BIBLIOGRAPHY AND REFERENCES WITH ABBREVIATIONS USED                       HOME

The list of books which follows contains all American pomological works in which the cherry is discussed at any length. Only such European books are listed, however, as were found useful in writing The Cherries of New York. Only periodicals are listed to which references are made in the text of the book. The reports and bulletins of experiment stations and horticultural societies are not inctuded since the abbreviations used for such publications will be recognized by all.

Am. Gard ................ American Gardening. An Illustrated Journal of Horticulture and Gardener's Chronicle. NewYork:1892-1904. Copyright,1903. (Before its union with Popular Gardening in 1892, the publication was known as The American Garden. Both Popular Gardening and The American Garden resulted from the union or absorption of several other horticultural periodicals.)

Am. Gard. Mag ........... The American Gardener's Magazine, and Register of Useful Discoveries and Improvements in Horticulture and Rural Affairs. See Mag. Hort.

Am. Hort. An ... ... American Horticultural Annual. A Year-book of Horticultural Progress for the Professional and Amateur Gardener, Fruit-grower,and Florist. (Illustrated.) New York: 1867  Copyright, 1867. New edition. New York: 1870. Copyright, 1869.

Am. Jour. Hort .......... The American Joumal of Horticulture and Florist's Companion. (Illustrated.) Volumes 1-5. Boston: 1867-1896. Copyrights, 1867-1869. Continued as Tilton's Journal of Horticulture and Floral Magazine. (Illustrated.) Volumes 6-9. Boston: 1869-71. Copyrights, 1869, 1871.

Am. Pom. Soc. Rpt ....... Proceedings of the American Pomological Society. Issued usually biennally from 1850 to date. First published as the Proceedings of the National Convention of Fruit Growers in 1848.

Ann. Hort ................ Annals of Horticulture and yearbook of information on practical gardening. 5 Volumes. London: 1846-1850.

Ann. Pom. Belge .......... Annates de Pomolopie Belge et Étrangère; publieés par la Commission royale de Pomologie Instituée par S. M. le Roi des Belges. (Illustré.) 8 Tomes. Bruxelles: 1853-1860.

Bailey, Ann. Hor .......... Annals of Horticulture in North Americafor the Years 1889 1893. A Witness of Passing Events and a Record of Progress. By L.H. Bailey. New York: 1890-1894. Copyrights, 1989, 1891-1894.

Bailey, Cyc. Hort ...... Cyclopedia of American Horticulture Comprising Suggestions for Cultivation of Horticultural Plants, Descriptions of the Species of Fruits, Vegetables, Flowers and Ornamental Plants Sold in the United States and Canada, Together with Geographical and Biographical Sketches. By L. H. Bailey, assisted by Wilhelm Miller. (Illustrated.) In Four Volumes. NewYork: 1900-1902. Copyrights, 1900- 1902.

Bailey, Ev. Nat. Fruits. Sketch of the Evolution of our Native Fruits. By L. H. Bailey. (Illustrated.) New York: 1898. Copyright, 1898.

Bailey, Sur. Unlike ........ The Survival of the Unlike. A Collection of Evolution Essays Suggested by the Study of Domestic Plants. By L.H. Bailey. (Illustrated.) Fifth Edition. New York: 1906. Copyright, 1896.

Bailey, Stand. Cyc. Hort. The Standard Cyclopedia of Horticulture. A Discussion, for the Amateur, and the Professional and Commercial Grower, of the Kinds, Characteristics and Methods of Cultivation of the Species of Plants Grown in the Regions of the United States and Canada for Ornament, for Fancy, for Fruit and for Vegetables; with Keys to the Natural Families and Genera, Descriptions of the Horticultural Capabilities of the States and Provinces and Dependent Islands, and Sketches of Eminent Horticulturists. By L. H. Bailey. (Illustrated.) In Six Volumes. New York and London: 1914-1917. Copyrights, 1900, 1901, 1914, 1915, 1916, 1917.

Baltet, Cult. Fr ........ Traité de la Culture Fruitière Commerciale et Bourgeoise. Par Charles Daltet. (Illustré) Quatrième Édition. Paris: 1908.

Barry, Fr. Garden ......... The Fruit Garden. By P. Barry. (Illustrated.) New York: 1852. Copyright, 1851. Revised Edition, 1896. Copyright, 1883.

Beverly, Hist. Va......... History of Virginia. By Robert Beverly, 1722. Reprinted in Richmond, 1855.  Ibid.  pp. 105-107.

Black, Cult. Peach & Pear. The Cultivation of the Peach And The Pear, on the Delaware and Chesapeake Peninsula; with a Chapter on Quince Culture and the Culture of Some of the Nut-Bearing Trees.  By John S. Black, M. D. (Illustrated?) Wilmington: 1886. Copyright, 1886.

Bradley, Gard ............ New Improvements of Planting and Gardening, both Philosophical and Practical. In three parts. By Richard Bradley. (Illustrated.) Seventh Edition with Appendix.  London: 1739.

Bridgeman, Gard. Ass't .... The Young Gardener's Assistant, in three parts. By Thomas Bridgeman. New Edition, with an Appendix. New York: 1857. Copyright, 1847.

Brookshaw, Hort. Reposit. The Horticmltural Repository, containing Delineations of the best Varieties of the Different Species of English Fruits. By George Brookshaw. (Illustrated.) In Two Volumes. London: 1823.

Brookshaw, Pom. Brit..... Pomona Britannica, or A Collection of the Most Esteemed Fruits at present Cultivated In Great Britain; selected principally from the Royal Gardens At Hampton Court, and the remainder from The Most Celebrated Gardens Round London; Accurately Drawn and Colored from Nature, with Full Descriptions of their Various Qualities, Seasons, etc. By George Brookshaw. Volumes I and II. London: 1817. Vol. I. The Peach. 

Budd-Hansen, Am. Hort. Man ......... ....... American Horticultural Manual. By J.L. Budd, assisted by N.E.Hansen. (Illustrated.) lnTwoVolumes. Volume 2, New York and London: 1903. Copyright, 1903.

Bunyard-Thomas, Fr. Gard. The Fruit Garden. By George Bunyard and Owen Thomas.  (Illustrated.) London and New York: 1904.

Can. Hort ................ The Canadian Horticulturist. (Illustrated.) Toronto and Peterboro: 1978 to date.

Carrière, Var. Pêchers..... Description Et Classification des Variétés De Pêchers et de Brugonniers. Par E. A. Carrière. Paris: 1867. 

Cat. Cong. Pom. France ... Société Pomologique de France Catalogue Descriptif des Fruits Adoptés par le Congrès Pomologique. Lyon: 1887.  ibid.: 1906.

Cecil, Hist. Gard. Eng..... A History Of Gardening In England. By the Hon. Mrs. Evelyn Cecil. Third and enlarged edition. {Illustrated.) New York: 1910. 

Christ, Handb ............ Handbuch über die Obstbaumzucht und Obstlehre. Von J.L. Christ. Zweite vermehrte. Frankfurt: 1797.

Christ, Obstbäume ........ Von Pflanzung und Wartung der nüzlichsten Obstbäume. Von J.L. Christ. Zweiter Theil. Frankfurt: 1791.

Christ, Wörterb ........... Pomologisches theoretisch-praktisches Handwörterbuch, oder Alphabetisches Verzeichniss. Von J.L. Christ. Leipzig: 1802.

Cole, Am. Fr. Book ....... The American Fruit Book; containing directions for Raising, Propagating, and Managing Fruit Trees, Shrubs, and Plants; with a description of the Best Varieties of Fruit, including New and Valuable Kinds. By S.W. Cole. (Illustrated.) Boston: 1849- Copyright, 1849.

Country Gent ............ The Country Gentleman. Albany: 1853-1865. The Cultivator & Country Gentleman. Albany: 1866-1897. The Country Gentleman. Albany and Philadelphia: 1898 to date.

Coxe, Cult. Fr. Trees ...... A View of the Cultivation of Fruit Trees, and the Management of Orchards and Cider; with accurate descriptions of the most estimable varieties of Native and Foreign Apples, Pears, Peaches, Plums, and Cherries, cultivated in the rniddle states of America. By William Coxe. (Illustrated.) Philadelphia: 1817. Copyright, 1817.

Cultivator ........ ....... The Cultivator. Albany: 1834-1865 In 1866 united with The Country Gentleman.

Cult. & Count. Gent ...... The Cultivator & Country Gentleman. See Country Gent. Decaisne & Naudin, Man. Amat. Jard. (Manuel de L'Amateur Des Jardins Traité Général D'Horticulture). Par Jh. Decaisne et CH. Naudin. (Illustré.) Tome Quatrème. Paris.

Darwin, Ans. and Pls. Domest................... The Variation of Animals And Plants under Domestication.  By Charles Darwin. {Illustrated.) First edition. London: 1868. Second edition, revised. In Two Volumes. London: 1893.

Decaisne, Jard. Fruit...... Le Jardin Fruitier Du Museum Ou Iconographie De Toutes Les Especes Et Variétés D'Arbres Fruitiers Cultives dans cet Etablissement Avec Leur Description, Leur Histoire, Leur Synonymie, Etc. Par J. Decaisne. Tome Septieme. Paris: 1872-1875.

Decaisne & Naudin, Man. Amat. Jard............. Manuel de L'Amateur Des Jardins Traite General D'Horticulture. Par Jh. Decaisne et CH. Naudin. {Illustre.) Tome Quatrieme. Paris.

De Candolle, Or. Cult. Plants ................. Origin of Cultivated Plants. By Alphonse de Candolle. Geneva [Switzerland]: 1882. New York: 1885.

Deut. Obstcabinet. ....... Deutsches Obstcabinet in naturgetreuen fein colorirten Abbildungen und Fruchtdurchschnitten zu Dittrich's systematischem Handbuche der Obstkunde und zu jedem pomologischen werke nebst einter kurzen Beschreibung und Diagnose der Obstarten. Neue Auflage. Section VII. Jena: 1858.

Dochnahl, Führ. Obstkunde Der sichere Führer in der Obstkunde auf botanisch-pomolo gischen Wege oder Systematische Brcschreibung aller Obstsorten. Von F.J. Dochnahl. Vier Bände. Nürnberg: 1855-60. Volume 3, 1858. Cherries.

Downing, Fr. Trees Am.... The Fruits and Fruit Trees of America: or the culture, propagation, and management, in the garden and orchard, of fruit trees generally; with Descriptions of All The Finest Varieties of Fruit, Native and Foreign, Cultivated In This Country. By A.J. Downing. (Illustrated.) New York & London: 1845. Copyright, 1845. Second edition, same text, with colored plates, 1847 first revision by Charles Downing. New York: 857. Copyright, 1857. Second revision, by Charles Downing. New York: 1860. First appendix, 1872. Second appendix, 1876. Third appendix, 1881.

Duhamel, Trait. Arb. Fr... Traité Des Arbres Fruitiers; Contenant Leur Figure, Leur Description, Leur Culture, &c. Pax M. Duhamel Du Monceau. (Illustré.) Tomes 1 et 2. Paris: 1768. Édition publié en 1872, en trois tomes. Nouvelle Édition en six tomes, 1807-1835.

Elliott, Fr. Book .......... Elliott's Fruit Book; or, the American Fruit-Grower's Guide in Orchard and Garden. By F.R. Elliott. (Illustrated.) NewYork: 1858- Copyright, 1854. Revised edition. 1859.

Fish, Hardy-Fr. Bk ....... The Hardy-Fruit Book. By D.T. Fish. (Illustrated.) Two Volumes. London: probably 1882.

Flor. & Pom .............. The Florist And Pomologist: APictorial Monthly Magazine of Flowers, Fruits, and General Horticulture. Conducted at first by Robert Hogg and John Spencer, later by Thomas Moore and William Paul. (Illustrated.) London: 1862-1884.

Floy-Lindley, Guide Orch. Gard ................ A Guide to the Orchard And Fruit Garden or an account of the Most Valuable Fruits cultivated in Great Britain. By George Lindley; edited by John Lindley. American edition by Michael Floy. New York: 1833. New edition; with an Appendix. New York: 1846. Copyright, 1846.

Forsyth, Treat. Fr. Trees... A Treatise on the Culture and Managernent of Fruit Trees. By William Forsyth. London: 1802. Same with an Introduction and Notes, by William Corbett. Albany: 1803. Seventh edition [English] London: 1824.

Fulton, Peach Cult........ Peach Culture. By James Alexander Fulton. (Illustrated.)  Copyright, 1889. New, revised, and greatly enlarged edition. New York: 1908.

Gard. & For.............. Garden And Forest. A Journal of Horticulture, Landscape Art and Forestry. Conducted by Charles S. Sargent. (Illustrated,) Volumes I-X. New York: 1888-1897. Copyrights, 1888-1897.

Gard. Chron ............. The Gardener's Chronicle. (Illustrated.) London: 1841 to date.

Garden ............. .... The Garden. (Illustrated.) London: 1872 to date.

Gard. Mon ............... The Gardener's Monthly and Horticultural Advertiser. Edited by Thomas Meehan. (Illustrated.) Philadelphia: 1859-1887.

Gaucher, Pom. Prak. Obst.. Pomologie des Praktischen Obstbaumzüchters. Von N. Gaucher. (Illustrirt.) Stuttgart: 1894.

Gen. Farmer. . ........... The Genesee Farmer. Edited by Luther Tucker, Rochester: 1831-1839. Then consolidated with the Cultivator. Another periodical of the same name was published in Rochester from 1845 to 1865. Also New Genesee Farmer and Monthly Genesee Partner.

Gerarde, Herball .......... The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes. By John Gerarde. Enlarged and amended by Thomas Johnson. London: 1636.

Guide Prat ............... Guide Pratique de L'Amateur De Fruits. Dcscription Et Culture etes Variétiés De Fruits Classées Par Séries De Mérite composant les collections pomologiques De L'Établissement Horticole Simon-Louis Frères. A Plantières Les-Metz (Lorraine Annexée) Suivi D'Une Table Générale Alphabétique de tous les Synonymes connus, Francais et Étrangers appartenent à chaque variété. Deuxème E'dition. Paris et Nancy: 1895.

Hoffy, N. Am. Pom ....... Hoffy's North American Pomologist, containing numerous Finely Colored Drawings, accompanied by letter press descriptions, &c., of Fruits of American Origin. Edited by William D. Brincklé. Book No. 1. Philadelphia. 1860. Copyright, 1860.

Hoffy, Orch. Com .......... The Orchardist's Companion. Alfred Hoffy, Editor and Publisher. A quarterly joumal- Vol. I, 1841-2; Vol. II, 1842-3. Philadelphia.

Hogg, Fruit Man. ....... The Fruit Manual: A Guide to the Fruits and Fruit Trees of Great Britain. By Robert Hogg. First edition, London: 1860. Second edition, 1861. Third edition, 1866. Fourth edition, 1873. Fifth edition, 1884.

Hooper, W. Fr. Book ...... Hooper's Western Fruit Book: a compendious Collection of facts from the Notes and Expcrience of Successful Fruit Culturists, arranged for practical use in The Orchard and Garden. By E.J. Hooper. Cincinnati: 1857. Copyright, 1857.

Hort. Reg. (Am.) ......... Horticultural Register and Gardener's Magazine. Edited by T.G. Fessenden and J.E. Teschemacher. Volume 1. Boston: 1835.

Hort. Reg. (Eng.) ......... The Horticultural Register and General Magazine. By Joseph Paxton and Joseph Harrison. Vol. 1. London: 1833.

Horticulturist ............. The Horticulturist and Journal of Rural Art and Rural Taste. Founded and first edited by A.J. Downing. (Illustrated.) Volumes 1 to 30. Albany, Philadelphia and New York: 1846-1875.

Hovey, Fr. Am ........... The Fruits of America, containing Richly Colored Figures and full Descriptions of all the choicest Varieties cultivated in the United States. By C.M. Hovey. Volume 1. Boston and New York: 1852. Volume II. Boston: 1856. Copyright, 1851.

Ill. Handb ................ Illustrirtes Handbuch der Obstkunde, unter Mitwirkung mebrerer herausgegeben von..F. Jahn . Ed. Lucas und . . J.G. C. Oberdieck. Siebente Leiferung. Dritten Bandes. Stuttgart: 1860; Neunte Lieferung. Dritten Bandes. Stuttgart: 1861; Sechszehnte Lieferung. Sechsten Bandes. Ravensburg: 1867.

Jour. Hort ............ The journal of Horticulture began as: The Cottage Gardener; or Amateur's and Cottager's Guide to outdoor gardening and spade cultivation. 25 Volumes. London: 1849-1861. Continued as The Journal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Country Gentleman. A Journal of Horticulture, Rural and Domestic Economy, Botany and Natural History. New Series. 38 Volumes. London: 1861-1880. Continued as The Joumal of Horticulture, Cottage Gardener, and Home Farmer. A Chronicle of Country Pursuits and Country Life, including Poultry, Pigeon, and Bee-keeping. Third Series. 59 Volumes. London: 1880-1909.

Jour. Roy. Hort. Soc ...... The Joumal of the Royal Horticultural Society. London: 1846 to date. Vols. 1-9, 1846-55, bear the title of The Joumal of the Horticultural Society of London.

Kalm, Travels N. Am..... Travels into North America. By Peter Kalm. Volumes 1-3. 1770-1771.

Kenrick, Am. Orch .... ... The New American Orchardist. By William Kenrick. Boston: 1833. Copyright, 1832. Second edition. Boston: 1835. Copyright, 1835. Seventh edition, enlarged and improved, with a supplement. Boston: 1845 Copyright, 1841.

Knoop, Fructologie ........ Part 1. Pomologie, ou Description des meilleures sortes de Pommes et de Poires. Part Il. Fructologie, ou Description de,; Arbres Fruitiers. Par jean Herman Knoop. (Illustré.) Amsterdam: 771.

Koch, Deut. Obst ......... Die Deutschen Obstgehölze. Vorlesungen gehalten zu Berlin im Winterhalbjahr 1875-76. Von Karl Koch. Stuttgart: 1876.

Kraft, Pom. Aust. ........ Pomona austriaca, Abhandlung von den Obstbäumen. Von Johann Kraft. 2 Theile. Vienna: 1792.

Krünitz, Enc ............. Ausschnitt aus Krünitz' Encyklopädie. 1790. Cherries.

Lange, Allgem. Garten ..... Allgemeines Gartenbuch. Von Theodore Lange. 2 Bände. 1897.

Langley, Pomona ......... Pomona, or the Fruit Garden Illustrated. By Batty Langley. London: 1729.

Lauche, Deut. Pom ....... Deutsche Pomologie. Von W. Lauche. (Illustrirt-) Berlin: 1882.

Lauche, Ergänzungsband ... Erster Ergäzungsband zu Lucas' und Oberdieck's Illustrirtes Handbuch der Obstkunde. Von W. Lauche. Berlin: 1883.

Lawson, Hist. Carolina. . . . History of Carolina. By John Lawson. 1714. Reprinted at Raleigh, 1860.

Le Bon Jard .............. Le Bon Jardinier. 126eÉdition Amanach Horticole, 1882 et 129e Édition, 1884. Paris.

Leroy, Dict. Pom ......... Dictionnaire de Pomologie. Par Andre' Leroy. (Illustré.) 6 Tomes. Paris: 1867-1879. Tome 5, 1877- Cherries.

Liegel, Anweisung......... Anweisung, mit welchen Sorten verschiedene Obstbaum-Anlagen besetzt werden sollen. Von G. Liegel. Salzburg: 1822.

Liegel, Syst. Anleit ........ Systematische Anleitung zur Kenntniss der vorzüglichsten Sorten des Kem-, Stein, Schalenund Beerenobster. Von Georg Liegel. Passau: 1825.

Lindley, Guide Orch. Gard. A Guide to the Orchard And Kitchen Garden; or, an account of the most valuable fruit and vegetables cultivated In Great Britain: with Kalendars of the Work Required in the Orchard and Kitchen Garden during every month in the year. By George Lindley. Edited by John Lindley. London: 1831.

Lond. Hort. Soc. Cat ......A Catalogue of the Fruits Cultivated in the Garden of the Horticultural Society of London. London: 1826. Second edition, 1831. Third edition, 1842. A supplement was published in 1853.

Loudon, Arb. Frut. Brit... . Arboretum et Fruticetum Britannicum. Par J.C. Loudon. Deuxième Édition. Tome 2. London: 1844.

Loudon's, Enc. Gard. . . An Encyclopedia of Gardening. By J.C. Loudon. (Illustrated.) New edition. London: 1834.

Lucas, Handb. Obst ....... Vollständiges Handbuch der Obstkultur. Von Ed. Lucas. (Illustrirt.) Stuttgart: First edition, 1880; second edition, 1886; third edition, 1893. Third edition edited by Fr. Lucas, 1894.

Mclntosh, Bk. Gard... The Book-of the Garden. By Charles Mclntosh. (Illustrated.) Two Volumes. London: 1855.

McMahon, Am. Gard. Cal, The American Gardener's Calendar. By Bernard McMahon.  Philadelphia: 1806.

Mag. Hort ......... The Magazine of Horticulture. Boston: 1837-1868. First published as The American Gardener's Magazine, 1835-6. Edited by C. M. Hovey with P. B. Hovey, Jr., associate editor during 1835-6.

Manning, Book of Fruits ... Book of Fruits. By Robert Manning. (Illustrated.) Salem: 1839. Copyright, 1838.

Manning, Book of Fruits... Book of Fruits. By Robert Manning. (Illustrated.) Salem: 1838. Copyright, 1838. Mas, Le Verger........... Le Verger ou Histoire, Culture Et Description avec planches coloriees Des Varietes De Fruits Les Plus Generalement Connues. Par M. Mas 8 Tomes. Paris: 1866-73, Tome 7. Peaches.

Mas, Le Verger ........... Le Verger ou Histoire, Culture Et Description avec planches colorées Des Vairiétés.,; De Fruits Les Plus Généralement Connues. Par M. Mas. 8 Tomes. Paris: 1866-73. Tome 8. Cherries.

Mas. Pom. Gen ........... Pomologie Générale. Par. M. Mas. (Illustré.) 12 Tomes. Paris: 1872-83. Tome 11, 1882. Cherryes.

Mathieu, Nom. Pom. ....... Nomenclator Pomologicus. Von Carl Mathieu. Berlin: 1889.

Mawe-Abercrombie, Com. Gard .................. The Complete Gardener. By Thomas Mawe and John Abercrombie. London: 1820. 344

Mawe-Abercrombie, Univ. Gard. Bot .............. The Universal Gardener and Botanist. By Thomas Mawe and John Abercrombie. London: 1778.

Miller, Gard. Dict ......... The Gardener's Dictionary. By Philip Miller. 2 Volumes London: 1754. Revised edition. By Thomas Martyn London: 1807.

Miller, Gard. Kal .......... The Gardener's Kalendar. By Philip Miller. London: 1734

McIntosh, Bk. Gard ....... The Book of the Garden. By Charles McIntosh. Illustrated. Two Volumes. London: 1855.

McMahon, Am. Gard. Cal. The American Gardener's Calendar. By Bernard McMahon Philadelphia: 1806.

Mortillet, Le Cerisier ...... Arboriculture Fruitière. Les Meilleurs Fruits. Par M. P. De Mortillet. (Illustré.) Tome II. Le Cerisier. Grenoble: 1866.

Nat. Nur .......... ..... The National Nurseryman. Published by The National Nurseryman Publishing Co. (Illustrated.) Rochester: 1893 to date.

Nicholson, Dict. Gard ..... The Illustrated Dictionary of Gardening, a practical and scientific Encyclopedia of Horticulture for Gardeners and Botanists. By George Nicholson, assisted by J.W. H. Trail and J. Garrett. 4 Volumes. London. Supplement to sarne. By George Nicholson et al. London: 1900.

Noisette, Man. Comp. Jard .................. Manuel Complet du Jardinier. Par M. Louis Noisette. Tome Deuxième. Paris: 1860.

Oberdieck, ObstSort ...... Deutschlands beste Obstsorten. Von F.G. C. Oberdiek. Leipzig: 1881.

Obstzüchter .............. Der Obstzüchter Zeitschrift für die Gesamtinteresen des Obstbanes. References in Volume VIII, Numbers 1, 2, 3, 4 and 10. Vienna: 19l0.

Parkinson, Par. Ter ....... Paradisi in Sole. Paradisus Terrestris. By John Parkinson (Illustrated.) London: 1629.

Phillips, Com. Orch ....... The Companion for the Orchard. An Historical And Botanical Account of Fruits Known In Great Britain. By Henry Phillips. New Edition. London:1831.

Poiteau, Pom. Franc ...... Pomologie Francaise, Recueil des Plus Beaux Fruits Cultivés En France. Par Antoine Poiteau. Tomes 1-4. Paris: 1846.

Pom. France .............. Pomologie De La France ou Histoire Et Description de tous Les Fruits Cultivés En France Et Admis Par Le Congrès Pomologique. (Illustré.) Tomes I-VII1. Lyon: 1863. :1873. Tome VII, 1871. Cherries.

Pom. Mag ....... ....... The Pomological Magazine; or, Figures And Descriptions of the Most Important Varieties of Fruit cultivated in Great Britain. Three Volumes. London: 1828-30. This work has also been published under the title Pomona Brittanica.

Popular Gard ............. Popular Gardening. An Illustrated periodical devoted to Horticulture in all its branches. Volume 1. Buffalo: 1886. Continued as Popular Gardening and Fruit Growing. Volumes II-VI. Buffalo: 1887-1891. Consolidated with The American Garden and continued as American Gardening. New York: 1892-1004.

Prince, Cat. Fr. Trees. .... Catalogue of Fruit And Ornamental Trees et Plants, Bulbous Flower Roots, Green-House Plants, etc. etc. Cultivated at the Linnaean Botanic Garden, William Prince, Prop. Twenty-second edition. New York: 1823.

Prince, Pom. Man ........ The Pomological Manual; or, A Treatise on Fruits. By William Robert Prince, aided by Wilham Prince. Second Edition. Part 1. New York: 1832. Copyright, 1831. Part II. New York: 1832. Copyright, 1832.

Prince, Treat. Hort ....... A Short Treatise on Horticulture. By William Prince. New York: 1828. Copyright, 1828.

Prince, Treat. Trees & Plants ................. A Treatise on Fruit and Ornamental Trees And Plants, cultivated at the Linneean Botanic Garden, Flushing, Long-Island, near New-York. By William Prince. New York: 1820.

Proskauer Obstsort ........ Proskauer Obstsorten. Von Professor Dr. Stou. Proskau bei Oppeln: 1907.

Quintinye, Com. Gard ..... The Compleat Gard'ner; or, Directions for Cultivating and Right Ordering of Fruit-Gardens, and Kitchen-Gardens. By Monsieur De la Quintinye. Seocnd Edition. London: 1699.

Ray, Hist. Plant .......... Historia Plantarum. By John Ray. Second volume. London: 1688.

Rea, Flora ................ Flora: Seu, De Florum Cultura; or A Complete Florilege. By John Rea. 3 Books. London: 1676. Book 3. Cherries.

Reut. Pom. Inst. Festschrift. Festschrift zum Fünfzigjährigen Bestehen des Pomologischen Instituts In Reutlingen. Reutlingen: 1910.

Rev. Hort ................ Revue Horticole. Journal D'Horticulture Pratique. (Illustré.) Paris: 1829 to date.

Rural N. Y ............... The Rural New-Yorker. A journal for the Suburban and Country Home. (Illustrated.) Rochester and New York: 1850 to date.

Rutter, Cult. Diseases Peach................. The Culture And Diseases of The Peach. By John Rutter.  Harrisburg: 1880. Copyright, 1880.

Sickler, Teutsche Obst..... Der teutsche Obstgartner oder gemeinnutziges Magazin Des Obstbaues in Teutschlands sammtlichen Kreisen; ver-fasser von einigen prachtischen Freunden Der Obstcultur und herausgegeben von J. B. Sickler. Volumes. 8-13. Weimar: 1797-1800.

Soc. Nat. Hort. France Pom. Société Nationale D'Horticulture De France. Section Pomologique. Les Meilleurs Fruits au début du XXe siècle. (Illustré.) Paris: 1904.

Sou. Cult ...... ......... The Southern Cultivator. A Monthly Journal, devoted to the improvement of Southern Agriculture. (Illustrated.) Augusta, Ga.: 1843-1848.

Thacher, Am. Orch ........ The American Orchardist. By James Thacher. Boston: 1822. Copyright, 1822.

Thomas, Am. Fruit Cult ... The American Fruit Culturist. By John J. Thomas. (Illustrated.) First Edition. Geneva and Auburn, N.Y.: 1846. Copyright, 1846. Revised Edition. Auburn, N.Y.: 1851. Copyright, 1849. Revised Edition. New York: 1869. Copyright, :1867. Revised Edition. New York: 1885. Copyright, 1875-1885. Twentieth Edition, Revised and Enlarged. New York: 1897 Copyright, 1897. Twenty-first Edition, Revised and Enlarged. New York: 1911, Copyright, 1903.

Thomas, Guide Prat ....... Guide Pratique de L'Amateur de Fruits. Par O. Thomas. 1876. Deuxième Édition. 1895. See Guide Pratique.

Thompson, Gard. Ass't .... The Gardener's Assistant; Practical and Scientific. By Robert Thompson. (Illustrated.) TwoVolumes. London. 1859 Same, revised by William Watson. Six Volumes. London: 190l.

Tilton, Jour. Hort......... Tilton's Journal of Horticulture and Floral Magazine.  See Am. Jour. Hort.

Trans. Lond. Hort. Soc.... Transactions of the Horticultural Society of London. Volume I. London: 1815. Volume II. London: 1817. Volume III. London: 1820. Volume IV. London: 1822. Volume V. London: 1824. Volume VI. London: 1826.

Truchsess-Heim, Kirschensort .................... Systematische Classification und Beschreibung der Kirschensorten. Von Christian Freiherrn Truchsesss. Edited by Friedrich Timotheus Heim. Stuttgart: 1819.

U.S.D.A. Rpt .......... Reports of the United States Department of Agriculture: 1862-1894.

U.S.D.A. Yearbook ...... Reports of the United States Department of Agriculture: 1894 to date.

U.S. Pat. Off. Rpt.. ..... Reports of the Agricultural section of the United States Patent Office: 1837 to 1861.

Waugh, Am. Peach Orch... The American Peach Orchard. A Sketch of the Practice of Peach Growing in North America at the Beginning of the Twentieth Century. By F. A. Waugh. (Illustrated.) New York: 1913. Copyright, 1913.

Waugh, Syst. Pom........ Systematic Pomology. Treating of the Description, Nomenclature, and Classification of Fruits. By F. A. Waugh. (Illustrated.) New York: 1903. Copyright, 1903.

Wickson, Cal. Fruits ...... The California Fruits and How To Grow Them. By Edward J. Wickson. (Illustrated.) Second Edition. San Francisco: 1891. Copyright, 1889. Fourth Edition. Los Angeles: 1909. Copyright, 1908. Seventh Edition. San Francisco: 1914. Copyright, l914.

Willich, Dom. Enc. ....... Domestic Encyclopedia or a Dictionary of Facts. By A. F. M. Willich. First American edition with additions by James Mease. In five volumes. Volume 4. Philadelphia: 1803.

[References specific to] THE GRAPES OF NEW YORK

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND REFERENCES WITH ABBREVIATIONS USED

In the standard works listed below, the date of copyright has been preferred to that of the title page although where there are several editions from the same copyright they are given, so far as our knowledge permits. This is thought to be more just to the writers as the copyright date is usually a better indication of the time when the book was written than the date of publication. An effort has been made to present a complete bibliography of grape literature in the United States including many books which, owing to their nature, have been of no use in the preparation of this work. In addition there are given all agricultural works and periodicals to which references will be found in the preceding pages. Reports and bulletins of experiment stations and reports of horticultural societies are not included as in each case the abbreviation used is standard and sufficiently full for ready recognition. Only such European works have been included as were found useful in preparing the volume.

Adlum.............. A Memoir on the Cultivation of the Vine in America and the Best Mode of Making Wine. By John Adlum. Washington: 1823. Second edition, 1828.

Allen................ A Practical Treatise on the Culture and Treatment of the Grape Vine, etc. By J. Fisk Allen. Second edition, Boston: 1848. Third edition, 1853.

Andrae.............. A Guide to the Cultivation of the Grape Vine in Texas, and Instructions for Wine-Making. By E. H. Andrae. Dallas, Texas: 1890.

An. Hort............ Annals of Horticulture in North America. A Witness of Passing Events and a Record of Progress. By L. H. Bailey. New York: 1889-1893. (Appearing annually.)

Antill............... An Essay on the Cultivation of the Vine, etc. By Edward Antill. (Appearing in Transactions American Philosophical Society.) Philadelphia: 1771.

Bailey............... American Grape Training; An Account of the Leading Forms Now in Use of Training the American Grapes. By L. H. Bailey. New York: 1893.

Boiling.............. Sketch of Vine Culture. By Robert Boiling. (Never printed but several manuscript copies were circulated during the latter half of the 18th century. Extracts were published in several periodicals.)

Bright............... Bright's Single Stem Dwarf and Renewal System of Grape Culture, etc. By William Bright. New York: i860. Second edition, New York: 1861. (Same copyright date as first edition.)

Buchanan............ The Culture of the Grape and Wine-Making. By Robert Buchanan. Cincinnati: 1852-1860 or later. (Eight editions or more.)

Busby............... Journal of a Recent Visit to the Principal Vineyards of Spain and France, etc. By James Busby, Esq. New York and Boston: 1835.

Bush. Cat........... . Illustrated Descriptive Catalogue of American Grape Vines, etc. By Bush and Son and Meissner. Third edition, St. Louis: 1883. Fourth edition same, St. Louis: 1894.

Chorlton............. The Cold Grapery, from Direct American Practice, etc. By Wm. Chorlton. New York: 1853.

Chorlton............. The American Grape Growers' Guide, etc. By Wm, Chorlton. Many editions. With the exception of a final chapter added to the later editions there are no revisions. New York:  1852-1883.


THE GRAPES OF NEW YORK. 533

Cope................ Physiography in its Application to Grape Culture. An essay in Saunders' " Both Sides of the Grape Question ".

De Berneaud......... The Vine-Dresser's Theoretical and Practical Manual, etc. By Thiebaut de Berneaud. (Translated from the French.) New York: 1829.

Denniston............ Grape Culture in Steuben County, New York. By G. Denniston. Albany: 1865. (In New York Agricultural Society Report, and also as a separate.)

Dom. Enc............ The Domestic Encyclopedia; or a Dictionary of Facts, etc. By A. F. M. Willich. First American edition with additions by James Mease. In five volumes. (The fifth volume contains an article on grapes by William Bartram and James Mease.) Philadelphia: 1804.

Du Breuil............ The Thomery System of Grape Culture. (A translation from the French.) New York: No date.

Du Breuil............ Vineyard Culture, etc. By A. Du Breuil. Translated (from the French) by E. et C. Parker, with notes and adaptations by John A. Warder. Cincinnati: 1867.

Dufour.............. The American Vine-Dresser's Guide, etc. By John James Dufour. Cincinnati: 1826.

Eisen................ The Raisin Industry, etc. By Gustav Eisen. San Francisco: 1890.

Ev. of Nat. Fruits..... Sketch of the Evolution of our Native Fruits. By L. H. Bailey. New York: 1898.

Fisher............... Observations on the Character and Culture of the European Vine, etc. By S. I. Fisher. Philadelphia: 1834.

Flagg................ Three Seasons in European Vineyards, etc. By Wm. J. Flagg. New York: 1869.


534 THE GRAPES OF NEW YORK.

Fuller............... The Grape Culturist; a Treatise, etc. By Andrew S. Fuller, New York: 1864. Same, new and enlarged edition, New York: 1867. Same, new revised and enlarged edition, New York: 1894.

Goessman............ Contribution to the Chemistry of the American Grape Vine.  By C. A. Goessman. In Proceedings American Chemical Society, volume 2, and also as separate.

Grape Cult........... The Grape Culturist, a Monthly Journal, etc. George Husmann, editor. St. Louis: 1869-1871.

Grant............... Manual of the Vine. By C. W. Grant, Iona, N. Y.: 1864.

Haraszthy........... Grape Culture, Wines and Wine-Making, etc. By A. Haraszthy.  New York: 1862.

Haskell.............. An Account of Various Experiments for the Production of New and Desirable Grapes. Ipswich, Mass.: 1877.

Hoare............... A Practical Treatise on the Cultivation of the Grape Vine on Open Walls. By Clement Hoare. Boston: 1837. Same, Boston: 1840. Same, Boston: 1845. Same, New York: 1847.

Hofer............... Grape Growing. A Simple Treatise on the Single Pole System, etc. By A. F. Hofer. New York: 1878.

Hooper.............. Hooper's Western Fruit Book, etc. By E. J. Hooper. Cincinnati: 1857.

Horticola............ The pseudonym of Dr. Charles Siedhof who translated and added notes to Mohr's " The Grape Vine," etc.

Husmann............ The Cultivation of the Native Grape and Manufacture of American Wines. By George Husmann. New York: 1866.

Husmann............ American Grape Growing and Wine Making. By George Husmann. Fourth edition, New York: 1895.

Hyatt............... Hyatt's Handbook of Grape Culture, etc. By T. Hart Hyatt.  San Francisco: 1867.

Johnson............. Rural Economy, etc. By S. W. Johnson. New York: 1806.

Keech............... The Grape Growers' Guide. By J. Keech. Waterloo, N. Y.: 1869.


THE GRAPES OF NEW YORK. 535

Longworth........... The Cultivation of the Grape and Manufacture of Wine. By N. Longworth. Cincinnati: 1846.

Loubat.............. The American Vine Dresser's Guide. By Alphonse Loubat.  New York: 1827. Same, 1872.

McMinn............. A Contribution to the Classification of the Species and Varieties of the Grape Vine. By J. M. McMinn. (An essay appearing in Saunders' " Both Sides of the Grape Question.")

McMurtrie........... Report upon Statistics of Grape Culture and Wine Production in the United States for 1880. By Wm. McMurtrie, United States Department of Agriculture. Washington: 1881.

Mead................ An Elementary Treatise on American Grape Culture and Wine Making. By Peter B. Mead. New York: 1867.

Mitzky.............. Our Native Grape, etc. Published by C. Mitzky et Co.  Rochester: 1893.

Mohr............... The Grape Vine. A Practically Scientific Treatise on its Management, etc. By Frederick Mohr. Translated from the German by Horticola (Charles Siedhof). New York: 1867.

Muench............. School for American Grape Culture, etc. By Frederick Muench.  Translated from the German by Elizabeth H. Cutter. St. Louis: 1865.

Munson............. Classification and Generic Synopsis of the Wild Grapes of North America. By T. V. Munson. United States Department of Agriculture, Division of Pomology, Bulletin 3. Washington: 1890.

My Vineyard........ My Vineyard at Lakeview. By a western grape-grower (A. N. Prentiss). New York: 1866.

Persoz............... New Process for the Culture of the Vine. By Persoz. Translated by J. O. C. Barclay. New York: 1856.

Phelps............... The Vine: Its Culture in the United States, etc. By R. H.  Phelps. Hartford: 1855.

Phin................ Open Air Grape Culture, etc. By John Phin. New York: 1862. Same, 1876.

Prince............... A Treatise on the Vine, etc. By William Robert Prince, aided by William Prince. New York: 1830.

Rafinesque........... American Manual of the Grape Vines, etc. By C. S. Rafinesque.  Philadelphia: 1830.


536 THE GRAPES OF NEW YORK.

Rec. of Hort.......... Woodward's Record of Horticulture. Edited by A. S. Fuller.  (An annual). New York: 1866-1868.

Reemelin...........,. The Vine-Dresser's Manual; An Illustrated Treatise, etc. By  Charles Reemelin. New York: 1856.

Saunders............. Both Sides of the Grape Question, etc.: Three essays on grape culture by Wm. Saunders, F. J. Cope and J. M. McMinn. Philadelphia: 1860.

Siedhof, Charles...... (See Mohr.)

Sou. Agr............. Southern Agriculturist, Horticulturist, etc. Charleston: 1828-1846.

Speedily..'........... A Treatise on the Culture of the Vine, etc. By William Speechly. Dublin: 1791.

Spooner............. The Cultivation of American Grape Vines, etc. By Alden Spooner. Brooklyn: 1846.

Story of the Vine..... The Story of the Vine. By Edward R. Emerson. New York and London: 1901.

Strong............... Culture of the Grape. By W. C. Strong. Boston: 1866.

Tomes............... The Champagne Country. By Robert Tomes. New York: 1867.

Traite gen. de vit..... Traite general de viticulture, etc. Published under the direction of P. Viala and V. Vermorel assisted by many others.  In six volumes. Paris: 1903.

Tryon............... A Practical Treatise on Grape Culture, etc. By J. H. Tryon.  Willoughby, Ohio: 1887. Same, second edition, Willoughby, Ohio: 1893.

Vineyardist.......... The Vineyardist. Penn Yan, N. Y.

Wait................ Wines and Vines of California, etc. By Frona Eunice Wait, San Francisco: 1889.

Warder.............. See Du Breuil

West. Hort. Rev...... Western Horticultural Review. J. A. Warder, editor. Cincinnati: 1850-1853.

Woodward........... Woodward's Graperies and Horticultural Buildings. By Geo. E. et F. W. Woodward. New York: 1865.