Rahard, 369

Doyenne de Ramegnies, 369

Doyenné Robin, 369

Doyenné Rose, 369

Doyenné Saint-Roch, 369

Doyenné de Saumur, 369

Doyenné Sentelet, 369

Doyenné Sieulle, 369

Doyenné Sterckmans (syn. of Beurré* Sterckmans), 306

Drapiez, 369

Driessche, orig. of Beurré* van Driessche, 293

Driessen's Pomeranzenbirne (syn. of Beurré* Dries-sen), 293

Drone, 370

Drouard (syn. of President Drouard), 210

Du Breuil, Alphonse, orig. of Du Breuil Pere, 370; Souvenir de du Breuil Pere, 549

Du Breuil Pere, 370

Du Mirror, 370

Du Mortier, orig. of Bergamotte de Tourni, 278

Du Roeulx, 370

Dubreuil, orig. of Professeur Dubreuil, 514

Dubrulle, 370

Dubuisson, Isidore, orig. of Beurré Dubuisson, 293

Due Alfred de Croy, 370

Due d'Aumale, 370

Due de Brabant, 370

Due de Morny, 370

Due de Nemours, 370

Duchess of Angoulême (syn. of Duchesse d'Angoulême), 154
Duchess Bronze (syn. of Duchesse d'Angoulême Bronzee), 371

Duchess of Orleans (syn. of Duchesse d'Orléans), 156
Duchesse d'Angoulême, 154; parent of Bill Campbell, 309; Cassel, 329; Dempsey, 357; Douglas, 150; Duchesse Précoce, 372; General Wauchope, 395; Henri Bouet, 415; place of, in New York pear culture, 85 Duchesse d'Angouletne Bronzée, 371 Duchesse d'Angoul6me Panachee, 371 Duchesse Anne, 371 Duchesse d'Arenberg, 371 Duchesse de Berry d'fité, 371 Duchesse de Bordeaux, 371; parent of Doyenné a Cinq Pans, 366 Duchesse de Brabant, 372 Duchess de Brabant (De Capeinick), 372 Duchesse de Brissac, 372 Duchesse Grousset, 372 Duchesse Helene d'Orleans, 372 Duchesse d'Hiver, 372 Duchesse Hybrid, 372 Duchesse de Mars, 372 Duchesse de Mouchy, 372 Duchesse d'Orle'ans, 156 Duchesse Précoce, 372 Duchovaya, 373 Dudley, 373 Dudley, mention of pears by, 45; orig. of Dudley, 373

Duhamel (syn. of Duhamel du Monceau), 157 Duhamel du Monceau, 157

DuhameVs Butterbirne (syn. of Duhamel du Monceau), 157

Duke, Lucy, orig. of Beaufort, 262; Lucy Duke, 194 Dumas (syn. of Epine du Mas), 377 Dumon-Dumortier, 373 Dumont, Joseph, orig. of Bergamotte de Tournai, 277; Beurr^ Dumont, 293; Beurré* d'Esquelmes, 294

Dundas, 373 Dunmore, 373 Dupuy Charles, 373 Duquesne, Abbé, orig. of Colmar Van Mons, 344; Marie Louise, 198
Durand-Gasselin, orig. of Poire Brune de Gasselin, 5O1

Durandeau, 373

Durandeau, Charles Louis, orig. of Durandeau, 373 Dur6e, 374 Durst-Losche, 374

Dussart, orig. of Bergamotte Dussart, 271
"Dutch Jacob", discoverer of Seckel, 215
Duval, orig. of Archiduc Charles, 251; Bern-re"Duval, 294

Dwarfing, best pear varieties for, 95; of pears, 94


E
Earl, S., orig. of Herkimer, 417 Early Ely, 374 Early Green Sugar, 374

Early Harvest, 158

Early Butter of Indiana (syn. of Craig), 349

Early Rousselet (syn. of Rousselet Hatif), 528

Early Wilbur (syn. of Wilbur), 580

Early Wilder (syn. of Wilder Early), 230

Easter Bergamot, 374

Easter Beurré 159; parent of Directeur Varenne, 360; Louis Cappe, 451; Souvenir de Renault Pere, 550

Eastern Belle, 374

Echasserie, 374

Eckard, W. C, orig. of Luola, 454

Economic considerations in pear culture, 94

Edle Somerbirne, 375

Edward Seedling St. Germain, 375

Edwards, Bryan, orig. of Bryan Edwards, 321

Edwards, Henry W., biography of, 375; orig. of varieties, 326, 327, 338, 340, 353, 375, 388, 416, 567, 568, 581

Effie Holt, 375

Eliot, Judge Charles, orig. of Eliot Early, 375

Eliot Early, 375

Elisa d'Heyst, 375

Elizabeth, 161

Elizabeth (Edwards), 375

Elizabeth de Manning (syn. of Elizabeth), 161

Elizabeth Maury, 376

Ellis, 376

Ellis, Annie E., orig. of Ellis, 376

Ellis (New York), 376

Ellison, M. P., orig. of Ford, 386

Ellwanger, George, biography of, 205

Ellwanger et Barry, introd. into America of Alexander Lucas, 240

Ely, Silas, orig. of Early Ely, 374

Emerald, 376

Emile d'Heyst, 376

Endicott pear tree, 41

Enfant Nantais, 376

Enfant Prodigue, 376

England, pear in, 29

English and American pear-growing compared,

37

fcpargne (syn. of Jargonelle), 177

Epine d'fite\ 377

fipine d'Ete Rouge, 377

Epine d'Hiver, 377

Epine de Jernages, 377

fipine du Mas, 377

fipine Royale, 377

fipine-Royale de Courtray, 378

Eriophyes pyri on pear, 119

Ermsinde, 378

Ernestine Auzolle, 378

Ernst, A. H., introd. of Prairie du Pond, 506

Eseme, 378

Esperen, Major, orig. of varieties, 165, 180, 219, 242, 271 , 279, 288, 289, 3IS 325. 329. 33O, 334. 338, 362, 365* 375; 376, 384* 4OO, 430, 457* 462, 477, 478, 491, 492, 494, 5i3] 53i] 542, 548, 558, 563, 573; work of, as a pear breeder, 19

Esperen Waldbirne (syn. of Belle de Forets), 264

Esperen's Herrenbirne (syn. of Belle Lucrative), 126

Esperine, 378

Esperione, 378

Essex, 378

Essington, W. E., orig. of Autumn Josephine, 256

Esther Comte, 378

Estienne, list of pears given by, 13

Estranguillon, 378

Esturion, 378

Eugene Appert, 379

Eugene Furst, 379

Eugene Maisin, 379

Eugene des Nouhes, 379

Eugene Thirriot, 379

Euratsfelder Mostbirne, 379

Eureka, 379

Europe, eastern and central, pear in, 19

European pear varieties imported into America, 52

Eva Baltet, 379

Everard, Gabriel, orig. of Delices Everard, 356

Excellente de Moine, 380

Excelsior, 380

Eyewood, 380

Fabraea maculata, cause of leaf-blight, 115

Fall, 380

Fall Beurré d'Arenburg, 380

Famenga, 380

Farragut (syn. of Admiral Farragut), 238

Fassbirne (syn. of Tonneau), 564

Faurite, 380

Fauvanelle, 380

Favorite de Clapp (syn. of Clapp Favorite), 142

Favorite Joanon, 380

Favorite Morel, 381

Favre, orig. of Madame Favre, 458; Souvenir Favre, 550 Feast, 381

Feast, Samuel, orig. of Feast, 381 Feaster, Aaron, orig. of Bleeker Meadow, 311 Felix de Liem, 381 Felix Sahut, 381 Feraut, orig. of Augier, 254 Ferdinand Gaillard, 381 Ferdinand de Lesseps, 381 Fertility, 381 Fertility of pear, 99 Fertilizers for pears, 98 Feuille de chene (syn. of Naples), 479 Figue, 381

Figue d'Alençon, 382 Figue de Naples, 382 Figueira, 382 Fin Juillet, 382 Fin-Or d'Orleans*382 Fin-Or de Septembre, 382 Fine Gold of Summer (syn. of Fin-Or d'Orleans),

382

Fitzwater, 382

Flack, W., orig. of Essex, 378 Fleming, Mrs. Maria, orig. of Lincoln, 191

Flemish Beauty, 163; parent of Bergamotte Nicolle, 274; Doctor Hopkins, 363; Eva Baltet, 379; Max, 469

Flemish Bon Chretien, 382

Flon, orig. of Bertrand Guinoisseau, 278; Beurré* Flon, 295; Doyenné Flon Aine, 367; Fortunée superieure, 387; Mare"chal Pelissier, 462

Flon-Grolleau, orig. of Ge"n#ral Bosquet, 394; Lieutenant Poidevin, 448; Saint Vincent de Paul, 538

Florelle (syn. of Forelle), 167

Florent Schouman, 383

Florida Bartlett, 383

Florimond Parent, 390

Flower-buds of pear, characteristics of, 62

Flowers of pear, characteristics of, 62

Fluke, 383

Fluke, N. K., introd. of Fluke, 383

Fondante Agreable, 383

Fondante Albert, 383

Fondante d'Angers, 383

Fondante d'Automne (syn. of Belle Lucrative), 126

Fondante de Bihorel, 383

Fondante des Bois (syn. of Flemish Beauty), 163

Fondante de Brest, 383

Fondante de Charleville, 384

Fondante de Charneau, 384

Fondante de Cuerne, 384

Fondante des Emmure"es, 384

Fondante d'Ingendal, 384

Fondante de Ledeberg, 384

Fondante de la Maitre-ficole, 384

Fondante de Malines, 384

Fondante de Mars, 384

Fondante de Moulins-Lille, 385

Fondante de Nees, 385

Fondante de Noel, 164

Fondante du Panisel, 385

Fondante des Prés, 385

Fondante de la Roche, 385

Fondante de Rome ou Sucré Romain, 385

Fondante de Saint-Amand, 385

Fondante de Schonert (syn. of Schonerts Omsewitzer Schmalzbirne), 542

Fondante-de-Septembre, 385

Fondante Sickler, 386

Fondante de Thines, 386

Fondante Thirriot, 386

Fondante Van Mons, 386

Fondante de Wollmet, 386

Fontaine de Ghelin, orig. of General Totleben, 395

Fontarabie, 386

Fontenay, 165

Foote, Asahel, orig. of Fall Beurré"d'Arenburg, 380; Foote Seckel, 386; Homestead, 420; Hoosic, 420; Weeping Willow, 576

Foote Seckel, 386

Ford, 386

Forelle, 167

Forelleribirne (syn. of Forelle), 167

Forme de Bergamotte Crassane, 387

Forme de Curtet, 387

Forme de Delices, 387

Fortune, 387

Fortunee, 387; parent of Bergamotte Hertrich, 272;

Fortunee Boisselot, 387; Fortunee superieure,

387; Olivier de Serres, 200 Fortunee Boisselot, 387

Fortunee de Printemos (syn. of Fortune^), 387 Fortunée superieure, 387 Foster, Suel, orig. of Snow, 547 Fouqueray, orig. of Beurré Fouqueray, 295 Fourcine, W., orig. of Comtesse de Paris, 347 Fourcroy, 387 Fouron, 387

Fowler, Dr., orig. of Muscadine, 476 Fox, 168 Fox, Bernard S., biography of, 168; orig. of Colonel Wilder, 144; Fox, 168; P. Barry, 203 Franc-Real, 388

Franc Real d'Hiver (syn. of Franc-Real), 388 France, pear in, 12; rapid increase in pear varieties

in, 15

Frances, 388 Franchimont, 388 Franchipanne, 388 Francis, 388 Francis Dana, 388 Frangois Hutin, 388 Frangipane (syn. of Franchipanne), 388 Frangipane d'Hiver, 388 Frankenbirne, 389 Frankfurter Birne, 389 Franzosische Gute Graue Sommerbirne (syn. of

Grise-Bonne), 403 Franzosische Zapfenbirne (syn. of Brute Bonne),

321

Frau Louise Goethe, 389 Frederic Leclerc, 389 Frederic de Wurtemberg, 389 Frederica Bremer, 389 Frederick Clapp, 169 Fremion, 390 French, connection of the, with history of pear in

America, 46

French pear stocks, notes on, 95 Frensdorff Rothe Flaschenbirne, 390 Fruhe Backhausbirne, 390 Fruhe Schweizer Bergamotte, 390 Fruit characters of pomes, 63 Fruit setting of pears, discussion of, 99 Fuller, 390 Fullero, 390

Fulton, 390; parent of Tudor, 567 Fulton, orig. of Fulton, 390 Fumago vagans, cause of black mold of pear, 117 Fusee d'Automne, 390 Fusee d'Hiver, 391 Gabourell Seedling, 391 Gakovsky, 391

Gallo, mention of pears by, 12 Galopin, orig. of Chaudfontaine, 335 Galston Muirfowl Egg, 391

Gambier, orig. of Beurré Gambier, 295; Fondante d'Ingendal, 384; Marie Louise d'Uccle, 464

Gans, 391

Gans, Joseph, discoverer of Gans, 391

Gansekopf, 391

Gansel, Lieutenant-General, orig. of Gansel Bergamo t, 391

Gansel Bergamot, 391; parent of Gansel Seckel, 170

Gansel Late Bergamot, 391; parent of Doctor Hogg Bergamot, 363

Gansel Seckel, 170

Gansel-Seckle (syn. of Gansel Seckel), 170

Garber, 171; place of, in commercial pear culture, 84

Garber, J. B., orig. of Garber, 171

Garber's Hybrid (syn. of Garber), 171

Garden, pomological, of Robert Manning, 53

Garden, T. J., introd. of Cole Winter, 341

Garden Pear (syn. of Poirer de Jardin), 505

Gamier, 392

Gamier, orig. of Gamier, 392; Maria de Nantes, 463

Garnons, 392

Gassenbirne, 392

Gaston du Puys, 392

Gaudry, 392

Gaujard, orig. of Mademoiselle Marguerite Gaujard, 460

Géant, 392

Gefleckte Pomeranzenbirne, 392

Gefleckte Sommerrusselet, 392

Gefundene, 392

Geigenschnabel, 392

Geishirtle, 392

Gelbe Friihbirne (syn. of Jaune Hative), 428

Gelbe fruhe Sommerapothekerbirne, 392

Gelbe Fursten-Tafelbirne, 393

Gelbe Heckenbirne, 393

Gelbe Holzbirne, 393

Gelbe Landlbirne, 393

Gelbe langstielige Alantbirne, 393

Gelbe Laurentiusbirne, 393

Gelbe Leutsbirne, 393

Gelbe Scheibelbirne, 393

Gelbe Sommerrusselet (syn. of Rousselet Jaune d'fite"), 529

Gelbe Wasserbirne, 393

Gelbmostler, 394

GellerVs Butterbirne (syn. of Beurré Hardy), 135

Gemeine Kochbirne, 394

Gemeine Pfundbirne, 394

Gendron, orig. of Beurré* Gendron, 295

Général de Bonchamp, 394

Ge"ne"ral Bosquet, 394

General Canrobert, 394

General Delage, 394

General Dutilleul, 394

G6néral Duvivier, 395

General Kearney, 395

General Lamoriciere, 395

General Sherman, 395

General Taylor, 395

Général Thouvenin, 395

Ge"ne"ral Totleben, 395

General Wauchope, 395

Gensbirne, 395

George Augustus, 396

Georges Delebecque, 396

Gerando, 396

Gerarde, mention of pears by, 32

Gérardine, 396

Gerdessen, 396

Gerdessen, Pastor, orig. of Gerdessen, 396

Gergonell (syn. of Jargonelle), 177

Gerippte Pomeranzenbirne, 396

German Muscat (syn. of Deutsche Muskateller), 358

Germany, pomological literature of, 20

Gernroder Pomeranzenbirne, 396

Gestreiffe Winter-Apothekerbirne, 396

Ghelin, Fontaine de, orig. of Beurré de Ghelin, 296

Ghellinck de Walle, 396

Ghellinck de Walle, orig. of Ghellinck de Walle, 396

Gibb, 396

Gibb, introd. of Russian pears by, 56

GibeyTLorne, orig. of Monseigneur des Hons, 474

Giffard (syn. of Beurré Giffard), 134

Giffard's Butterbirne (syn. of Beurré Giffard), 134

Gilain, 397

Gilles 6 Gilles, 397

Giram, 397

Girandoux, orig. of Girardon, 397

Girardon, 397

Girogile (syn. of Gilles 6 Gilles), 397

Glace d'hiver, 397

Glastonbury, 397

Gleck, 398

Gliva, 398

Gloire de Cambron, 398

Glou Morceau, 172; confusion with Beurré d'Arenberg, 129; parent of Bergamotte de Tournai, 277;

Beurré Ad. Papeleu, 283; Souvenir Favre, 550;

Winter Williams, 584

Glout Morceau (syn. of Glou Morceau), 172 Gloux Morceau (syn. of Glou Morceau), 172 Gloward, 398 Gnoico, 398 Goat-herd, 398 Goemans Gelbe Sommerbirne (syn. of Passe-Goemans), 491 Gogal, 398 Gold Dust, 399 Gold Nugget, 399 Goldbirne, 399 Goldbordirte Holzbirne, 399 Golden Bell, 399 Golden Beurré of Bilboa, 398 Golden June, 399 Golden Knap, 399 Golden Queen, 399 Golden Russet, 399

Golden Russet (syn. of Japan Golden Russet), 428 Goldworther Lederbirne, 399 Gonnersche Birne, 399

Goodale, 400

Goodale, E., orig. of Goodale, 400

Goodrich, Chauncey, orig. of Paddock, 489

Gore, Gov., orig. of Heathcot, 413

Got, 400

Goubault, Maurice, orig. of varieties, 138, 274, 279, 281, 293, 296, 304, 310, 367, 465, 471

Governor Carver, 400

Grabel, Jacob, orig. of Posey, 506

Grabenbirne, 400

Grading of pears, 108

Graf Moltke, 400

Grafting pears, 106

Graham, P. J., orig. of Autumn Nelis, 256

Graham Autumn Nelis (syn. of Autumn Nelis), 256

Grand Bretagne, 400

Grand Isle, 400

Grand Monargue (syn. of Catallac), 330

Grand-Soliel, 400

Grant, 401

Graslin, 401

Grasshoff Leckerbissen, 401

Gratiola, 401

Graus Flascheribirne (syn. of Calbasbirn), 324

Graue Herbstrusselet, 401

Graue Holzbirne, 401

Graue Honigbirn, 401

Graue Pelzbirne, 401

Graue Speckbirne, 401

Graue Zuckerbirne, 402

Grazbirne, 402

Great Cassolette, 402

Great Citron of Bohemia, 402

Great Mammoth, 402

Greece, ancient, pear in, 3

Greeks, monographs on husbandry by, 7

Green, Charles A., introd. into America of President Drouard, 210

Green Chisel, 402
[Green Jade, modern pear not in The Pears of New York- ASC]
Green Mountain Boy, 402

Green Pear of Yair, 402

Green Yair (syn. of Green Pear of Yair), 402

Gregoire, Xavier, orig. of varieties, 238, 239, 249, 255, 257, 259, 273, 302, 303, 304, 338, 342, 345, 362, 396, 397, 414, 415, 425, 429, 432, 440, 445, 446, 451, 457, 458, 467, 473, 474, 483, 507, 510, 511, 512, 514, 529, 531, 547, 548, 549, 550, 551, 572; 573; 5^7; work as pear breeder, 19

Gregoire Bordillon, 403

Grey Good-Wife, 403

Gris, M. le, orig. of Doyenné* de la Grifferaye, 367

Grise-Bonne, 403

Grolez-Duriez, orig. of Belle-Moulinoise, 265; Fondante de Moulins-Lille, 385

Groom, introd. of Groom Prince Royal, 403

Groom Prince Royal, 403

Gros Blanquet Long, 403

Gros Blanquet Rond, 403

Gros-Hativeau, 404

Gros Loijart, 404

Gros Lucas, 404

Gros Muscat Rond, 404

Gros Rousselet, 404

Gros Rousselet d'Aout, 405

Gros Trouve\ 405

Grosse Angleterre de Noisette (syn. of Grosse Poire

d'Amande), 406 Grosse Eisbirne, 405 Grosse Figue, 405 Grosse gelbe Weinbime, 405 Grosse-Herbst-Bergamotte, 405 Grosse Landlbirne, 405 Grosse Leutsbirne, 405 Grosse-Louise, 405 Grosse Mostputzer, 405 Grosse Petersbirne, 406 Grosse Poire d'Amande, 406 Grosse Poire de Vitrier, 406 Grosse Queue, 406 Grosse Rommelter, 406 Grosse schone Jungfernbirne, 406 Grosse September Birne, 406 Grosse Sommer-Zitronenbirne, 407 Grosse Sommersirene, 406 Grosse spate Weinbirne, 407 Grosse Verte-Longue Precoce de la Sarthe (syn. of

Verte-Longue de la Sarthe), 571 Grosser Roland, 407 Grousset, orig. of Enfant Nantais, 376 Groveland, 407 Grubbirne, 407 Grumkow, 407 Grunbirne, 407 Grune Conf esselsbirne, 407 Grune fruhe Gewurzbirne, 407 Grime furstliche Tafelbirne, 407 Grune gesegnete Winterbirne, 408 Grilne Lange Herbsibirne (syn. of Long Green), 449 Grune langstielige Winterhirtenbirne, 408 Grune Magdalene (syn. of Madeleine), 195 Grune Pfundbirne, 408 Grune Pichelbirne, 408 Grune Sommer-Bergamote, 408 Grune Sommer-Citronenbirne, 408 Grilne Sommer-Magdalene (syn. of Madeleine), 195 Grune Wiedenbirne, 408 Grune Winawitz, 408 Grunmostler, 408

Guenette (syn. of Green Chisel), 402 Gueniot, orig. of Le Brun, 443 Gu6raud, orig. of Adele de Saint-Denis, 237 Guillot, orig. of Bon-Chrétien Bonnamour, 313 Gulabi, 409

Guntershauser Holzbirne, 409 Gustave Bivort, 409 Gustave Bourgogne, 409 Gustin Summer, 409 Gute Graue (syn. of Yat), 586 Gute Grune, 409 Gute Louise von Avranches (syn. of Louise Bonne de Jersey), 193 Guyot, 173

Habichtsbirne, 409

Habit of growth of pear-trees, 59

Habitat of Pyrus auricularis, 73; Pyrus betulaefolia; 79; Pyrus calleryana, 80; Pyrus communis, 70,

Pyrus nivalis, 72; Pyrus serotina, 75; Pyrus serotina culta, 76; Pyrus serrulata, 78; Pyrus ussuriensis, 77

Hacon Incomparable, 409; parent of Hoosie, 420 Haddington, 409

Haffner Bros., orig. of Haffner Butterbirne, 410 Haffner Butterbirne, 410 Hagar, 410

Hagerman (syn. of Hegeman), 414 Haight, 410

Hallisehe gelbe Honigbirne, 410 Hamburg, 410 Hamburger Birne, 410 Hamilton, 410 Hammelsbirne, 410 Hamon, 410

Hampden Bergamot, 410 Hampton, W. C.f orig. of Hampton Bergamot, 411;

Hampton Cluster, 411 Hampton Bergamot, 411 Hampton Cluster, 411 Hampton Virgalieu, 411 Hancock, 411

Hancock, Thomas, orig. of Tatnall Harvest, 559 Hangelbirne, 411 Hannover'sche Jakobsbime, 411 Hannover'sche Margarethenbirne, 411 Hanover, 411

Hansen, N. E., orig. of Pushkin, 515; Tolstoy, 564 Hardenpont, Abbe", efforts in breeding pears by, 16;

orig. of varieties, 172, 206, 304, 356, 385 Hardenpont fruhe Colmar, 411 Hardenpont1 s Winter Butterbirne (syn. of Glou

Morceau), 172

Hardy (syn. of Beurré* Hardy), 135 Harigelsbime, 412 Harnard, 412

Harnard, John, orig. of Harnard, 412 Harris (Georgia), 412 Harris (Massachusetts), 412 Harrison Large Fall, 412 Hartberger Mostbirne, 412 Harte Neapolitanerin, 412

Hartwiss, M. De, orig. of Beurré"Woronson), 308 Harvard, 412 Harvest, 412 Harvesting pears, 106 Harvey, Eli, owner of original tree of Brandy wine,

140

Hassler, 413

Hassler, J. E., orig. of A. J. Cook, 236; Hassler, 413 Hastings, J. C, introd. of Frederica Bremer, 389 Hausemerbirne, 413 Hautmonté, 413 Hawaii, 413 Hawes Winter, 413 Hawkesbill, 413

Hays, 413

Heat resistant pears, 86

Heathcot, 413

Hebe, 413

Hebron (syn. of Pinneo), 499

Hedwig von der Osten, 413

Hedwige a"Osten (syn. of Hedwig von der Osten),

413

Hegeman, 414

Hegeman, Andrew, orig. of Hegeman, 414

Heilige Angelika-Birne, 414

Helene.Grégoire, 414

Helin, Dr., orig. of Beurré Caty, 290

Hellinckx, orig. of Colmar d'Alost, 341

Hellman, orig. of Melon de Hellman, 470

Hellmann, Melonenbirn, 414

Hemminway, 414

Henkel, 414

Henkel d'Automne (syn. of Henkel), 414

Henrard, Denis, orig. of Beurré"Fenzi, 294; Bon-

Chre'tien de Vernois, 315 Henri Bivort, 414 Henri Bouet, 415 Henri de Bourbon, 415 Henri Capron, 415 Henri Decaisne, 415 Henri Desportes, 415 Henri Gre"goire, 415 Henri Ledocte, 415 Henri Quatre, 415

Henri Van Mons (syn. of Fleur de Neige), 382 Henrietta, 416 Henriette, 416

Henriette Van Cauwenberghe, 416 Henry, Henry C, orig. of Henry (Illinois), 416 Henry (Connecticut), 416 Henry (Illinois), 416

Henry the Fourth (syn. of Henri Quatre), 415 Herault, A., orig. of Bergamotte Herault, 272; Fin Juillet, 382; Joyau de Septembre, 432 Herbelin, 416 Herbin, 416

Herborner Schmalzbirne, 416 Herbst-Citronenbirne, 417 Herbst-Kloppelbirne, 417 Herbstbirne ohne Schale (syn. of Lansac), 443 Herbsteierbirne, 417 Herbstlanger, 417 Herbstsylvester (syn. of Fréde"ric de Wurtemberg), 389

Héricart, 417 Hericart de Thury, 417 Herkimer, 417

Herr, A. G., orig. of Herr Late Winter, 417 Herr Late Winter, 417 Hert, 417

Hertrich, orig. of Bergamotte Hertrich, 272 Hervy, Michel-Christophe, orig. of Chaptal, 333 Herzogin von AngouUme (syn. of Duchesse d'Angouleme), 154 Hessenbirne, 418

Hessle, 418

Hewes, 418

Heyer Zuckerbirne, 418

Hicks, Isaac, orig. of Dur#e, 374

Higginson, mention of pears by, 45

Hilda, 418

Hildegard, 418

Hildesheimer Bergamotte, 418

Hildesheimer spate Sommerbirne, 418

Hildesheimer Winterbirn, 418

Hingham, 419

Hirschbirne, 419

Hirsenbirne, 419

History of pear, long lapse in, 11

Hitzendorfer Mostbirne, 419

Hochfeine Butterbirne (syn. of Beurré"Superfin), 137

Hoe Langer Hoe Liever, 419

Hofsta, 419

Holland Green, 419

Hollandische Butterbirne, 419

Hollandische Gewiirzbirne, 419

Hollandische Zuckerbirne, 419

Holmer, 420

Holt, L. W., orig. of Effie Holt, 375

Holzfarbige Butterbirne (syn. of Flemish Beauty),

163

Home ripening of pears, 109

Homer, mention of pear by, 4

Homestead, 420

Honey, 420

Honey (Russia), 420

Honey Dew, 420

Honigbergamotte, 420

Honnelbirne, 420

Hood, George, orig. of Lycurgus, 454

Hoosic, 420

Hopedale Nurs. Co., introd. of Weihmier Sugar, 576

Hopfenbirne, 421

Hosenschenk, 421

Houdin, orig. of Belle des Arbre"s, 262

Houghlin, Joe, orig. of Golden June, 399

Housatonic, 421

Houser, 421

Hovey, 421

Howard, 421

Howe, Dr. John P., orig. of Doctor Howe, 363

Howe, John J., orig. of Housatonic, 421

Howe Winter, 421

Howell, 174; place in commercial pear culture, 84

Howell, Thomas, orig. of Howell, 175

HowelVs Seedling (syn. of Howell), 174

Hubert Gre"goire, 421

Hudellet, Jules, orig. of Doyenné Hudellet, 368

Huff cap, 421

Huff el Bratbirne, 421

Huggard, 421

Huguenot, 422

Huhle de Printemps, 422

Hull, 422

Hungerford Oswego, 422

Hunt Connecticut, 422

Huntington, 422

Hurbain d'Hiver, 422

Hussein Armudi, 422

Hutcherson, 422

Huyshe, Rev. John, orig. of "Royal Pears,"423

Huyshe Bergamot (syn. of Huyshe Prince of Wales),

423

Huyshe Prince Consort, 423 Huyshe Prince of Wales, 423 Huyshe Princess of Wales, 423 Huyshe Victoria, 423 Hyacinthe du Puis, 423 Ickworth, 423 Ida, 423 Idaho, 175 Ilinka, 424

Impériale a Feuilles de Ch'ne, 424 Incommunicable, 424 Incomparable de Beuraing, 424 Inconstant, 424 Indian Queen, 424 Infortunée, 424 Inge"nieur Wolters, 424

Ingram, Thomas, orig. of British Queen, 320 Innomine"e, 424 Insects affecting pear, 117 International, 425 Iris Gre"goire, 425

Iron Pear (syn. of Black Worcester), 310 Isabella, 425 Isabelle de Maleves, 425 Island, 425

Italienische Winterbergamotte, 425 Ives, 425 Ives, Dr. Eli, orig. of Dow, 365; Ives, 425; Ives

August, 425; New Haven, 481 Ives August, 425 Ives Bergamotte, 426 Ives Seedling, 426 Ives Virgalieu, 426 Ives Winter, 426 Ives Yale, 426 Jablousky, 426 Jackson, 426

Jackson, S. S., orig. of Jackson Elizabeth, 426 Jackson Elizabeth, 426 Jacqmain, 426 Jacques Chamaret, 426 Jacques Mollet, 427 Jakobsbirne, 427 Jalais, Jacques, orig. of Beurré du Champ Corbin,

290; Beurré Jalais, 298; Bonne de Jalais, 316;

Chaigneau, 332; Duchesse Anne, 371 Jalousie, 427

Jalousie de Fontenay (syn. of Fontenay), 166 Jalousie de Fontenay Vendee (syn. of Fontenay), 165 Jalousie de la Reole, 427 Jalousie Tar dive, 427 Jalvy, 427

Jamin et Durand, origs. of Doyenné Jamin, 368 Jaminette, 427

Jansemine, 427

Japan, 428

Japan Golden Russet, 428

Japan Wonder, 428

Japanese Pear. (See Pyrus serotina)

Japanese Sand, 428

Jargonelle, 177; ancient names of, 177

Jargonelle (French), 178; parent of Henri Bouet, 415

Jargonelle d'automne, 428

Jaune Hative, 428

Jaime de Merveillon, 428

Jean Baptist, 428

Jean-Baptiste Bivort, 428

Jean-Baptiste Dediest, 429

Jean Cottineau, 429

Jean Laurent, 429

Jean Sano, 429

Jean de Witte, 429

Jeanne, 429

Jeanne d'Arc, 429

Jefferson, 429

Jersey Gratioli, 430

Jerusalem, 430

Jeschil Armudi, 430

Jewel, 430

Jewess, 430

Joanon, orig. of Favorite Joanon, 380; Professeur

Willermoz, 514; Sainte Anne, 538 John Cotton, 430 John Griffith, 430 John Monteith, 430 John Williams, 430 Johonnot, 431 Johonnot, G. S., orig. of Huguenot, 422; Johonnot,

431; Naumkeag, 480 Joie du Semeur, 431 Jolie Lille de Gust, 431 Joly de Bonneau, 431 Jonah, 431; parent of Howell, 175 Jones, 431 Joseph Lebeau, 431 Joseph Staquet, 431 Josephine de Binche, 431 Josephine de Malines, 179; parent of Autumn

Josephine, 256; Georges Delebecque, 396; Joie du Semeur, 431

Josephine de Maubrai, 431 Josephine von Mecheln (syn. of Josephine de Malines), 179 Josephsbirne, 432 Josselyn, mention of pears by, 45 Joyau de Septembre, 432; parent of Fin Juliet, 382 Judge Andrews, 432 Jules d'Airoles (Gr6goire), 432 Jules d'Airolles (Leclerc), 432 Jules Bivort (syn. of Delices de Lovenjoul), 356 Jules Blaise, 432 Jules Delloy, 432

Juli Dechantsbirne (syn. of Summer Doyenné), 221 Julie Duquet, 432 Julienne, 432

Juneberry, relationship of, to pear, 57

Juvardeil, 432


K

Kaestner, 433

Kalchbirne, 433

Kalmerbirne, 433

Kamper-Venus, 433

Kathelenbirne, 433

Katy, 433

Keiffer (syn. of Kieffer), 180

Keiser, 433

Kelsey, 434

Kelsey, William, orig. of Kelsey, 434

Kennedy, 434

Kenrick, William, introd. into America of Beurré Bosc, 131; Doyenné Boussock, 152 Kentucky, 434 Kenyon, 434 Kermes, 434

Kessler, Charles, introd. of Reading, 517 Kieffer, 180; parent of Cassel, 329; Douglas, 150;

Eureka, 379; Theodore Williams, 561 Kieffer, Peter, orig. of Kieffer, 181 Kieffer and Bartlett leading commercial pears, 84 Kieffer's Hybrid (syn. of Kieffer), 180 Kilwinning, 434 King, 434

King Catherine (syn. of Catherine Royal), 330 King Edward, 434 King Seedling, 434 King Sobieski, 435 Kingsessing, 182 Kirtland, 435

Kirtland, Prof., orig. of Kirtland, 435 Klein Landbirne, 435 Kleine Fuchselbirne, 435 Kleine gelbe Bratbirne, 435 Kleine gelbe Hessenbirne, 435 Kleine gelbe Maukelbirne, 435 Kleine gelbe Sommer-Zuckerbirne, 435 Kleine gelbe Sommermuskatellerbirne, 435 Kleine grune Backbirne, 435 Kleine Lange Sommer-Muskatellerbirne, 436 Kleine Leutsbirne, 436 Kleine Petersbirne (syn. of Petersbirne), 495 Kleine Pfalzgrafin, 436 Kleine Pfundbirne, 436 Kleine runde Haferbirne, 436 Kleine schlesische Zimmbirne, 436 Kleine Schmalzbirne (syn. of Petite Fondante), 497 Kleine Sommer-Zuckerratenbirne, 436 Kleine Zweibelbirne, 437

Kleiner Katzenkopf (syn. of Petit Catallac, 496) Kloppelbirne, 437 Knabenbirne, 437 Knausbirne, 437 Knechtchensbirne, 437 Knight, 437 Knight, Thomas Andrew, orig. of varieties, 289, 320,

351 ] 365] 373] 380, 423, 462, 473, 474, 484, 494,

524, 527, 546, 563 Knight, William, orig. of Knight, 437

Knight Monarch (syn. of Monarch), 474

Knollbirne, 437

Knoop, Herman, orig. of Calebasse, 324

Knoop, Misses, orig. of Des Deux Soeurs, 358

Knoops Simmtbirne, 437

Kolmasbirne, 438

Kolstuck, 438

Konig Karl von Wurttemberg, 438

Konigliche Weissbirne, 438

Konigsbirne, 438

Konstanzer Langler, 438

Koolstock, 438

Koonce, 183

Kopertscher (syn. of Supreme Coloma), 557

Kostliche Van Mons (syn. of De Duvergnies), 354

Kraft Sommer Bergamotte, 438

Krauelbirne, 438

Kreiselfbrmige Blankette (syn. of Gros Blanquet Long), 403

Kreiselformige Plegelbirne, 438 Kriegebirne, 439 Krivonogof, 439 Krockhals, 439

Kroten Bergamotte (syn. of Bergamotte Bufo), 270 Krull, 439

Krull, orig. of Krull, 439 Krull Winter (syn. of Krull), 439 Krummgestielte Feigenbirne, 439 Krummholzige Schmalzbirne (syn. of Arbre Courbe), 251

Kuhfuss, 439

Kummelbirne (syn. of Besi d'Hery), 280

Kurskaya, 439


L

L'Inconnue Van Mons, 439

Llnconstante, 439

La Bearnaise, 440

La Bonne Malinoise (syn. of Winter Nelis), 232

La Cité Gomand, 440

La France, 440

La Grosse Oignonette (syn. of Onion), 486

La Moulinoise, 440

La Quintinye, 440

La Savoureuse, 440

La Solsticiale, 440

La Vanstalle, 440

Lachambre, Octave, orig. of Octave Lachambre, 484

Lacroix, 441

Lady (syn. of Vigne), 572

Lady Clapp, 441

Lafayette, 441

Lagrange, orig. of Senateur Vaisse, 544

Lahe'rard, 441

Lamartine (syn. of De Lamartine), 355

Lammas, 441

Lammerbirne, 441

Lampe, orig. of Belle de Juillet, 265

Lamy, 184

Lancaster, 441

Lancaster, T. S., orig. of Lancaster, 441

Landsberger Malvasier, 441

Langbirne, 441

Lange gelbe Bischofsbirne, 442

Lange Gelbe Muscatellerbirne, 442

Lange gru'ne Herbstbirne (syn. of Long Green of Autumn), 449

Lange grune Winterbirne, 442 Lange Mundnetzbirne, 442 Lange Sommer-Bergamotte, 442 Lange Wasserbirne, 442

Langelier, Rén6, orig. of Beurré* Langelier, 299 Langstielege Zuckerbirne, 442 Langstieler, 442 Langstielige Pfaffenbirne, 442 Lansac, 443

Large Blanquet (syn. of Gros Blanquet Long), 403 Large Duchess, 443 Larissa, 443 Laure Gilbert, 443 Laure de Glymes, 443 Lawrence, 185; place of, in New York pear culture,

Lawson, 186  Lawson, owner of original tree of, 186

Laxton, orig. of Laxton Bergamot, 443

Laxton, Bergamot, 443

Le Breton, 443

Le Brun, 443

Le Congo, 444

Le Conte, 187; parent of Big Productive, 309; Conkleton, 348

Le Cure (syn. of Vicar of Winkfield), 227 Le Lecher, 444 Le Lectier, 188

Le Lectier, improvement of pears by, 14 Leaf-blight of pear, notes on, 115 Leaf-buds of pear, characteristics of, 61 Leaf-spot of pear, notes on, 115 Leaves of pear, characteristics of, 61 Leclerc, Leon, orig. of varieties, 190, 244, 247, 318, 426, 432, 510 Leclerc-Thouin, 444 Lederbirne, 444

Lederbogen, orig. of Beurr^ de Lederbogen, 299 Lee, 444 Lee Seckel, 444 Leech, Isaac, owner of original tree of Kingsessing, 182

Lefevre, orig. of Beurré de Mortefontaine, 301 Lefevre-Boitelle, orig. of Beurré Pauline Delzenty 303

lAger, 444 Lehoferbirne, 444

Leipsic Radish (syn. of Leipziger Rettigbirn,) 444 Leipziger Rettigbirn, 444 Lemon (Massachusetts), 445 Lemon (Russia), 445 Lenawee, 445

Leochine de Printemps, 445 Léon Dejardin, 445 Leon Gr6goire, 445

Léon Leclerc (Van Mons), 189; parent of Rutter, 214 Leon Leclerc Epineux, 445

Léon Leclerc de Laval, 446

Léon Recq, 446

Leon Rey, 446

Le"once de Vaubernier, 446

Léonie, 446

Léonie Bouvier, 446

Leonie Pinchart, 446

Le"ontine Van Exem, 446

Leopold I., 446

Leopold Riche, 447

Lepine, 447

Leptothyrium pomi, cause of brown-blotch of pear, 116

Leroy, Andre", discussion of increase in pear varieties by, 15; introd. of varieties, 258, 260, 262; orig. of varieties, 122, 123, 157, 238, 240, 242, 299, 300, 304] 3^5* 325] 349, 354] 362, 372, 379] 381, 403] 415, 421, 447, 450, 451, 455, 456, 458, 459, 466, 468, 472, 479, 486, 495] 497] 499] 50i] 506, 508, 515, 521, 523, 528, 539, 562, 582

Lesbre, 447

Leseble, Narcisse, orig. of Bergamotte Leseble, 273

Lesuer, A., orig. of Le Lecher, 444; Le Lectier, 188

Levard, 447

Levester Zuckerbirne, 447

Lewes, 447

Lewis, 447

Lewis, John, orig. of Lewis, 447

Lexington, 447

Liabaud, orig. of Alexandre Chomer, 241; Berga-motte Liabaud, 274

Liard, orig. of Napoleon, 479

Liberale, 448

Libotton, orig. of Crassane Libotton, 350

Liegel Honigbirne, 448

Lieutenant Poidevin, 448

Limbertwig (syn. of Tonkovietka), 564

Limon, 448

Lincoln, 190

Lincoln Coreless, 192

Linzer Mostbirne, 448

Little Blanquet (syn. of Petit-Blanquet), 495

Little Muscat (syn. of Petit-Muscat), 496

Livingston, Judge, orig. of Nonpareil, 482

Livingston Virgalieu, 448

Livre (syn. of Black Worcester), 310

Locations and soils for pears, 91

Locke, 448

Locke, James, orig. of Locke, 448

Lodge, 448

Loire, orig. of Loire-de-Mons, 449

Loire-de-Mons, 449

Loisel, orig. of Beurr^ Loisel, 300

London Sugar, 449

Long Green, 449

Long Green of Autumn, 449

Long Green of Esperin, 449

Long Green Panache (syn. of Verte-longue pana-chée), 571

Longland, 449

Longue du Bosquet, 450

Longue-garde, 450

Longue-Sucrée, 450

Longue- Verte (syn. of Long Green), 449

Longue Verte d'Hiver (syn. of Lange Grune Winterbirne), 442; (Sachsische Lange Grune Winterbirne), 534 Longueville, 450 Longworth, 450

Loose, Henry, orig. of Tiffin, 563 Lorenzbirne, 450 Loriol de Barny, 450 Lothrop, 450 Loubiat, 450 Louis Cappe, 451 Louis Grégoire, 451 Louis Noisette, 451 Louis Pasteur, 451 Louis-Philippe, 451 Louis Van Houte, 451 Louis Vilmorin, 451

Louise (syn. of Louise Bonne de Jersey), 193 Louise-Bonne, 451

Louise Bonne d'Avanches Panachee, 452 Louise Bonne de Jersey, 193; parent of Du Breuil Petre, 370; Magnate, 460; Princess, 512; Professeur Dubreuil, 514; Souvenir de du Breuil Pere, 549 Louise Bonne of Jersey (Syn. of Louise Bonne de Jersey), 193 Louise-Bonne de Printemps, 452; parent of Baron Leroy, 259

Louise Bonne Sannier, 452; parent of Boieldien, 312 Louise de Boulogne, 452 Louise Dupont, 452 Louise d'Orleans, 452 Louise de Prusse, 452 Louison, 453 Lovaux, 453

Lovell, W, G. L., orig. of Glastonbury, 397 Lowell, John, introd. into America of Forelle, 167; Marie Louise, 198; Winter Nelis, 233 Lubecker Prinzessin Birne, 453 Lubin, 453 Lucie Audusson, 453 Lucien Chaure\ 453 Lucien Leclercq, 453 Lucne"Hative, 454

Lucrative (syn. of Belle Lucrative), 126 Lucy Duke, 194; [in the Southeast -ASC]
Lucy Grieve, 454

Luizet, orig. of Pre"mices d'ficully, 508 Luola, 454
[Luscious, modern pear not listed in The Pears of New York -ASC]
Lutovka, 454 Lutzbirne, 454 Luxemburger Mostbirne, 454 Lycurgus, 454 Lydie Thierard, 454 Lyerle, 454

Lyerle, orig. of Lyerle, 454 Lyon, 454


M

Mace, 455

Machlander Mostbirne, 455

Mackleroy, 455

Mackleroy, Davis, orig. of Mackleroy, 455

McLaughlin, 455; parent of Goodale, 400

McLaughlin, Henry, orig. of Eastern Belle, 374; Indian Queen, 424 McLellan (syn. of Whieldon), 579 Macomber, 455 Macomber, Benjamin, orig. of Grand Isle, 400; Refreshing, 518; prop, of Vermont Beauty, 226 Macomber, J. T., orig. of Macomber, 455 McVean, 455

Madame (syn. of Windsor), 583 Madame Adelaide de Rives (syn. of Adelaide de Reves), 237

Madame Alfred Conin, 455 Madame Andre Leroy, 455 Madame Antoine Lormier, 455 Madame Appert, 456 Madame Ars#ne Sannier, 456 Madame Ballet, 456 Madame Baptiste Desportes, 456 Madame Blanchet, 456 Madame Bonnefond, 456 Madame Charles Gilbert, 456 Madame Chaudy, 456 Madame Cuissard, 456 Madame Delmotte, 457 Madame Ducar, 457 Madame Duparc, 457 Madame Durieux, 457 Madame filisa, 457 Madame Elisa Dumas, 457 Madame Ernest Baltet, 458 Madame Favre, 458 Madame Flon, 458 Madame Grégoire, 458

Madame Hemminway (syn. of Hemminway), 414 Madame Henri Desportes, 458 Madame Loriol de Barny, 458 Madame Lye"-Baltet, 458 Madame de Madre, 458 Madame Millet, 459 Madame Morel, 459 Madame Planchon, 459 Madame Du Puis, 459 Madame de Roucourt, 459 Madame Stoff, 459 Madame Torfs, 459 Madame Treyve, 459 Madame Vazille, 459 Madame Verté, 460 Madame Von Siebold, 460 Madeleine, 195; parent of Eliot Early, 375 Madeleine d'Angers, 460 Mademoiselle Blanche Sannier, 460 Mademoiselle Marguerite Gaujard, 460 Mademoiselle Solange, 460 Magherman, 460 Magnate, 460
[Magness, modern pear not listed in The Pears of New York -ASC]
Magnolia, 461

Maine-et-Loire, Horticultural Society of, orig. of Plantagenet, 500

Maisonneuve, Francois, orig. of Beurré Favre, 294 Malassis, Abbe\ orig. of Doyenné d'Alençon, 151 Malconnaitre d'Haspin, 461 Malines (syn. of Josephine de Malines), 179 Malus, relationship to pear, 58 Malvoisie de Landsberg, 461 Manchester, 461

Mandelblattrige Schneebirne, 461 Manning, 461 Manning, Robert, biography of, 162; introd. into America of varieties, 131, 162; orig. of varieties, 264; pomological garden of, 53 Manning's Elizabeth (syn. of Elizabeth), 161 Mannington, John, orig. of Caroline Hogg, s2^*

Maud Hogg, 468; Meresia Nevill, 470 Mannsbirne, 461 Mansfield, 461 Mansuette, 461 Mansuette Double, 462 Mapes, Prof., orig. of Quinn, 516 Marasquine, 462 March Bergamot, 462 Marechal de Cour, 462 Marechal Dillen, 462 Mare'chal Pelissier, 462 Marechal Vaillant, 462 Margaret, 196 Margarethenbirne, 463

Marguerite-A cidtde (syn. of Sauerliche Margarethenbirne), 541 Marguerite d'Anjou, 463 Marguerite Chevalier, 463 Marguerite Marillat, 463 Maria, 463

Maria de Nantes, 463 Maria Stuart, 463 Marianne de Nancy, 463 Marie Benoist, 463 Marie Guisse, 464 Marie Henriette, 464 Marie Jallais, 464 Marie Louise, 197; parent of British Queen, 320;

Marie Louise d'Uccle, 464; Pierre Paternotte, 499 Marie-Louise Delcourt (syn. of Marie Louise), 197 Marie Louise Nova, 464 Marie Louise d'Uccle, 464 Marie Mottin, 464 Marie Parent, 464 Marietta, 464

Mariette de Millepieds, 465 Marillat, orig. of Marguerite Marillat, 463 Markbirne, 465 Marketing pears, 106 Markets, local, pears for, 101 Marksbirne, 465 Marmion, 465 Marmorirte Schmalzbirne (syn. of Doyenné"d'Alengon), 150 Marquise, 465

Marquise de Bedman, 465

Marsaneix, 465

Marshall, 466

Marshall, William, orig. of Marshall, 466

Marshall Wilder, 466

Martha Ann, 466

Martin, 466

Martin-Sec, 466

Martin-Sire, 466

Marulis, 467

Mary (Case), 467

Mary (Van Mons), 467

Mary (syn. of Margaret), 196

Mas, orig. of varieties, 241

Mascon Colmar, 467

Masselbacher Mostbirne, 467

Masuret, 467

Mather, 467

Mather, John, orig. of Mather, 467

Mathilde, 467

Mathilde Gomand, 467

Mathilde Recq, 467

Mathilde de Rochefort, 467

Matou, 468

Matthews, 468

Maud Hogg, 468

Maude, 468

Maurice Desportes, 468

Maurier, discov. of Duchesse d'Orle"ans, 156

Maury, Ruben, orig. of Elizabeth Maury, 376

Mausebirne, 468

Max, 469

Mayflower, 468

Maynard, 468

Mayr friihzeitige Butterbirne, 469

Mechan, 469

Medaille d'ete, 469

Medaille d'Or (syn. of Frederic de Wurtemberg), 389

Medicine, pears used for, 10

Medlar, relationship of, to pear, 57

Medofka, 469

Meissner Grossvatersbirne, 469

Meissner Hirschbirne, 469

Meissner langstielige Feigenbirne, 469

Meissne-r Liebchensbirne, 469

Meissner Zwiebelbirne, 469

M61anie Michelin, 469

Mellish, 470

Melon, 470

Melon de Hellmann, 470

Me"nagere Sucrée de Van Mons, 470

Mendenhall, 470

Merchant, Mrs. Ezra, orig. of Tea, 560

Meresia Nevill, 470
[Mericourt, modern pear not in The Pears of New York- ASC]
Merlet, 470

Merriam, 470

Merriweather, orig. of Taylor, 560

MeYuault, 471

Merveille d'River (syn. of Petit-Oin), 496

Merveille de Moringen, 471

Mespilus, relationship of, to the pear, 57

Messire Jean, 471

Messire Jean Goubault, 471

Meuris, discov. of Beurré"Diel, 133

Michaelmas Nelis, 471

Michaux, 471

[Michigan 437, modern pear, sometimes known as US-Michigan 437, not listed in The Pears of New York -ASC]

Mignonne d'e"te", 471

Mignonne d'Hiver, 472

Mikado, 472

Milan d'hiver, 472

Milan de Rouen, 472

Miller, 472

Miller, Judge S., introd. of Victor, 572

Miller Victor (syn. of Victor), 572

Millet, orig. of Jules Blaise, 432

Millet, Charles, orig. of Madame Millet, 459

Millot de Nancy, 472

Milner, 472

Mima Wilder, 472

Ministre Bara, 473

Ministre Pirmez, 473

Ministre Viger, 473

Minot, orig. of Sebastopol, 543

Minot Jean Marie, 473

Missile d'Hiver, 473

Mission, 473

[Miss Label, not listed in The Pears of New York -ASC]

Mitchell Russet, 473

Mite on pear, 119

Mitschurin, 473

Mitschurin, orig. of Roulef, 527; Vosschanka, 575

Moccas, 473

Mollet, Charles, orig, of Mollet Guernsey Beurré, 473

Mollet Guernsey Beurré*, 473 Monarch, 474 Monchallard, 474

Monchallard, discov. of Monchallard, 474 Mongolian, 474 Monseigneur Afire, 474 Monseigneur des Hons, 474 Monseigneur Sibour, 474
[Monterrey, not described in The Pears of New York -ASC]
Moon, 475
[Mooers, modern pear not mentioned in The Pears of New York -ASC]
Moorcroft, 475

Moore, Jacob, orig. of Barseck, 260
[Moonglow, modern cultivar not in existence at the time The Pears of New York was written. -ASC]
Moorfowl Egg, 475
Morel, 475
Morel, Frangois, orig. of Favorite Morel, 381; Perrier, 495; Professeur Hortoles, 514;
Morgan, 475; Souvenir du Congres, 218
Morgan, orig. of Morgan, 475
[Morgan, not to be confused with the Morgan in The Pears of New York, this one was developed later and was therefore not in the book. -ASC]
Morley, 475 Morosovskaja, 475

Mortier, M. du, orig. of Beurré"Daras, 291 Mortillet, M. de, orig. of Agricola, 239; Bijou, 309; Bon-Chrétien Ricchiero, 314 Moskovka, 475 Mostbirne, 475 Mount Vernon, 199; value of for local market in New York, 101 Moyamensing, 475 Mr. Hill's Pear, 473 Mrs. Seden, 476;

Muddy Brook, 476

Muir, Hal, orig. of Muir Everbearing, 476

Muir Everbearing, 476

Muir jowl Egg (syn. of Moorfowl Egg), 475

Mulkey, Mrs., orig. of Idaho, 176

Muller, orig. of Konig Karl von Wurttemberg, 438

Mungo Park, 476

Munz Apothekerbirne, 476

Muscadine, 476

Muscat Allemand d'Automne, 476

Muscat Alletnand $ River (syn. of Deutsche Muska-

teller), 358

Muscat Fleuri d'fite", 476 Muscat Robert, 477 Muscat Royal, 477 Muscat Royal de Mayer, 477 Muscat Roye, 477 Muscatelle, 477 Musette d'Anjou, 477 Musette de Nancy, 478 Muskateller-Bergamotte, 478 Muskiert Pomeranzenbirne (syn. of Orange Musquee) 487

Muskingum, 478

Muskirte Schmeerbirne (syn. of Petit-Gin), 496 Muskirte Wintereirbirne, 478 Musquee d'Espe"ren, 478 Mussette, 478 Mutzchensbirne, 478

Mycosphaerella sentina, cause of pear leaf-spot, 115


N

Naegelgesbirn, 479 Nain Vert, 479 Napa, 479 Naples, 479 Napoleon, 479; parent of Fondante de Moulins-Lille, 385

Napoleon I. (syn. of Napoleon), 479 Napoleon III., 479

Napoleon Butterbirne (syn. of Napoleon), 479 Napol6on Savinien, 479 Naquette, 480 Nassau Ehre, 480 Naudin, 480 Naumkeag, 480 Navez Peintre, 480 Neapolitan, 480 Nee Plus Meuris, 480; parent of General Wauchope, 395

Necplus Meuris (syn. of Buerre d'Anjou), 127 Nectarine, 480 Negley, 481

Negley, J. S., orig. of Negley, 481 Nelis, Jean Charles, orig. of Joseph Lebeau, 431;

Winter Nelis, 233  Nelis d'River (syn. of Winter Nelis), 232 Nérard, orig. of Bergamotte Jars, 273; Beurré Antoine, 284; Colmar de Mars, 343; Hamon, 410; Seringe, 545
Nerbonne, M. de, orig. of Nain Vert, 479 Neuburg, orig. of Bremer Butterbirne, 319
New Bridge, 481

New England, introduction of pear in, 45

New Haven, 481

New Meadow, 481

Newhall, 481

Newtown, 481

Nicholas, 481

Nickerson, 481

Nicolas Eischen, 481

Nicolle, orig. of Bergamotte Nicolle, 274

Niell d'Hiver, 481

Nikitaer grune Herbst-Apothekerbirne, 482

Niles, 482

Niles, J. M., orig. of Niles, 482

Nina (syn. of Elizabeth), 161

Niochi de Parma, 482

Noir Grain, 482

Noire d'Alagier, 482

Noisette, Louis, introd. of Buerre d'Hiver, 297; Summer Saint Germain, 556; orig. of Bon-Chrétien d'Hiver Panache, 314; De Rachinquin, 355

Nonpareil, 482

Nordhauser Winter-Forellenbirne, 482 Norfolk County, 482 Normannische Ciderbirne, 482 Norihford Seckel (syn. of Talmadge), 559 Notaire Lepin, 483 Notaire Minot, 483 Nouhes, orig. of Delices de la Cacaudiere, 355;

President Parigot, 510; Royale Vendee, 532 Nouveau Doyenné d'Hiver, 483 Nouveau Poiteau, 483 Nouvelle Aglae", 483 Nouvelle Fulvie, 483 Nussbirne, 483 Nypse, 484


O

Oak-Leaved Imperial (syn. of Imperiale a Feuilles de Chene), 424 Oakley Park Bergamotte, 484 Occidental pears, description of species of, 69 Ochsenherz, 484 Ockletree, 484

Ockletree, orig. of Ockletree, 484 Ockletree pear tree, 49 Octave Lachambre, 484 Oesterreichische Muskatellerbirne, 484 CEuf de Woltmann, 484 Ogereau, 484 Ognon, 485

Ognonet (syn. of Archiduc d'Eté), 251 Ognonnet, 485 Oignon, 485

Oignonet de Provence, 485 Oken, 485 Oldfield, 485
[Old Home x Farmingdale rootstock series, modern rootstocks not in existence at the time The Pears of New York was written -ASC]
Olivenbirne, 485

Oliver, G. W., orig. of Oliver Russet, 485 Oliver Russet, 485

Oliver, discov. of President Drouard, 210 Olivier de Serres, 200; parent of Cavelier de la Salle, 331

Omer-Pacha (syn. of Saint Menin), 537

One-third, 486

Oneida, 486

Onion, 486

Onondaga, 201

Ontario, 202

Orange, 486

Orange-Bergamot, 486

Orange de Briel (syn. of Brielsche Pomeranzenbime), 319

Orange County Nurs. Co., introd. of Wilder Sugar, 580

Orange d'Hiver, 486

Orange Mandarine, 486

Orange Musque"e, 487

Orange pear tree, old, 42

Orange Rouge, 487

Orange Tulip6e, 487

Orange de Vienne, 487

Orchards, pear, care of, 97; catch crops for, 102

Orchards of mixed varieties of pears, 100

Ordensbirne, 487

Orel 15, 487

[Orient, modern pear developed after The Pears of New York was published -ASC]

Oriental pears, descriptions of species of, 74; influence of, on American pear culture, 55

Orpheline Colmar, 488

Orpheline d'Enghien (syn. of Beurré d'Arenberg), 129

Osband Summer, 488

Osborne, 488

Osborne, John, orig. of Osborne, 488

Osimaya (syn. of Winter), 583

Oswego Beurré*, 488

Oswego Incomparable, 488

Ott, 488

Ott, Samuel, orig. of Ott, 488

Owen, 488

Owen, John, orig. of Owen, 488

Owener Birne, 489

Oyster-shell scale on pear, 120

Ozark, 489


P

P. Barry, 203

Pacific states, introduction of pear-growing in, 53

Paddock, 489

Padres, early growers of pears, 54 Pailleau, 489 Pain-et-Vin, 489 Palmischbirne, 489 Papeleu, Adrien, orig. of Beurré Payen, 303; Navez

Peintre, 480

Paquency (syn. of Payenche), 493 Paradiesbirne, 489 Pardee, 489 Pardee, S. D., orig. of Dickerman, 359; Pardee, 489

Parfum d'Aout, 490 Parfum d'Hiver, 490 Parfum de Rose, 490 Parfume\ 490 Parfume'e, 490

40

Parigot, orig. of Appoline, 250; Beurré Bourbon, 288; Comptesse de Chambord, 347; Doyenné Fradin, 367; Eugene des Nouhes, 379

Pariset, orig. of varieties, 239, 249, 279, 292, 307, 329, 344, 453, 471, 490, 536, 543, 544, 562

Parkinson, discussion of pears by, 32

Parkinson's pears known at present, 36

Parmentier, Andrew, introd. of Surpasse VirgaHeu, 557; orig. of Bergamotte de Stryker, 277

Parrot, 490

Parry, William, orig. of Cincincis Seedling, 338

Parsonage, 490

Passa-tutti, 490

Passans du Portugal, 491

Passe Colmar, 205; parent of Alexandrine Mas, 241; Felix Sahut, 381; Wilmington, 582; Zephirin Grégoire, 587

Passe-Colmar des Beiges, 491

Passe Colmar d'eté, 491

Passe Colmar Franqois (syn. of Jean de Witte), 429

Passe Colmar Musque\ 491

Passe Crassane, 491; parent of Prince Napoleon, 512

Passe-Goemans, 491

Passe Madeleine, 491

Passe-Tardive, 492

Pastor, 492

Pastorale, 492

Pastorenbirne (syn. of Vicar of Winkfield), 227

Pater Noster, 492

Paternotte, Pierre, orig. of Pierre Paternotte, 499

Patten, Charles G., orig. of Seckel Seedling No. 1, 543

Paul Ambre, 492

Paul Bonamy, 492

Paul Coppieters, 492

Paul d'Hoop, 493

Paul Thielens, 493

Pauls Birne, 493

Payen, 493

Payenche, 493

Payne, James, discov. of Seneca, 544

Payton, 493

Payton, orig. of Payton, 493

Peach, 494

Pear, adaptability of the, to soils and locations, 92; black mold of the, 117; brown-blotch of the, 116; codling moth on the, 118; crown-gall on the, 116;

descriptive blank of the, opposite 68; fertility of the, 99; history of the, 1; leaf-blight of the, 115;

leaf-spots of the, notes on, 115; oyster-shell scale on the, 120; pink-rot of the, 117; San Jose scale on the, 117; structural botany of the, 58 Pear-blight, control of, 113; early occurrence of, in America, 51; notes on, 111 -borers, 120 -breeding, Van Mons' theory of, 18 -characteristics of the, unchanged since time of Pliny, 9 -culture, climate adapted to, 85; economic considerations important to, 94; importance of stocks in, 94; notes on, 83; statistics of, 83

Pear-diseases, no -districts in America, minor, 51 -growing, a comparison of English and American, 37

-insects, 117 -mites, 119 -orchards, care of, 97; catch crops for, 102; sod versus clean culture for, 102; tillage of, 102 -psylla, 118 -scab, 114; treatment of, 114 -slug, 119 -stocks, notes on, 95 -thrips, 121 -trees, characters of, 59; description of leaf-buds and leaves of, 61; description of trunk and branches of, 60; flower-buds and flowers of, 62; age of, 40; setting of, notes on, 101 -varieties, adaptability of, for dwarfing, 95; blight resistant, 112; blooming season of, 88; ripening season of, 88

Pears, canning of, 109; cold storage of, 109; commercial, leading varieties of, 84; cost of growing, no; descriptions of species of, 69; discussion of the setting of fruit of, 99; fertilizers for, 98; grading of, 108; grafting of, 106; hardy, notes on, 86; harvesting and marketing of, 106; home ripening of, 109; local market for, 101; methods of planting of, 99; mixed varieties of, in orchards, 100; occidental, description of species of, 69; oriental, description of species of, 74; pruning of, 103; self-fertile varieties of, 100; self-sterile varieties of, 100; soils and locations for, 91; wild, 1; wild, species of, 2

Peche (syn. of Peach), 494

Peck, Thomas R., orig. of Royal, 532

Pei-li, 494

Pemberton, 494

Penderson, 494

Penderson, Samuel, orig. of Penderson, 494

Pendleton Early York, 494

Pengethley, 494

Penn, 494

Pennsylvania, 494

Pepin, 495

Perpetual, 495

Perrier, 495

Perry, William, introd. of Lincoln Coreless, 192

Pertusati, 495

Pests, damage to American pears by, 38

Petersbime, 495

Petit-Blanquet, 495

Petit Catillac, 496

Petit-Chaumontel, 496

Petit-Hativeau, 496

Petit-Muscat, 496

Petit-Oin, 496

Petite Bergamotte Jaune d'Ete (syn. of Kleine gelbe Sommermuskatellerbirne), 435

Petite Charlotte, 497

Petite Comtesse Palatine (syn. of Kleine Pfalzgrafin) 436

Petite Fondante, 497

Petite Marguerite, 497

Petite Muscat Long d'itte (syn. of Kleine Lange Sommer-Muskatellerbirne), 436

Petite Poire de Pierre (syn. of Petersbime), 495

Petite Tournaisienne, 497

Petite Victorine, 497

Petre, 497; first variety to originate in America, 51

Pfaffenbirne, 497

Pfingstbirne, 498

Philiberte, 498

Philipp der Gute (syn. of Philippe-Le-Bon), 498

Philippe-Le-Bon, 498

Philippe Couvreur, 498

Philippe Goes, 498

Philippot, 498

Philippot, orig. of Philippot, 498

Philopena, 498

Picciola, 498

Pickering, or Warden pear tree, 44

Pickering (syn. of Pound), 208

Pie IX, 498

Pied-de- Vache (syn. of Kuhfuss), 439

Pierre Corneille, 499

Pierre Curie, 499

Pierre Mace", 499

Pierre Paternotte, 499

Pierre Pepin, 499

Pierre Tourasse, 499

Pimpe, 499

Pink-rot of pear, 117

Pinneo, 499

Pitmaston, 207

Pitmaston, William, orig. of Bergamot Seckel, 268

Pitmaston Duchess (syn. of Pitmaston), 207  Pitmaston Duchesse d'Angouleme (syn. of Pitmaston), 207

Piton, 500

Piton, discov. of Piton, 500

Pitson, 500

Pius IX (syn. of Pie IX), 498

Pius X, 500

Plantagenet, 500

Planting methods for pears, 99

Plascart, 500

Platt, 500

Platte Honigbime, 500

Pliny, medicinal qualities ascribed to pears by, 10; mention of pear varieties by, 8; pear characteristics given by, 9

Plutarch, discussion of the pear in Greece by, 4

Pocahontas, 500

Poekelbirne, 501

Poete B6ranger, 501

Poire d'Abbeville, 501

Poire d? Amour d'Hiver (syn. of Winterliebesbirne), 584

Poire d'Ange de Meiningen, 501 Poire d'Aunee d'Ete (syn. of Sommeralantbirne),

54S Poire d'Avril, 501

Poire Baronne Leroy (syn. of Baron Leroy), 259 Poire du Breuil Pere (syn. of Souvenir de du Breuil Pere), 549

Poire Brune de Gasselin, 501 Poire Canelle (syn. of Knoops Simmtbirne), 437 Poire de Casserole, 502 Poire des Chartriers, 502 Poire des Chasseurs, 502 Poire de Chevalier de Buttner (syn. of Buttner Saehsische Ritterbirne), 322 Poire de Coq, 502 Poire Dingier (syn. of Lamy), 184 Poire de Graisse, 502 Poire de gros queue, 502 Poire Henri (syn. of Henri Bivort), 414 Poire de Hert, 502 Poire de Houblon, 502 Poire de Klevenow, 503 Poire de Lard Brune (syn. of Braunrote Speckbime), 318

Poire Livre Verte (syn. of Griine Pfundbirne), 408 Poire de Miel de Liegel (syn. of Liegel Honigbirne), 448

Poire Noire a Longue Queue, 503 Poire des Nonnes (syn. of Beurré"de Brigne"), 288 Poire de Paul (syn. of Pauls Birne), 493 Poire du Pauvre, 503 Poire des Peintres, 503 Poire de Pendant, 503 Poire-Pomme (syn. of Apple Pear), 250 Poire de Preuilly, 503 Poire de Rateau, 503 Poire Rigoleau, 504 Poire du Roeulx, 504

Poire de Saint Pere (syn. of Saint Pere), 538 Poire Seutin (syn. of Seutin), 545 Poire Souvenir d'Hortoles Pere, 504 Poire Thouin, 504 Poire de Torpes, 504 Poire des Trois Fre"res, 504 Poire des Trois Jours, 504 Poire Trompette (syn. of Trompetenbirne), 566 Poire des Urbanistes (syn. of Urbaniste), 224 Poire de VallSe (syn. of Valle'e Franche), 568 Poire de Vitrier, 504 Poire du Voyageur, 505 Poirer de Jardin, 505 Poirier sauger. (See Pyrus nivalis) Poiteau, 505

Poiteau, orig. of Bergamotte Poiteau, 275 Poiteau (des Frangais) (syn. of Bergamotte Poiteau), 275

Polish Lemon, 505

Polk, 505

Pollan, 505

Pollvaskaja, 505

Polnische griine Krautbirne, 505

Polnische Seidenbirne, 505

Pome, definition of, 58; fruit characters of, 63

Pomeranzenbirn von Zabergau, 506

Pomme d'fité, 506

Pomological garden of Robert Manning, 53

Pomology, first American by Coxe, 52

Pope Quaker, 506

Pope Scarlet Major, 506

Portail, 506

Porter, 506

Portingall, 506

Posey, 506
[Potomac, modern pear not in The Pears of New York- ASC]
Pound, 208

Pradel Bros., orig. of Rousselet de Pomponne, 529

Prager Schaferbirne, 506

Prairie du Pond, 506

President Drouard (syn. of President Drouard), 210

Pratt, 507 Pratt Junior, 507 Pratt Seedling, 507 Precilly, 507 Precoce de Celles, 507 Precoce de Jodoigne, 507 Pr6coce de Tivoli, 507 Precoce de Trevoux, 507 Precoce Trottier, 507

Precoce de Wharton (syn. of Wharton Early), 579 Premature, 508 Premices d'ficully, 508 Pr6mices de Wagelwater, 508 Premier, 508

Premier President Metivier, 508 Present Royal of Naples (syn. of Beau Present d'Artois), 261 Present de Van Mons, 508 President, 508 President Barabe, 508 President de la Bastie, 509 President Boncenne, 509 President Campy, 509 President Clark, 509 President Couprie, 509 President Deboutteville, 509 President Dr. Ward, 509 President Drouard, 210 President d'Estaintot, 509 President Felton, 509 President Fortier, 509 President Heron, 510 President Mas, 510 President Muller, 510 President Olivier, 510 Pr6sident d'Osmonville, 510 President Parigot, 510 President Pay en, 510 President Pouyer-Quertier, 510 President Royer, 510 President le Sant, 511 President Watier, 511 Presidente Senente, 511 PreuVs Colmar (syn. of Passe Colmar), 205 Prevost, 511 Pricke, 511 Primating, 511

Prince, William, introd. of Sha Lea, 545; orig. of Prince Harvest, 511; Saint-Germain, 512

Prince Albert, 511

Prince Harvest, 511

Prince Imperial, 511

Prince Imperial de France, 512

Prince de Joinville, 512

Prince Napoleon, 512

Prince d'Orange, 512

Prince de Printemps, 512

Prince Saint-Germain, 512

Prince Seed Virgalieu, 512

Princess, 512

Princess Maria, 513

Princesse Charlotte, 513

Princesse de Lubeck (syn. of Lubecker Prinzessin Birne), 453

Princesse Marianne, 513

Princesse d'Orange, 513

Princesse-Royale (syn. of Groom Prince Royal, )4O3

Princiere, 513

Pringalle, Celestin, orig. of Beurré Pringalle, 304

Priou, 513

Priou, discov. of Priou, 513

Professeur Barral, 514

Professeur Bazin, 514

Professeur Dubreuil, 514

Professeur Grosdemange, 514

Professeur Hennau, 514

Professeur Hortoles, 514

Professeur Opoix, 514

Professeur Willermoz, 514

Prud'homme, 515

Pruning pears, 103

Psylla, pear, 118

Pudsey, 515

Puebla, 515

Pulsifer, 515

Pulsifer, Dr. John, orig. of Pulsifer, 515

Pushkin, 515

Pyrolle, orig. of Jaminette, 427

Pyrus, characters of, 57

Pyrus amygdaliformis, note on, 73

Pyrus auricularis, habitat of, 73; specific description

of, 73 Pyrus betulaefolia, habitat of, 79; specific description

of, 79

Pyrus calleryana, habitat of, 80; specific notes on, 80 Pyrus communis, behavior of, as a wild pear, 2;

habitat of, 70; specific description of, 69 Pyrus communis cordata, specific notes on, 72 Pyrus communis longipes, specific notes on, 72 Pyrus communis mariana, specific notes on, 72 Pyrus communis pyraster, specific notes on, 71 Pyrus communis saliva, specific notes on, 72 Pyrus elceagrifolia, relationship of, to Pyrus nivalis,

73

Pyrus heterophylla, note on, 73 Pyrus kotschyana, relationship of, to Pyrus nivalis,

73 Pyrus lindleyi, relationship of, to Pyrus serotina, 75

Pyrus nivalis, behavior of, as a wild pear, 2; habitat of, 2, 72; specific description of, 72

Pyrus ovoidea, blight resistance of, 81; parent of Tolstoy, 564; specific description of, 80

Pyrus pashia, distinction of, from Pyrus variolosa, 82

Pyrus salicifolia, note on, 74

Pyrus salvifolia, relationship of, to Pyrus nivalis, 73

Pyrus serotina, behavior of, as a wild pear, 2;

- habitat of 3, 75; specific description of, 74; value of, as a pear stock, 96

Pyrus serotina culta, habitat of, 76; specific description of, 75

Pyrus serotina stapfiana, note on, 75

Pyrus serrulata, habitat of, 78; specific notes on, 78

Pyrus sinensis, relationship of, to Pyrus serotina, 74

Pyrus syriaca, note on, 74

Pyrus ussuriensis, blight resistance of, 78; habitat of, 77; specific description of, 77

Pyrus variolosa, notes on, 81

Queen Jargonelle, 515

Queen Victoria, 515

Quiletette, 515

Quince, 515

Quince, Japanese, relationship of, to the pear, 57

Quince stocks for pear, 96

Quinn, 515

Quintinye, La. (See La Quintinye)

Raabe, orig. of Honey Dew, 420

Radis de Leipsick (syn. of Leipziger Rettigbirn), 444

Ragan, Reuben, discov. of Philopena, 498

Rahm, Rev. W. L., introd. into England of Vicar of Winkfield, 227

Rainbirne, 516

Rallay, 516

Rameau, 516

Ramilies, 516

Rankin, 516

Rankin, W. H., discov. of Rankin, 516

Rannaja, 516

Rapelje, 516

Rastlerbirne, 516

Rateau Blanc, 516

Ravenswood, 517

Ravu (syn. of Ravut), 517

Ravut, 517

Raymond, 517

Raymond de Montlaur, 517

Raymould, 517

Rayner, Mrs., orig. of Hacon Incomparable, 409

Re Umberto primo, 517

Read, Walter, orig. of Oswego Beurré, 488

Reading, 517

Recq de Pambroye, 517

Red Doyenné (syn. of Doyenné Gris), 367

Red Garden, 518

Red Muscadel (syn. of Jargonelle (French)), 178

Red Orange (syn. of Orange Rouge), 487

Red Pear, 518

Redfield, 518

Reeder, 211

Reeder, Dr. Henry, orig. of Reeder, 211

Reeder's Seedling (syn. of Reeder), 211

Refreshing, 518

Regentin (syn. of Passe Colmar), 205

Regina Margherita, 518

Régine, 518

Regnier, 518

Regnier, Madame, orig. of Regnier, 518

Reichenackerin, 518

Reine des Beiges, 518

Reine d'Hiver, 519

Reine des Poires, 519

Reine des Précoces, 519

Reine des Tardives, 519

Reine Victoria, 519

Reliance, 519

Remy Chatenay, 519

René Dunan, 519

Rettigbirne, 519

Reuterbirne, 520

Rewell, 520

Rey, orig. of L6on Rey, 446

Reymenans, 520

Reynaert Beernaert, 520

Rheinische Birne, 520

Rheinische Herbstapothekerbirne, 520

Rheinische Paradiesbirne, 520

Rhenser Schmalzbirne, 520

Richards, 520

Richardson, 521

Riche Dépouille, 521

Ridelle, 521

Riehl, Edwin H., discov. of Riehl Best, 212   Riehl Best, 212

Riocreux, 521

Ripening of pears in the home, 109

Ripening season of pear varieties, 88

Ritson, 521  Ritson, Mrs. John, orig. of Ritson, 521

Ritter, 521

Ritter, Louis, discov. of Ritter, 521

Rival Dumont, 521 .

Rivers, 521

Rivers, Thomas, orig. of varieties, 308, 345, 347,

363, 381, 417, 460, 502, 512, 537, 538, 556 Robert, orig. of Belle du Figuier, 264; General

Canrobert, 394 Robert et Moreau, orig. of Beurré* Fideline, 295;

Fondante de la Maitre-ficole, 384 Robert Hogg, 521 Robert Treel, 522

Robertson (syn. of Washington), 575 Robin, orig. of Doyenné* Robin, 369 Robine, 522

Robitaillie\ orig. of Robitaillié pere, 522 Robitaillié pere, 522 Roby, H. R., introd. of Winter Seckel, 584; orig. of

Cooke, 348 Rockeneirbirne, 522

Roe, William, orig. of Roe Bergamot, 522 Roe Bergamot, 522 Rogers, 522

Roggenhoferbirne, 522

Roi Charles de Wurtemberg (syn. of Konig Karl von Wurttemberg), 438

Roi d'Ete (syn. of Gros Rousselet), 404 Roi-Guillaume, 522 Roi de Rome, 523 Roitelet, 523 Rokeby, 523

Roland, orig. of Beurré* Roland, 304 Rollet, orig. of Notaire Lepin, 483 Rolmaston Duchess, 523 Rome, ancient, pear in, 7 Ronde du Bosquet, 523 Rondelet, 523

Rongieras, orig. of Beurré* des Mouchouses, 302 Rooks, orig. of Ozark, 489 Roosevelt, 213
[Rootstocks for the Southeastern US -ASC]
Ropes, 523

Ropes, orig. of Ropes, 523 Rorreger Mostbirne, 523 Rosabirne, 523 Rosalie Wolters, 524 Rosanne, 524 Rose Doyenné", 524 Rose Water, 524 Rosenhofbirne, 524 Rosenwasserbirne, 524 Rosinenbirne, 524 Roslyn, 524 Ross, 524

Ross, Charles, orig. of General Wauchope, 395 Ross, Gideon, orig. of Japan, 428 Rossney, 524 Rostiezer, 525 Rote Bergamotte (syn. of Bergamotte d'Automne), 270

Rote Hanglbirne, 525 Rote Holzbirne, 525 Rote Kochbirne, 525 Rote Pilchelbirne, 525 Rote Scheibelbirne, 525 Rote Winawitz, 525 Rotfleischige Mostbirne, 525 Rothbackige Sommerzuckerbirnei 525 Rothe Confesselsbirne, 526 Rothe Jakobsbirne, 526 Rothe langstielige Honigbirne, 526 Rothe oder grosse Pfalzgrafinbirne, 526 Rothe Rettigbirne, 526 Rothe Winterkappesbirne, 526 Rothe Winterkochbirne, 526 Rothe Zucherlachsbirne, 526

Rother Sommerdorn (syn. of Epine d'Eté Rouge), 377 Rother Winterhasenkopf, 526 Rothgraue Kirchmessbirne, 527 Rougeaude, 527 Rouget, 527 Roulef, 527 Rouse Lench, 527 Rousselet Aelens, 527 Rousselet d'Anvers, 527

Rousselet d'Aout (syn. of Gros Rousselet d'Aout),

Rousselet Baud, 527

Rousselet Bivort, 527

Rousselet Blanc, 528

Rousselet de la Cour, 528

Rousselet Decoster, 528

Rousselet Dore"d'Hiver, 528

Rousselet Enfant Prodigue (syn. of Enfant Prodigue), 377

Rousselet d'ite Brun Rouge (syn. of Braunrothe Sommerrusselet), 319

Rousselet Hatif, 528

Rousselet d'Hiver (syn. of Winter Rousselet), 584

Rousselet de Janvier, 528

Rousselet Jaune d'fité, 529

Rousselet de Jodoigne, 529

Rousselet de Jonghe, 529

Rousselet de Meestre, 529

Rousselet Panaché, 529

Rousselet de Pomponne, 529

Rousselet Precoce, 529

Rousselet de Reims, parent of Bon Chretien Vermont, 315

Rousselet de Rheims, 530

Rousselet de Rheims Panache", 530

Rousselet Royal, 530

Rousselet Saint Nicolas, 530

Rousselet Saint-Quentm, 530

Rousselet Saint Vincent, 530

Rousselet de Stuttgardt, 531

Rousselet Thaon, 531

Rousselet Theuss, 531

Rousselet Vanderwecken, 531

Rousseline, 531

Rousselon, 531

Roux Carcas, 532

Rov[', 532

Rowling, 532

Royal, 532

Royal d'Hiver, 532

Royale Vendee, 532

Ruhsehiebler, 532

Rummelter Birne, 533

Runde gelbe Honigbirne, 533

Runde Sommerpomeranzenbirne, 533

Rushmore (syn. of Harrison Large Fall), 412

Russbirne, 533

Russelet Petit, 533

Russet Bartlett, 533

Russet Catherine, 533

Russian pears, introduction into America, 56

Rutter, 214

Rutter, John, orig. of Rutter, 214

%lsk] 533

S. T. Wright, 533

Sabine, 533

Sabine d'fite, 534

Sacandaga, 534

Sachsische Glockenbirne, 534

Sachsische Lange Grune Winterbirne, 534

Safran, 534

Sage-leaved Pear. (See Pyrus nivalis)

Sageret, orig. of Angleterre Nain, 247; Beauvalot, 262; Bergamotte Sageret, 276; Doyenné* Rose, 369

Saint André, 534

Saint Andrew, 534

Saint Aubin sur Riga, 534

Saint-Augustin, 535

Saint Denis, 535

Saint Dorothea, 535

Saint Francois, 535

Saint Gallus Weinbirne, 535

Saint George, 535

Saint Germain, 535; parent of Marie Guisse, 464; Williams Double Bearing, 582

Saint Germain Gris, 536

Saint Germain Panache", 536

Saint Germain de Pepins, 536

Saint Germain Puvis, 536

Saint Germain du Tilloy, 536

Saint Germain Van Mons, 536

Saint-Germain Vauquelin (syn. of Vauquelin), 570

Saint Ghislain, 536

Saint Herblain d'Hiver, 537

Saint-Laurent Jaune (syn. of Gelbe Laurentius-birne), 393

Saint Lezin, 537

Saint Louis, 537

Saint Luc, 537

Saint Luke, 537

St. Martial (syn. of Angelique de Bordeaux), 247

Saint Menin, 537

Saint-Michael (syn. of White Doyenné), 228

St. Michel Archange, 538

Saint-Nicolas (syn. of Duchesse d'Orteans), 156

Saint Patrick, 538

Saint Pere, 538

St. Swithin, 538

Saint Vincent de Paul, 538

Sainte Anne, 538

Sainte Germain d'Ete (syn. of Summer Saint Germain), 556

Sainte Madelaine (syn. of Madeleine), 195

Sainte Therese, 539

Salisbury, 539

Salviati, 539

Salzburger von Adlitz, 539

Sam Brown, 539

Samenlose, 539

San Jose scale on pear, 117

Sand Pear. (See Pyrus serotina)

Sand pear, Chinese, parent of Garber, 171; Kieffer, 181; Le Conte, 187

Sanguine de France (syn. of Sanguinole), 539

Sanguine d'ltalie, 539

Sanguinole, 539

Sanguinole de Belgique, 540

Sannier, Arseiie, orig. of varieties, 241, 276, 283, 297, 3*5* 360, 361, 381, 429, 45L 452, 453] 455, 456, 499. 508, 509* 5io, 511, 5i9; 543.549.550,551;572

Sans-Pareille du Nord, 540

Sans Peau, 540

Santa Anna, 540

Santa Claus, 540

Santa Rosa, 541

Sapieganka, 541

Sarah, 541

Sarrasin, 541

Sary-Birne, 541

Sauerliche Margarethenbirne, 541

Scab, pear, 114; treatment of, 114

Scale insects on pear, 120

Scented (syn. of Duchovaya), 373

Schellesbirne, 541

Schenk, John, orig. of Hosenschenk, 421

Schmalblattrige Schneebirne, 542

Schmotzbirne, 542

Sehnackenburger Winterbirne, 542

Schoberlbirne, 542

Schone Angevine (syn. of Pound), 208

Schone Mullerin, 542

Schone Zuckerbirne (syn. of Belle Sucree), 266

Schonebeck Tafelbirne, 542

Schonerts Omsewitzer Schmalzbirne, 542

Schonlin Stuttgarter spate Winterbutterbime, 542

Schonste Sommerbirne (syn. of Jargonelle (French)), 178

Schuman, 542 Schwarze Birne, 542 Schweizer Wasserbirne, 543 Sdegnata, 543 Seal, 543 S6bastien, 543 Sebastopol, 543

Secher, orig. of Duchesse de Bordeaux, 371 Seckel, 215; parent of Adams, 237; Barseck, 260; Eureka, 379; Feast, 381; Gansel Seckel, 170; Luola, 454; President Clark, 509; Worden Seckel, 234; Youngken Winter Seckel, 586; place of, in commercial pear culture, 84
Seckel Seedling No. 1, 543
Seckle (syn. of Seckel), 215 Secretaire Mareschal, 543 Secretaire Rodin, 543 Seigneur (syn. of Belle Lucrative), 126 , Seigneur Daras, 544

Seigneur d'Esperen (syn. of Belle Lucrative), 126 Seigneur d'fite, 544 Self-fertile and self-sterile pears, 100 Selleck, 544

Semis d'Echasserie, 544 Semis Léon Leclerc, 544 Semis de White (syn. of White Seedling), 579 Secateur Preset, 544 Senateur Vaisse, 544 Seneca, 545 Senfbirne, 545 Seringe, 545 Serrurier, 545 Seutin, 545 Sha Lea, 545 Shawmut, 545

Sheldon, 217; place of, in commercial pear culture, 84  Sheldon, Major, owner of original tree of Sheldon, 217

Shenandoah, 545

Sheppard, 546

Sheppard, James, orig. of Sheppard, 546

Sheridan, 546

Shindel, 546

[Shinko, not mentioned in The Pears of New York -ASC]

Shobden Court, 546

Shroeder, R., introd. of Winter, 583

Shurtleff, 546

Shurtleff, Dr. S. A., orig. of varieties, 238, 242, 258, 319, 320, 328, 335, 336, 338, 360, 387, 388, 395, 399, 400, 401, 411, 425, 430, 445, 450, 461, 468, 476, 482, 486, 494, 506, 508, 515, 538, 545, 546, 552, 570] 583
Sieboldii, 546

Sieulle, Jean, orig. of Doyenné* Sieulle, 369 Sievenicher Mostbirne, 546 Silberastige Gewiirzbirne (syn. of Rameau), 516 Silvange (syn. of Bergamotte Silvange), 276 Sikaya, 546

Simon Bouvier, 546; parent of Rousselet Bivort, 527 Sinai'sche Buschelbirne, 547 Sinclair, 547

Sirningers Mostbirne, 547 Six, orig. of Beurré Six, 306 Size and habit of pear-trees, 59 Skinless (syn. of Sans Peau), 540 Slavonische Wasserbirne, 547 Slug on pear, 19 Slutsk, 547

Small Blanquet (syn. of Petit-Blanquet), 495 Smet Fils Unique, 547 Smith, 547 Smith, J. B., orig. of Haddington, 4C9; Moyamensing, 475; Pennsylvania, 494 Smith, S. F., orig. of seedling pears, 338 Smith, W. et T., orig. of Ontario, 202 Smith Beauty, 547 Smith Duchess, 547 Snow, 547

Snow Pear. (See Pyrus nivalis)
Society Van Mons, distrib. of varieties, # 264, 320, 500; orig. of varieties, 259, 316, 479, 527
Sod versus clean culture for pear orchards, 102
Sceur Grégoire, 547
Soils and locations for pears, 91
Soldat Bouvier, 548 Soldat Laboureur, 548; parent of President d'Estaintot, 509

Solitaire (syn. of Mansuette), 461 Sommeralantbirne, 548 Sommerdechantsbirne (syn. of Summer Doyenné), 221

Sommerkonigen, 548 Sommer-Russelet, 548 Sommerwachsbirne, 548 Sommer-Zuckerbirne, 548 Sophie de l'Ukraine, 548

Sotschnaja, 549

Soueraigne, 549

[Southern Queen, newer cultivar adapted to hotter climates and not mentioned in The Pears of New York -ASC]

Soutmann, 549

Souvenir (syn. of Souvenir du Congres), 218

Souvenir de l'abbe Lefebvre, 549

Souvenir de du Breuil Pere, 549

Souvenir du Congres, 218

Souvenir Deschamps, 549

Souvenir Desiré Gilain, 549

Souvenir d'Esperen, 219   Souvenir d'Esperen (syn. of Fondante de Noel), 165

Souvenir d'Esperen de Berckmans, 549

Souvenir Favre, 550

Souvenir de Gaete, 550

Souvenir de Julia, 550

Souvenir de Leopold Ier (syn. of Vingt-ciniquieme Anniversaire de Leopold Ier), 573 Souvenir de Leroux-Durand, 550 Souvenir de Lydie, 550 Souvenir de Madame Charles, 550
Souvenir de Madame Treyve (syn. of Madame Treyve), 459

Souvenir de la Reine des Beiges, 550 Souvenir de Renault Pere, 551 Souvenir de Sannier pere, 551 Souvenir de Simon Bouvier, 551 Souvenir de Simon Bouvier (syn. of Simon Bouvier),

Souvenir du Venerable de la Salle, 551

Souveraine de Printemps, 551

Spae, 551

Spae, orig. of Spae, 551

[Spalding, modern pear not mentioned in The Pears of New York -ASC]

Spanish Warden (syn. of Bon-Chretien d'Espagne), 313

Sparbirne (syn. of Jargonelle), 177

Spate Rotbirne, 551

Spate Sommerbirne ohne Schale, 551

Spate Todemannsbirne, 552

Spate Wasserbirne, 552

Spates Graumanchen, 552

Species of oriental pears, descriptions of, 74

Species of pears, 57; characters of, 57; descriptions of, 69

Speckbirne, 552
Speedwell, 552
Spillingsbirne, 552 Spindelformige Honigbirne, 552
Spindelformige Rehbirne, 552
Spinka, 552 Spreeuw, 553

Squash (syn. of Taynton Squash), 560
Stair, discoverer of Bartlett, 125
Star of Bethlehem, 553
Stark, W. P., introd. of Victor, 572
Stark Bros., introd. of Florida Bartlett, 383
Statistics of pear culture, 83
Steinbirne, 553
Steinmitz Catharine, 553
Stephens, Prof., discov. of Rapelje, 516
Sterckmans, orig. of Beurré* Sterckmans, 307 Sterility of pear, 99

Sterling, 553

Sterling, orig. of Sterling, 553

Stevens, M. F., orig. of Stevens Genesee, 553

Stevens Genesee, 553

Stocks for pears, importance of, 94; notes on, 95

Stoff, orig. of Madame Stoff, 459

Stoffels, orig. of Sabine d'fite", 534

Stone, 553

Stone, orig. of Stone, 553

Stone et Wellington, orig. of Pitson, 500

Stout, 553

Strassburger Sommerbergamotte, 553

Stribling, 554

Stribling, J. C, introd. of Stribling, 554

Striped Bon Chretien (syn. of Bon-Chrétien d'Hiver Panache), 314

Structural botany of pear, 58 Stumplerbirne, 554 Sturges, 554

Sturges, Mrs. Mary S., orig. of Sturges, 554 Stuttgarter Geisshirtel (syn. of Rousselet de Stuttgardt), 531

Stuyvesant, pear tree in garden of, 49 Styer, 554

Styer, Charles, orig. of Styer, 554 Styrian, 554 Sucre de Tertolen (syn. of Van Tertolen Herbst Zuckerbirne), 569 Sucré-Vert, 554 Sucre- Vert d'Hoyerswerda (syn. of Sucree de Hoyerswerda), 555 Sucrée Blanche, 555 Sucree du Cornice, 555

Sucree d1Heyer (syn. of Heyer Zuckerbirne), 418 Sucree de Hoyerswerda, 555 Sucree de Montlucon, 555 Sucree Van Mons, 555 Sucrde de Zurich, 555

Sudduth, 220 vSudduth, Titus, dissem. of Sudduth, 220
Suet Lea, 556 Suffolk Thorn, 556 Sugar Top, 556 Sulibirne, 556 Sullivan, 556

Summer Bell (syn. of Windsor), 583 Summer Beurr^ d'Arenberg, 556 Summer Franc Real (syn. of Bergamotte d'fité), 271 Summer Hasting, 556 Summer Popperin, 556 Summer Portugal, 556 Summer Saint Germain, 556 Summer Virgalieu, 557 Summer, Col. William, introd. of Upper Crust, 567; orig. of Hebe, 413

Superfin (syn. of Beurré Superfin), 137 Superfondanta, 557 Superstitions based on pears, 10 Supreme Coloma, 557 Surpasse Crassane, 557 Surpasse Meuris, 557

Surpasse St. Germain, 557

Surpasse Virgalieu, 557

Surprise, 558

Susse Margarethenbirne, 558

Susse Sommerlahnbirne, 558

Suwanee, 558

Suzanne, 558

Suzette de Bavay, 558

Swain, James R., orig. of Bronx, 320

Swan Egg, 558

Swan's Orange (syn. of Onondaga), 201

Sweater, 558

Sylvie de Malzine, 559


T

Taglioretti, 559

Takasaki, 559

Talmadge, 559

Talmadge, Levi, orig. of Talmadge, 559

Tardive d'Ellezelles, 559

Tardive Garin, 559

Tardive de Mons, 559

Tardive de Montauban, 559

Tardive de Solesne, 559

Tardive de Toulouse (syn. of Duchesse d'Hiver), 372

Tatnall Harvest, 559

Tavernier de Boulogne, 559

Taylor, 560

Taynton Squash, 560

Tea, 560

Templiers, 560

[Tenn, modern pear not found in The Pears of New York -ASC]

Tepka, 560

Tertolen Herbst Zuckerbirne (syn. of Van Tertolen Herbst Zuckerbirne), 569 Test, 560 Tettenhall, 560 Teutsche Augustbirne, 561 Texas, 561

Thacher, Anthony, pear tree, 43 The Dean, 561 Theilersbirne, 561 Theodor Korner, 561 Theodore, 561 Theodore Van Mons, 561 Theodore Williams, 561 Theophile Lacroix, 561 Theophrastus, mention of pear by, 5 Thetrese, 562 TheYese Appert, 562 Theveriner Butterbirne, 562 Thibaut Butterbirne, 562 Thick Stalked Pear, 562 Thierard, Jules, orig. of Lydie Thie"rard, 454 Thimothe'e, 562

Thintwig (syn. of Tonkovietka), 564 Thirriot, orig. of Fondante Thirriot, 386 Thirriot Bros., orig. of Eugene Thirriot, 379 Thompson, Judge, orig. of Thompson, 562 Thompson (Eng.), 562 Thompson (N. H.), 562 Thooris, 562

Thorp (syn. of White Doyenné), 228 Thouin (syn. of Winter Nelis), 232

Thrips on pear, 121

Throop, Calvin, orig. of Calvin, 326

Thuerlinckx, 563

Thurston Red, 563

Thury Schmalzbirne (syn. of Hericart de Thury), 417

Tiffin, 563

Tigrée de Janvier, 563

Tillage of pear orchards, 102

Tillington, 563

Timpling, 563

Tindall, George et William, orig. of Tindall Swan

Egg, 563

Tindall Swan Egg, 563 Tollbirne, 564 Tolstoy, 564 Tom Strange, 564 Tonkovietka, 564 Tonneau, 564 Toronto Belle, 564

Totten, Col., orig. of Totten Seedling, 564 Totten Seedling, 564

Tougard (syn. of Calebasse Tougard), 326 Tourasse, orig. of Comte de Lambertye, 346; Directeur Hardy, 360; La Bearnaise, 440; Pierre Tourasse, 499; Professeur Bazin, 514 Tournay d'hiver, 565 Tout-il-faut, 565 Traublesbirne, 565

[Treasure, modern pear not listed in The Pears of New York -ASC]

Tredwell, Thomas, orig. of Platt, 500 Trees, pear, characters of, 59 Trescott (syn. of Westcott), 578 Tresor (syn. of Amour), 245 Tressorier Lesacher, 565 Treyve, orig. of Madame Treyve, 459; Pr#coce de

Trevoux, 507 Trinkebirne, 565 Triomphe de Jodoigne, 565 Triomphe de Louvain, 565 Triomphe de Touraine, 565 Triomphe de Tournai, 565 Triomphe de Vienne, 566 Triumph (syn. of Triomphe de Vienne), 566 Trockener Martin (syn. of Martin-Sec), 466 Trompetenbirne, 566

Troppauer Goldgelbe Sommermuskatellerbime, 566 Troppauer Muskateller (syn. of Troppauer Goldgelbe Sommermuskatellerbime), 566 Trottier, orig. of Doyenné de Mont jean, 368 Trous Jours (syn. of Poire des Trois Jours), 504 Trout Pear (syn. of Forelle), 167 Truchsess, 566 Truckhill Bergamot, 566 Tsar, 566
[Tsu Li, not mentioned in The Pears of New York -ASC]
Tudor, 567 Turban, 567

Tiirkische muskirte Sommerbirne, 567 Tumep, 567

[Turnbull Giant, modern pear not listed in The Pears of New York -ASC]

Turner, mention of pears by, 32 Tusser, mention of pears by, 32
Tussock moth caterpillars on pear, 120

Twenty-fifth Anniversaire de Leopold I (syn. of Vingt-cinquieme Anniversaire de Leopold Ier), 573

Twice flowering Pear-tree, 567

Tyler, 567

Tyson, 222; value of, for local market in New York, 101

Tyson, Jonathan, owner of original tree of Tyson, 223

Ulatis, 567

Unbekannte Von Mons (syn. of L'Inconnue Van Mons), 439

Union (syn. of Pound), 208

Unterlaibacher Mostbirne, 567

Unvergleichliche (syn. of Sans-Pareille du Nord), 540

Upper Crust, 567

Urbaniste, 224; parent of Harris, 412; Poire du Pauvre, 503

Urbanister Sdmling (syn. of Urbanicte), 224

Ursula, 567

Uvedale, Dr., orig. of Pound, 209

UvedaWs St. Germain (syn. of Pound), 208

Uwchlan, 568

Valentine, 568

Vallee Franche, 568

Valley, 568

Van Assche, 568

Van Assene (syn. of Van Assche), 568

Van Buren, 568

Van Deventer, 568

Van Dooren, orig. of Rousselet Saint-Quentin, 530

Van Geert, Jean, orig. of Beurré Jean van Geert 298; Beurré Van Geert, 295

Van Lindley, J., introd. of AHce Payne, 242

Van Marum, 569

Van Mons, Dr., discov. of var., 533; orig. of varieties, 131, 152, 161, 221, 237, 239, 240, 242, 243, 246, 251, 252, 253, 254, 255, 260, 265, 269, 272, 273, 278, 279, 282, 284, 285, 286, 288, 290, 291, 293, 297, 298, 299, 305, 307, 308, 312, 318, 319, 320, 321, 322, 323, 324, 325, 326, 327, 330, 331, 333] 334] 339, 340] 34X] 342] 343] 344; 345* 34^, 348, 349, 35i] 353] 354] 355, 35^, 35$, 361, 362, 365] 368, 369, 370, 372, 373, 377, 378, 379, 381, 3^3; 385] 386, 387* 390, 392, 394] 405, 409] 4i3] 414, 415, 417, 418, 433, 434, 441, 443, 444, 445,

. 446, 448, 452, 457, 462, 463, 464, 467, 470, 472, 474, 476, 483, 485, 487, 488, 489, 491, 492, 493, 498, 502, 505, 508, 511, 512, 513, 5i5; 516, 518, 519, 520, 522, 527, 528, 531, 536, 545, 547, 553, 555, 556, 557, 558, 561, 562, 5^5, 569, 570, 578; prop, of var., 160; theory of, in pear breeding, 18; work of, in pear breeding, 17

Van Mons Butterbirne (syn. of Leon Leclerc (Van Mons)), 189

Van Mons fruhe Pomeranzenbirne, 569 Van Mons Hermannsbirne (syn. of Saint Germain Van Mons), 536

Van Mons Sommer Schmalzbirne, 569

Van Mons spate Wirthschaftbirne, 569

Van Mons stisse Haushaltsbirne, 569

Van Tertolen Herbst Zuckerbirne, 569

Van Vranken, William, discov. of Sacandaga, 534

Van de Weyer Bates, 569

Vancouver, mention of fruits in California by, 54

Vanderveer, 570

Vanderveer, Dr. Adrian, orig. of Vanderveer, 570

Varet, A., orig. of Beuiré Vauban, 307

Varro, fifty monographs of husbandry by Greeks named by, 7; forerunner of modern pear management, 7

Varuna, 570

Vauquelin, 570

Vauquelin, orig. of Vauquelin, 570

Veitch, Messrs., orig. of S. T. Wright, 533

Venturia pyrina, cause of pear scab, 114

Venusbrust, 570

Vereins Dechantsbirne (syn. of Doyenné du Comice), 153

Vergoldete oder wahre graue Dechantsbirne, 570 I Verguldete Herbstbergamotte, 570 Verlain (syn. of Verlaine d'Ete"), 570 Verlaine d'Ete", 570 Vermillion d'en Haut, 570 Vermont, 571
Vermont Beauty, 225; place of, in New York pear culture, 85; possibility of, being identical with Forelle, 167
Vernusson, 571

Verschwenderin (syn. of Enfant Prodigue), 377 Verie-Longue d'Automne (syn. of Long Green of

Autumn), 449 Verte-longue panachée, 571 Verte-Longue de la Sarthe, 571 Verulam, 571

Veterans (syn. of Besi des Veterans), 282 Vezouziere, 571

Vicar (syn. of Vicar of Winkfield), 226 Vicar Junior, 571 Vicar of Winkfield, 226 Vice-President Coppiers, 572 Vice-President Decaye, 572 Viee-Pre"sident Delbee, 572 Vice-President Delehoye, 572 Vice-President d'Elbee, parent of Cavelier de la

Salle, 331 Victor, 572

Victoria (syn. of Huyshe Victoria), 423 Victoria d'Huyse (syn. of Huyshe Victoria), 423 Victoria de Williams, 572 Victorina, 572 Vigne, 572 Villain XIV, 572 Villene de Saint-Florent, 573 Vin de Anglais, 573 Vine Pear (syn. of Vigne), 572 Vineuse, 573

Vineuse Esperen (syn. of Vineuse), 573 Vingt-cinquieme Anniversaire de Leopold ier, 573 Virgalieu (syn. of White Doyenné), 228 Virgalieu d'ete (syn. of Summer Virgalieu), 557 Virginale du Mecklembourg, 573 Virginie Baltet, 573

Virgouleuse, 573 Vital, 574

Vital, discov. of Vital, 574 Vitrier, 574

Volkmarsen (syn. of Volkmarserbirne), 574 Volkmarserbirne, 574 Von Muckenheim, orig. of Argusbirne, 252 Von Zugler, 574 Voscovoya, 574 Vosschanka, 575 Wacksbirne (syn. of Cire), 338 Wade, 575

Wade, I. C, orig. of Wade, 575 Wadleigh, 575 Wahre Canning, 575 Wahre Faustbirne, 575 Wahre Schneebirne, 575
[Waite, modern pear not listed in The Pears of New York -ASC]
Walker, Samuel, owner of original tree of Mount
Vernon
, 199

Walker (syn. of Amande Double), 243 Wallis, Henry, orig. of Wallis Kieffer, 575 Wallis Kieffer, 575 Walnut (syn. of Echasserie), 374 Wdlsche Birne (syn. of Jargonelle), 177 Warden pear tree, 44 Warner, 575

Warwicke (syn. of White Doyenné), 228 Washington, 575 Waterloo, 576 Watson, 576

Watson, William, orig. of Watson, 576 Waxy (syn. of Voscovoya), 574 Weber, orig. of Duchesse d'Angouleme Bronzée, 371 Webster, 576 Weeping Willow, 576 Weidenbirne, 576 Weidenblattrige Herbstbirne, 576 Weihmier Sugar, 576

Weihnachtsbirne (syn. of Fondante de Noel), 164 Weiler'sche Mostbirn, 576

Weingifterin (syn. of Schweizer Wasserbirne), 543 Weisse Fuchsbirne, 576 Weisse Hangelbirne, 577 Weisse Herbst Butterbirne (syn. of White Doyenné), 228

Weisse Kochbirne, 577 Weisse Pelzbirne, 577 Weisse Pfalzgrafenbirne (syn. of Zink Pfalsgrafen-

birne), 587

Welbeck Bergamot, 577 Wellington, 577

Wellington, A., introd. of Wellington, 577 Welsche Bratbirne, 577 Weltz, 578

Weltz, Leo, introd. of Weltz, 578 Wendell, 578 Wesner, 578 Westcott, 578

Westphalische Melonenbirne, 578 Westrumb, 578 Wetmore, 578

Wetmore, E. B., orig. of Wetmore, 578

Wharton Early, 579

Wheeler, 579

Wheeler, Dr., discov; of Wheeler, 579

Whieldon, 579

Whieldon, Wm. W., orig. of Whieldon, 579

White Beurré (syn. of White Doyenné), 228  White Doyenné, 228; parent of Beurré"Antoine, 284;

Christmas Bem-re", 337; Collins, 341; Hewes, 418;

Homestead, 420; Vanderveer, 570 White Genneting, 579 White Longland, 579 White Seedling, 579 White Squash, 580 White Star, 580 Whitfield, 580

Wiegel, Christopher, orig. of Margaret, 197 Wiener Pomeranzenbirne (syn. of Orange de Vienne), 487 Wiest, 580

Wight, Joseph, orig. of Raymond, 517 Wilbur, 580

] Wilbur, Jr., D., orig. of Wilbur, 580 Wilcomb and King, introd. of Lawrence, 185 Wild Pears. (See Pears, Wild) Wilde Filzbirne, 580 Wilde Herrnbirne, 580 Wilde Holzbirne, 580 Wilder, Col. Marshall P., biography of, 128; introd. into America of varieties, 127, 472, 571 Wilder (syn. of Wilder Early), 230 Wilder Early, 230 Wilder Sugar, 580 Wilding von Einsiedel, 581 Wilding von Gronau, 581

Wilding aus Suffolk (syn. of Suffolk Thorn), 556 Wilford, 581 Wilkinson, 581

Wilkinson, A., orig. of Wilkinson Winter, 581 Wilkinson, Jeremiah, orig. of Wilkinson, 581 Wilkinson Winter, 581 Willamette Valley, introduction of pear culture in, 54

Willercnoz, 581 William, 581

William Edwards (syn. of William), 581 William Prince, 582 Williams, orig. of Gansel Late Bergamot, 391;

Gansel Seckel, 170; prop, of Bartlett, 125 Williams, Aaron Davis, orig. of Williams Early, 582, Williams, John, orig. of Chaumontel Swan Egg, 336; Pitmaston, 207 Williams, Mrs., orig. of Williams Double Bearing, 582

Williams, Theodore, orig. of Theodore Williams, 561

Williams (syn. of Bartlett), 124

Williams' Apothekerbirne (syn. of Bartlett), 124

Williams1 Bon Chretien (syn. of Bartlett), 124

Williams Christbirne (syn. of Bartlett), 124

Williams Double Bearing, 582

Williams Early, 582

Williams d'hiver, 582

Williams panache"e, 582

Williams Winter (syn. of Williams d'hivei), 582

Williamson, 582

Williamson, Nicholas, orig. of Williamson, 582

Willison, W., orig. of Queen Victoria, 515

Wilmington, 582

Windsor, 583

Winship, 583

Winship, Messrs., orig. of Winship, 583

Winslow, 583

Winter, 583

Winter Bartlett, 231

Winter Bell (syn. of Pound), 208

Winter Bon Chretien (syn. of Angoisse), 248

Winter Dechantsbirne (syn. of Easter Beurré), 159

Winter Doyenné, parent of Doyenné a Cinq Pans, 366

Winter Eisbirne (syn. of Glace d'hiver), 397 Winter Jonah, 583

Winter Meuris (syn. of Beurré"dAnjou), 127 Winter Nelis, 232; parent of Colmar Sirand, 344; Comptesse de Chambord, 347; Lycurgus, 454;

Michaelmas Nelis, 471; Reeder, 211; place of, in commercial pear culture, 84 * Winter Oken (syn. of Oken), 485 Winter Orange (syn. of Orange d'Hiver), 486 Winter Pear, 583 Winter Pomeranzenbirne (syn. of Orange d'Hiver), 486

Winter Popperin, 584 Winter Rousselet, 584 Winter Seckel, 584 Winter Sweet Sugar, 584 Winter Thorn (syn. of Epine d'Hiver), 377 Winter Williams, 584 Winterbirne, 584 Winterliebesbirne, 584 Winterrobine, 584

Winterwunder (syn. of Petit-Oin), 496 Witte Princesse, 585 Witzthumb, orig. of Jean de Witte, 429
[Wolfe County, obscure and modern, not in The Pears of New York -ASC]
Wolfsbirne, 585

Woodberry, William, orig. of Rossney, 524

Woodbridge, orig. of Woodbridge Seckel, 585

Woodbridge Seckel, 585

Woodstock, 585

Worden, Schuyler, orig. of Worden Meadow, 585

Worden, Sylvester, orig. of Worden Seckel, 234  Worden (syn. of Worden Seckel), 234

Worden Meadow, 585

Worden Seckel, 234

Worlesbirne, 585

Wormsley Grange, 585

Wormy pear, cause of, 118

Worster (syn. of Black Worcester), 310

Wredow (syn. of Delices de Charles), 355

Wright, Zaccheus, orig. of Chelmsford, 336

Wurzer, 586

Wurzer d'Automne (syn. of Wurzer), 586


Y

[Ya Li, not in The Pears of New York -ASC]
Yat, 586

Yellow Huff-cap, 586

York, Mrs. Jeremiah, orig. of Pendleton Early York,

494 York-precoce de Pendleton (syn. of Pendleton Early York), 494 Youngken, David, orig. of Youngken Winter Seckel, 586

Youngken, Josiah, orig. of Red Garden, 518 Youngken Winter Seckel, 586


Z

Zache, 586 Zapfenbirn, 586 Zarskaja, 587 Zenon, 587

Zephirin Gregoire, 587 Zephirin Louis, 587 Zieregger Mostbirne, 587 Zimmtfarbige Schmalzbirne, 587 Zink Pfalzgrafenbirne, 587 Zoar Beauty, 588 Zoe, 588 Zuricher Zuckerbirne (syn. of Sucree de Zurich), 555 Zwibotzenbirne (syn. of Deux Tetes), 359