References. 1. Budd, IA Agr. Coll. Bul., 1885:17. 2. Gibb, Am. Pom. Soc. Rpt., 1887:48. 3. Beach and Paddock, NY Sta. An. Rpt., 13:584. 1894. 4. Beach, W. NY Hort. Soc. Rpt., 41:50. 1896. 5. Ragan, US B.P.I. Bul., 56:345, 353. 1905.
Synonyms. Kalvil jeltui (2,5). Kalville scholti (1,2,5). No. 442 (1-3,5). Voronesh No. 21 (3).
An August apple, medium to rather small, smooth, pale yellow, sometimes with faint blush, oblate to oblate conic. Cavity acute, wide, rather shallow; calyx closed; basin shallow, slightly wrinkled; flesh white, fine-grained, tender, moderately juicy, subacid, fair or sometimes good. The tree comes into bearing moderately young and is nearly an annual cropper. Not recommended for cultivation in this state being much inferior to standard sorts of its season.
Historical. This is a Russian apple, being No. 442 of the importation of the United States Department of Agriculture of 1870 (3,5). Later it was imported by the Iowa Agricultural College under the designation Voronesh No. 21 (1). In 1888 it was received for testing at this Station from Dr. T.H. Hoskins, Newport, VT. It is practically unknown in New York.
References. 1. ***tbal*** 35. Rural NY, 61:626. 1902. fig. 36. Budd-Hansen, 1903:213. fig. 37. Farrand, Mich. Sta. Bul., 205:47. 1903. 38. Bruner, NC Sta. Bul., 182:24. 1903.
Synonyms. De Revel (1). Grand-Sultan (1). Revelstone (1). Skwosnoi Schotoi (5,7). Transparente de Saint-Leger (1). Transparente Jaune (1).
This is one of the best of the extra early apples, being excellent for culinary use and acceptable for dessert. It is not equal in quality to Early Harvest, but it begins to ripen somewhat earlier and is a more reliable cropper, yielding good crops annually or nearly so. Generally speaking, it is grown in New York state for home use only, but in some places it is cultivated to a limited extent for market, particularly for local market. It is desirable for this purpose because it takes on a good clear yellow color before becoming overripe. On account of its delicate color and tender skin it shows bruises readily and must be handled with extra care. The crop ripens continuously through a period of three or four weeks, and two or more pickings are required in order to secure the fruit in prime condition. It begins to ripen in July, and continues in season in some cases till early September. On young or vigorous-growing trees the fruit may grow rather large, but on mature slow-growing trees especially when they are overloaded, the fruit is apt to be below medium size unless thinned. The tree is a moderately vigorous grower, hardy, healthy and comes into bearing very young. In some portions of the West it suffers from twig blight (fireblight) but it appears to be quite free from this disease in New York.
Historical. Imported from Russia by the United States Department of Agriculture in 1870. Its merits were first brought to notice in this country by Dr. T.H. Hoskins, of Newport, VT (9). It has been disseminated throughout the apple-growing regions of the country from the Atlantic to the Pacific and is now commonly listed by nurserymen (21). In New York its cultivation for home use is gradually increasing, and occasionally it is grown to a limited extent for market.
Tree of medium size, moderately vigorous, with short, stout, crooked branches filled with short spurs.
Form upright at first but becoming spreading or roundish and rather dense.
Twigs short, curved, stout with large terminal buds; internodes medium.
Bark conspicuously yellow or tawny, lightly streaked with scarf-skin; pubescent.
Lenticels quite numerous, medium to small, oval or elongated, not raised.
Buds medium size, broad, plump, obtuse, free, slightly pubescent.
Fruit medium or above medium, sometimes large, pretty uniform in shape and size.
Form roundish ovate to roundish conic or oblate conic, slightly ribbed; sides unequal.
Stem (Pedicel) medium to long, rather thick.
Cavity acute or approaching obtuse, medium to deep, rather narrow, sometimes slightly lipped, sometimes russeted.
Calyx medium size, closed; lobes medium in length, broad.
Basin moderately shallow, rather narrow, somewhat abrupt, furrowed and slightly wrinkled.
Skin thin, tender, smooth, waxy, pale greenish-yellow changing to an attractive yellowish-white.
Dots moderately numerous, greenish and light colored, often submerged.
Calyx tube conical.
Core medium to small; cells partly open to wide open; core lines clasping.
Carpels broadly ovate.
Seeds medium size, rather wide, rather flat, obtuse to slightly acute.
Flesh white, moderately firm, fine-grained, crisp, tender, juicy, sprightly subacid with a pleasant but not high flavor, good or sometimes very good.
Season late July and August.
Synonyms. Yopp's Favorite (1-9).
A southern apple of little value in New York. It originated in Georgia. In 1873 it was entered in the catalogue of the American Pomological Society (5). It is practically unknown in this state.
Fruit: As grown at this Station the fruit is medium to rather large.
Form oblate conic to roundish conic, somewhat ribbed
Stem (Pedicel) short, slender
Cavity acuminate, moderately wide, rather deep, usually russeted
Calyx small, open
Basin narrow, moderately deep to deep, abrupt, wrinkled.
Skin light yellow usually with a dull red blush
Dots dots numerous, small, russet
Calyx tube conical
Core medium to small; cells partly open; core lines clasping.
Carpels broadly roundish, emarginate, somewhat tufted.
Flesh whitish, somewhat tinged with yellow, moderately fine, tender, juicy, breaking, subacid, fair to good
Season October and November.
The tree is below medium size, a rather slow grower with spreading top. It comes into bearing moderately early and yields good crops biennially.
Synonyms. [Not to be confused with 'York Imperial' -ASC]
A variety which is known to many in Central and Western New York under the name York Pippin is now called by pomologists Golden Pippin, under which name it is described on page 78. It is an apple of the Fall Pippin group, large, quite yellow when fully ripe, often with a brownish blush on the exposed cheek.
Fall Pippin has also been known to some under the name York Pippin. It is described on page 61.
Both of these are distinct from the York which is a Massachusetts apple of medium size, pale yellow with shade of red, good to very good for culinary uses. Season October and November (Downing, 1869:420).