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YELLOW BELLFLOWER.
REFERENCES. 1. M’Mahon, 1806585. 2. Coxe, 1817, 120. fig. 3, Thacher, xBa2:121. 4. Buel, N. ¥. Bd. Agr. Mem., 1826:476. 5. Fessenden, 1828:130, 6. Wilson, 1828:136. 7. Cat. Hort, Soc. London, 1831: No. 75. 8 Kenrick, 183; 42. 9, Floy-Lindley, 1833 :86. 10. Mag. Hort, x:326, 78. 1835. 11. Manning, 1838 :60, 12. Ib., Mag. Hort., 7:51. 1841. 13- Downing, 1845 :100. fig. 14. Horticulturist, :482. 1846. 15. Ib. 2:361, 482, $45. 1848. 16. Cole, 1849:119. fig, 17. Thomas, 1849:187. 18. Phoenix, Horticulturist, 4:472. 1850. 19. Emmons, Nat. Hist. N. Y., 3:79. 1851. col. pl. No. 46 and fig. 20. Am. Pom. Soc. Cat, 1852. a1. Hovey, Mag. Hort. 18:542. 1852. fig. 22. Ib., 19:244. 1853. 23. Biedenfeld, 1854:102. 24. Elliott, 1854:70. fig. 25. Hooper, 1857:16, 103, 106, 108. col. pl. 26. Gregg, 1857:50. fig. 27. Flotow, 1:69. 1859. 28. Oberdieck, 4:197. 1862, 29. Warder, 1867:602. fig. 30. Regel, 868:442. 31. Fitz, 1872: 143, 145, 163. 32. Mas, LeVerger, 1873:151. 33. Leroy, 1873:432. 34. Lauche, : No. 3. 1882. col. pl. 35. Barry, 1883:358. 36. Rural N. Y., 47:749. 1888. 37. Cat. Cong. Pom. France, 1889:278. 38. Wickson, 1889:247. 39. Lyon,Mich. Hort. Soc. Rpt, 1890:300. 40. Bailey, An. Hort. 1892:235. 41. Ib. 1892:253. 42. Bredsted, 1893:405. 43. Gaucher, 1894: No. 6. col. pl. 444 Waugh, Vt. Sta. An. Rpt, 14:313. 1901. 45. Eneroth-Smirnoff, 1901:266. 46. Sears, Can. Hort, 25:325. 1902, 47. Budd-Hansen, 1903:210. fig. 48. Farrand, Mich. Sta, Bul, 20§:43. 1903. 49. Powell and Fulton, U. S. B. P.I. Bul, 48:62. 1903. 50. Beach and Clark, N. Y. Sta. Bul., 248:151. 1904
Synonyms. BELLE Fravorse (28). Belle Flavoise (33, 43). BELL FLOUR JAUNE (32, 37). Belle-Fleur (33). Belle-Flower (33). Beut-Flowe (2). Brut Frower (9). BELL FLOWER (3). BELLFLOWER (4,6,8, 11, 21, 24, 40). Bellflower (13, 17, 25 43, 49). Bell-Flower (5). Bishop's Pippin o} Nova Scotia (33). Gruner BELLEFLEUR (23, 27, 34, 43, 45). Gelber Belleflew (28). Gelber Belle Fleur (33, 43). Gelber Englischer Schonbluhender (43) Gut. Betterteur (42). Lady Washington (24, 33, 43). Lincoln Pippin (43). Lincous Pippin (43). Linworus Pippin (33). Metcgerapfel (43). Metsger Calvill (28). Metzger’s Calvill (33, 43, of John 34). Yettow Bette FLeci (7, 13). Yellow BELLEFLEUR (19, 20, 31). Yellow Bellefleur (17, 21, 24, 33 43). Yellow Belleflower (46). Yellow Bellflower (8, 13, 21, 24, 33, 40, 43) Warren Pippin (33, 43). Weisser Metsgerapfel (43).
Yellow Bellflower grows large or even very large, but usually it is so variable in size that the marketable grades are not very uniform and there is a relatively large percentage of apples that are too small for market. It is decidedly attractive in color for a yellow apple and the color improves in storage, becoming more clearly yellow as the fruit matures. It is well known throughout the state and is generally highly esteemed for culinary uses and also for its excellent dessert qualities, although it is rather too briskly subacid to suit the tastes of some, particularly during the early part of its season. It does not reach its best condition for dessert use till January or later, when its acidity becomes somewhat subdued. It is quite susceptible to injury by the apple-scab fungus. It must be handled very carefully because it very easily shows bruises. It does not stand heat well before going into storage and when it begins to deteriorate goes down quickly. Some do not regard it as a good keeper, while others find that it keeps pretty well. To get best results in storage the fruit must be thoroughly protected from the scab in the orchard, picked and handled with extra care and kept from heat from the time it is picked till it is stored as well as while it is in storage. As grown at Geneva it is in season from December to April with January or February as the commercial limit. In cold storage it keeps about with Tompkins King, but not as well as Rhode Island Greening.
The tree is a good grower and pretty hardy. In favorable locations it is healthy and long-lived. It seems to thrive particularly well on warm, well-drained soils. Many orchards are found through- out the state having from one to several trees of this variety and the aggregate yield of Yellow Bellflower in New York is of considerable importance. The surplus over what is required for home use is commonly disposed of in the local market. Although the fruit sells at good prices, Yellow Bellflower is not generally a satisfactory cropper and is not a good variety to plant in commercial orchards in New York except in the few districts where it has proved profitable.
Historical. In 1817 Coxe (2) reported that the original tree, very large and old, was said to be still standing on a farm near Crosswicks, Burlington county, N. J. In 1852 Hovey (21) remarked that the Bellflower was then extensively cultivated in New Jersey, but its cultivation in New England was as yet extremely limited. A century or more ago it was being grafted into the farm orchards and propagated in the nurseries throughout New York, and it is to-day well known among fruit growers in most parts of the state but it is nowhere extensively cultivated. It was early introduced into cultivation through the Middle West and within recent years it has come to be one of the important commercial varieties in certain apple-growing districts in the Pacific states. Wickson says that “The Yellow Bellflower, as grown in California, has such conspicuous excellence that during its season it is hardly likely to be misplaced for any other variety.”13 It is now offered by nurserymen in nearly all of the more important apple-growing sections of the country.
TREE.
Tree medium to large, vigorous to very vigorous. Form upright spreading; laterals drooping, particularly after they have borne heavy crops. Twigs medium to long, rather stocky, geniculate; internodes medium to large. Bark dull brownish-red with shades of green, uniformly overlaid with moderately thick scarf-skin; more or less pubescent. Lenticels rather inconspicuous, above medium in size, roundish to elliptical, rather numerous, dull, not raised. Buds above medium to large, rather prominent, acute to roundish acute, free or nearly so, quite pubescent.
Fruit.Ditch Moscow Mitch!
Fruit variable in size, small to large or very large. Form roundish oblong narrowing toward the basin varying to oblong conic, frequently somewhat ovate, irregularly elliptical and more or less ribbed, often with prominent ridges at the apex; sides usually unequal. Stem medium to rather long, rather slender to moderately stout. Cavity medium to large, acute to acuminate, deep to very deep, moderately narrow to wide, furrowed, sometimes com- pressed, sometimes lipped, usually with outspreading broken rays of brownish- russet. Calyx below medium to above, closed or partly so; lobes narrow, acuminate, pubescent. Basin small, oblique, abrupt, narrow, shallow to rather deep, distinctly ridged and wrinkled. Skin smooth, bright, pale lemon-yellow varying to whitish in the shade and often with a shade of brownish-red in the sun which in highly colored specimens deepens to a pinkish-red blush. Dots whitish or russet, numerous and small toward the basin, larger, irregular and scattering toward the cavity. Prevailing effect bright pale yellow. Calyx tube yellowish, elongated funnel-shape, sometimes extending to the core. Stamens median to basal. Core large, long, remarkably abaxile; cells sometimes unsymmetrical, wide open or partly closed; core lines clasping the funnel cylinder. Carpels long, narrow, roundish obovate, much concave, much tufted. Seeds large, long, obtuse to acute. Flesh whitish tinged with pale yellow, firm, crisp, moderately fine-grained, rather tender, juicy, aromatic, very good for culinary use, rather too acid for dessert early in the season but later its acidity becomes somewhat subdued.

The YELLOW BELLFLOWER Group.

The Yellow Bellflower belongs to a group of apples most of which have fruit that is predominantly yellow. The fruit of the group is characteristically oblong or roundish oblong and often markedly ovate or conic, with the core large and remarkably abaxile, cells wide open and carpels elongated, rather narrow and much con- cave. The group is now represented by varieties well known in cultivation in various parts of the country. It appears that the oldest members of which we have any record in this country are Yellow Bellflower and Ortley, both of which originated in New Jersey. The varieties mentioned in this volume which appear more or less closely identified with the Yellow Bellflower group are Dickinson, Flory, Kirkland, Mason Orange, Minister, Moyer, Newman, Occident, Ortley, Titus Pippin, Yellow Bellflower.
[For a description of its performance in the Southeast, click here. -ASC]

Yellow Calville
References.  1. Budd, IA Agr. Coll. Bul., 1885:17. 2. Gibb, Am. Pom. Soc. Rpt., 1887:48. 3. Beach and Paddock, NY Sta. An. Rpt., 13:584. 1894. 4. Beach, W. NY Hort. Soc. Rpt., 41:50. 1896. 5. Ragan, US B.P.I. Bul., 56:345, 353. 1905.
Synonyms.  Kalvil jeltui (2,5). Kalville scholti (1,2,5). No. 442 (1-3,5). Voronesh No. 21 (3).
An August apple, medium to rather small, smooth, pale yellow, sometimes with faint blush, oblate to oblate conic. Cavity acute, wide, rather shallow; calyx closed; basin shallow, slightly wrinkled; flesh white, fine-grained, tender, moderately juicy, subacid, fair or sometimes good. The tree comes into bearing moderately young and is nearly an annual cropper. Not recommended for cultivation in this state being much inferior to standard sorts of its season.
Historical. This is a Russian apple, being No. 442 of the importation of the United States Department of Agriculture of 1870 (3,5). Later it was imported by the Iowa Agricultural College under the designation Voronesh No. 21 (1). In 1888 it was received for testing at this Station from Dr. T.H. Hoskins, Newport, VT. It is practically unknown in New York.

YELLOW FOREST.

REFERENCES. 1. Gardener's Monthly, 1885. (cited by 7). 2 N. Y. Sta. An. Rpt, 8:349. 1889.3. Bailey, An. Hort., 1892:253. 4. Beach, N. Y. Sta. An. Rpt, 13:92. 1804. §. Stinson, Ark. Sta. Bul, 43:104. 1896. 6. Beach and Clark, N.Y. Sta. Bul, 248:152. 1904. 7. Ragan, U. S. B. P. I. Bul., 56:345-1905.
Synonym. Wild Apple (7).
Fruit medium to rather small, yellowish or green with dull blush, fair to good in quality. It is too deficient in size and color for a good market apple but may have some value for the home orchard because late in the season it is of fairly good quality and a considerable portion of the fruit may be held in good condition in cellar storage till summer. For dessert use during June it has been one of the best in quality among a large collection of late-keeping varieties grown at this Station. The tree is a good grower, comes into bearing rather young and is a reliable cropper.
Historical. This variety was introduced by L. T. Sanders, Collingsburg, La, from whom: it was received in 1888 for testing at this Station. Mr. Sanders states that it is a wilding which Captain Joe Winston found in the woods near his residence in Bossier Parish, La, when it was quite small, and transferred to his orchard. It ripens in Louisiana about the middle of September. We do not know that the variety is being grown in New York outside of the orchards at this Station.
Tree
Tree vigorous. Form somewhat upright and spreading, moderately dense. Twigs slender, long; internodes below medium. Bark rather dark reddish-brown with gray scarf-skin, slightly pubescent. Lenticels numerous, small to above medium, conspicuous, usually round, sometimes raised. Buds medium in size or below, narrow, acute, appressed.
Fruit
Fruit small to medium, quite uniform in shape and size. Form roundish, slightly oblate or sometimes a little conic, symmetrical. Stem variable, often long and slender. Cavity acute or approaching acuminate, medium in depth and width, often covered near the base of the stem with greenish-russet. Calyx small, closed or a little open; lobes slender, recurved. Basin rather abrupt, medium in depth and width, slightly wrinkled.
Skin thin, tough, smooth, green or eventually more or less yellow, sometimes with brownish blush. Dots small to medium, numerous, reddish or greenish-russet or whitish and submerged.
Calyx tube medium in size, narrow, conical to elongated conical or funnel-shape; pistil persistent. Stamens below median to above.
Core distant, small, axile or nearly so; cells symmetrical, closed or a little open; core lines meeting the limb of the calyx tube or clasping the funnel cylinder. Carpels narrow, roundish ovate, slightly tufted. Seeds below medium to small, plump, moderately acute to acuminate, light colored.
Flesh nearly white with green or yellow tinge, fine, sprightly, rather crisp, moderately tender, juicy, aromatic, agreeable mild subacid, good.
Season for home use January to the last of June.

YELLOW NEWTOWN.

This variety is described in connection with the Green Newtown on pages 145 to 152.

Yellow Transparent
References.  1. ***tbal*** 35. Rural NY, 61:626. 1902. fig. 36. Budd-Hansen, 1903:213. fig. 37. Farrand, Mich. Sta. Bul., 205:47. 1903. 38. Bruner, NC Sta. Bul., 182:24. 1903.
Synonyms.  De Revel (1). Grand-Sultan (1). Revelstone (1). Skwosnoi Schotoi (5,7). Transparente de Saint-Leger (1). Transparente Jaune (1).
This is one of the best of the extra early apples, being excellent for culinary use and acceptable for dessert. It is not equal in quality to Early Harvest, but it begins to ripen somewhat earlier and is a more reliable cropper, yielding good crops annually or nearly so. Generally speaking, it is grown in New York state for home use only, but in some places it is cultivated to a limited extent for market, particularly for local market. It is desirable for this purpose because it takes on a good clear yellow color before becoming overripe. On account of its delicate color and tender skin it shows bruises readily and must be handled with extra care. The crop ripens continuously through a period of three or four weeks, and two or more pickings are required in order to secure the fruit in prime condition. It begins to ripen in July, and continues in season in some cases till early September. On young or vigorous-growing trees the fruit may grow rather large, but on mature slow-growing trees especially when they are overloaded, the fruit is apt to be below medium size unless thinned. The tree is a moderately vigorous grower, hardy, healthy and comes into bearing very young. In some portions of the West it suffers from twig blight (fireblight) but it appears to be quite free from this disease in New York.
Historical. Imported from Russia by the United States Department of Agriculture in 1870. Its merits were first brought to notice in this country by Dr. T.H. Hoskins, of Newport, VT (9). It has been disseminated throughout the apple-growing regions of the country from the Atlantic to the Pacific and is now commonly listed by nurserymen (21). In New York its cultivation for home use is gradually increasing, and occasionally it is grown to a limited extent for market.
TREE.
Tree of medium size, moderately vigorous, with short, stout, crooked branches filled with short spurs.
Form upright at first but becoming spreading or roundish and rather dense.
Twigs short, curved, stout with large terminal buds; internodes medium.
Bark conspicuously yellow or tawny, lightly streaked with scarf-skin; pubescent.
Lenticels quite numerous, medium to small, oval or elongated, not raised.
Buds medium size, broad, plump, obtuse, free, slightly pubescent.
FRUITHey, Moscow Mitch.  How much did Rusal pay you again to betray America?
Fruit medium or above medium, sometimes large, pretty uniform in shape and size.
Form roundish ovate to roundish conic or oblate conic, slightly ribbed; sides unequal.
Stem (Pedicel) medium to long, rather thick.
Cavity acute or approaching obtuse, medium to deep, rather narrow, sometimes slightly lipped, sometimes russeted.
Calyx medium size, closed; lobes medium in length, broad.
Basin moderately shallow, rather narrow, somewhat abrupt, furrowed and slightly wrinkled.
Skin thin, tender, smooth, waxy, pale greenish-yellow changing to an attractive yellowish-white.
Dots moderately numerous, greenish and light colored, often submerged.
Calyx tube conical.
Stamens marginal.
Core medium to small; cells partly open to wide open; core lines clasping.
Carpels broadly ovate.
Seeds medium size, rather wide, rather flat, obtuse to slightly acute.
Flesh white, moderately firm, fine-grained, crisp, tender, juicy, sprightly subacid with a pleasant but not high flavor, good or sometimes very good.
Season late July and August.

Yopp
References.  1.
Synonyms.  Yopp's Favorite (1-9).
A southern apple of little value in New York. It originated in Georgia. In 1873 it was entered in the catalogue of the American Pomological Society (5). It is practically unknown in this state.

FRUIT

Fruit: As grown at this Station the fruit is medium to rather large.
Form oblate conic to roundish conic, somewhat ribbed
Stem (Pedicel) short, slender
Cavity acuminate, moderately wide, rather deep, usually russeted
Calyx small, open
Basin narrow, moderately deep to deep, abrupt, wrinkled.
Skin light yellow usually with a dull red blush
Dots dots numerous, small, russet
Calyx tube conical
Stamens median.
Core medium to small; cells partly open; core lines clasping.
Carpels broadly roundish, emarginate, somewhat tufted.
Flesh whitish, somewhat tinged with yellow, moderately fine, tender, juicy, breaking, subacid, fair to good
Season October and November.
The tree is below medium size, a rather slow grower with spreading top. It comes into bearing moderately early and yields good crops biennially.

York
References.  1.
Synonyms.  [Not to be confused with 'York Imperial' -ASC]
A variety which is known to many in Central and Western New York under the name York Pippin is now called by pomologists Golden Pippin, under which name it is described on page 78. It is an apple of the Fall Pippin group, large, quite yellow when fully ripe, often with a brownish blush on the exposed cheek.
Fall Pippin has also been known to some under the name York Pippin. It is described on page 61.
Both of these are distinct from the York which is a Massachusetts apple of medium size, pale yellow with shade of red, good to very good for culinary uses. Season October and November (Downing, 1869:420).

YORK IMPERIAL.

References. 1. Mag. Hort, 19:210. 1853. 2. Horticulturist, 8:342. 1853. 3. Elliott, 1854:166. 4. Downing, 1857:206. 5. Warder, 1867:693. 6. Am. Pom. Soc. Cat, 1871:10. 7. Fitz, 1872:143. 8 Thomas, 1875:517.. 9. Rural N. Y., 46:404. 1887. 10. Clark, Mo. Sta. Bul., 6:8. 1889. 11. Stayman, Amer. Gard., 11:272. 1800. fig. 12. Van Deman, U. S. Pom. Rpt., 1891:380. col. pl. 13. Bailey, An, Hort., 1892:253. 14. N. Y. Sta. An. Rpt, 13:502. 1804. 15. Stinson, Ark. Sta, Bul, 43:104. 1805. 16. Can. Hort., 19:84, 343. 1806. fig. and col. pl._17. Rural N. Y., 5:1, 190. 1806. 18. Wright, Amer. Gard., 17:33. 1896. 19. Powell, Del. Sta. Bul., 38:20. 1808. 20. Taylor, U. S. Pom. Bul, 7:361. 1808. 21. Massey, N.C. Sta. Bul., 149:318 1808. 22, Rural N. Y., §7: 164, 178, 239. 1808, 23. Taft and Lyon, Mich, Sta. Bul., 169:102. 1809. 24. Amer. Gard., 20:340. 1899. 25. Bruner, N. C. Sta. Bul., 21:130. 1900. col. pl 26. Amer. Gard., 21:76, 372. 1900. 27. Can. Hort., 23:75, 249, 414. 1900. 28. Beach, MWestern N. Y. Hort. Soc. Rpt, 1900:37. 29. Rural N. Y., 59:450. 1900, 30. Brackett, Amer. Gard., 22:190. toot. 3%. Alwood, Va. Sta. Bul., 130:142. 1901. fig. of tree. 32. Rural N. ¥.,60:68, 406, 470. 1901. 33. Stewart, Md. Hort. Soc. Rpt, 190t:73. 34. Munson, Me. Sta. Rpt., 1902:01. 35 Dickens and Greene, Kan. Sta. Bul., 108:56. 1902. 36. Stinson, Mo. Fr. Sta. Bul., 3:27. 1902, 37. Powell and Fulton, U. S. B. P.I. Bul, 48:62, 1903. 38. Budd-Hansen, 1903:213. fig. 39. Bruner, N. C. Sta. Bul., 182:27. 1903. figs. 40. Beach and Clark, NV. Y. Sta, Bul., 248:152. 1904.[  41.  Burford, Tom. 2013. Apples of North America. ISBN 978-1-60469-249-5.  pp. 95 & 209.]
Synonyms. Johnson's Fine Winter (1, 2, 3, 4 6, 8 12, 16, 20, 21, 24, 25,28, 31, 37, 38, 30, 40).
York Imperial is an important apple which is grown commercially in the Middle Atlantic states and over a belt of country extending from these states westward into Missouri and Kansas. The tree is a thrifty, vigorous grower and a pretty regular annual or biennial bearer. It seems to prefer rather heavy clay soils and seldom does well on soils that are light or in any way thin or leachy.
When properly developed the fruit is large, finely colored and of good quality. There are some objections to it on account of the shape of the fruit, which is oblique or lopsided, and consequently difficult to pare with a machine. Storage men give its season in cellar storage as extending to December and in cold storage to February. It stands heat fairly well before going into storage, but often scalds badly and when it begins to deteriorate goes down rather quickly. As grown at this Station the fruit comes in season in January and keeps well in ordinary storage till April or May if it does not scald. Its commercial limit is March. When grown as far north as this the fruit is deficient in color, size and quality. The reports from the growers in this state are generally adverse to its culture here and it is not recommended for planting in New York except perhaps in the southeastern part of the state.
Historical. The following excellent historical account of the York Imperial is given by Taylor (20). “The variety bearing this name originated early in the present century on a farm adjoining the then borough of York, Pa. The attention of the owner, a Mr. Johnson, was attracted to the tree by the presence of schoolboys who visited it in early spring to get the apples that had passed the winter on the ground, covered by leaves. On securing some of the fruit he found it in fine condition, and when the next crop was ripe took specimens to Mr. Jonathan Jessop, a local nurseryman, who began the propagation of the variety before 1830, under the name ‘Johnson’s Fine Winter,’ Under this name it was known until after the middle of the century, when, after an inspection of specimens, the late Charles Downing pronounced it the ‘imperial of keepers’ and suggested that it be named ‘York Imperial.’ Mr. Jessop did not find ready sale for trees of the variety at first, and dumped the surplus trees from his nursery into a hollow beside the turnpike passing his place. They were picked up by farmers returning from market and taken home for planting on their farms in the lower end of York county. After its merit as a variety for market orchards was established, it became widely distributed throughout Pennsylvania, Maryland and Virginia, and soon became a leading market variety in those States. So far as known, the variety was first described in print by Dr. W. D. Brincklé in 1853.
“Warder states that specimens of it were exhibited at the meeting of the Ohio State Pomological Society in 1855, but it does not seem to have become generally popular west of the Alleghany Mountains until a comparatively recent date. Since about 1880 it has been widely disseminated through the Middle Western States and has become one of the leading market varieties of that region.”
TREE.
Tree vigorous or moderately vigorous. Form upright spreading or roundish, rather dense. Twigs short to above medium, straight or nearly so, stout or moderately stout and tapering at the tips; internodes medium. to long.
Bark dull brownish-red streaked and mottled with scarf-skin, quite pubescent.
Lenticels dull, moderately conspicuous, rather scattering, small to medium, roundish, not raised. Buds deeply set in bark, small to medium, plump, obtuse to somewhat acute, appressed except the largest which are free, pubescent.
[Diseases:  Within the exact same book, though it acknowledges that 'Johnson's Fine Winter' and 'York Imperial' are the same apple, gives differing disease susceptibilities (and other characteristics). -ASC On page 95, it is described as, "moderately resistant to the major diseases", whereas page 209, it says it is susceptible to fireblight, cedar apple rust and corking, while being somewhat resistant to scab and powdery mildew (41). From what I know from other Southern apple growers, I believe the latter description.] Fruit.
Fruit pretty uniform in size and shape. When it is well grown it varies from above medium to large, but in many parts of the state when the trees become mature the fruit usually averages below medium to small. Form roundish oblate or truncate, usually with an oblique axis. Stem short. Cavity medium to rather large, acuminate to acute, deep, medium to rather broad, often gently furrowed, smooth and green or partly russeted. Calyx small to medium, closed or sometimes partly open. Basin rather large, abrupt, deep or moderately deep, wide to medium, often slightly furrowed.
Skin tough, bright, smooth, green or yellow blushed with moderately light red or pinkish-red and indistinctly striped with carmine. Dots pale or russet, often conspicuous, rather numerous toward the eye, scattering, very large and elongated toward the cavity where they are often mingled with narrow, broken streaks of grayish scarf-skin.
Calyx tube elongated cone-shape to funnel-form. Stamens median to marginal.
Core medium to rather small, axile or nearly so; cells usually symmetrical, closed or partly open; core lines slightly clasping. Carpels broadly roundish, slightly emarginate, sometimes tufted. Seeds few, rather dark, wide, flat, obtuse, compactly filling the cells; often some are abortive.
Flesh yellowish, firm, crisp, somewhat breaking, a little coarse, moderately tender, moderately juicy, at first sprightly subacid but becoming mild subacid or nearly sweet, somewhat aromatic, good to very good.  [Also useful for applesauce (though surprisingly that application is not mentioned in the reference I'm about to cite- ASC), baking, pies, apple butter, cider and drying (41).]
[Season:  Ripens in late fall in Virginia and is an excellent keeper, retaining its flavor for an extended period (41).]

ZURDEL.
References. 1. N. Y. Sta. An. Rpt., 8:356. 1889. 2. Burrill and McCluer, Ill. Sta. Bul., 45:345. 1896. 3. Beach and Clark, N. Y. Sta. Bul., 248:152. 1904.
Synonym. White Zurdel (1, 2). White Zurdel (3).
Fruit grass-green with dull blush somewhat like that of Rhode Island Greening. As grown at this Station it is hardly fair in quality. It is in season from January to April or May. It is worthy of mention only for the purpose of stating that it has no value for the New York fruit grower.