Peach References
1 De Candolle, Alphonse Or. Cult. Plants 222. 1885.
2 Meyer, Frank N. U. S. D. A. Plant Immigrants No. 107:862. 1915.
3 Feb. 4, 1916.
4 De Candolle, Alphonse Or. Cult. Plants 228. 1885.
5 Chinese Literature, Edited by Epiphanius Wilson Bk. I:126. 1902.
6 Ibid. Bk. IX: 148, 149. 1902.
 7Ibid. Bk. XIII:161. 1902.
8 Cibot, Pierre Martial Mem. concernant l'hist. les sciences etc. des Chinois. 11:280-293. 1777.
9 U. S. D. A. Plant Immigrants. No. 102:823-825. 1914.
10 Knight Thomas Andrew Trans. Hort. Soc. Lond. 3:1. 1820.

11 Gard. Chron. 531. 1856. 
12 Gard. Chron. 27. 1863.
13 Darwin Ans. and Pls. Domest. 1:357. 1868.
14 Carrière, E. A. Variétés De Pêchers.  25-33. 1867.
15 De Candolle, Alphonse Or. Cult. Plants 229. 1885.

16 U. S. D. A. Bu. of Pl. Ind. Bul. 227:20. 1911.
17 Ibid. 227:47. 1911.
18 Ibid. 233:76. 1912.
19 Ibid. 233:77. 1912.
20 Ibid. 21 Ibid.

22 Ibid. 233:78. 1912. 
23 Ibid.

24 Ibid. 233:80. 1912.

25 U. S. D.A. Bu. of Pl. Ind. Bul. 242:27. 1912.
26 Ibid.

27 Ibid. 207:62. 1911.

28 Ibid. 233:76. 1912.

29 Ibid. 233:78. 1912.
30 Ibid.
31 Ibid.

32 Ibid. 106:26. 1907.

33 Ibid. 132:80. 1908.

34 U. S. D. A. Bul. of For. PL Int. No. 32:19. 1910.

35 U. S. D. A. Bu. of Pl. Ind. Bull 233:77. 1912.

36 U. S. D. A. Bu. of Pl. Ind. Inv. of S. & P.I. 21. 1915.

37 U. S. D. A. Bu. of PL Ind. Bul. 66:95. 1905.

38 U. S. D. A. Bu. of PL Ind. Inv. of 5. et P. /. 32. 1914.

39 U. S. D. A. Bu. of PL Ind. Bul. 106:50. 1907.
40 Ibid. 137:31. 1909. 
41 Ibid. 233:78. 1912.
42 Ibid. 137:31. 1909.

43 U. S. D. A. Plant Immigrants No. 59:404. 1911.

44 U. S. D. A. Bu. of PL Ind. BuL 66:102. 1905.
45 Ibid. 233:80. 1912.
46 Ibid. 233:80. 1912.

47 U. S. D. A. Plant Immigrants 103:828. 1914.

48 U.S.D.A. Bu. of PL Ind. Bul. 66:189.
49 Ibid. 66:306.1905.
50 Ibid. 142:21.1909.
51 Ibid. 66:95.1905.
52 Ibid. 66:95.1905.
53 Ibid.
54 Ibid.
55 Ibid. 233:47.1912
56 Ibid. 242:12.1912.

57 U. S. D. A. Bu. of PL Ind. Bul. 137:31. 1909.
58 Ibid.
59 Ibid. 137:46. 1909.
60 Ibid. 66:191. 1905.
61 Ibid. 162:50. 1909
62 Ibid.

63 U. S. D. A. Plant Immigrants 51:4. 1910.
64 Ibid. 60:411. 1911.
65 Ibid. 60:412. 1911. 
66.1911 Ibid. 62:431. 1911.

68 Ikeda, T. The Fruit Culture in Japan 32, 33. 1907.

69 Loureiro, Fl. Cochin. 315.

70 Royle, IllusL Bot. Himal. 204.

71 Hooker, Sir Joseph, Jour, of Bot. 54. 1850.

72 Hendricks, P. J. P. U. S. D. A. Bur. PL Ind. Bul. 97:72. 1905, 

73 Meyer, F. W. U. S. D. A. Bur. PL Ind. Bul. 132:80. 1908.

74 Montreal Hort. Soc. Rpt. 12:64, 65. 1886-87.

75 Schuyler, Eugene Turkestan 1:296, 297. 1876.

76 Lansdell, Henry Russian Central Asia 1:223. 1885.

77 Lansdell, Henry Russian Central Asia 1:277. 1885.
78 Ibid, 1:608. 1885. 
79 Ibid. 2:83. 1885.

80 Bostock and Riley Nat. History of Pliny 3:296. 1855.
81 Bostock and Riley Nat. History oj Pliny 3:296. 1855.
82 Ibid. 3:293, 294. 1855.

83 De Candolle Alphonse Or. Cult. Plants 225. 1885.

84 Duhamel Du Monceau Trait. Arb. Fr. 2:1-2. 1768.

85 Leroy Diet. Pom. 6:10. 1879.

86 Bostock and Riley Nat. History of Pliny 4:508. 1856.

87 Leroy Diet. Pom. 6:10. 1879.

88 Cecil, Hon. Mrs. Evelyn A Hist, of Gard. in Eng. 3. 1910.
89 Ibid. 38. 1910.
90 Ibid 48. 1910.

91 Gerarde Herball 1446, 1447. 1633.

92 Parkinson Par, Ter. 580, 582. 1629.

94 Explorations and Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean, War Department 3:122. 1854.

95 Bull. Tor. Bot. Club 12:85-86. Aug. 1885.

96 Hilton, William, A Relation of a Discovery lately made on the Coasts of Florida, 1664, Force Hist. Tracts. IV: No. 2:8.

97 Bartram, William Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida 343- 1791.
98 Bartram, William Travels through North and South Carolina, Georgia, East and West Florida 405. 1791.
99 Ibid. 421. 1791.

100 Kalm, Peter Travels into North America 3:127. 1771.

101 Le Page Du Pratz, Hist. La. 2:17. 1763.

102 Hennepin Nouvelle decouverte d'un ires grand pays etc., etc. 300. 1697.

103 Kalm, Peter Travels into North America 3:79. 1771.

104 Nuttall, Thomas A Journal of Travels into the Arkansa Territory During the Year 1819, 79. 1821.
105 Ibid. 101. 1821.

107 Works of Captain John Smith, Ed. by Edward Arber, 887. 1884.

108 De Vries, David Peterson Voyages from Holland to America 50. 1853. 

109 Neil, Rev. E. D. Virginia Carolorum 50. 1869.

110 Evelyn, Robert New Albion, Force Hist. Tracts. II: No. 7:31.

111 Norwood, Col. A Voyage to Virginia, Force Hist. Tracts. Ill: No. 10:5.

112 Hammond, John Leah and Rachel or The Two Fruitful Sisters of Virginia and Maryland 1656, Force Hist. Tracts. Ill: No. 14:13.

113 Works of Capt. John Smith Ed. by Edward Arber, 886. 1884.

114 Bruce, Philip Alexander Economic History of Virginia in the Seventeenth Century 1:468, 469.

115 Beverly Robert History of Virginia. 259, 260. 1722. Reprinted in Richmond 1855.

116 A New and Accurate Account of the Provinces of South Carolina and Georgia. Reprinted in Collections of the Georgia Historical Society 1: 50-51. 1840.

117 An Impartial Inquiry into the State and Utility of the Province of Georgia. Reprinted in Collections of the Georgia Historical Society 1:199. 1840.

118 Oldmixon, John The British Empire in America 2nd Ed. 1:515. 1741.

119 Oldmixon, John The British Empire in America 2nd Ed. London. 1:440. 1741.

120 Watson Annals of Phila. 1 :46. 1856.

121 Raum, John O. History of New Jersey, 108.

122 Watson Annals of Phila. 1:46. 1856.

123 Acrelius, Israel The History of New Sweden, or the Settlements on the River Delaware, Stockholm, 1759. Translated from the Swedish by William M. Reynolds, D. D., Philadelphia, 1876, Vol. XI of the Memoirs of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania 151, 152.

124 Kalm, Peter Travels into North America 1:71-73. 1770.

125 Kalm, Peter Travels into North America 1:94. 1770.
126 Ibid. 1:222-223. 1770.

127 Kalm, Peter Travels into North America 2:244, 245. 177l.

128 Mss. in the library of Hobart College, Geneva, N. Y.

130 Mass. Records 1124.

131 Mass. Hist. Collections 4th Ser. -VI1499.

132 History of the Mass. Hort. Soc. 16. 1829-1878.

133 Hist. Mass. Hort Soc. 17. 1829-1878.

134 Darlington, Wm. Memorials of Bartram 81. 1849. 
135 Ibid. 93. 1849.
136 Ibid. 177. 1849.

138 Hist. Mass. Hort. Soc. 33. 1880.

139 Willich Dotn. Enc. 4:244-246. 1803.

140 Am. Farmer 1:406, 407. 1821.

141 Parkinson A Tour in America 1:212-219. 1805.

142 An interesting account of peach-culture in Egypt is to be found in Agri. Jour. of Egypt 3: Pt. 2: 134-137. 1914.

143 A Voyage to Virginia Force's Hist. Tracts 3: No. 5:10.

144 U. S. D. A. Invent, of Seeds and Plants No. 32:14. 1914.

145 Transvaal Agr. Journal No. 10,3:336. 1905.

146 Darwin, Charles Voy. of a Nat. 1:154.

147 Bertero, Ann. Sc. Nat. 21:350.

148 Oakenfull, J. C. Brazil 358. 1913.

149 Wight, W. F. Proc. Soc. Hort. Sci. 10:122-133, 1913.

150 Agr. Journal of the Cape of Good Hope No. 2, 27:197. 1905.

151 Boucher, W. A. Con. New Zeal. Fruit Growers 89. 1901.

152 U. S. D. A. Bur. of PL Ind. Bul. 137:31. 1909.
153 Ibid. 137:48. 1909.
154 Ibid.

155 U. S .D. A. Bur. of PL Ind. Bul. 162:50. 1909.

156 U. S. D. A. Invent, of Seeds and Plants No. 32:14. 1914.

157 U. S. D. A. Bul. of For. Plant Int. No. 60:411. 1911.
158 Ibid. No. 60:412. 1911.

159 U. S. D. A. Bur. of For. Plant Int. No. 60:431. 1911. 

160 U. S. D. A. Plant Immigrants No. 113:920. 1911. 
161 Ibid. No. 114:929. 1911.

162 Wickson, E. J. Cal. Fruits 308. 1889.

163 Gregory, C. T. Cornell Bull. 365:219-220. 1915.

164 Trait. Arb. Fr. 35. 1807.

165 Darwin Ans. and Pis. Domest. 2nd Ed. 2:217. 1893-

166 Hedrick, U. P. Science 37:917. 1913.

167 U. S. D. A. Plant Immigrants No. 106:858. 1915.

168 Trans. Hort. Soc. Lond. 3:1. 1820; 4:396. 1822.

169 See Duhamel Traite Arb. Ed. 2, IV: 112. 1809; Seringe in DC. Prodr. II: 531. 1825; Reichenback Fl.Ger. Exc. 647. 1830-32.

170 De Candolle Or. Cult. Plants, 225. 1885.

171 Commentaries on Dioscorides, French Ed. of 1572. 159-160.

172 Parkinson Par. Ter. 582, 583. 1629.

"I presume that the name Nucipersica doth most rightly belong unto that kinde of Peach, which we call Nectorins, and although they have beene with us not many yeares, yet have they beene knowne both in Italy to Matthiolus, and others before him, who it seemeth knew no other then the yellow Nectorin, as Dalechampius also: But we at this day doe know five severall sorts of Nectorins, as they shall be presently set downe; and as in the former fruits, so in this, I will give you the description of one, and briefe notes of the rest.
"The Nectorin is a tree of no great bignesse, most usually lesser then the Peach tree, his body and elder boughes being whitish, the younger branches very red, whereon grow narrow long greene leaves, so like unto Peach leaves, that none can well distinguish them, unlesse it be in this, that they are somewhat lesser: the blossomes are all reddish, as the Peach, but one of a differing fashion from all the other, as I shall shew you by and by: the fruit that followeth is smaller, rounder, and smoother than Peaches, without any cleft on the side, and without any douny cotton or freeze at all; and herein is like unto the outer greene rinde of the Wallnut, whereof as I am perswaded it tooke the name, of a fast and firme meate, and very delicate in taste, especially the best kindes, with a rugged stone within it, and a bitter kernell.

" The Muske Nectorin, so called, because it being a kinde of the best red Nectorins, both smelleth and eateth as if the fruit were steeped in Muske: some thinke that this and the next Romane Nectorin are all one.

" The Romane red Nectorin, or cluster Nectorin, hath a large or great purplish blossome, like unto a Peach, reddish at the bottome on the outside, and greenish within: the fruit is of a fine red colour on the outside, and groweth in clusters, two or three at a joynt together, of an excellent good taste.

" The bastard red Nectorin hath a smaller or pincking blossome, more like threads then leaves, neither so large nor open as the former, and yellowish within at the bottome: the fruit is red on the outside, and groweth never but one at a joynt; it is a good fruit, but eateth a little more rawish then the other, even when it is full ripe.

" The yellow Nectorin is of two sorts, the one an excellent fruit, mellow, and of a very good rellish; the other hard, and no way comparable to it.

" The greene Nectorin, great and small; for such I have seene abiding constant, although both planted in one ground: they are both of one goodnesse, and accounted with most to be the best rellished Nectorin of all others.

" The white Nectorin is said to bee differing from the other, in that it will bee more white on the outside when it is ripe, then either the yellow or greene: but I have not yet seene it.

The Use of Nectorins.

" The fruit is more firme then the Peach, and more delectable in taste; and is therefore of more esteeme, and that worthily."

173 Darwin Ans. and Pis. Domest. 2nd Ed. 1:357-365. 1893.

174 Bretschneider E. Bot. Explor. in China 2:860. 1898.

175 Gard. and For. 1:153. 1888.

177 U. S. D. A. Plant Immigrants No. 115:940. 1915.
178 U. S. D. A. Plant Immigrants No. 72:516. 1912.

179 Prunus Davidiana alba Bean Garden 50:165. 1896; Persica Davidiana alba Carrière Rev. Hort. J6. 1872; Prunus Davidiana flore alba Wittmack Gartenil. 44:129. 1895.

180 Jour. Agr. Research 1:147-177. 1913.

181 U. S. D. A. Seeds and Plants Imported Invent. 13:173. 1908.

182 Trans. Hort. Soc. Lond. 3:380-387. 1820.
183 Ibid. 5:525-560. 1824.

186 Tex. Sta. Bid. 39:826-832. 1896.

187 Am. Pom. Soc. Rpt. no. 1887.

188 Waugh, F. A. Systematic Pomology, 178. 1903.

189 Hume H. Harold Fla. Sta. Bul. 62: 1902.

190 Gould, H. P. Md. Sta. BuL 72:129. 1901.

191 Wright, Charles Cyc. of Am. Hort. 3:1240. 1900.

192 Gould, H. P. Md. Sta. Bul. 72:130. 1901.

193 Shallcross, J. T. Md. Hort. Soc. Rpt. 1:17. 1898.

194 Wright Charles Cyc. of Am. Hort. 3:1238. 1900.

195 Am. Farmer July, 1878.

196 Rutter Cult. et Diseases of the Peach 81, 82. 1880.

197 New England Farmer 71174.

198 Mag. Hort, 5:12.

199 Ohio Hort. Soc. RpL 61. 1869.

200 Jour. Lond. Hort, Soc. 221. 1846; 1. c. 265. 1852.

201 Mag. Hort. 475. 1851.

202 Horticulturist 286, 472, 1853.

203 Horticulturist 1:382. 1847.

204 Rev. Hort. 11. 1861.

205 Trans. Hort. Soc. Lond. 4:512-513. 1822.

206 Prince, Wm. Treat, on Hort. 16. 1828.

207 For a brief history of the life and horticultural activities of Prosper Julius A. Berckmans, the reader is referred to The Plums of New York, page 159.

208 Wickson Cat. Fruits 450-456. 1914.

209 U. S. D. A. Yearbook 505. 1912.

210 Information supplied by letter.

211 Smith, Erwin F, U. S. D. A. Div. of Bot. Bul. No. 9:17, 18. 1888.
This reference as well as most of those that follow, was found in Bulletin 9, Division of Botany, United States Department of Agriculture, the most complete account we have of peach-yellows, whether of historical facts or of natural history.

212 Smith, Erwin F. U. S. D. A. Div. of Bot. Bul. No. 9:18, 19. 1888.

213 Smith, Erwin F. U. S. D. A. Div. of Bot. Bid. No, 9:19. 1888.
214 Ibid. 19. 1888.

215 Coxe, Wm. Cult. Fr. Trees 215-217. 1817.

216 Prince, Wm. Treat. Hort. 14, 15. 1828.

217 Report of U. 5. Com, Patents 242. 1851.

218 Am. Pom. Soc. Rept. 81. 1852.

219 Rutter Cult. et Diseases of the Peach 70. 1880.

220 Horticulturist 1:318. 1846.

221 Am. Farmer 100-102. 1875.

222 Peach Yellows, Houghton Farm Experiment Department Ser. 3. No. 2:27-28. 1882.

223 Horticulturist 503. 1849.

224 N. Y. Farmer and HorL Repository 46. 1831.

225 Cultivator 255. 1844.

226 Can. Hort. 15-16. 1878.

227 Mich. Hort. Soc. Rpt. 275. 1880.

228 U. S. D. A. Condition of Growing Crops August. 1887. 
229 Ibid.

230 N. Y. Farmer and Hort. Repository 9. 1831.

231 Yoemans, John L. Rpt of U. S. Com. of Patents 166. 1852.

232 Conn. Bd. Agr. Rpt. 169. 1867. 
233 Ibid. 173.

234 Trans. Mass. Hort. Soc. Pt. 1:140. 1882.

235 Houghton Farm Exp. Dept. Ser. 3. No. 2:27. 1882.

236 Proc. Am. Pom. Soc. 212. 1854.

237 Rpt. U. S. Com. Patents 369. 1851. 
238 Ibid. 378.

239 Smith,-Erwin F. U. S. D. A. Div. of Bot. Bul. 9:42. 1888.
240 Ibid. 45.

241 Cult. et Count. Gent. 765. 1877.
242Ibid. 275.

243 Mich. Hort. Soc. Rpt. 274. 1880.

244 Gulley, A. G. Mich. Hort. Soc. Rpt. 249. 1878.

245 Ramsdell, J. G. Mich. Hort. Soc. Rpt. 306. 1882. 

246 Lannin, Joseph Mich. Hort. Soc. Rpt. 11. 1884.

247 Black, John J. Cult. Peach et Pear, 81. 1886.

248 Cultivator 167. 1843.

249 Horticulturist 37. 1846.

250 Dunlap, Dr. F. S. U. S. D. A. Div. of Bot. Bul. No. 9:57. 1888.

251 Smith, Erwin F. U. S. D. A. Div, of Bot. Bul. No. 9:61. 1888.

252 Smith, Erwin F. U. S. D. A. Div. of Bot. Bul. No. 9:68-79. 1888. 

253 Welsh, F. S. Letter June 9, 1916.

254 For a full report of this investigation see the Report of the New York State Fruit-Growers Association 180-187. 1908.

255 Hedrick, U. P.   N. Y. Sta. Bull. 299: 1908.

256 Goff, E. S. Gard. et For. 9:448. 1896.

257 Welsh, F. S. and Anderson, E. H. The Marketing of New York State Peaches 5. 1916,

258 Welsh, F. S. and Anderson, E. H. The Marketing of New York State Peaches 5. 1916.
259 Ibid. 6-7. 1916.

260 For a brief history of William Prince, the first, and his contributions to American pomology, the reader is referred to The Plums of New York, page 389.

261